Piśmienne bycie w przestrzeni cyfrowej. Współczesne ślady tożsamości - PDF

Ewa Szczęsna Uniwersytet Warszawski* Piśmienne bycie w przestrzeni cyfrowej. Współczesne ślady tożsamości Literate Existence in the Digital Space. Contemporary Traces of Identity The aim of this study

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Ewa Szczęsna Uniwersytet Warszawski* Piśmienne bycie w przestrzeni cyfrowej. Współczesne ślady tożsamości Literate Existence in the Digital Space. Contemporary Traces of Identity The aim of this study is to present how the development of writing technology influences writing itself. In this paper the analysis is focused on mechanisms of reinterpretation of writing and reading in digital space, in other words, the change in experience of text. To summarize, modern media techniques make reading become writing, when writing becomes clicking (an action taken upon the texture), and clicking becomes the experience of text. Another goal is to present a special role of the texture as the tool of text s creation as well as the place of cohesion. The importance of semiotic tissue of digital text, especially in the case of digital art, is visible in the formation of intratextual relations. These relations are created in the process of working one element of texture onto another, which allow them to play an important role in the creation of textual meaning. przestrzeń cyfrowa, doświadczanie tekstu, tekstura, pisanie Agnieszka Karpowicz Uniwersytet Warszawski* Reinkarnacje słowa: media, gatunki, praktyki Reincarnations Of The Word: Media, Genres, Practices The text presents the project of multimedial, contemporary verbal environment research which uses a category of speech genres (Bakhtin). Focusing on the secondary genres (genres of verbal creativity) it justifies the argument that The world is not dead. It s merely changing it s skin (Dick Higgins), and therefore in the living verbal environment we deal with changing, heterogeneous media of verbal expression that determine, in part, ways of being and describing genres. This paper presents performance, text and hypertext as a basic means of existence of the verbal forms in contemporary culture; means which demand an adequate category of description and research tools in order to avoid textualization of multimedial genres and not to treat them like a literature. słowo, media, gatunki Elżbieta Winiecka Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza* Pismo wobec doświadczenia uczestnictwa Writing Towards The Experience Of Participation This article discusses the influence of media on the experience of writing. The aim here is to show two models of participation in the culture, two models of the brain, two models of communication. First, connected with the culture of printed books, is based on the distance, reflexivity and aloneness. Second, born with new media and called culture of participation, is a new style of life (interactive) and thinking (logovisual). It redefines roles of the author and the reader. The shift from the one to the second is dynamic, happening here and now. The effects of it are today still unpredictable for us. Anyway literature and literary studies are changing, influenced by new digital technologies treated as extensions of man. medium, konwergencja, pismo, e-epoka Marta Rakoczy Uniwersytet Warszawski* Tekst, pisanie, szkoła w perspektywie antropologicznej Text, Writing And School In Anthropological Perspective The paper is an attempt to reveal an anthropological structure of following categories: text and writing; the categories that nowadays require cultural, historical and institutional relativization. I maintain that the paradigm of writing as mental, individualistic creation and freely chosen way of life is a result of late modernity. Moreover, even today it is not the only paradigm and is not universally acceptable. The illustration of this that I develop in this text is an example of today s exercise books. School - as the main institution of literate initiation, including mass first contact with literature is an institution in which the practice of writing, regulated by school breaks and specific for capitalist society dual division of time, is a specific one, being a tool of well-defined, perceptual and social discipline. However, this discipline does not exclude creativity, as long as we leave its late-modern definition.. pisanie, tekst, twórczość, indywidualizm, szkoła Maciej Maryl IBL PAN* Blog jako dziennik elektroniczny. Analiza genologiczna blogów pisarzy Blog As An,,Electronic Journal. Genre Analysis Of Writers Weblogs The article is an attempt at genre analysis of online journals by three Polish writers (Sylwia Chutnik, Jarosław Klejnocki, Jerzy Sosnowski) in both literary-studies and technological perspective. I argue that this specific commingling of a personal document and electronic discourse results in a new form of writing, which functions in a secondary- -orality environment. The uniqueness of this form, in comparison with traditional personal documents, stems from the participation of the audience, which co-authors the text and influences its shape. Blog is a result of the personalization culture, in which the reader influences the writer. blog, dziennik, komunikacja, komentarz Krzysztof Gajewski IBL PAN* No comment. Z poetyki komentarza elektronicznego No Comment. On Poetics Of Electronic Comment The aim of the paper is to analyze electronic comment as a new genre of speech. At the beginning the state of the art is presented. The history of comment in manuscript printed books is outlined, as well as main functions of comment. Then two kinds of post- -typografical comments are indicated: programming comment and Internet comment. The article limits its scope to the last one. The research based on a case of a news taken from a popular Polish language Internet portal. Seven types of comments are discovered: an approval, a question/desideratum, an amplification/a dialog, a correction, a disapproval, an impression, a parasitism. Three most numerously represented groups happen to be a disapproval, an impression, and a parasitism. In the conclusion a hypothesis explaining the phenomenon is proposed. komentarz, poetyka, gatunek Irena Chawrilska Uniwersytet Gdański* Dzieło hybrydyczne jako doświadczenie The Hybrid Work of Art as Experience This article focuses on the hybrid work of art viewed as a form of experience. I take into consideration the issue of the hybrid work of art viewed as a form of experience from the perspective of how Dewey wrote about art which can be perceived as a form of experience. How can we understand the notion of experience in relation to the work of art, and, more importantly, to the hybrid work of art? My analysis of the experience category is based on the philosophical texts written by Luigi Pareyson. The question I would like to answer is if hybrid works of art portray the experience of contemporary reality. My considerations are founded on the poems by Paula Claire (ES-SENSE and Hymns to Isis) and the artist s book by Jim Butler (A.M.D.G). dzieło hybrydyczne, doświadczenie, poezja konkretna, estetyka Agnieszka Smaga Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego* Formy pismo/obraz na stronach WWW. Przegląd At the present stage of technological development of websites, critical difference between the word and the image breaks down. It means we are not able to distinguish them from one another at the operational level (at the program level). Furthermore, in view of the presentation of the website, building process of the visual composition of the website is carried out neither according to the function of words (narrative), nor according to analog image (representation), but by the surface distribution of the data. Website becomes infographics, which abstract a fundamental system of lines and shapes from reality and transforms them into a basic form of rectangles (diagrams, graphs, tables, forms). słowo, obraz, strony internetowe Lidia Gąsowska Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski* Praktyka pisania fan fiction. Tutorial fanfikowca Mass literature and its more modern branch popular literature, tends to be described as trivial, third-rate and worse. Nowadays, there is a consensus among scholars that the name popular is the most neutral and non-evaluative, so in this sense the literary production can be addressed and one can give it the status of an academic discipline. Common plots, themes, topoi and solutions which a researcher in the field of his interests explores, are not perceived as worse, imitative, predictable or banal Today, in the age of information and pleasure the culture drifts and it is not dependent on the economics of production but rather on more information and free imagination. The individual becomes free from the tragic conflict of values. Community experience, which it ensures, is a model of experience of being with others and what is perhaps even more valuable, being-in-the-world of unquestioned significance. Community contemplates the passage, does not seek to create great narratives, leaving a space for other parts/ fragments. It accounts for rooted local values, it is a place of their articulation. Fandom, in this perspective, becomes a post-modern form of diaspora. Agnieszka Oberc Uniwersytet Wrocławski* Ja piszę, ty piszesz, oni piszą. Literacka twórczość fandomu jako czynnik integrujący społeczność I Write. You Write. They Write. The Literary Works Of Fandom as A Factor in Integrating the Community Fan fiction is a fiction based on situations and characters that have been created by someone else. It is written by fans who use original texts to create their own art and culture. Writing fan fiction is something that fans do together. They discuss original texts, share their views and opinions about plot and characters, and create common interpretation that can be used by other fandom members. They also participate in creating new texts by commenting fanficks published by other fans. Writing is not only a way to express fans opinions about their favourite books and shows, but also an opportunity to spend time with people sharing their interests. Analysis of fan-created texts shows not only its importance to individual fans, but also a vital role writing fan fiction plays in building fan communities and creating bonds between their members. fandom, fan fiction Zagadnienia Rodzajów Literackich, LV z. 2 Dominik Antonik Uniwerstet Jagielloński* Literatura w audiowizualnym typie kultury Literature in the Audiovisual Culture The article shows that the biggest beneficiary of possibilities opened by infrastructure of information society is not contemporary literary avant-garde (hypertexts, electronic literature etc.) but popular literature ingrained in the very centre of social communication. Authors like Dehnel and Witkowski through their media activity, writing features in newspapers, blogging, using Facebook, organizing events in public space etc. blur the line between book and media environment and create interactive, transmedia literary space. Literature goes beyond books and libraries, like previously visual arts left traditional space of museum. Texts go out of books, enter a public space, meet people, connect with other media, setting up literary database scattered throughout the culture, which can be used in a different ways. literatura, kultura audiowizualna, pisarz Karolina Sidowska Uniwersytet Łódzki* Literatura a przełamywanie wstydu Literature And Overcoming Shame The focus of the article is literary approach to the emotion of shame. My thesis is that literature can be perceived as a helpful tool for overcoming shame, because it can present most intimate human experiences in aesthetic terms, free from stereotypical moral judgments. From this perspective I distinguish between exhibitionistic tendencies on the author s side and complementary voyeuristic impulse on the side of the reader. In this context I consider also the phenomenon of literary provocation and its function. In the next step I analyze two examples from Polish contemporary literature, a literary pregnancy diary Polka of M. Gretkowska and a gay-novel Lubiewo of M. Witkowski, which are in my opinion interesting proposals of aesthetic view on intimate but also relevant aspects of everyday life. literatura, wstyd, tabu Dobrawa Lisak-Gębala Uniwerystet Wrocławski* Współczesna polska eseistyka w poszukiwaniu aury obrazów malarskich i fotograficznych Contemporary Polish Essays In Search For The Aura Of Paintings And Photographs Contemporary polish essays on paintings and photographs, by Wojciech Karpiński, Zbigniew Herbert, Ewa Bieńkowska, Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz, Wojciech Nowicki and Jacek Dehnel, are described in the article as the specific kind of real or envisaged journey undertaken in space and time, in search for pictures aura (Walter Benjamin s notion). Since essayists often mention about numerous obstacles that hinder the fully individual contact with famous paintings (eg. overabundance of known descriptions and artificiality of museum expositions), the increasing writer s interest in old, unique photographs could be regarded as an enclave for experience of aura. esej, opis podróży, malarstwo, fotografia Magdalena Skrzypczak Uniwersytet Łódzki* Doświadczanie przestrzeni w figurach wędrownych jako inicjacja procesu twórczego (off-line) Experiencing Space In Wandering Figures As An Initiation Of The Creative Process (Off-Line) This paper focuses on experiencing space as an active, extreme off-line situation of the author/author in spe. It undertakes the problem of mnemology as a crucial, particular, and especially private/individual way of actualizing spaces once explored ( past-spaces actualization). It discusses the practice of space, signification /signing of private trajectories, the rhetoric of walking, and wandering/travel as inspiration for literature, writing, and the creative process. The main point of this article is that the figures of speech are the same for both language and space (according to Jean-François Augoyard s, Michel de Certeau s and Joanna Ślósarska s research). In addition, the human body as a rhetorical device, via the act of walking down a street or jumping, can bring attention to important literary issues, such as genology of the text inspired in such a way. It seems interesting whether it is possible to analyze this kind of writing as an incarnation of the ancient hodoeporicon in a contemporary entourage. przestrzeń, figury wędrowne Katarzyna Trzeciak Uniwersytet Jagielloński* Lubimy czytać, lubimy pisać, ale kto z tego korzysta? Kilka uwag o społecznościowych portalach recenzenckich We Likes Reading And Writing But Who Use It? Some Notes On The Social Networks Of Reviewers The aim of this paper is to present and discuss the phenomen of unprofessional literary blogs. The main reference is lubimyczytac.pl which has over one hundred thousand of users who publish their reviews about books. Both lubimyczytac.pl and private literary blogs create an alternative place for discussing literature beyond professional, academic literary criticism. This alternative place pretends to be free from depending on market and to present an authentic reading experience rather than professional review. But schematic composition and language of those texts as well as the need to strive for the popularity causes the same mechanism of dependence as in professional literary criticism. krytyka literacka, blog, recenzja
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