Romania in 1920s – Stephen Fischer Galati

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Romania in 1920s – Stephen Fischer Galati, Twentieth Century Rumania, Columbia University Press, 19701/13/2011 9:40:00 AM Romania’s initial problems in postwar years can be ascribed to “the unwillingness of the Bucharest politicians to provide adequate formulae for national and international reconciliation” (p29)  Very little national unity o How does one integrate foreigners Bucharest did now try and acquiesce with new minorities or Jews “based on economic fears” (p30)  Previously Transylvan

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  Romania in 1920s –   Stephen Fischer Galati, TwentiethCentury Rumania, Columbia University Press, 1970 1/13/2011 9:40:00 AM   Romania’s initial problems in postwar years can be ascribed to “the unwillingness of the Bucharest politicians to provide adequate formulae for national and international reconciliation” (p29)      Very little national unity o   How does one integrate foreigners Bucharest did now try and acquiesce with new minorities or Jews “basedon economic fears” (p30)    Previously Transylvanians, Magyars, Saxons, Jews and Szeklers had all controlled “professional and intellectual life of theprovince” (p30)  The repression by Romanian forces of Bela Kun revolution in Hungarycreated antagonism  “Bucharest’s policies transcended the avenging of historic nationalinjustices” (p31)      Distributed lands of foreigners and absentee landlords wasdesigned to create a class of grateful peasants. o   Happened most in Transylvania  “ where peasant politicalconsciousness was most developed ”  (p31) o   In Bessarabia innocent Jews were fleeced in the name of nationalism and economic justice (p32) o   Hungarian and Jewish communities were singled out forpersecution (p32) Can be seen that “neither Romanian revisionism or Russian Communismposed a serious threat to the stability of the Romanian state” (p32)  Given that Jews, Hungarians and Communists favored the working classand the peasantry their actions were watched and the peasantry “heavilyprotected” by Bucharest       “Political warfare rather than reconciliation” best describes the formative years of Greater RomaniaKey Sociopolitical question that face Greater Romania was that of landreform, the assurances given to the peasants were not carried out.When the coalition government of the National Party of Transylvania andthe Peasant Party of Wallachia came to power all Old Kingdom politicians united against “rule by radicals and foreigners” (p35)      The coalition government had policies of real social reform in thevillage as well as national reconciliation o   Show that some political parties did try o   BUT they were accused of treachery  The Coup D’etat of the monarchy meant that General Alexandru Averescu had political power, the People’s Party was created and the government became very anti-semitic, anti communist and anti-magyar.    Also meant land reform did not occur.    Even after Bratianu succeeded him in 1922 there was little or nochance for social or national reconciliation o   Moreover, the final land reform issued in 1921 “was far less liberal than expected”  (p36)    Favoured conservative landowners and formerlandowners were given roles in bureaucracyIn 1921 with growing commercial, financial and industrial community theKing and Right wing nationalist intelligentsia were able to create a conservative “bulwark against the Liberal or Communist intellectuals”  (p36)The formation of the Romanian Communist Party in 1921 meant thatencouragement was given to right wing nationalists such as the IronLegion of Codreanu Averescu’s policies alienated the peasantry to the extent that it created permanent resistence to the regime.The Bratianu regime focused on letting peasants get on with their livesand empowering the beorgeiosie and politicians.    The worker, like the peasants “was deprived of political rights”  (p39)     “suggestions for change were automatically branded asCommunist” (p39)      1/13/2011 9:40:00 AM      1/13/2011 9:40:00 AM  
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