PRINCIPLE THEORITICAL BASIS OF INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY

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Foreign Policy refers to the sum total of principles, interests and objectives which a country promotes while interacting with other countries. The thrust of foreign policy keeps on changing according to the changing international conditions. It includes strategies to safeguard National Interests and to achieve goals. Development of Nation- States and increasing interactions among them has resulted into formation of foreign policy in modern times. THE PRINCIPAL THEORETICAL BASIS OF INDIA'S FOREIGN POLICY ARE PRINCIPLES OF PANCHSHEEL,NON-ALIGNMENT,STRENGTHENING OF UNITED NATIONS.

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  • 1. PRINCIPLE THEORITICAL BASIS OF INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY PRESENTED BY: Shreya Chaurasia
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Foreign Policy refers to the sum total of principles, interests and objectives which a country promotes while interacting with other countries. The thrust of foreign policy keeps on changing according to the changing international conditions.  It includes strategies to safeguard National Interests and to achieve goals.  Development of Nation- States and increasing interactions among them has resulted into formation of foreign policy in modern times.
  • 3. BRIEF HISTORY OF INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY  After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, it soon joined the Commonwealth of Nations and strongly supported independence movements in other colonies, like the Indonesian National Revolution.  During the Cold War, India adopted a foreign policy of not aligning itself with any major power bloc. However, India developed close ties with the Soviet Union and received extensive military support from it. The end of the Cold War significantly affected India's foreign policy. the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, India began to review its foreign policy , and took steps to develop closer ties with the European Union and the United States.  Most Indians agree that its first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had defined a unique foreign policy for India at the very dawn of its independence.. Since the 1990s, the challenge for the Indian leaders has been to reinterpret Nehru’s ideas to suit the new political context that had confronted it
  • 4. OBJECTIVES OF INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY  To promote and protect the unity and integrity of the country  Maintain regional peace and stability through the projection of Indian power  Develop deeper and broader economic relations with countries that supply fuel and military hardware  Participate in multilateral and bilateral military co-operation relationships  Settle and secure international borders  Achievement of world peace  Fostering cordial relations with other countries  Solving conflicts by peaceful means  Sovereignty and equality of all nations  Independence of thought and action as per the principles of Non- align Movement or NAM  Opposition to Colonialism and Imperialism.
  • 5. PRINCIPLE THEORITICAL BASIS OF INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY PANCHSHEEL NON-ALIGNMENT STRENGHTENING OF UNITED NATIONS
  • 6. PANCHSHEEL  India’s desired peaceful and friendly relations with all countries, particularly the big powers and the neighbouring nations, while signing an agreement with China, on April 28, 1954, India advocated adherence to five guiding principles known as Panchsheel for the conduct of bilateral relations.  It includes the following: 1) Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. 2) Mutual non-aggression. 3) Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs. 4) Equality and mutual benefit. 5) Peaceful co-existence.
  • 7. NON-ALIGNMENT  Non-alignment has been regarded as the most important feature of India’s foreign policy.  Non alignment aimed to maintain national independence in foreign affairs by not joining any military alliance formed by the USA and Soviet Union in the aftermath of the Second World War.  Non-alignment was neither neutrality nor non-involvement nor isolationism. It was a dynamic concept which meant not committing to any military bloc but taking an independent stand on international issues according to the merits of each case.  The policy of non-alignment won many supporters in the developing countries as it provided an opportunity to them for protecting their sovereignty as also retaining their freedom of during the tension ridden cold war period.
  • 8. STRENGTHENING OF UNITED NATIONS  India has advocated active role for UN in development effort of Third World countries.  India has pleaded for a common united front of the third world countries in the UN.  The UN has in fact played a key role in preserving world peace by helping in the decolonization process, by providing humanitarian and developmental assistance and through peacekeeping.
  • 9. THANK YOU
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