Report Institut für Weltgesellschaft Institute for World Society Studies - PDF

Report Institut für Weltgesellschaft Institute for World Society Studies 2 Content Introduction... 3 Directors... 4 Research Projects... 6 Graduate Programme Events Publications...

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Report Institut für Weltgesellschaft Institute for World Society Studies 2 Content Introduction... 3 Directors... 4 Research Projects... 6 Graduate Programme Events Publications Imprint Board of Directors: Prof. Dr. Mathias Albert Prof. Dr. Ulrike Davy Prof. Lutz Leisering Ph.D. Prof. Boris Holzer Ph.D. Dr. Katja Freistein Contact: Institute for World Society Studies Bielefeld University Faculty of Sociology P.O. Box Bielefeld Managing Director: Sebastian Lemme Student Assistant: Daniel Palentien Home: Layout: Andreas Placke Introduction 3 Introduction Founded in 2000, the Institute for World Society Studies at Bielefeld University has pursued research, research training, outreach and networking activities on a range of issues in the broad thematic fields of globalization, transnationalization and international relations, often from the perspective of sociological theories of world society. Research at the Institute is open to a range of theoretical and methodological approaches, ranging from discourse theories and analysis to quantitative approaches and including modern systems theory and sociological neo-institutionalism. The Institute s emphasis on strong theoretical foundations serves as one of its hallmarks in an international research environment. In the burgeoning field of globalization research, the distinctive feature of the work carried out at the Institute for World Society Studies lies in combining empirical investigation with theoretical analysis. The Institute therefore encourages international and interdisciplinary orientation in a broad range of activities. Past and current interdisciplinary projects include, for example, cooperation between history, political science and sociology ( Transnational political spaces ), between political science and geography ( Geopolitical images of aid organizations ), or between sociology, law and spatial planning ('Human Rights'; 'FLOOR') The Institute will in the future seek to build on and extend the interdisciplinary character of its work and explore possibilities to reach out to additional disciplines. The field of global studies is characterized by activities from many disciplines, making interdisciplinary outreach a strategic necessity, especially for sociology. The Institute s activities are oriented towards fostering intellectual exchange and excellent research output regarding publications and research training. This includes individual and collective research projects, with or without third party-funding, conferences and workshops, colloquia and seminars. In addition to its role as an active research institute, the Institute for World Society Studies also serves as a thematic focus point for a range of doctoral dissertations and post-doc research projects. The Institute for World Society Studies currently has about eighty members. Its executive board comprises five members: Mathias Albert, Political Science; Ulrike Davy, Law; Katja Freistein, Political Science; Boris Holzer, Sociology; Lutz Leisering, Sociology. Sebastian Lemme is the current executive manager. 4 Directors Directors Mathias Albert Mathias Albert is Professor of Political Science at the Faculty of Sociology and Honorary Professor at the University of Aarhus/Denmark. His work is on various aspects of international relations and world society theory. Recent books in the field include New Systems Theories of World Politics (co-ed. with L.-E. Cederman and A. Wendt, Palgrave 2010) and Bringing Sociology to IR. World Politics as Differentiation Theory (co-ed. with B. Buzan and M. Zürn, Cambridge 2013). He is currently working on a book entitled A Theory of World Politics. Ulrike Davy Ulrike Davy is professor for constitutional and administrative law, German and international social law, and comparative law at the Faculty of Law of Bielefeld University. Additionally, she is the managing director of the Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung (ZiF) and member of the University Council of Bielefeld University. Her research concentrates on migration and refugee law, history and theory of the welfare state, European social policy, and universal human rights law, in particular, social rights and the right to equality. Recent publications: Exploring global social citizenship: Human rights perspectives. International Journal of Social Welfare 22, 2013, Supplement 1 (ed., with Benjamin Davy and Lutz Leisering); How human rights shape global social citizenship. On citizenship and the understanding of economic and social rights. Washington University Global Studies Law Review Lutz Leisering Lutz Leisering is professor of social policy in the Faculty of Sociology. His research interests include international and comparative social policy, theory and history of the welfare state, policy analysis and global social policy. His current focus is on social assistance in the global South. Recent publications: Exploring global social citizenship: Human rights perspectives. International Journal of Social Welfare 22, Supplement 1, 2013 (ed., with Benjamin and Ulrike Davy); German Social Policy. 5 vol.s (ed. and introduction). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, 2013. Directors 5 Katja Freistein Katja Freistein is a postdoctoral researcher at the Collaborative Research Centre From Heterogeneity to Inequality (SFB 882) in the project Conceptions of Global Inequality in World Society . Her main research interests are international relations theory, international organisations and discourse theory. Recent publications include: Institutioneller Wandel im (Kon)Text der ASEAN. Sicherheitsgemeinschaft und Charta im Diskurs der ASEAN (Nomos), A Living Document : Promises of the ASEAN Charter. The Pacific Review 26:4 (2013), Gouvernementalität und Regionales Regieren: Konkurrierende Ordnungsvorstellungen in der ASEAN, in: Staat - Souveränität Nation. Beiträge zur aktuellen Staatsdiskussion (Andreas Vasilache (Ed.), Springer VS Verlag, 2013). Current research projects deal with thesemantics of global inequality (postdoc project), inequality as and international organisations and the myth of global civil society participation. Boris Holzer Boris Holzer is Professor of Political Sociology at Bielefeld University. He earned his Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and Political Science and has subsequently worked at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich and the University of Lucerne. His current research interests include political and economic sociology, social networks and globalization. Recent publications in these fields include the book Moralizing the Corporation (E. Elgar, 2010) and chapters in The Political Role of Corporate Citizens (ed. by K. S. Helgesson and U. Mörth, Palgrave 2013), in Netzwerke in der funktional differenzierten Gesellschaft (ed. by M. Bommes and V. Tacke, VS 2011) and, with G. Mutz, in Globalisierung Süd (ed. by A. Paul, A. Pelfini and B. Rehbein, VS 2010). He is currently preparing the edited volume From Globalization to World Society (co-ed. with F. Kastner and T. Werron, Routledge 2014), which focuses on neo-institutional and systems approaches to globalization. 6 Research Projects Research Projects Economic cultures in global-comparative perspective Funded by: Hans-Böckler-Foundation Principal Investigators: Prof. Dr. Werner Abelshauser (Bielefeld University) Project Team: Tristan Graefen Project Duration: When David Ricardo published his theorem of comparative (labor) cost advantages he triggered a revolution within the theory of world trade which is still state of the art. Almost 200 years later and against the background of postindustrial development, we need a new approach because labor costs are no longer the most decisive factor for competitive advantage on technologically advanced markets. Yet the key to immaterial (postindustrial) production is comparative institutional advantages based on new, widely accepted mindsets (shared mental models) and market behavior the rules of the game. An economic culture of this kind is important within clearly defined fields of the social system of production, such as the financial system, corporate governance, interest policy, the inter-companysystem, the fields of vocational training and education and last but not least industrial relations. This project analyses the changing conditions for Ricardos` law today. This includes an outline of the emergence and performance of the economic culture. The marketplace of world society is dominated by companies from North America, Europe and East Asia. But what is the role of their respective cultural background in this competitive field? The increasing dynamics of world markets make it all the more urgent to understand the cultural background via scientific research. Obviously cultural differences are what drive economic competition within world society and ensure its future. The project focuses on the economic cultures of the four most competitive trading nations (USA, China, Japan, Germany) contrasting their comparative institutional advantages with the economic culture of less successful economic regions on the world market. The project started 2010 with a Bielefeld conference on Economic Culture Cultures of World Economy which was funded by the Institute for Global Society Studies and the Hans-Böckler-Foundation. The results of the conference have been published in a special issue of the German journal for historical social science Geschichte und Gesellschaft : W. Abelshauser / David A. Gilgen / A. Leutzsch (Hg.), Kulturen der Weltwirtschaft, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht The aim of the project is a monograph on the subject. Publications: Abelshauser, Werner (2013): E pluribus unum? Eine alternative Strategie für Europa. Zeitschrift für Staats- und Europawissenschaften, Vol. 11, No. 4, Research Projects 7 Ethnization and De-ethnization of the Political. Negotiations of Inclusion and Exclusion in the Andes and South Asia Funded by: Project Segment of SFB 584 (Collaborative Research Centre) The Political as Communicative Space in History Principal Investigators: Project Team: Prof. Dr. Joanna Pfaff-Czarnecka (Bielefeld University) Prof. Dr. Christian Büschges (Bielefeld University) Friso Hecker Dr. Olaf Kaltmeier Project Duration: On 9 November 1990, a new constitution in Nepal came into force which defined the Nepali nation-state as multi-ethnic, multilingual, democratic and constitutional. In June of the same year a countrywide protest movement occurred in Ecuador which lasted several days with the stated aim to achieve a constitutional recognition of the cultural identity and political representation of various indigenous groups in the country. Eventually, in 1998, the constitution of Ecuador was reformed, and henceforth the state was defined as democratic, pluricultural and multi-ethnic. Both constitutions are an expression at least on a formal legal level and temporary climax of current processes of ethnization of the political sphere which are under way in the region of the South American Andes as well as in South Asia. These processes are important to study not only because of their transformative potential which is sometimes coupled with the risk of violent social disruptiveness, but also because of a central paradox immanent in this process: discourses of ethnic oppression and injustice as well as forms of ethnic and national self-representations tend to stress the group-specific and the unique. The respective actors tend to use parochial symbols in the fight for their particular vision of communitarian forms of inclusion into the wider social and political process while at the same time postulating the universal character of their particular demands within the democratic process. 8 Research Projects The similarities of political trajectories of both regions are significant and cannot be overlooked. The project therefore aims to examine in a comparative perspective the occurrence and meaning of ethnic semantics (discourses and symbols) within the communicative space of the political in Ecuador and Nepal. It also looks at the political actors who introduce these semantics as a tool of political communication as well as those who deny the validity of these arg- uments. To do so, the project distinguishes between three historical phases of distinct forms of discursive inclusion and exclusion of ethnically and non-ethnically defined actors and topics. This is done both by examining wider historical processes of modern state-formation during the 19th and 20th century as well as in a second step focus on the current cycle of ethnization of the political in both countries. Publications: Büschges, Christian/ Pfaff-Czarnecka, Joanna (Eds.) (2007): Die Ethnisierung des Politischen. Identitätspolitiken in Lateinamerika, Asien und den USA. Frankfurt/ New York: Campus. Kaltmeier, Olaf (2007): La Universidad terrateniente Biopolítica, poder soberano y resistencias indígenascampesinas en las Haciendas de la Universidad Central en Cotopaxi, Procesos. Revista Ecuatoriana de Historia, Vol. 26, No. 2, Pfaff-Czarnecka, Joanna/ Gellner, David N./ Whelpton, John (Eds.) (2007): Nationalism and Ethnicity in a Hindu Kingdom: The Politics of Culture in Contemporary Nepal. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. Research Projects 9 Expatriate Managers: A New Cosmopolitan Elite? Habitus, Everyday Practices, and Networks Funded by: Principal Investigators: Project Team: German Research Council (DFG) Prof. Dr. Ursula Mense-Petermann (Bielefeld University) Dr. Anna Spiegel (Bielefeld University) Yan Junchen Kathleen M. Park PhD Franziska Richter Bastian Bredenkötter Florian Poppen Project Duration: The project considers a social figure that has increasingly become an object of attention in recent times, whenever questions of economic globalization, the development of transnational social spaces and questions of social inequalities on a global scale are discussed: the expatriate manager. Notwithstanding the growing interest in global assignments and the figure of the global manager in the International Business and Management Literature, little is known to date of how expatriates deal with the exacting demands in their everyday work and life at their places of assignment. Under which circumstances do globally mobile managers develop a cosmopolitan habitus if at all? How do they arrange their everyday life? What kind of networks do they establish in order to cope with the professional and private challenges connected with a global assignment? And last but not least: Are there differences in the ways in which expatriates deal with the challenges of a global assignment connected with their national origin or with their place of assignment (home country and host country effects)? These questions are addressed by a systematic comparison of two different groups of expatriate managers from different national business cultures German managers and US American managers - at three different locations of assignment (Germany, USA and China), which are differently positioned in global constructions of cultural difference. This project - taking a critical look at the strong theses concerning the global manager as protagonist of a new global elite (Sklair, Kanter) aims at an indepth study into the processes of structuration of the lifeworlds and of (re-)shaping of the habitus of expatriate managers abroad. 10 Research Projects Publications: Marshall Park, Kathleen/ Mense-Petermann Ursula (2014): Managing across Borders - Global Integration and Knowledge Exchange in MNCS. Competition & Change 18 (Special Issue: Multinationals, social agency and institutional change: Variation by sector ), Mense-Petermann, Ursula (2014): 'Bridging the Differences' - Die Arbeit des 'boundary spanning' und ihre Regulierung in transnationalen Unternehmen. In: Löw, Martina (Ed.): Vielfalt und Zusammenhalt. Verhandlungen des 36. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in Bochum und Dortmund Frankfurt a.m.: Campus, Mense-Petermann, Ursula/ Spiegel, Anna/ Park, Kathleen (2014): Global mobility policies, social positioning and boundary spanning work of expatriate managers. Research paper presented at the EGOS Standing Working Group 11 (Sub-theme 11): What's Up in the Contemporary MNC: New Research Perspectives, 30th EGOS Colloquium, Juli 2014, Rotterdam. Research Projects 11 Global Perceptions of Inequality in World Society Funded by: Principal Investigators: Project Team: Project Segment of SFB 882 (Collaborative Research Centre) From Heterogenities to Inequalities Prof. Dr. Mathias Albert (Bielefeld University) Dr. Martin Koch (Bielefeld University) Dr. Katja Freistein Project Duration: The project analyses the emergence and subsequent development of global inequality semantics in three international development organisations (World Bank, United Nations Development Program, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) within world society. According to our analysis, the dominant understanding of global inequality as relating primarily to unequal global income distribution results from the discursive stabilisation of a quite limited number of heterogeneity markers as indicators for inequality. Yet, with regard to inequalities in general, more recently a broader understanding as unequal opportunities or lack of equity has also entered organisational discourses and has been stabilised in anti-poverty programmes and similar key sectors. Building on the textual analysis, the project develops a comprehensive understanding of the semantics of global inequalities. The analysis shows trends in the use of concepts, regarding the dimensions of inequality addressed (particularly income, wealth/poverty, health) and the heterogeneity markers used (such as gender or location), as well as the pervasive ideas about inequality/equality in global affairs. Particularly the dimension of conceptualising inequality has evidenced a divide between ideas about outcome inequalities (i.e. inequalities pertaining to income or wealth) and inequalities of opportunity (including different ideas such as capabilities or equity), marking a divergence of causes, sociospatial references and strategies to tackle inequality. Publications: Freistein, Katja/ Koch, Martin (2012): Global Inequality and Development: Textual Representations of the World Bank and UNDP. SFB 882 Working Paper Series 12. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld. Koch, Martin (2012): International Organizations in Development and Global Inequality: The example of the World Bank s pension policy. UNU-WIDER Working Paper 2012/103, Koch, Martin/ Lindenthal, Alexandra (2013): The Bretton Woods Institutions and the Environment: Organizational learning within the IMF and the World Bank. Administrative Science Vol. 3, No. 4, Freistein, Katja/ Koch, Martin (2014): The effects of measuring poverty indicators of the World Bank. SFB 882 Working Paper Series 27. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld. 12 Research Projects Going Global or Short-Term Adventures? The Conditions and Consequences of the Globalization of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Funded by: Principal Investigators: Project Team: Hans Böckler Foundation Prof. Dr. Ursula Mense-Petermann (Bielefeld University) Christoph Seidel Andre Meyer Project Duration: This project considers the long-term impact of globalization on the organizational structure, human resource management and employees interest representation of small and mediumsized enterprises (SME). Although SMEs do have a high relevance for the German economy, so far the consequences of their globalization for the whole SME and their employees have been understudied. In particular, this project explores how SMEs cope with the challenges of long-term globalization processes despite their limitations in organizational knowledge and capital. Various studies, however, have already shown that SMEs choose unique paths
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