Sterilisatorer til medicinske formål Sterilisation med ethylenoxid Krav og prøvningsmetoder - PDF

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Dansk standard DS/EN udgave Sterilisatorer til medicinske formål Sterilisation med ethylenoxid Krav og prøvningsmetoder Sterilizers for medical purposes Ethylene oxide sterilizers Requirements

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Dansk standard DS/EN udgave Sterilisatorer til medicinske formål Sterilisation med ethylenoxid Krav og prøvningsmetoder Sterilizers for medical purposes Ethylene oxide sterilizers Requirements and test methods DS/EN 1422 København DS projekt: M ICS: Første del af denne publikations betegnelse er: DS/EN, hvilket betyder, at det er en europæisk standard, der har status som dansk standard. Denne publikations overensstemmelse er: IDT med: EN 1422:2014. DS-publikationen er på engelsk. Denne publikation erstatter: DS/EN A1:2009. DS-publikationstyper Dansk Standard udgiver forskellige publikationstyper. Typen på denne publikation fremgår af forsiden. Der kan være tale om: Dansk standard standard, der er udarbejdet på nationalt niveau, eller som er baseret på et andet lands nationale standard, eller standard, der er udarbejdet på internationalt og/eller europæisk niveau, og som har fået status som dansk standard DS-information publikation, der er udarbejdet på nationalt niveau, og som ikke har opnået status som standard, eller publikation, der er udarbejdet på internationalt og/eller europæisk niveau, og som ikke har fået status som standard, fx en teknisk rapport, eller europæisk præstandard DS-håndbog samling af standarder, eventuelt suppleret med informativt materiale DS-hæfte publikation med informativt materiale Til disse publikationstyper kan endvidere udgives tillæg og rettelsesblade DS-publikationsform Publikationstyperne udgives i forskellig form som henholdsvis fuldtekstpublikation (publikationen er trykt i sin helhed) godkendelsesblad (publikationen leveres i kopi med et trykt DS-omslag) elektronisk (publikationen leveres på et elektronisk medie) DS-betegnelse Alle DS-publikationers betegnelse begynder med DS efterfulgt af et eller flere præfikser og et nr., fx DS 383, DS/EN 5414 osv. Hvis der efter nr. er angivet et A eller Cor, betyder det, enten at det er et tillæg eller et rettelsesblad til hovedstandarden, eller at det er indført i hovedstandarden. DS-betegnelse angives på forsiden. Overensstemmelse med anden publikation: Overensstemmelse kan enten være IDT, EQV, NEQ eller MOD IDT: Når publikationen er identisk med en given publikation. EQV: Når publikationen teknisk er i overensstemmelse med en given publikation, men præsentationen er ændret. NEQ: Når publikationen teknisk eller præsentationsmæssigt ikke er i overensstemmelse med en given standard, men udarbejdet på baggrund af denne. MOD: Når publikationen er modificeret i forhold til en given publikation. EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM EN 1422 May 2014 ICS Supersedes EN 1422:1997+A1:2009 English Version Sterilizers for medical purposes - Ethylene oxide sterilizers - Requirements and test methods Stérilisateurs à usage médical - Stérilisateurs à l'oxyde d'éthylène - Exigences et méthodes d'essai Sterilisatoren für medizinische Zwecke - Ethylenoxid- Sterilisatoren - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 April CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom. EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1422:2014 E Contents Page Foreword... 4 Introduction Scope Normative references Terms and definitions Technical requirements General Risk control and usability Materials Sterilizer chamber Chamber size Doors, closures and interlocks of the sterilizer chamber Test connections Design and construction General EO vaporizers Pipework and fittings Evacuation system Control valves Thermal insulation Electrical and mechanical safety Air or inert gas filter Emission control Framework and panelling Loading equipment Transport Indicating, measuring, and recording instruments General Temperature sensor Temperature indicating instruments Pressure sensors Timers and time indicating instruments Sterilizing cycle counter Relative humidity (RH) sensors Ethylene Oxide (EO) concentration-measurement Recording instruments Indicating instruments Process control General Software verification and validation Sterilization cycle and automatic control Automatic control Sterilization cycle Override of automatic control Fault Performance requirements 6.1 Sterilizing performance Loading configuration Physical parameters Microbiological efficacy EO removal (flushing) Aeration Sound power Packaging, marking and labelling Information to be supplied by the manufacturer Service and local environment General Electricity Sterilant Circulation systems Steam Water Air and inert gasses Drainage and discharges Ventilation and environment Lighting Annex A (normative) Test instrumentation Annex B (normative) Leak test cycle Annex C (normative) Sterilizer chamber profile testing C.1 Sterilizer chamber internal surfaces C.2 Empty sterilizer chamber Annex D (normative) Microbiological test for EO sterilizers D.1 General D.2 Test equipment D.3 Procedure D.4 Interpretation of results Annex E (informative) Environmental aspects E.1 Environmental aspects regarding the life cycle of EO sterilizers E.2 EO (brief description) E.3 Environmental impact Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 93/42/EEC on medical devices Bibliography Foreword This document (EN 1422:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 102 Sterilizers for medical purposes, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1422:1997+A1:2009. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive. For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annexes A, B, C and D are normative and form part of this European Standard. Annexes E and ZA are for information only. The standard is a full technical revision of the previous version. The following amendments have been made in comparison with EN 1422:1997+A1:2009: new specification of the scope of the standard, e.g. explicit exclusion of sterilizers which employ the injection of EO or mixtures containing EO directly into packages or into a flexible chamber and removal of different types A and B of EO-sterilizers ; normative references have been updated; layout of the standard brought in line with the standard for LTSF-sterilization (EN 14180); the additional requirements from the machinery directive, introduced by the revision of the medical devices directive 2007/47/EC have been addressed (see revised Annex ZA), i.e. update of technical requirements and Tables ZA.1 and ZA.2; requirements have been rephrased to be performance requirements instead of design requirements; addition of an environmental checklist; Annex B has been thoroughly revised and Annex D has been deleted. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. 4 Introduction Ethylene oxide (EO) sterilizers employing EO gas as the sterilant, either as a pure gas or in admixture with other gases, are primarily used for the sterilization of heat labile material or product. The EO-sterilizer specified in this European standard can be used for medical, dental, pharmaceutical veterinary and industrial or related purposes. The tests described in this European Standard are reference tests intended for use in demonstrating conformity with the performance requirements specified in this European Standard. They can be used in type tests, works tests, in validation and re-validation tests, or in periodic and routine tests carried out by the user. Validation and routine control of sterilization processes are essential to ensure their efficacy. This European Standard does not cover validation and routine control of EO processes (see pren ISO 11135:2012). EO is a highly reactive chemical which can present a toxic, flammable or explosive hazard if incorrectly handled (see Annex E). The performance requirements specified in this document are not intended for the process to be effective in inactivating the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeld-Jakob disease. Planning and design of products complying with this standard should consider not only technical issues but also the environmental impact from the product during its life-cycle. Environmental aspects are addressed in Annex E of this standard. By performing tests concurrently and/or in a logical sequence, the total number of tests carried out and waste arising from such tests, is reduced. As a result the burden on the environment can be reduced (see also Annex E). 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements and the relevant tests for automatically controlled sterilizers employing ethylene oxide (EO) gas as the sterilant, either as a pure gas or a mixture with other gases, being used for the sterilization of medical devices and their accessories. This European Standard specifies requirements for ethylene oxide sterilizers (EO-sterilizers) working at super or sub-atmospheric pressure for: the performance and design of sterilizers to ensure that the process is capable of sterilizing medical devices; the equipment and controls of these sterilizers necessary for the validation and routine control of the sterilization processes. The test loads described in this European Standard are selected to represent a number of loads for the evaluation of the performance of EO sterilizers for medical devices. However, specific loads may require the use of other test loads. This European Standard does not specify those tests which are necessary to determine the probability of a processed product being sterile, nor the routine quality control tests required prior to release of sterile product. These topics are addressed in pren ISO 11135:2012. This European Standard does not specify requirements for occupational safety associated with the design and operation of EO sterilization facilities. NOTE 1 For further information on safety, see examples in the Bibliography. National or regional regulations can exist. This European Standard does not cover sterilizers which employ the injection of EO or mixtures containing EO directly into packages or into a flexible chamber. NOTE 2 See EN ISO This European Standard is not intended as a checklist for suitability of an existing EO sterilizer when assessing compliance with pren ISO 11135:2012. This standard is not intended to be applied retrospectively. This European Standard does not cover analytical methods for determining levels of residual EO and/or its reaction products. NOTE 3 For further information see ISO Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 764-7, Pressure equipment - Part 7: Safety systems for unfired pressure equipment EN 868-4, Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices - Part 4: Paper bags - Requirements and test methods EN 868 5, Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices - Part 5: Sealable pouches and reels of porous materials and plastic film construction - Requirements and test methods 6 EN , Unfired pressure vessels - Part 3: Design EN , Unfired pressure vessels - Part 5: Inspection and testing EN 14222, Stainless steel shell boilers EN :2010, Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use Part 1: General requirements (IEC :2010) EN :2005, Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use Part 2-040: Particular requirements for sterilizers and washer-disinfectors used to treat medical materials (IEC :2005) EN :2006, Electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use EMC requirements Part 1: General requirements (IEC :2005) EN ISO 3746:2010, Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane (ISO 3746:2010) EN ISO :2008, Biological evaluation of medical devices - Part 7: Ethylene oxide sterilization residuals (ISO :2008) pren ISO 11135:2012, Sterilization of health-care products Ethylene oxide Requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices (ISO/DIS 11135:2012) EN ISO , Sterilization of health care products - Biological indicators - Part 1: General requirements (ISO ) EN ISO , Sterilization of health care products - Biological indicators - Part 2: Biological indicators for ethylene oxide sterilization processes (ISO ) EN ISO , Packaging for terminally sterilized medical devices - Part 1: Requirements for materials, sterile barrier systems and packaging systems (ISO ) EN ISO 14971:2012, Medical devices - Application of risk management to medical devices (ISO 14971:2007, Corrected version ) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 aeration part of the sterilization process during which ethylene oxide and/or its reaction products desorb from the medical device until predetermined levels are reached Note 1 to entry: This can be performed within the sterilizer and/or in a separate chamber or room. [SOURCE: pren ISO 11135:2012, 3.1] 7
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