[U] Serie MHB - MHA / MOV Manual de Instalación - PDF

[U] Serie MHB - MHA / MOV Conjjunttos de Alltta Presiión Esttáttiica 6..3,, 8 y Ton Manual de Instalación Installation 1. Note 2. Installation of Indoor Units.. 3. Installation of Outdoor

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[U] Serie MHB - MHA / MOV Conjjunttos de Alltta Presiión Esttáttiica 6..3,, 8 y Ton Manual de Instalación Installation 1. Note 2. Installation of Indoor Units.. 3. Installation of Outdoor Units.. 4. Heat Insulation of the Pipe.. 5. Installation of Connective Pipe 6. Installation of Drain Pipe. 7. Electric Connection.. 8. Electric Wire Diagrams Methods of configuring and selecting installation 1. Note CAUTION: Install the unit where enough space of installation and maintenance is available. Install the unit where the ceiling is horizontal and enough for bearing the weight of the indoor unit. Install the unit where the air inlet and outlet are not baffled and are the least affected by external air. Install the unit where the supply air flow can be sent to all parts in the room. Install the unit where it is easy to lead out the connective pipe and the drain pipe. Install the unit where no heat is emitted from a heat source directly. Installing the equipment in any of the following places may lead to faults of the equipment (if that is inevitable, consult the supplier): The site contains mineral oils such as cutting lubricant. Seaside where the air contains much salt. Hot ring area where corrosive gases exist, e.g., sulfide gas. Factories where the supply voltage fluctuates seriously. Inside a car or cabin. Place like kitchen where oil permeates. Place where strong electromagnetic waves exist. Place where flammable gases or materials exist. Place where acid or alkali gases evaporate. Other special environments. Install the unit where enough space of installation and maintenance is available. Install the unit where the air inlet and air outlet are free from obstacles and strong wind. Install the unit in a dry and well ventilated place. Install the unit where the bearing surface is level and can bear weight of the unit, and is suitable for installing the unit horizontally without increasing noise or vibration. Install the unit where the operation noise and the expelling of air do not affect neighbors. Install the unit where no flammable gas is leaked. Install the unit where it is convenient for pipe connection and electric connection 2. Installation of Indoor Units 2.1 Installation of Duct Installation Space Ensure enough space required for installation and maintenance. (Fig-1 and Fig-2) Fig-1 Fig Install Φ10 Pendant Bolts Or Ground Bolts (Fig-3 and Fig-4) 1) For 76000Btu/h and 96000Btu/h: 2) For Btu/h Fig-3 Fig-4 Use f10 or bigger screws. The screw material is high-quality carbon steel (whose surface is zinc plated or undergoes other rustproof treatment) or stainless steel. The treatment of the ceiling varies between buildings. For detailed measures, consult with the fitting-out staff. Fix the pendant bolts firmly and reliably in light of the specific situation. Installation of the pendant bolt in different environments A. Wooden structure Put rectangular sticks across the beams, and set pendant bolts. (Fig-5) Fig-5 B. New concrete roughcast Use embedded bolts, embedded pulling plugs, and embedded stick harness. (Fig-6) Fig-6 C. New concrete roughcast Set it with embedded bushes or embedded bolts. (Fig-7) Fig D. Steel beam and girder structure Set and use supportive angle steel. (Fig-8) Fig Suspending the Indoor Unit Use a hoisting device to hoist the indoor unit, align it with the installation screw, adjust the horizontality and then tighten it. (Fig-9) Fig Design and Connection of Duct The duct design must comply with the national heating air conditioner pipeline design specifications. The duct accessories and materials must be produced by professional manufacturers. In order to prevent air flow shorting, do not keep the air inlet pipe near the air outlet pipe. Install a filter at an easy-to-maintain place such as intake pipe. (Otherwise, the duct will gather on the air heat exchanger and lead to fault and water leak of the air conditioner.) In order to suppress noise effectively, install noise suppression and sound insulation devices, especially in the noise-sensitive spaces such as meeting rooms. For connection of the flange plane, use non-flammable canvas adapter to prevent transmission of vibration. For its size, see the indoor unit outline diagram. Use M6X20 screws (configured on site) for connection. All pipelines must be connected closely and soundly without leak of air. The pipelines must be adiabatic and free from condensation Key points of duct connection (Fig-10) 1) For 76000Btu/h and 96000Btu/h: Fig-10 Air outlet duct connection screw hole location diagram (Fig-11) Fig-11 Return air duct rivet screw hole location diagram (Fig-12) Fig 2) For Btu/h Air outlet duct connection screw hole location diagram(fig-13): Fig-13 Return air duct rivet screw hole location diagram (Fig-14): Fig 2.2 Installation of Floor-standing Outline of the unit (Fig-15) Fig Installation Space For ensure the proper installation Select the enough solid and level sites. Ensure enough space required for installation and maintenance. (Fig-16 and Fig-17) (Fig-16) (Fig-17) For anti-fall down, please conduct the follow measures: See Fig-18 to fix the feet on the floor after select a proper place for installation, since the height of this unit casing is very high. The right and left sides as well as rear can be fixed, please select the unit fixed measure as per to your actual installing ambient. Fig-18 Put down the air intake panel, before electric connection: Uncover the screw-cap in the air intake panel, and then lessen the screws. Take off the air intake panel; ensure which place secure enough will not make risk to the other people Fig-19 NOTE: Please beware of the foot screw, which may be hurt for the pass-by people, make sure enough security of that, prevent accident occurs 3. Installation of Outdoor Units 3.1 Important: Construction Checkpoints 1). Installation Check the model and name to avoid mistaken installation. 2). Refrigerant pipe The refrigerant pipes must have the specified diameter. Nitrogen of a certain pressure must be filled into the refrigerant pipe before welding. The refrigerant pipe must undergo heat insulation treatment. After the refrigerant pipe is installed completely, the indoor unit cannot be powered on before performing the airtight test and creating a vacuum. 3). Refrigerant pipe The refrigerant pipe must undergo the airtight test [with 2.94MPa (30kgf/cm 2 G) nitrogen]. 4). Creating a vacuum Be sure to use the vacuum pump to create a vacuum of the connective pipe at both air side and liquid side concurrently. 5). Refrigerant replenishment If the pipe is longer than the reference pipe, the refrigerant replenishment quantity for each outdoor unit should be calculated through the formula obtained according to the actual length of the pipe. Record the refrigerant replenishment quantity, actual length of pipe and the height difference of the indoor & outdoor units onto the operation confirmation table (on the electric control box) of the outdoor unit in advance for future reference. 6). Electric wiring Select the power supply capacity and wire size according to the design manual. The power wire size of the air conditioner should be greater than that of ordinary motors. In order to prevent disoperation of the air conditioner, do not interleave or entwine the power cable (380V-415V 3N~ 50Hz) with the connection wires (low-voltage wires) of the indoor/outdoor unit. Power on the indoor unit after performing the airtight test and making a vacuum. 7). Trial run Perform the trial run only after the outdoor unit has been powered on for over 12 hours 3.2 Installation Space When installing the unit, leave a space for maintenance shown in the following figure. Install the power supply at the side of the outdoor unit. Ensure enough space for installation and maintenance. (Fig-20 and Fig-21) 1) For 76000Btu/h and 96000Btu/h: Fig-20 Fig-21 NOTE: 1) In case any obstacles exist above the outdoor unit, such obstacles must be 2000mm above the outdoor unit. 2) If miscellaneous articles are piled around the outdoor unit, such articles must be 400mm below the top of the outdoor unit As shown in Fig-22, leave an interval of 200mm between the outdoor units. Fig-22 The distance of the foundation bolt is shown in Fig-23. 2) For Btu/h Fig-23 Fig Fig-25 NOTE: 1. In case any obstacles exist above the outdoor unit, such obstacles must be 2000mm above the outdoor unit. 2. If miscellaneous articles are piled around the outdoor unit, such articles must be 400mm below the top of the outdoor unit. The distance of the foundation bolt is shown in the following figure. Fig 3.3 Convey Outdoor Unit 1) Use 4 steel ropes of a Ф6mm or bigger size to hoist the outdoor unit and convey it into the room. 2) In order to prevent scratch and deformity the outdoor unit, apply a guard board to the surface of contact between the steel wire and the air conditioner. 3) Remove the cushion for use in the transport after finishing the transport. (Fig-27) Fig-27 Snow protection facilities must be installed in the snowfall areas. (See the fig-28) (In case the snow protection facilities are incomplete, faults may occur). In order to prevent influence caused by snow, set up raised pavilion, and install snow protection sheds at the air inlet and air outlet. Fig 3.5 Installation of Refrigerant Pipe The refrigerant pipe adapter is located inside the outdoor unit. (Fig-29 and Fig-30) So remove the left front board first. (Four M6 screws; one M4 screw) The pipe can be connected from the front left lower side or the bottom notch of the outdoor unit. When the pipe is connected from the front side, the pipe can be led out through the pipe & wire panel. In case the pipe is connected from the bottom notch, install it leftward, rightward or backward after leading it out. When the pipe is led from the front, use a cover plate to seal the bottom notch in order to prevent intrusion of dust or trash. Fig-29 Fig-30 NOTE: When welding the refrigerant pipe, in order to prevent internal oxidation of the pipe, nitrogen must be filled in. Otherwise, the oxidized chips may block refrigerating circulatory system 3.5.1 Size of Outdoor Unit Pipes and Piping Methods Size of outdoor unit pipes and piping methods Model Gas side Liquid side MOV-76C Ø19.0 (3/4) Ø 9.53 (3/8) MOV-96C Ø19.0 (3/4) Ø 9.53 (3/8) MOV-76H Ø19.0 (3/4) Ø 9.53 (3/8) MOV-96H Ø19.0 (3/4) Ø 9.53 (3/8) MOV-150H Ø 35.0 (1 3/8) Ø 16.0 (5/8) Allowed length of refrigerant pipe and height difference (Fig-31) Fig Table 1: and 96000Btu/h Btu/h Max. actual length of pipe (L) 30m 50m Max. height difference Height difference between indoor unit and outdoor unit (H) Outdoor upper Outdoor lower 20m 20m 20m 20m 3.6 Airtight Test After the pipes between the indoor unit and the outdoor unit are connected, replenish compressed nitrogen to perform airtight test. NOTE: 1) The airtight test is performed by using the compressed nitrogen [2.94MPa (30kg/cm 2 G)]. 2) Tighten the spool of the gas valve and liquid valve before compressing the nitrogen. 3) Compress the nitrogen at the air vent of the gas valve. 4) The gas valve and liquid valve are closed in the process of compressing the nitrogen. 5) Do not use oxygen, flammable gas or toxic gas in the airtight test. 3.7 Vacuumize Use a vacuum pump to make a vacuum. Do not use refrigerant gas to expel air. When making the vacuum, start from the air side. 3.8 Open All Valves 3.9 Additional Charge of Refrigerant According to the diameter and length of the connective liquid side pipe of the outdoor unit and indoor unit, calculate the refrigerant replenishment quantity. The refrigerant for replenishment is R22. Table 2: Diameter of liquid side of pipe Quantity of refrigerant replenished for 1m pipe length Ø 9.53 (3/8) 0.065kg 3.10 Remove Trash and Moist In the Pipe Trash and foreign matters may come into the pipe in the process of installing the refrigerant pipe. Be sure to blow them off with nitrogen before connecting the pipe to the outdoor units. Use high-pressure nitrogen to clean the pipelines. Do not use the refrigerant of the outdoor unit for cleaning Refrigerant Leak Precautions This air conditioner uses refrigerant R22. The R22 is safe refrigerant which is harmless and non-flammable. The room for placing the air conditioner should have a proper space. Even if refrigerant leakage occurs, the density threshold will not be crossed. Additional measures may also be taken. 1) Density threshold: Density of the Freon gas that does not harm the human body. Density threshold of R22: 0.3 [kg/m3] Calculate the total quantity of refrigerant to be replenished (A [kg]). Total refrigerant quantity for 10HP = refrigerant replenishment quantity upon shipment (11[kg]) + additional refrigerant replenishment corresponding to the pipe length Calculate out the indoor volume (B [m3]) (according to the minimum volume) Calculate out the refrigerant density: 2) Measures against crossing of the refrigerant density threshold In order to keep the refrigerant density below the threshold value, please install a mechanic ventilation device. (Perform ventilation often) In case frequent ventilation is impossible, please install the leakage detection alarm device linked with the mechanical ventilation device. Fig Fig 3.12 Completing the Connection System Name In case multiple systems are set, in order to identify the connection system of the indoor unit and outdoor unit, it is necessary to give name to each system, and mark it onto the nameplate on the electric control box cover of the outdoor unit. NOTE: The indoor unit and outdoor unit are categorized into system A and system B. When installing and connecting the indoor unit and outdoor unit, identify the label carefully, and make sure that indoor unit corresponds to the outdoor unit exactly. Otherwise, it may lead to fault of the air conditioner. Model of indoor unit. Room name 4. Heat Insulation of the Pipe 4.1 Heat Insulation of the Pipe In order to prevent faults caused by condensate of the refrigerant pipe and drain pipe, perform condensate prevention and heat insulation properly. CAUTION: If it is forecast that high humidity/temperature environment (condensate temperature is over 23 ) may exist in the ceiling, e.g., inside the ceiling with slab, ceiling which is in the same environment as the outdoor air), it is necessary to apply 10mm or thicker adiabatic wool (16~20kg/m2 ) to the refrigerant pipe and the drain pipe in addition to applying the general heat insulation materials. Enough heat insulation materials should also be applied to the refrigerant joint and the pipe joint. 4.2 Heat Insulation of the Drain Pipe Be sure to entwine heat insulation materials round the drain pipe which runs through the room. Carry through heat insulation for the drain pipes thoroughly. 4.3 Heat Insulation of the Refrigerant Pipe Please use heat-resistant materials as heat insulation materials of the air-side pipe. (e.g., EPT) Cover heat insulation materials separately at the liquid side and the air side. Moreover, perform heat insulation thoroughly for the air-side pipes of the indoor unit, and prevent water from dripping outside the unit. Fig-34 After applying the auxiliary heat insulation materials, use vinyl resin tape to seal it lest water leak 5. Installation of Connective Pipe 5.1 Preparation before Installation Check the height difference between the indoor unit and the outdoor unit, and check the length and number of bends of the refrigerant pipeline, which must meet the following requirements: Max. Height difference...20m (If the height difference is greater than 5m, it is best to put the outdoor unit above the indoor unit) Max. Pipeline length...30m Max. Number of bends...15 In the process of installing the connective pipe, do not lemmas the air, dust or foreign substance intrudes into the pipeline system. Install the connective pipe only after fixing the indoor and outdoor units. Keep dry when installing the connective pipe. Do not let moist intrude into the pipeline system. 5.2 Procedure of Connecting Pipes 1. Measure the required length of the connective pipe, and make the connective pipes in the following procedure. 1) Connect the indoor unit first, and then connect the outdoor unit. The pipe bend should be handled carefully, without damaging the pipe. NOTE: Before screwing up the flared nut, apply refrigerant oil at the outer surface of the pipeline flare and the taper surface of the connection nut. Screw up the nut for 3~4 circles beforehand. When connecting or disconnecting the pipeline, be sure to use two spanners concurrently. Do not rest the weight of the connective pipe on the adapter of the indoor unit. Too heavy load on the adapter of the indoor unit may deform the pipe and thus affect the cooling/heating effect. 2) The valve of the outdoor unit should be closed completely (as in the factory status). Every time when connecting the pipe, screw off the nut at the valve, and connect the flared pipe (within 5 minutes). If the nut is put away for a long time after being screwed off the valve, dust and other foreign substance may intrude into the pipeline system and lead to fault. Before connecting the pipe, use the refrigerant to expel air out of the pipe. 3) After the refrigerant pipe is connected to the indoor and outdoor units, expel air as instructed in the Expel air section. After expelling the air, screw up the nut at the maintenance orifice. 4). Precautions for the flexible part of the pipeline The bend angle shall not exceed 90. The bend shall be preferably in the middle of the pipe length, and higher bend radiuses are preferred. Do not bend the flexible pipe for over 3 times. 5). Bend the thin-wall connective pipe When bending the pipe, cut out a notch of the desired size at the bend of the adiabatic pipe, and then expose the pipe (wrap the pipe with the wrapping tape after bending it). The radio of the elbow pipe should be as large as possible to prevent flattening or crush. Use the pipe bender to make close elbow pipe 6) Use purchased copper pipe When the cooper pipe is purchased from the market, be sure to use the heat insulation materials of the same type (with a thickness of over 9mm). Fig Deploy the pipelines Drill a porthole on the wall, and put the hole sheath and hole cover through the wall. Place the connective pipe together with the indoor & outdoor connection wires. Use wrapping tape to tie them tight. Do not let air penetrate into it lest condensation and drips of moist. Pull the connective wrapped connective pipe from outdoor through the sheath which gets through the wall, and lead it into the room. Lay out the pipelines carefully lest damage to the pipes. 3. Make a vacuum of connective pipeline. 4. After the above steps are completed, the spool of the valve of the outdoor unit should be completely open, and the refrigerant pipeline of the indoor unit and the outdoor unit should be smooth. 5. Use leak detector or soap water detect leak carefully to prevent leakage. 6. Put on an adiabatic envelope (accessory) at connective pipe adapter of the indoor unit, and wrap it tight with the wrapping tape lest condensate and leakage. Flare a. Use a pipe cutter to cut off the pipe. Fig-36 b. Pull the pipe into the rear flare of the connective nut. Fig-37 Tighten the nut Align with the connective pipe Screw up the connection pipe nut manually, and use a spanner to tighten it as shown in Fig-38 Fig-38 NOTE: According to the installation conditions, too large torque will damage the flaring, and too small torque will lead to looseness and leakage. Determine the tightening torque by reference to the following table. Replenishment quantity of refrigerant required for air conditioner The single-pass pipe is shorter than 5 m, and no additional length is required (note: The unit has been replenished before being shipped). If the single-pass pipe length is 5 m or more, the quantity of fluorine required to be replenished is 0.065X (L-5). (Unit: kg) Record the repleni
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