NOTEWORTHY LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS, HUNGARY - PDF

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Acta Botanica Hungarica 51(1 2), pp , 2009 DOI: /ABot NOTEWORTHY LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS, HUNGARY J. VONDRÁK 1, J. ŠOUN 1, L. LŐKÖS 2 and

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Acta Botanica Hungarica 51(1 2), pp , 2009 DOI: /ABot NOTEWORTHY LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS, HUNGARY J. VONDRÁK 1, J. ŠOUN 1, L. LŐKÖS 2 and A. KHODOSOVTSEV 3 1 Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia Branišovská 31, CZ , České Budějovice, Czech Republic; 2 Department of Botany, Hungarian Natural History Museum H-1476 Budapest, Pf. 222, Hungary; 3 Department of Botany, Kherson State University 27, 40 Rokiv Zovtnya, 27, Kherson, Ukraine; (Received 10 January, 2008; Accepted 30 September, 2008) Twenty-four of treated species are reported as new to Hungary; Agonimia allobata, A. repleta, Amphisphaeria fallax, Anema tumidulum, Bacidia fuscoviridis, Biatoridium monasteriense, Caloplaca oasis, C. conversa, C. raesaenenii, C. soralifera, Candelariella plumbea, Chromatochlamys muscorum, Diplotomma murorum, Lecanora leuckertiana, L. rouxii, Lepraria lesdainii, Lichinella cribellifera, cf. Mycobilimbia epixanthoides, Opegrapha suecica, Scoliciosporum curvatum, Stigmidium rouxianum, Verrucaria helvetica, V. sorbinea and Xanthoria sorediata. Eleven species, Agonimia opuntiella, Caloplaca crenulatella, C. xerica, Dirina stenhammari, Evernia divaricata, Immersaria cupreoatra, Lecanora bolcana, Leptogium magnussonii, Lichinella nigritella, Strangospora ochrophora and Verrucaria bryoctona, are new to the Bükk Mts. New records of Agonimia tristicula and Caloplaca chrysodeta, already known from the Bükk Mts, are mentioned. The known distribution of C. raesaenenii (= C. thuringiaca) is described. Key words: Agonimia, Ascomycetes, biodiversity, Caloplaca, lichens, rare species INTRODUCTION Bükk Mts, being a part of the Northern Mountain Range, belongs to the Inner Western Carpathians, which has a direct connection to the main mountain system of the Carpathians. Its main bedrock is mostly calcareous, Triassic limestone (and dolomite), which appears also in the surface as big outcrops, boulders and stone walls, rich in karst formations like dolinas and caves. Other rock types of siliceous character are gabbro, diabase, radiolarit, rhyolite, sandstone and schist /$ Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 218 VONDRÁK, J., ŠOUN, J., LŐKÖS, L. and KHODOSOVTSEV, A. Its highest peak is 959 m (Mt Bálvány), but there are more than 20 summits or ridges above 900 m. The main vegetation types are forests (dominated by Acer, Carpinus, Fagus, Fraxinus, Picea, Quercus, etc.) and grasslands (mostly calcareous and some siliceous rocky grasslands). A considerable part of its area (43,254 ha) is protected and has been managed by the Bükk National Park since The first lichens were collected in the Bükk Mts by Vincze Borbás, Frigyes Hazslinszky, Sándor Mágocsy-Dietz, and Márton Vrabélyi in the s. The first publications are from Hazslinszky (1869, 1870, 1884) after he made a longer trip in the Bükk Mts in April May Ádám Boros, a famous Hungarian botanist and bryologist visited the Bükk Mts several times and he also collected lots of lichen specimens (mostly macrolichens, like Cladonia, Lobaria, Parmelia, Peltigera, Solorina spp.) between 1922 and The most famous lichenologist of this area was Ferenc Fóriss, who systematically wandered all over the Bükk Mts for more than 25 years. Most of his specimens (more than 8,000) are deposited now in the lichen collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum (BP). He planned to publish a complete lichenological monograph of the Bükk Mts (incl. 25,000 records of 1,400 species and infraspecific taxa), but he died before he could have finished it. Not even a complete checklist was prepared up to now, although several publications were published containing sporadic records on the lichen flora of the area (e.g. Szatala 1927, 1930, 1939, 1954, 1956, Magnusson 1929, 1939, 1944, 1947, Erichsen 1936, 1940, Motyka 1938, Fóriss 1940, 1957, Kőfaragó-Gyelnik 1940, 1942, Räsänen 1940, Servít 1949, Boros 1954, Degelius 1954, Runemark 1956, Verseghy 1958, 1962, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1984, Gallé 1960, 1972, Tibell 1971, Krog 1978, Mayrhofer and Poelt 1978, Zehetleitner 1978, Hafellner and Poelt 1979, Dobolyi et al. 1981, Hanko 1983, Asztalos et al. 1984, Mayrhofer 1984, Thor 1988, Kiszelyné et al. 1989, Breuss 1990, Hale 1990, Mayrhofer et al. 1992, Lumbsch 1993, Vitikainen 1994, Nordin 2000, Halda 2003, Laundon 2003, etc.). Our short contribution presents collecting data to some noteworthy species from the Bükk Mts; among them, twenty-four species are new to Hungary. Most of the presented samples were collected by the authors in the Bükk Mts (northeast Hungary) in May 2006 and June In the area, the following sites were visited: a) shaded limestone rocks and humid deciduous forest in deep inverse valleys of the brooks Lök-patak and Garadna-patak; b) sun-exposed limestone rocks around Mt Három-kő, Látó-kövek, Kemesnye-hegy and Örvény-kő in central Bükk; c) sink hole area in the karst plateau Nagy-mező in the uppermost part of Bükk; d) limestone rocks below the ruin Dédes-vár in the northern peripheral part of Bükk; e) base-rich, xerothermic magmatic bedrock (gabbro, diabase, etc.) at the ruin Szarvas-kői vár close to Eger. LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS 219 Some of the listed species can be characterised as inconspicuous, but rather common (e.g. Agonimia opuntiella, A. tristicula, Caloplaca chrysodeta, C. conversa and Strangospora ochrophora), however, some other inconspicuous lichens are probably rare in Hungary (Caloplaca oasis, Chromatochlamys muscorum, Dirina stenhammari, Opegrapha suecica, Scoliciosporum curvatum and Verrucaria sorbinea). Some species have recently been described (e.g. Agonimia repleta) and some have not been recognised from similar species in Hungary (e.g. Caloplaca crenulatella, Lecanora bolcana). Further relevant locality records from other parts of Hungary are also included. The new country records of conspicuous lichens Bacidia fuscoviridis, Lichinella cribellifera and Xanthoria sorediata are rather surprising. Data on distribution of lichen species in Hungary are taken mostly from Verseghy (1994) and other sources published later or earlier than this work. Species new to Hungary are indicated by an asterisk. Vouchers are currently deposited in BP, CBFS, KHER or the private herbarium of J. Šoun. Lichen-forming fungi THE SPECIES *Agonimia allobata (Stizenb.) P. James (Syn.: Polyblastia allobata (Stizenb.) Zschacke) Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Ómassa: Garadnavölgy, N, E; alt.: ca 450 m, on bark of Tilia cordata in damp forest, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6374. It is mainly characterised by its ± smooth thallus, globose, never pyriform, exposed perithecia with smooth wall and whitish ostiolar region, 8-spored asci and rather small ascospores, ca µm. *Agonimia repleta Czarnota et Coppins Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Ómassa: Garadna-völgy, N, E; alt.: ca 450 m, on old basidioma of polypore on hardwood bark, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6391. The recently described species is similar to A. tristicula in outer morphology, but the former has smaller thallus squamules, 8-spored asci and much smaller ascospores (Czarnota and Coppins 2000). Agonimia opuntiella (Buschardt et Poelt) Vězda Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on base-rich soil in crevices in volcanic rock, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6367. In Hungary this species has been recorded only from the Villány Mts (Lőkös 2000), but it is probably widely distributed in Hungary. Agonimia tristicula (Nyl.) Zahlbr. Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány: rocks on S-slope of Mt Három-kő, 3 km NEE of the village Répáshuta, 220 VONDRÁK, J., ŠOUN, J., LŐKÖS, L. and KHODOSOVTSEV, A. alt. ca 900 m, on shallow calcareous soil among mosses Homalothecium and Tortella, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4380. Aggtelek karst; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Bódvarákó: Mt Esztramos, N-exposed rocks ca 1 km NE of village, alt. ca 300 m, over mosses on calcareous soil, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV4889. In Hungary, this species was published from the Villány Mts (Thor 1988, Lőkös 2000) and the Bükk Mts (Thor 1988). *Anema tumidulum Henssen nom. ined. Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Mályinka: Kemesnye-hegy (Kemesnye-kő), N, E; alt.: 600 m, on vertical limestone rock with other cyanolichens, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6363. Uppony Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Uppony: Keresztes-kő, N, E, alt. ca 230 m, coll. L. Lőkös, , BP. *Bacidia fuscoviridis (Anzi) Lettau Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on shaded and wet vertical faces of limestone rocks, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4398. Being inconspicuous and often forming sterile populations, the species is probably strongly undercollected in many European countries. However, the data from Benelux (van den Boom et al. 1995), southern Germany (Wirth 1995), Slovakia (Guttová and Palice 2001), and the Czech Republic (Vondrák et al. 2007b) show its rather common and often predominant occurrence on shaded limestone rocks. *Biatoridium monasteriense Körb. Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in valley of brook Lök-patak, near Vaskapu rock; alt. ca 380 m, on bark of Fraxinus, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , Herb. J. Šoun 54. Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Mályinka: Csondróvölgy, on bark of Fraxinus excelsior, N; E, alt. ca 350 m, coll. L. Lőkös, , BP. Börzsöny Mts; Pest County, Kemence: Nagy-Mána-bérc, ca 1.3 km S of Királyháza, along the red ( ) tourist path, on bark of Acer campestre, N; E, alt. ca 500 m, coll. L. Lőkös, , BP. Caloplaca chrysodeta (Räsänen) Dombr. Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on shaded dry limestone overhanging rock, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4371. This species has already been recorded from the Bükk Mts (Thor 1988). *Caloplaca conversa (Kremp.) Jatta Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on base-rich volcanic outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6408. Caloplaca crenulatella (Nyl.) H. Olivier Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, Répáshuta, 3 km NEE of village, rocks on S-slope of Mt Három-kő, alt. ca 900 m, on sun-exposed limestone rock, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4409. In Hungary, this species has hitherto been recorded LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS 221 from Komárom (Farkas et al. 2001), Upponyi-szoros (Molnár and Lőkös 2006) and from loess at several places (Baranya Hills, Gerecse Mts, Geresd Hills, Gödöllő Hills, Hegyalja Hills, Mátra Mts, Mezőföld, Szekszárd Hills, Tihany Peninsula, Villány Mts, Völgység) (Lőkös 2003). *Caloplaca oasis (A. Massal.) Szatala Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány: rocks on S-slope of Mt Három-kő, 3 km NEE of the village Répáshuta, alt. ca 900 m, on sun-exposed limestone rock, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4320, dupl. in herb. Arup. In the neighbouring countries, the species is known from Austria: Styria and Tirolia (cf. Hafellner and Türk 2001), Croatia (e.g. Dalmatia, Southern Velebit, coll. J. Poelt 1973, GZU!; Istria, Opatija, coll. J. Poelt 1955, GZU!), Romania: Munţii Banatului Mts, Băile Herculane (Moruzi et al. 1967, Ciurchea 2004), and Slovakia (Vězda 1972). It is probably widespread in the Mediterranean (e.g. Nimis 2003). *Caloplaca raesaenenii Bredkina (Syn.: Caloplaca thuringiaca Søchting et Stordeur) Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány: Három-kő rock, 3 km NEE of the village Répáshuta, alt. ca 900 m, on remains of mosses, lichens, and plant debris on calcareous ground, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , Herb. J. Šoun 59. Aggtelek karst; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Bódvarákó: Mt Esztramos, N-exposed rocks ca 1 km NE of village, alt. ca 300 m, on dead woody stems of minute shrubs in steppe on limestone rock, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV4792. Duna Tisza köze; Bács-Kiskun County, Fülöpháza, on sand dunes along the road to Solt, on dried cattle excrement, coll. P. K. Verseghy, 1977, BP (sub C. pyracea f. muscicola). Nagykunság; Jász- Nagykun-Szolnok County, Karczag, ad terram natronato-argillaceam, coll. Timkó, 1926, BP (sub C. pyracea f. muscicola). Recently, the species is rather known under the name Caloplaca thuringiaca, however it is a later synonym of C. raesaenenii (Khodosovtsev 2008). Caloplaca raesaenenii (= C. geophila Räsänen nom. illeg.) is known from mountain steppes of Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan (Khodosovtsev et al. 2004, Bredkina and Makarova 2005), Kirghizia (Bredkina 1981, 1986, 1988) and Ukraine (Khodosovtsev 2006). Under the name C. thuringiaca, it is further known from Thuringia, central Germany (Søchting and Stordeur 2001), Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland (Stordeur 2003), the Czech Republic (Vondrák et al. 2007a) and Mongolia (Hauck and Javkhlan 2006). Stordeur (2003) regarded it a sub-mediterranean-turanic to west Pontic element and expected further findings in the Mediterranean and southeastern Europe. *Caloplaca soralifera Vondrák et Hrouzek Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj- Zemplén County, Ómassa: Garadna-völgy, N, E; alt.: ca 450 m, on concrete at forest road, coll. A. Khodosovtsev, L. Lőkös & J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6356. Aggtelek karst; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Bódvarákó, in village; alt.: ca 160 m, on concrete, coll. J. Vondrák, 222 VONDRÁK, J., ŠOUN, J., LŐKÖS, L. and KHODOSOVTSEV, A , CBFS JV4875. In the Czech Republic, the species is common on artificial substrata, often accompanied by Caloplaca crenulatella (Vondrák and Hrouzek 2006) and it is expected to be frequently recorded from similar sites in Hungary. The specimen from the Bükk Mts is sterile and it may represent a recently described species C. concreticola, which is distinguished with certainty only when fertile (Vondrák et al. 2008). Caloplaca xerica Poelt et Vězda Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on base-rich volcanic outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6369. In Hungary, this species has only been known from the Mátra Mts (Kiszelyné-Vámosi 1983). *Candelariella plumbea Poelt et Vězda Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj- Zemplén County, Mályinka: Kemesnye-hegy (Kemesnye-kő). Lat.: N; Long.: E; alt.: 600 m a.s.l., , coll. A. Khodosovtsev, L. Lőkös and J. Vondrák, CBFS JV6358, KHER. *Chromatochlamys muscorum (Fr.) H. Mayrhofer et Poelt subsp. muscorum (Syn.: Thelenella muscorum (Fr.) Vain.) Bükk Mts; Heves County, Nagyvisnyó: sink hole area in west part of karst plateau Nagy-mező, 3.5 km NE of the village Répáshuta, alt. ca 780 m, over calcicolous mosses, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , rev. J. Vondrák 2007, CBFS JV4383, sub Polyblastia vouauxii de Lesd. Zemplén Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Erdőbénye: Mt Mulató-hegy, on acidic soil, N, E, alt.: 236 m, coll.: Lőkös, L., , BP *Diplotomma murorum (A. Massal.) Coppins Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Mályinka: Kemesnye-hegy (Kemesnye-kő) N; E; alt.: 600 m, on Caloplaca chalybaea, on limestone, coll. A. Khodosovtsev, , KHER. Although known from Caloplaca teicholyta (e.g. Purvis 1992), we consider our specimen from C. chalybaea conspecific with Diplotomma murorum. Dirina stenhammari (Fr.) Poelt et Follmann Bükk Mts; Borsod-Abaúj- Zemplén County, Mályinka: Kemesnye-hegy (Kemesnye-kő), N, E; alt.: 600 m, on vertical limestone rock below overhang, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6379. Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on shaded dry limestone underhang, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4401. In Hungary, this species has hitherto been known from Aggtelek karst and Bakony regions (Verseghy 1994). Evernia divaricata (L.) Ach. Bükk Mts; Heves County, Nagyvisnyó, sink hole area in west part of karst plateau Nagy-mező, 3.5 km NE of the village Répáshuta, alt. ca 780 m, on bark of Acer platanoides, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4393. Although not included in Verseghy (1994), the LICHEN-FORMING AND LICHENICOLOUS FUNGI FROM THE BÜKK MTS 223 species was recorded several times from Hungary (Gyelnik 1928, Kiszelyné- Vámosi 1983, Lőkös 2000, Lőkös and Verseghy 2001). New to the Bükk Mts. Immersaria cupreoatra (Nyl.) Calatayud et Rambold Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on xerothermic volcanic outcrop, coll. A. Khodosovtsev and J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6375. In Hungary, this species was collected in several places (incl. Bükk Mts, Szarvaskő ca 70 years ago), but it was published only from the Balaton-felvidék (Verseghy 1965, sub Aspicilia cupreoatra) and from the Mátra Mts (Kiszelyné-Vámosi 1983, sub Aspicilia cupreoatra). Published as new to Bükk Mts. Lecanora bolcana (Pollini) Poelt Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on base-rich volcanic outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6364. This species has only been known from the Mátra Mts in Hungary (Kiszelyné-Vámosi 1983). It is probably widely distributed on siliceous rocks throughout Hungary, but it has been hitherto considered a morphotype of Lecanora muralis. *Lecanora leuckertiana Zedda Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on shaded dry limestone rock below overhang, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , det. Š. Slavíková-Bayerová, CBFS JV4390. Determination was confirmed by TLC (usnic acid, zeorin). *Lecanora rouxii S. Ekman et Tønsberg (Syn.: Lepraria flavescens Clauzade et Cl. Roux) Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on shaded dry limestone rock below overhang, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , det. Š. Slavíková-Bayerová, CBFS JV4395. Although the KC+ and C+ reactions are indistinct, determination was confirmed by TLC (atranorin, flavescin, sordidone, + unknown substances). *Lepraria lesdainii (Hue) R. C. Harris (Syn.: Botryolepraria lesdainii (Hue) Canals, Hern.-Mar., Gómez-Bolea et Llimona) Bükk Mts; Heves County, Felsőtárkány, 4 km NNE of village in deep valley of brook Lök-patak near Vaskapu rock, alt. ca 380 m, on wet fissures in shaded limestone overhang, coll. J. Vondrák and J. Šoun, , CBFS JV4406. Leptogium magnussonii Degel. et P. M. Jørg. Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N; E; alt.: ca 300 m, on siliceous rocks and mosses, coll. A. Khodosovtsev and J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6397, KHER. In Hungary, this species has only been known from the Visegrád Mts (Czeika et al. 2004). In Europe, it is further known from Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden (Jørgensen 1994), Spain (Aragón and Otálora 2004) and Ukraine (Khodosovtsev and Popov 2003). 224 VONDRÁK, J., ŠOUN, J., LŐKÖS, L. and KHODOSOVTSEV, A. *Lichinella cribellifera (Nyl.) P. P. Moreno et Egea Bükk Mts; Borsod- Abaúj-Zemplén County, Mályinka: Kemesnye-hegy (Kemesnye-kő), N, E; alt.: 600 m, on vertical limestone rock with other cyanolichens, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6360. Aggtelek karst; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Jósvafő, rocky outcrops by road to Szin, ca 2kmEofvillage, N, E, on xerothermic limestone outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV4957. Lichinella nigritella (Lettau) P. Moreno et Egea Bükk Mts; Heves County, Szarvaskő: Szarvas-kői vár, N, E; alt.: ca 300 m, on base-rich volcanic outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák, , CBFS JV6401. Aggtelek karst; Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Jósvafő, rocky outcrops by road to Szin, ca 2 km E of village, N, E, on xerothermic limestone outcrop, coll. J. Vondrák,
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