Research in Baden-Württemberg. A paradise for scientific endeavours. - PDF

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Research in Baden-Württemberg A paradise for scientific endeavours. Over 100 Centres of Expertise Research in Baden-Württemberg Denmark Netherlands Poland Bronnbach Belgium Germany France Baden- Württemberg

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Research in Baden-Württemberg A paradise for scientific endeavours. Over 100 Centres of Expertise Research in Baden-Württemberg Denmark Netherlands Poland Bronnbach Belgium Germany France Baden- Württemberg Czech Republic Mannheim Switzerland Austria Heidelberg Lampoldshausen Heilbronn France Kehl Offenburg Bönnigheim Karlsruhe Ludwigsburg Pfinztal Pforzheim Stuttgart Esslingen Hohenheim Denkendorf Nürtingen Tübingen Reutlingen Rottenburg Schwäbisch Gmünd Ulm Aalen Research Universities Universities of Applied Sciences Universities of Education Universities of Arts and Music Max Planck Institutes Helmholtz Research Centres Leibniz Institutes Oberwolfach Fraunhofer Institutes Freiburg Trossingen Furtwangen Villingen-Schwenningen Albstadt-Sigmaringen Biberach Baden-Württemberg Innovation Alliance International Research Institutions Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities Radolfzell Weingarten Konstanz Switzerland Austria 2 Index University Research 4 8 Research Universities Universität Freiburg Universität Heidelberg Universität Hohenheim Karlsruher Institut für Technologie Universität Konstanz Universität Mannheim Universität Stuttgart Universität Tübingen Universität Ulm 9 10 The Excellence Initiative University Hospitals Universities of Education Universities of Arts and Music Universities of Applied Sciences Hochschule Aalen Hochschule Albstadt- Sigmaringen Hochschule Biberach Hochschule Esslingen Hochschule Furtwangen Hochschule Heilbronn Hochschule Karlsruhe Hochschule Kehl Hochschule Konstanz Hochschule Ludwigsburg Hochschule Mannheim Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Umwelt Nürtingen-Geislingen Hochschule Offenburg Hochschule Pforzheim Hochschule Ravensburg-Weingarten Hochschule Reutlingen Hochschule für Forstwirtschaft Rottenburg Hochschule für Gestaltung Schwäbisch Gmünd Hochschule der Medien Stuttgart Hochschule für Technik Stuttgart Hochschule Ulm Centres for Applied Research Non-University Research Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Institutes International Max Planck Research Schools Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Karlsruhe Institute of Technology German Aerospace Center German Cancer Research Center Lleibniz-Gemeinschaft Institutes Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Institutes Baden-Württemberg Innovation Alliance Institutes Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities International Research Institutions European Molecular Biology Laboratory Institute for Transuranium Elements From Idea to Product 21 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SPAWNS DYNAMISM NETWORK-BASED SYNERGIES TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND START-UPS Excellent Research Climate INTENSIVE INFRASTRUCTURE AND PROJECT FUNDING EXPERT PARTNERS 3 University Research Research Universities Of Baden-Württemberg s 80 higher education institutions, the nine research universities form the most important pillars of academic research. They include Germany s first university, founded in Heidelberg in 1386, and those of Freiburg and Tübingen, founded in the 15th century. The great technical and social changes of the 19th century triggered the founding of universities in Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe and Mannheim, originally dedicated purely to the fields of agriculture, engineering or economics. The universities of Ulm and Konstanz were founded in the 20th century. From the outset, Ulm University was planned as a natural and medical sciences university, while at the University of Konstanz the principle of interdisciplinarity is already laid down in its founding charter. In the winter semester 2011 / 2012, the total number of students enrolled in Baden-Württemberg s research universities was over 156,000, around 15 per cent of whom come from abroad. The research universities cover the entire range from traditional basic research to industrial application of research results. Their growing importance is reflected in the steady increase in thirdparty funding and excellent laboratory facilities. While in 1995 the uni versities were able to raise roughly 300 million in additional funds, in 2010 they collected 625 million. This represents 90 per cent of all third-party funds for all types of higher education institutions. Baden-Württemberg s universities engage in research in nearly all fields in the classic subjects of humanities and social and natural sciences as well as in high-technology and cutting-edge fields like life sciences, aerospace engineering, nanotechnology, catalysis and power engineering. Naturally, international exchanges and interdisciplinary cooperation and collaboration with other institutions are part and parcel of these activities. The research universities regularly occupy the high spots in university and research rankings. Within the framework of the Excellence Initiative of the German Federal and States Governments, these universities have shown they are ready for the future. Out of Germany s eleven top universities selected by the Excellence Initiative, three are located in Baden-Württemberg. The initiative also awards funds to numerous Graduate Schools and Clusters of Excellence. Universität Freiburg Established 1457, students: 22,205 The University of Freiburg enjoys a worldwide reputation mainly for its excellence in the humanities. Less well-known is its technical faculty, which has been in existence since 1995, combining traditional disciplines like mathematics, physics and chemistry with the entire spectrum of microsystems technology. Research is organised in multi-departmental research centres. Examples are the Centre for Biological Signalling Studies (bioss), bringing together scientists from the fields of biology, biochemistry, medicine and microsystems technology, or the Freiburg Materials Research Center, where materials research combines input from the faculties of mathematics, physics, engineering, medicine, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, pharmaceutical sciences as well as forestry and environmental sciences. Further research centres exist in neuroscience, law, history, economics and many other fields. There is close cooperation with non-university research institutions like the Fraunhofer Institutes, the Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and the Kiepenheuer Institute for Solar Physics, as well as with industrial partners. The Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS) is an international research school for history, philology, life sciences and material sciences. It aims at systematically strengthening top university research, developing new fields of research and promoting young researchers. Universität Heidelberg Established 1386, students: 26,958 From Astronomy to Zoology Universität Heidelberg is an active research university of international acclaim. Founded in 1386, it is Germany s oldest university. With its broad range of faculties and departments, interdisciplinary cooperation in research networks has a long tradition at this classic comprehensive university. At the South Asia Institute, for instance, founded in the 1960s, scientists from cultural, social and economic 4 studies combine their research efforts. In the 1980s, the Centre of Molecular Biology (biology/ chemistry) and the Interdisciplinary Centre for Scientific Computing followed and were joined later by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Neurosciences and the BioQuant research network. Within the framework of the Excellence Cluster Competition by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, strategic partnerships were forged with university and non-university research institutes as well as research-focused enterprises in the metropolitan Rhine-Neckar region. At the Forum Organic Electronics, and Cell- Based and Molecular Medicine BioRN clusters, researchers from Universität Heidelberg work together with their partners on cuttingedge technologies in organic electronics and molecular cell biology. The most important non-university partners located in Heidelberg are the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and the European Laboratory for Molecular Biology. CaRLa, a laboratory for catalysis research, was built jointly with BASF, and the Imaging Center with Nikon and other partners. Universität Hohenheim Established 1818, students: 8,808 The roots of the University of Hohenheim stretch back to the year 1818, when it was founded as an agricultural school. Faculties of natural sciences, economics and social sciences were later added to the original focus. The main research areas of the university are agriculture and nutrition sciences in the framework of the food chain, energy and raw materials supply from agriculture, biosignals and their mechanisms in signal processing as well as innovation and services. Along with Collaborative Research Centres and other research centres at the faculties, scientific centres also play an important role. They facilitate interdisciplinary research and strengthen international cooperation on research projects. Noted scientific centres of the university are the Life Science Centre, the Eastern European Centre, the Centre for Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, the Food Security Centre, the Centre for Bioenergy and Biobased Products as well as the Competence Centre for Gender and Nutrition one of its kind in Germany and the Centre for Research on Innovation and Services. The university is a member of international university networks such as the Euroleague for Life Sciences. Karlsruher Institut für Technologie University of the State of Baden-Württemberg and National Research Center of the Helmholtz Association Established 2009, students: 22,062 The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) was founded by a merger of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and Universität Karlsruhe. The result is a unique institution in Germany, where the partition between university and non-university research is abolished. KIT has a staff of over 9,000 (approx. 370 of them professors), more than 22,000 students and an annual budget of nearly 790 million (2011). Research at KIT is grouped into six areas of competence: Matter and Materials; Earth and Environment; Information, Communication and Organisation; Applied Life Sciences; Technology, Culture and Society; and finally Systems and Processes. Each of them combines related research areas of different faculties and departments and thus also offers a platform for the exchange across the boundaries of academic disciplines. Research is organised into KIT Centers and KIT Focuses (Energy, Climate and Environment, NanoMikro, Elementary Particle and Astroparticle Physics, Mobility Systems) and KIT Focuses (COMMputation, Optics and Photonics, Human & Technology, and New and Applied Materials). KIT cooperates with numerous international partners. For instance, it measures cosmic radiation in cooperation with the Auger Observatory in Argentina, and it works on determining the neutrino mass within the framework of the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino Experiment KATRIN. KIT has provided several technologies to the fusion experiment ITER in Cadarache, France. 5 Universität Konstanz Established 1966, students: 10,176 At the University of Konstanz, interdisciplinary cooperation in research and teaching has been practised since its foundation. For this purpose, departments were connected under the roof of interdisciplinary faculties. Another important principle is teaching from research, meaning that current research results are to be reflected in seminars and lectures and the students are actively involved in research projects. Within the humanities and social sciences, research focuses on Cultural Studies and Decision Sciences; within Life Sciences and Natural Sciences focuses are Chemical Biology and Ecology as well as Nanoscience and Material Sciences. Research activities are often combined into research centres and initiatives, like the Center for Applied Photonics, the Genomics Centre, the Research Centre Social Capital or the Nanostructure Laboratory. The promotion of young scientists is another focal point at the University of Konstanz, with the Zukunftskolleg playing an important role here. Outstanding national and international young researchers are provided with post-doctorate fellowships, enabling them to work freely and independently on a specific research project for up to five years, giving them a head start in their academic career. Because their work is at the same time embedded in the departments of their fields, the research still remains closely connected to the university s research infrastructure. Universität Mannheim Established 1907, students: 10,636 With its core academic activities in the fields of economics, business administration and social sciences, the University of Mannheim ranks among the best research centres in Germany. These three disciplines cooperate closely with the faculties of humanities and law, mathematics and computer science and offer a wide range of research projects unique in Germany. Central research subjects include decisions, governance, migration and integration as well as language acquisition. The university s largest research institute is the Mannheim Center for European Social Research. It is dedicated to the research of societal, social and political developments in Europe. One special focus is the comparative study of developments in different European countries and the European integration process. Founded in 2011, the Institute for Enterprise Systems (InES) conducts interdisciplinary and practice-focused research on socio-technical systems in which information and communication technologies and human beings or organisations interact. The Graduate School of Economics and Social Sciences (GESS) receives special funding from the Excellence Initiative. More than 200 young scientists are taught in the methods of modern economics and social sciences. Universität Stuttgart Established 1829, students: 21,608 The University of Stuttgart is mainly known for its research activities in natural and engineering sciences. Part of its special profile is a close networking of these faculties with humanities and social sciences. Research is organised around a number of interdisciplinary areas modelling and simulation techniques, new materials, complex systems and communication, technology concepts and technology eval uation, sustainable energy supply and environment, mobility, integrated product and production design, as well as design and technology of sustainable environments. The vision behind it all is to study the complete product development and life cycle. This also involves questions of technological engineering and realisation, and the sustainability of technical innovation. Research infrastructures like the wind tunnel or the High Performance Computing Centre are among the most modern and efficient worldwide and are also used by external partners. The wind tunnel, for instance, is of interest for automobile companies like Daimler and Porsche, because it can perform realistic simulations of aerodynamics and aeroacoustics of vehicles at speeds over 260 km / h. At 6 the High Performance Computing Centre, whole production plants can be simulated. Cooperation with the German Aerospace Center, several Fraunhofer and Max Planck Institutes as well as other research institutions make the University of Stuttgart a motor for innovation in the region. Universität Tübingen Established 1477, students: 24,047 study structural questions of language and meaning as well as the pro cesses of acquiring, processing and interpreting language. Additional focal points include the molecular biology of plants, neuroscience, earth science and environmental research, pharmaceutical research, archaeology as well as Asian / Oriental studies. A graduate academy has been established to promote young scientists and offer structured doctoral studies in the fields of medicine, natural sciences, humanities, economics, and social sciences. The University of Tübingen stands for a 500-year tradition of research in humanities as well as social, natural and life sciences. Many of today s research projects follow an interdisciplinary design. Infectiology research in Tübingen is a successful joint effort between researchers from medicine, biology, biochemistry, pharmaceutical studies and bio-computing. The Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics brings together the fields of experimental and theoretical physics with astronomy and astrophysics. The Kepler Center investigates the origin and structure of the universe and the properties of elementary particles under extreme conditions. At the Tübingen Centre for Linguistics, linguists and philologists cooperate with scientists from the fields of psychology, neuroscience and computer science. They Universität Ulm Established 1967, students: 8,628 Originally founded as a university with a focus on medicine and natural sciences, the range of disciplines has recently been enlarged to include economics as well as computer science and engineering. Research is centred around information and communication technologies, financial services and their mathematical methods, life sciences and medicine, nano- and biomaterials, and quantum engineering. Research is undertaken in all disciplines, often across the classic boundaries of disciplines and faculties. At the Institute of Orthopedic Research and Biomechanics, for instance, physicists, natural 7 scientists and engineers work together on questions of biotechnology and medical technology. The Collaborative Research Centre Companion-Technology for Cognitive Technical Systems brings together researchers from the fields of informatics and engineering. Further focal points of interdisciplinary research are energy transformation and storage, functional high resolution imaging, simulation and prototyping as well as regenerative medicine. Ulm University cooperates with numerous partners in appli cationoriented research, such as enterprises, the Ulm University of Applied Sciences, the different research institutes associated with the university, and the university hospital. Collaborative Research Centres funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) Collaborative Research Centres facilitate complex research projects and help universities develop their own profiles. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH CENTRES Humanities and Social Sciences Universität Freiburg Universität Heidelberg Universität Hohenheim Karlsruher Institut für Technologie Universität Konstanz Universität Mannheim Universität Stuttgart Universität Tübingen Universität Ulm Life Sciences Natural Sciences Engineering Source: DFG, September The Excellence Initiative The Excellence Initiative by the German Federal Government and the States Governments is a competition aimed at strengthening cutting- edge university research and institutional strategies. The programme will provide 4.6 billion until There are three lines of funding: Graduate Schools for the structured training of doctoral candidates. These are funded with up to 2.5 million per year. Clusters of Excellence to form outstanding, internationally visi ble research centres. They receive up to 8 million in funding annually. Institutional Strategies developed by the universities to leverage their strengths and join the ranks of the world s leading research institutions. Only universities that were awarded funds in all three lines count among Germany s Universities of Excellence. Baden-Württemberg fared extraordinarily well in the Excellence Initiative. In the last round of the Excellence Initiative in 2012, it remained the most successful German federal state: With the research universities in Heidelberg, Konstanz and Tübingen being awarded, three of Germany s eleven Universities of Excellence are located in Baden-Württemberg. The other universities were also successful in the funding lines: twelve of the 45 Graduate Schools in Germany funded by the programme, and seven of a total of 43 Clusters of Excellence, are located in Baden-Württemberg. Mannheim Heidelberg France Karlsr
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