Romans 2, The Name, Stubborn Hearts, Universalism, Why Doesn't God Save Everyone, Praise Of Men

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Romans Chapter 2; Our Consciences; Judging Others; Universalism; Why Doesn't God Save Everyone; No Partiality With God; God’s Common Grace; God Alone Is Good; Our Thoughts; Where Does The Name Come From?; Infant Baptism; Praise Of Men

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  • 1. Romans 2 Our Consciences; Judging Others; Universalism; Why Doesn't God Save Everyone; No Partiality With God; God’s Common Grace; God Alone Is Good; Our Thoughts; Where Does The Name Come From?; Infant Baptism; Praise Of Men Ilan Rosen took this photo of the Ramon Crater, an enormous and majestic crater found in the Negev desert.
  • 2. BIBLE IN FIVE Pastor Dave Kooyers Valley Bible Fellowship Box 433 Boonville CA 95415 http://www.slideshare.net/dkooyers www.ValleyBibleFellowship.org (707) 895-2325 God bless you as you examine His Word, Your servant in Christ, 2Cor. 4:5 These Microsoft PowerPoint presentations are provided "for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ" (Ephesians 4:12-15). To help Christians to "to grow up in all aspects into Him who is the head, even Christ." So that "we are no longer...tossed here and there...by every wind of doctrine." They may be downloaded and modified free of charge. Matthew 10:8 …Freely you received, freely give.
  • 3. Background to Romans Outline of the Letter to the Romans • Introduction: An Apostle to the Gentiles (1:1–17) • God Is Right to Judge and Save (1:18–3:20) • The Power of the Gospel (3:21–8:39) • God’s Righteous Plan for Israel and Gentiles (9:1–11:36) • The Power of the Gospel in the Life of Believers (12:1–15:13) • Conclusion (15:14–16:27)
  • 4. Purposes and Themes What was the Purpose of the Letter? • Inspired by the Holy Spirit, and borne from his desire to visit the church in Rome, Paul wrote the letter with very specific purposes in mind: MISSIONARY TEACHING PASTORAL
  • 5. Purposes and Themes Missionary • Paul had not visited the church in Rome, yet he wanted to make it his church base for launching a missionary effort to reach the end of the known world: Spain. SPAIN ROME JERUSALEM
  • 6. Apostle to the Gentiles Set Apart for the Gospel of God • Paul offers an explanation of “the gospel of God.” The gospel: WAS PROMISED IS ABOUT JESUS HAS EFFECTS By way of review, Last time we looked at The gospel of God in the OT
  • 7. Let's read Romans 2:1–16
  • 8. Romans 2:1, 14:4-13, Judge Righteously, Judging Others • NAU Romans 2:1 Therefore you have no excuse, everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. • NAU Romans 14:4 Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand. • NAU 1 Corinthians 5:12 For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Do you not judge those who are within the church? 9
  • 9. Romans 2:1, 14:4-13, Judge Righteously, Judging Others • Jesus said in; • NAU Matthew 7:1 "Do not judge so that you will not be judged. • NAU John 7:24 "Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.” • NAU 1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore do not go on passing judgment before the time, but wait until the Lord comes who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness and disclose the motives of men's hearts; and then each man's praise will come to him from God. 10
  • 10. Romans 2:5, Universalism, Why Doesn't God Save Everyone, Salvation Condition • NAU Romans 2:5 But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, • NAU Matthew 23:37 "Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. • NAU Ephesians 4:17 So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, 18 being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart;
  • 11. Romans 2:5 Stubborn Unrepentant Hearts • Dr. Henry Morris wrote, “No matter what evidence is presented for the existence of God, it is always possible for the unbeliever to counter with some objection or with another question. No argument or combination of arguments can ever convince someone who does not want to submit to God. Even if he is completely overpowered and silenced by the arguments, he will still be of an unbelieving heart, and this is what really counts. "A man convinced against his will is of the same opinion still.” Nevertheless, the evidence is there! For a person who sincerely desires the truth and is willing to believe, there is an abundance of proof concerning the fact of God and the character of God. The evidence is such as either to completely satisfy an open mind and heart or else to irrevocably condemn an unbelieving heart. For the latter, the only acceptable evidence may prove to be the heavy hand of God's chastening judgments, and even this may only harden it yet more.
  • 12. Romans 2:5 Stubborn People • Romans 2:5, has the only NT use of the word “stubbornness,” and there are no NT uses in the NAU of the words “ stubborn, stubbornly, or stubborn-minded”
  • 13. Romans 2:7, Perseverance NAU Romans 2:7 to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life; Luke 8:15 "But the seed in the good soil, these are the ones who have heard the word in an honest and good heart, and hold it fast, and bear fruit with
  • 14. Romans 2:11 No Partiality With God • NAU Romans 2:11 For there is no partiality with God. • NAU Deuteronomy 10:17 "For the LORD your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God who does not show partiality nor take a bribe. • NAU Acts 10:34…God is not one to show partiality, (respecter of persons, KJV) • NAU Deuteronomy 1:17 'You shall not show partiality in judgment… • NAU Job 13:10 "He will surely reprove you If you secretly show partiality. • NAU James 2:9 But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. 15
  • 15. Romans 2:12, Judged By The Law • Romans 2:12 For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law, and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law; • Rabbi Zusya wisely said, “In the world to come I shall not be asked, "Why were you not Moses?" I shall be asked, "Why were you not Zusya?” • Matthew 7:2 "For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. • John 3:18 "He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. • 1 Corinthians 11:31 But if we judged ourselves rightly, we would not be judged.
  • 16. Romans 2:13, Responsibility To God Confidence Before God • NAU Romans 2:13 for it is not the hearers of the Law who are just before God, but the doers of the Law will be justified. • The most important thought I ever had was that of my individual responsibility to God. Daniel Webster • Job 4:17 'Can mankind be just before God? Can a man be pure before his Maker? • Acts 23:1 Paul, looking intently at the Council, said, "Brethren, I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day.“ • 1 John 3:21 Beloved, if our heart does not condemn us, we have confidence before God;
  • 17. Rom. 2:14-15, Common Grace • NAU Romans 2:14 For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, 15 in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, 16 on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus. [Hebrews 1:1-3]
  • 18. Rom. 2:14-15, Common Grace • NAU Acts 17:26 and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation, 27 that they would seek God, if perhaps they might grope for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us; 28 for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, 'For we also are His children.' 29 "Being then the children of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and thought of man. 30 "Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent, 31 because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead."
  • 19. Rom. 2:14, Common Grace • NAU Matthew 5:45 …He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. • God has ordained the family unit for all people. • NAU Matthew 7:11 "If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him! • NAU Romans 13:1 …the governing authorities…are established by God. • “The old British preacher Martyn Lloyd Jones described common grace in the best way I have found: “Common grace is the term applied to those general blessings which God imparts to all men and women indiscriminately as He pleases, not only to His own people (Christians), but to all men and women, according to His own will”.” http://www.bridgesh.com/2011/12/what-is-common-grace/ • Henry Ward Beecher said, “The sun does not shine for a few trees and flowers, but for the wide world’s joy.”
  • 20. Romans 2:15 Engraved Upon Their Heart • NAU Romans 2:15 in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, • NAU Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah is written down with an iron stylus; With a diamond point it is engraved upon the tablet of their heart And on the horns of their altars,
  • 21. Romans 2:15, God Alone Is Good • Romans 2:15 …the Law written in their hearts, their conscience … • God alone is good, the only non-sinner, who could write the perfect Law, and program our consciences. • Mark 10:18 And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone. • Psalm 5:4 For You are not a God who takes pleasure in wickedness; No evil dwells with You. • 3 John 1:11 Beloved, do not imitate what is evil, but what is good. The one who does good is of God; the one who does evil has not seen God.
  • 22. Solid Ground by Stand To Reason March April 2012 by Greg Koukl, Who Says God Is Good? • "As Scott Rae puts it, “Morality is not grounded ultimately in God's commands, but in his character, which then expresses itself in his commands." In other words, whatever a good God commands will always be good."
  • 23. Romans 2:15, Our Thoughts • NAU Romans 2:15…their thoughts alternately accusing… • Deuteronomy 15:9 "Beware that there is no base thought in your heart… • 2 Corinthians 10:5 We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ, • Genesis 6:5 Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. • Patrick Morley said, “Each of us leads a secret thought life, an invisible life known only to us- it is not known to others. This secret life is usually very different from the visible you- the you that is known by others. Yet it is the real you, the you that is known by our God.”
  • 24. Romans 2:15, The Berean Call full article after “THE END” Who Shapes Our Conscience? • “What determines our values in today's fast-changing world? Who imprints its values on our conscience? Do parents? Teachers? The Media? Or our omnipotent God? …the Christian conscience played a leading role in American schools and families....We live in a new era! The Bible-trained conscience has largely been replaced by contrary guidelines that twist, scorn, or deny God's truth. Some still point to a conscience, but most people redefine it to match today's cultural values and personal inclinations… • …Martin Luther dared take a stand against the reign of a corrupt and oppressive church back in April 1521. For his uncompromising faith, he was declared an outlaw on May 25. You may remember his words: "...it is neither safe nor wise to do anything against conscience. Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen" ("English Bible History: Martin Luther" at http://www.greatsite.com/timeline-english-bible-history/martin-luther.html)…” • http://www.crossroad.to/articles2/0013/1-bible-based-conscience.htm • The Berean Call via thebereancall.ccsend.com
  • 25. Romans 2:16, Second Coming • NAU Romans 2:16 on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus. • NAU John 14:3 …I will come again and receive you to Myself… • Jesus is coming back to reign as King on earth, and He has promised to come and get us first, to return with Him. • NAU Zechariah 14:4 In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. 5 … Then the LORD, my God, will come, and all the holy ones with Him!…
  • 26. Romans 2:16 God will judge righteously! Praise God it won't be this judge
  • 27. Let's read Romans 2:17–24
  • 28. Romans 2:19, Light To Darkness • NAU Romans 2:19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, • Robert Alden said, “There is not enough darkness in all the world to put out the light of even one small candle.” • Ecclesiastes 2:13 And I saw that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness.
  • 29. Romans 2:24 gracethrufaith.com Where Does The Name Come From? • NAU Romans 2:24 For "THE NAME OF GOD IS BLASPHEMED AMONG THE GENTILES BECAUSE OF YOU," just as it is written. • “A. It was against the law for the Jews to speak or write the Lord’s name except for one day each year when they spoke it 7 times in a Temple ceremony called Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. • When they wrote His name they used 4 initials to represent it. They were translated into English as JHVH. The King James translators put LORD, all in caps, where the initials appeared in the Hebrew text. Somewhere along the way vowels from Elohim, which means God, and Adonai, which means Lord, were added to the initials forming Jehovah. Later it was determined that since in the Hebrew language the four initials are pronounced Yodh, He, Waw, and He, Yahweh is a more accurate pronunciation of God’s name. • But the truth is no one alive today knows God’s actual name. After the Temple was destroyed the Yom Kippur ceremony changed and they no longer spoke it. Scholars estimate it was eventually lost to the memory of man in about 300 AD. Today Jesus is the name above all names (Phil. 2:9- 11).”
  • 30. Let's read Romans 2:25–29
  • 31. Romans 2:25–29 Infant Baptism/Circumcision Is Of No Value • This passage is used by many to justify infant baptism. They say that infant baptism is the equivalent of Old Testament circumcision. Circumcision was the sign of belonging to the bloodline of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and being under the Law of Moses. This put the infant under the law of Moses. Baptism is a public display of the fact that you have trusted in Jesus Christ, received the Holy Spirit and, been born again. It has nothing to do with circumcision. However, if their unbiblical assumption were true, then they are placing their infants under the law, and they better make sure they keep the entire 613 Commandments perfectly. Infant baptism is just Roman Catholic mysticism regurgitated by Protestants. Paul says in
  • 32. Romans 2:25–29 Infant Baptism/Circumcision Is Of No Value • NAU Romans 2:25…circumcision is of value if you practice the Law… • NAU Romans 2:28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. 29 …circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter… • Infant baptism and religious circumcision only confuse religious minded, unsaved, people into thinking that they are okay with God. • NAU John 3:18 "He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
  • 33. Romans 2:28, 4:11-18, 9:6, 11:4,7,26,28, Gal 2:12,14,6:16. Eph 3:6, 4:17, Jer 31:34, Rev 2:9, 3:9 Who Is A True Jew? 34 spiritandtruth.org
  • 34. Romans 2:29, Praise Of Men • Romans 2:29 But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God. • “Never be afraid of the world's censure; it's praise is much more to be dreaded.” C. H. Spurgeon
  • 35. Romans 2:29, Though Men Praise You • NAU Romans 2:29…praise is not from men, but from God. • NAU Psalm 49:18 Though while he lives he congratulates himself-- And though men praise you when you do well for yourself-- • NAU Psalm 102:21 That men may tell of the name of the LORD in Zion And His praise in Jerusalem,
  • 36. Romans 2:29, Though Men Praise You
  • 37. So, In closing; • And since it's the close of this years growing season in Mendocino County, CA 38
  • 38. THE END 39
  • 39. Romans 2:15, Who Shapes Our Conscience? • March 18, 2013 • NAU Romans 2:15 in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, • • WHO SHAPES OUR CONSCIENCE? [Excerpts] • • What determines our values in today's fast-changing world? Who imprints its values on our conscience? Do parents? Teachers? The Media? Or our omnipotent God? • It depends! In former times, the Christian conscience played a leading role in American schools and families....We live in a new era! The Bible-trained conscience has largely been replaced by contrary guidelines that twist, scorn, or deny God's truth. Some still point to a conscience, but most people redefine it to match today's cultural values and personal inclinations. These examples illustrate the diversity: • Social Conscience: "Our conscience is not the vessel of eternal verities [Biblical truth]. It grows with our social life, and a new social condition means a radical change in conscience" (Walter Lippmann, A Preface to Politics, Mitchell Kennerley, New York and London, 1914). • National Conscience: "Our concept of governing is...a concept deeply rooted in a set of beliefs firmly etched in the national conscience..." (Congresswoman Barbara Jordan, Democratic Convention Keynote Address: "Who Then Will Speak for the Common Good?", New York, New York, July 12, 1976). • Bypassing the Conscience: "No art passes our conscience in the way film does, and goes directly to our feelings, deep down into the dark rooms of our souls" ("Biography for Ingmar Bergman" athttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000005/bio). • Mockin
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