Scaling up STDM 2014 : putting Uganda’s informal settlements on the map

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The UN-HABITAT and Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) has been supporting Uganda to appreciate the open source software package; Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) to address the land tenure relations in the slums and informal settlements alike. Since its pilot in mid-2011, in Mbale, Eastern Uganda as a joint activity between Slum/ Shack Dwellers International (SDI) and GLTN/UN Habitat and supported by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) the STDM tool has registered significant success through the relationship it has built with different stakeholders especially between governments at the local and central levels and local communities. The learning event was structured in two phases; phase 1 was carried out in the field where delegates visited two municipalities, Masaka and Tororo to interact with technocrats and communities from these municipalities and share on experiences of STDM process there while visiting their data centers which have been capacitated with equipment to ensure the community keeps updating their work. In the field, the team was to understand how communities are using the data centers and establish whether the information gathered is having an impact on the municipalities’ on-going projects and programs.

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99243 Cities Alliance Project Output Scaling Up STDM 2014: Putting Uganda’s Informal Settlements on the Map Addressing the Land Information Requirements of the Urban Poor – Phase 2: Scaling Up the Use and Application of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) P126966 This project output was created with Cities Alliance grant funding. SCALING UP STDM 2014; PUTTING UGANDA’S INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS ON THE MAP The UN-HABITAT and Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) has been supporting Uganda to appreciate the open source software package; Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) to address the land tenure relations in the slums and informal settlements alike. Since its pilot in mid-2011, in Mbale, Eastern Uganda as a joint activity between Slum/ Shack Dwellers International (SDI) and GLTN/UN Habitat and supported by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) the STDM tool has registered significant success through the relationship it has built with different stakeholders especially between governments at the local and central levels and local communities .The truth the process has unearthed in the informal settlements and slums through the collection of critical community data in some kind of appraisal where they get to check the services in their neighborhood and the gaps that might exist has been tremendous. Reality in the slums and informal settlements has generated a discussion around what can be done about the situation and in this way empowered communities to approach local governments, begin negotiations and lobbying using their newly acquired data , form 1 partnerships and eventually become authors of their own development. STDM has made it possible for local experience and insight to guide development and inform development by exploring the complexities of slums. The tool’s ability to capture a continuum of rights aside from land such as water, sanitation, education gaps among others existing in the slums makes it unique and popular to the many regionally and nationally federated communities under the National Slum Dwellers of Uganda. STDM borrowed heavily from the government led Transforming Settlements of the Urban Poor in Uganda (TSUPU) program launched in 2010 and complimented the programs objectives. Both programs have empowered communities living in the informal settlements by ensuring communities are at the driving seat on interventions affecting them, guide towards orderly planning in the settlements/slums and initiate multi-stakeholders forums which bring together all persons with a stake in the settlement, town, and city . Between the 3rd and 5th of February.2014, an STDM workshop was held in Mbale to look into the expansion of the program to 4 additional municipalities in Uganda; Tororo,Masaka,Entebbe and the entire Mbale municipality where the tool was first piloted in the context of profiling and mapping informal settlements in the aforementioned municipalities using the tool .Soon after, the aforementioned cities were profiled and mapped by local communities within these towns using the STDM questionnaire .Data centres were opened up in these municipalities and equipped with a computer and a photocopying machine. Data analysis and management was also done and information disseminated to communities and their local governments by August 2014. As a follow up to these activities, a workshop was held between the 7th and 12th of September 2014 to look into the consolidation of lessons and experiences of the pilot work thus far and how the municipalities were performing .The workshop was also expected to discuss the technical needs existing in these municipalities and what was required to sustain the ongoing activities with a possibility of expanding the program to cover 14 municipalities in Uganda. The five day learning event was held at Entebbe Resort Hotel and had attendees from the Ministry of Lands ,Housing and Urban Development ,technocrats from the three STDM current benefiting municipalities (Masaka,Tororo,Entebbe),community members from Mbale where the tool was first piloted ,representatives from the Institute of survey and Land Management based in Entebbe, ACTogether Uganda staff, UN HABITAT/GLNT facilitators, SDI coordinator Jack Makau as well as Kampala federators from 2 Kampala municipalities under the National Slum Dwellers Federation of Uganda. The learning event was structured in two phases; phase 1 was carried out in the field where delegates visited two municipalities –Masaka and Tororo to interact with technocrats and communities from these municipalities and share on experiences of STDM process there while visiting their data centres which have been capacitated with equipment to ensure the community keeps updating their work. In the field, the team was to understand how communities are using 2 the data centres and establish whether the information gathered is having an impact on the municipalities’ on-going projects and programs. VISIT TO TORORO On the 8th of September, delegates visited Tororo municipality, approximately 246.2Km from Entebbe. On arrival the team was welcomed by the Mayor of Tororo, His Worship Geoffrey Opua Emokol and other municipal technocrats who included the physical planner Nakiyimba Goretti, federation leader in Tororo Mr. John Ocharo and several Executive Municipal Development Forum leaders. In a brief meeting at the mayor’s chambers, His Worship said he was pleased for Tororo to have been selected to take part in the STDM program because the process initiates a journey towards addressing community needs. He said his municipality will use the community generated data to inform planning in Tororo settlements. Kasooli slum settlement before and after slum upgrading Photo credit/New Vision He appreciated the data centre set up at the municipal offices with support from UN Habitat/GLTN where communities entered their information during profiles and where they will constantly keep updating the same information to ensure they are current with statistics in the grassroots. His Worship shared that until recently, the data office was in the office of the Community Development Officer which limited use of the premises by the communities .They could only access it if the officer was present but through continued lobbying of an office space, the local community members were granted an office of their own a few weeks back in the municipal building. This meant that they had a key to the office with a federation member 3 assigned the role of managing it. His worship added that his municipality was ready to work with everyone for the benefit of his people citing the ongoing project at Kasoli funded by the government of Uganda, UN- Habitat, DFCU bank, Tororo municipal council and Kasoli Savings and credit cooperative organization. He regretted the fact that land is still a very contentious issue in Tororo but added that solutions will always be found if a project is for the benefit of all in Tororo. Nakiyimba Goretti, the physical planner said the communities are now aware of how many slums exist in Tororo .She said that since some of the federation members are municipal development forum members she had no doubt that Tororo was on its way to great transformation because issues within the informal settlements will be brought to the fore in forum meetings .The team were then ushered to the data centre where they met federation members who were articulate in explaining how they entered and managed data collected from the communities .Thereafter ,the team from the municipal council and that from Entebbe had lunch and later left for Entebbe in preparation for the next field day in Masaka. VISIT TO MASAKA MUNICIPALITY On the 9th of September, delegates left Entebbe for Masaka municipality for a similar exercise like what they had had in Tororo. On arrival they were welcomed by federation members of Masaka and Municipal Development Forum (MDF) representatives who ushered them to the Mayor’s chambers to pay a courtesy call and have a brief sharing on the purpose of their visit to Masaka. In the Mayor’s chambers, the team had a meeting chaired by the President MDF Masaka municipality Luberenga Paul. Mr. Luberenga welcomed the visiting team to Masaka and said he was very happy to interact with people who had the development of Masaka as priority .He said that the greatest asset a city or a town can have is its people noting the central role of the Municipal Development Forum in mobilizing this asset in Masaka for the purpose of developing their municipality. He thanked the mayor’s office in Masaka for allowing the MDF to peacefully co -exist in Masaka, to play in the space that is ideally not gazetted by law. He praised the STDM program for helping to identify the key principle aspect of Masaka municipality, the slum dwellers and informal settlement residents. According to the president MDF, 85 % of Masaka residents live in informal settlements and slums and therefore to develop Masaka, this percentage has to be involvement. Mr. Luberenga went on to add that STDM allowed for a people focused development approach because the process allowed communities to take charge from the onset by ensuring they administer the appraisal collecting the critical data after fully mobilizing locals from their settlements. He concluded by summing up achievements in Masaka on STDM; Masaka divisions had been profiled, the data was entered and a data centre was in place at the Community Development Officer (CDO) office. 4 Mr. Jack Makau, SDI representative in the delegation from Entebbe was next to speak. He briefly shared on the alliance (ACTogether and NSDFU) focus on STDM and how it has performed thus far .He said different challenges in communities are solved through dialogues and that STDM uniqueness is the fact that it allows for this dialogue, starting a process that enables communities build trust between them and their governments to the point where such information is addressing sensitive issues such as land tenure and what it entails. He was pleased of the progress registered in Masaka and urged the stakeholders involved to keep focused to achieve great results in their town. Danilo Antonio from GLNT said he takes pride in this tool which is giving very good and encouraging reports from the communities where it has been employed. He was also happy to learn of the forums which have been introduced in different municipalities and how they interact with this information helping communities’ articulate issues and as such complimenting the STDM process. Olet Sarafino, the physical planner in Masaka said communities embraced the program and what was needed was the constant updating of this information so that it can be used to inform gaps that might exist in the towns’ development plans. The Mayor of Masaka, His Worship Kayemba Afaayo then addressed the meeting .He began by welcoming all the delegates to Masaka and for going to the town to witness what the STDM had achieved so far. He said the monitoring element was commendable- when initiators go back to establish progress .According to him, Uganda is urbanizing day in, day out and there is need to plan for this urbanization. Land has continued to be a contentious issue in many parts of Uganda adding that Masaka municipality has not been difficult to administrate on land. On a light note, His Worship referred to Nyendo division as a ‘super slum’ despite being a home to many people, some working at the municipal council. He called for immediate address on the situation there and said that transformation was indeed overdue in Masaka. His Worship identified the STDM tool as being people centered and one that appreciates people should own their own development. 5 Photo 1: The Mayor of Mbarara ,His Worship Wilson Tumwine and the visiting delegates The team then went to the data centre where they met federation youth members who were passionate in explaining how the tool works. As observed by Danilo Antonio from GLTN, ‘a new generation of STDM professors’ had emerged. Thereafter, the team from the municipal council and that from Entebbe had lunch and later visited the Masaka Zonal Land Registry office recently launched by Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) under the National Land Information Development Project which aims at minimizing cases of false land titles and fraudulent land transaction through computerized land information systems. The office also deals with registration of land titles, lease and free holds, caveats and mortgages among others. While at the registry office, the team took a tour in the well appointed office led by an official from the registry office and Mr. Olet Serafino the physical planner of Masaka. The team then left Masaka for Entebbe in preparation for the two day workshop. PHASE TWO-WORKSHOP IN ENTEBBE On the 10th of September, the delegates who had travelled to Tororo and Masaka were joined by more representation from the aforementioned towns with an additional member from the 6 Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) the legal entity responsible for the operations of the capital city of Kampala in Uganda. The moderator for the workshop was Lutwama Medie the programmes coordinator ACTogether Uganda who kept the discussed lively and focused for the two days. Prior to commencing the days business, members participated in an exercise in which they were made to realize that the participation in the workshop was balanced .There was participation of the civil society ,communities ,local NGO’s ,International NGO’s ,learning institutions and the government . The moderator then gave a recap of the field activities in Masaka and Tororo for the benefit of those who had joined the workshop and later shared the program, (See Annex 1). He communicated that the STDM software had been recently updated creating a simpler version that could be used by communities at different levels. He also informed the meeting that a representative of KCCA was present in the workshop and was expected to give the Authority’s perspective of the tool and how it can be used in capturing land rights in Kampala, the nation’s capital city. A volunteer from Entebbe led the meeting into a prayer to bless the deliberations for the day. REMARKS FROM THE DEPUTY MAYOR ENTEBBE Simon Kimanye, the deputy mayor of Entebbe municipality welcomed all delegates in Entebbe and on a light note cautioned the delegates against littering Entebbe town, once declared one of the cleanest towns in Uganda .He said he had participated in many successful government led programs and was pleased to have been part of yet another program with a heart for the people; a program that wants to improve lives of those in the grassroots and who are in most cases forgotten. Referring to STDM as an enabling tool, the mayor said communities mobilized in Entebbe have embraced it as a tool that can be used for city planning .He added that having data per se is not enough because data must be for a particular purpose. He regretted that challenges had been experienced while conducting the profiles in Entebbe but said learning comes with challenges. ‘‘Stronger community information centres have been created and the pace has been set in our town, it is now upon us to drive the process further ’’ he said. .He thanked the SDI alliance in Uganda for empowering communities with skills and making them aware of what their communities have and lack. He added that urban challenges will continue to exist and it was high time for the workshop participants to critically look at number of interventions that can be employed to combat these challenges of urbanization starting with fully incorporating the STDM process in their information gathering systems in all municipalities. The mayor then declared the workshop officially open. Medie thanked the mayor for his communication and informed members that the ultimate objective of those driving the STDM process should be to create change to transform their settlements .He shared that positive reports on works of STDM have been seen to come from 7 Mbale where the tool was first piloted, where service gaps have been addressed as a result of information collected by this tool. He also commended the communities of Mbale for embracing the tool and as such giving Uganda more opportunities to benefit from the dialogue the tool had created. Jack Makau ,Slum Dwellers International coordinator representative then addressed the session and explained the rationale of the interaction between the governments, communities and the STDM process .He said the tool has been a dream that has become a reality .-.He informed that SDI has collected information in about 338 cities in the world and that the data base had created strong empowered communities and led to success of these communities especially on how they interact with the city governments to lobby and negotiate for services in their localities .The tool developed to initiate a conversation on land rights among other rights gives great pride to the pioneers who now see the maturity of this conversation .He added that all the 8 profiled settlements of Mbale where STDM was piloted have projects aimed at making people’s livelihoods better urging Entebbe to follow suit and work towards the good practices being replicated to bring positive changes in their respective cities. Antonio Danilo from GLTN shared that the tool has become a champion in facilitating negotiations and discussions between communities and governments. Experiences from Mbale have and continue to bring out the catalytic nature of the tool where it has attracted funding from the Central government through the TSUPU program to enable communities have both capital and livelihood projects .He added that Uganda is a model not only in Africa but also in the Asia Pacific in as far as successes of the tool are concerned. A representative from the NSDFU Lubega Idris and a national leader who has been at the centre of collecting this information and teaching communities in the new four municipalities gave his views on the tool .According to him, the STDM process has been smooth save from some incidents of resistance in some sections of the communities especially those who felt threatened because of the data the tool collects on land and tenure relations. Different communities have reacted in different ways; with some participating because they expect the tool to provide a land title and with some refusing to participate because they believe information given will lead to their eviction .To clear this misunderstandings, constant and aggressive sensitization has had to be done and with time communities have come to appreciate that the tool is a process that is to drive such talk and not one to deliver the land title to them. The National leader NSDFU added that data centers created in the four municipalities have made communities assume a role of managers and drivers of their own development .The centres mean communities are also in position to interact with this information whenever they want. Lubega commended Community Development Officers and other technocrats who have
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