REPÙBLICA DEMOCRÁTICA DE TIMOR LESTE MINISTÉRIO DA AGRICULTURA E PESCAS - PDF

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REPÙBLICA DEMOCRÁTICA DE TIMOR LESTE MINISTÉRIO DA AGRICULTURA E PESCAS Ekipa Produsaun Responsabiliza ba kontiudu Governu República Democrática de Timor-Leste (RDTL) Diresaun Nasionál Apoiu ba Dezenvolvimentu

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REPÙBLICA DEMOCRÁTICA DE TIMOR LESTE MINISTÉRIO DA AGRICULTURA E PESCAS Ekipa Produsaun Responsabiliza ba kontiudu Governu República Democrática de Timor-Leste (RDTL) Diresaun Nasionál Apoiu ba Dezenvolvimentu Komunitária Agríkola no Diresaun Nasionál Peodusaun Alimentar e Hortikultura hodi Ministériu Agrikulura no Peska Ho asistensia ténika husi Program Dezenvolvimentu Rural (RDP 4) ne ebe maka implementa hosi GI Z (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer I nternationale Zusammenarbeit) no I CCL (I nstituto Camões da Cooperação e da Língua). Públika dahuluk Janeiru Renúnsia Dokumentu nee bele produz tamba hodi tulun finansiál husi Uniaun Europeia. Opiniaun sira ne ebe temi iha dokumentu ne e la reprezenta opiniaun ofisiál husi Uniaun Europeia. Introdusaun Batar nudar aihan ida ne ebe iha funsaun luan ou boot tebes. Husi kain to o musan iha fungsaun barak ba nesesidade oi-oin. Ninia musan bele uza nudar aihan ema nian, no mos sai hahan animal hanesan manu, fahi no seluk tan nebe bele hasa e rendimentu ekonomia uma kain agrikultor sira nian. Liu-liu iha area rural, batar sei kaer parte ida importante teb-tebes tamba batar sei konsidera hanesan sira nia ai-han loron-loron. Tamba ne e, to os na in sira sempre kuda batar tinan-tinan iha areal nebe boot maski sira kuda mos ai-han seluk hanesan hare, aifarina, fehuk no fore. Alem de sai aihan importante iha area rurais, batar mos nudar materiais importante ba halo batar-u ut, mina, syrup no seluk-seluk tan. Iha ninia kain bele utiliza nudar hahan animal nian no mos bele halo kompost. Batar iha rai laran sei kuda tuir nivel subsistensia tinan-tinan, katak agrikultor sira kuda batar nato on ba sira nia aihan loronloron nia deit. I ha to os na in uitoan deit maka hahu ona ho muda sistema tradisional ba orientasaun merkado. I da ne e signifka katak agrikultura subsistensia sei domina sistema agrikutlura iha rai laran. Praktika kultivasaun nebe to os na in sira uza balun sei tradisional hodi afeta ba produktivdade. Tamba ne e muda mentalidade to os na in sira nian ne e tenke sai parte prioridade iha servisu Estensaun Agrikola. PAD (Pratika Agrikultura diak) nudar modelu pratika kultivasaun batar nian nebe simplifika ona husi MAP, GI Z no I nstituto Camões. Brosura ida ne es dedika liu ba ita nia to os nain sira liliu ba sira ne ebe halo demplot kona ba Pratika Agrikultuta Diak. Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 1 Preparasaun rai Lutu importante atu prevene ita nia batar husi animal sira! Halo lutu hadulas ita boot nia to os hodi prevene husi animal. Lutu bele hahu halo ho lutu mate depois kombina ho lutu moris (uza gamal, lamtoro nsst...)! 2 - Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Ba to os foun molok fila rai ita tenke hamos uluk, maibe labele sunu no soe. Karik ita nia to os tinan tinan ita kuda nanis ona ita bele fila direita hodi hakoi du ut iha rai okos. Lalika sunu du ut sira iha ita boot nia to os laran tamba bele sai adubus! Bele mos aplika, karau teen ou kompos karik iha aplika molok grade. Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 3 Selesaun fini Fini ho jerminasaun as garante produsaun as! Identifika batar fulen boot husi hun nebe forte/ saudavel husi to os laran molok kolleta. Behu husi fulen boot, no hili musan husi klaran ne ebe bokar no uniforma ou hanesan. 4 - Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Kuda batar Kuda wainhira umidade (klembaban) rai atinji ona ou udan tun rai loron 3-4 tuir malu (terus menerus). Kuda linha ho distansia. Decide distance (30 cm x 75 cm) ba musan ida kada koak ou (40 cm x 75 cm) musan rua kada koak. Kuda batar musan 1-2 halo batar hun sai boot no fulen mos sei boot! Kuda labele klean liu (4 cm) Batar bele kuda kahur ho ai-horis seluk (diversifikasaun) expl. koto, foretali, lakeru nsst Kuda legumes diak liu para hadia rai bokur. Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 5 Hamos du ut Diak liu hamos du ut dala 2, tamba halo batar moris buras no produsaun barak! Hamos du ut ita halo semana 2 depois de kuda. Hamos du ut importante tamba reduz kompetisaun nutrisaun, loron matan. I nstrumentu hamos du ut hanesan babain ita uza aisuak, enxada, nsst..! 6 - Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Fertilizasaun Aplika adubus mos depende ba kondisaun rai nia. Tau adubus besik batar hun maizumenus 5 cm no mos depende ba batar tahan nia tutun monu iha nebe. Tipo adubus maka Uera, TSP/SP36 no KCL 25. Uza adubu ho dosis nebe los, tempo nebe los no metodu ne ebe diak sei fo produsaun as! Tipo Adubus Tempo Aplika Dosis/ Sasukar Urea Semana 2 depois kuda 1 00 kg/ ha TSP / SP36 Loron 4 molok kuda 75 kg/ ha KCL 25 Loron 25 depois kuda 50 kg/ ha Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 7 Kontrola Moras no Pesti Pesti ne ebe babain ataka batar mak hanesan gafanhotu, fura kain, asukauk, fuhuk molok kolheta, laho nsst! Moras nebe maka babain kona batar maka hanesan, tahan makerk, fulen la mosu ho diak, nsst...! Uza pestisida kimiku hanesan alternativu ikus liu iha ita nia esforsu tomak hodi kombate pesti no moras ba batar! 8 - Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Atu kombate pesti no moras ita bele uza pestisida organiku no kimiku. Ba pestisida organiku uza litru 1 ba litru 1 0 (expl.botir aqua ki ik 1 ba jerigen 5 litrus 1 ) Ba pestisida kimiku aplika tuir rekomendasaun iha label.evita labele uza dosis barak liu Kolheta Kolheta ita halo depende ba ita nia presiza: Batar nurak bele tunu/da an wainhira kulit sei matak. Batar okir/nurak bele uza hodi halo modo (sayur asam, sayur bening). Tasak/maran ona bele rai ou fa an: kulit tenke maran hanesan, batar saren/fuk sai metan. Karik ita kolheta iha udan boot ita tenke halo ot iha mahon no tau iha hadak leten para be turu! Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 9 Poz kolheta Tara iha ai leten la loke nia kulit/ habai ho nia kulit, hasai batar musan. Habai iha lona/terpal ou habai iha semente leten oras 4 durante loron 1 no fila ba mai kada oras ida idak. Fatin hodi rai fini mak bidón, jerigen, aqua fatin, botir nsst. Ense fatin hirak ho fini nakonu no tau pesticida lokal hanesan nim/baku moruk nia tahan ou batar musan kahur ho ahikadesan, ai nitas tahan, nsst Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Halo ot batar ho tekniku ne ebe diak sei garante ita boot sira nia kualidade batar ba tempu naruk Hodi hasa e produsaun batar no rendementu familia nian - 1 1 This Broshure contains basic recommendations by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, according to the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) for Timor-Leste. These GAP have been developed with a broad stakeholder inclusion (e.g...) Hakarak hatene informasaun kle an kona ba Pratika Agrikultura Diak batar nian bele kontaktu Estensionista Agrikola (EA) iha ita boot sira nia suco Kuda Batar tuir Praktika Agikultura Diak Ho asistensia ténika husi Program Dezenvolvimentu Rural (RDP 4) ne ebe maka implementa hosi GI Z (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer I nternationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH) no ICCL (Instituto Camões da Cooperação e da Língua). I nclude here Text from the Maize strategy, why Maize is improtant for Timor-Leste
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