Na-Cho Nyák Dun Tan Sothan A Good Path. Integrated Community Sustainability Plan - PDF

Na-Cho Nyák Dun Tan Sothan A Good Path Integrated Community Sustainability Plan May Table of Contents Mayo & Na-Cho Nyák Dun: Community Overview... 5 The Consultation and Planning Process... 10

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Na-Cho Nyák Dun Tan Sothan A Good Path Integrated Community Sustainability Plan May 2008 2 Table of Contents Mayo & Na-Cho Nyák Dun: Community Overview... 5 The Consultation and Planning Process Sustainability Na-Cho Nyák Dun Vision and Values Na-Cho Nyák Dun Goals Measures of Success Community Assessment Existing Service Agreements Setting Priorities Appendix A. Community Inventory and Assessment Checklists Capital Project Infrastructure Inventory and Assessment Social, Health, and Cultural Services Inventory and Assessment Economic Skills Inventory and Assessment Environmental Inventory and Assessment Capacity Building and Job Training Inventory and Assessment Inventory and Assessment of Other Items B. Project Submissions by Young Mayo Citizens C: Eligible and Ineligible Costs D: Eligible Project Categories Aerial view of Mayo Map of the Region Pictures on this page retrieved from 3 Executive Summary For centuries, the Na-Cho Nyák Dun people have lived near the confluence of the Stewart and Mayo rivers. We have traveled a path from dependence on the land and the strength of our people to integration into the global community. This document is a result of the Integrated Community Sustainability Planning process linked to the Federal Gas Tax revenues. In this document we reflect on our past and present while charting out strategic steps to help us create our desired future. The Federal Gas Tax revenues are being given to municipalities and settled First Nations throughout Canada. This program gives money to support environmentally sustainable infrastructure and related capacity development to help ensure cleaner air, cleaner water and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Our process coincided with the development of our Strategic Plan and we took the opportunity to draw on our community for direction and input and to use staff time to take a careful look at where we re going. We had good turnouts at all our consultation events, effectively engaged the youth of our community and dug a little deeper with a door-to-door survey. This strength of our process is reflected in our vision statement and values which represent our deep commitment to the health of people and the land and shows our knowledge of the integrated nature of all things. These values will guide our decisions about how best to: strengthen our economy, be good stewards of the Land, increase individual well-being and become a culturally strong and unified people. Our goals flow cleanly from our values and from the community assessment and prominently feature the building of capacity at all levels, wise use of modern technology and the protection of nature. Many of our most significant development priorities are not gas tax eligible. The priorities which are eligible include:! Development of geothermal system! New sewage treatment systems! Improved recycling program and the addition of a composting program which could augment a community garden! Development of bike and walking trail! Public transportation! Water treatment and distribution! Development and renovation of local roads Sustainable Development: Beneficial socioeconomic change that does not undermine the ecological and social systems upon which communities and societies are dependent. Taken from the NND Final Agreement The Councils of Na-Cho Nyák Dun and the Village of Mayo have a history of collaboration in issues of concern to the whole community. We seek to build on the positive possibilities of this relationship for current and future community planning. 4 Mayo & Na-Cho Nyák Dun: Community Overview Na-Cho Nyák Dun Na-Cho Nyák Dun means big river people. Our people have lived for centuries near the meeting of the Stewart and Mayo rivers where the town of Mayo now exists. We lived and trapped throughout Northeast Yukon and into what is now the NWT. Before the time of the gold rush, we were nomadic people who moved with the seasons and followed the game, fish and ripening berries. Home, for us, spans a very great range. Archaeological sites reveal traditional land use patterns that include: Ethel Lake, Reid Lakes, Minto Lake, Minto Creek, Moose Creek, Partridge Creek, Mayo Lake, Stewart River, McQuesten River, Lansing and Fraser Falls, Gordon s Landing and a number of hunting sites in the Wernecke Mountains. The Village of Mayo When Europeans began to seek gold in the area, a new way of earning resources began. After the boom, lots of people come to this place Indians go get rifle to shoot moose and sell meat and make his living that way. When they find some rock in Keno people work on steamboat, cut wood sold wood on the barge 1 Our people began a sedentary lifestyle for the first time in history. The economy introduced at this time continues today, but traditional hunting, fishing and gathering are still a significant part of community life. We have shared the Mayo town site with our non-first Nation neighbors for over 100 years. Mayo was incorporated as a village in 1984 but it is one of the oldest 1 Little Dave Moses, NND Elder taken from Heart of the Yukon a natural and cultural history of the Mayo area Edited by Lynette Bleiler, Christopher Burn, and Mark O Donoghue, Village of Mayo settlements in Yukon. A gold rush on nearby Duncan Creek in 1901 attracted new people; many came and left but some have descendents here today. The town site was originally called Mayo Landing as it was an easy place to shore up boats in a staging area for the mining rush. McQuestin, Harper & Mayo trading company were the first traders to bring the steamboat New Rochelle to this area to trade goods. When nearby silver discoveries were added to the local wealth ( ), the economic impact was enough that Mayo quite literally carried the Yukon 2 through the hard times after the First World War. A new influx of settlers came into Mayo at this time. 3 The Town of Mayo is 407 km north of Whitehorse and 235 km east of Dawson City. The natural backdrop for the village is the beautiful Stewart River valley with the riverbank being a stones throw from the village center. Mayo is very near the Peel River watershed and the Bonnet Plume River. These natural treasures attract wilderness travelers from near and far and are accessed from the nearby floatplane base on the Stewart River. The Mayo area holds the dubious honour of experiencing the greatest range of annual temperatures in all of North America. Its record high is 36.1 Celsius (1969) and its record low is 62.2 Celsius (1947). New Government House Photo courtesy of Rob Sieniuc The New NND Subdivision and Government House Across the river from Mayo, we are currently building our new administrative facility and residential subdivision on a bluff overlooking the Stewart River and Village of Mayo. This location has cultural and historic significance to us as it is the site of an old village and cemetery. Our elders, in particular, are pleased with the new development site as it feels like they are moving back home. We feel we have come full circle; our people wanted to live originally but were forced to relocate. The design of our new subdivision and Government House (new administration facility) is based on the principle of sustainability and with the goal of creating an eco-village. Our decision to develop in a new location is also practical. Currently, our homes and administrative buildings are in areas with permafrost and groundwater issues. Homes must be built above ground which leads to challenges for heating. Mold is a common concern. As with our new Government House, we are continuing to develop infrastructure according to sustainability and green principles wherever possible. 2 D.C. Johnston: Carrying the Territory, Silver-Lead Mining in the Mayo District, Population & Demographics Recent Yukon Bureau of Statistics data shows Mayo s population to be 423 people. Approximately half of that number is NND citizens. This is unique; the average percentage of First Nation citizens in Yukon s communities is about 23% 4. Approximately another 400 NND citizens live elsewhere in Yukon and beyond. 5 A greater than average proportion of Mayo residents are children and seniors 6 giving Mayo a good intergenerational mix. Economy Mayo Population through the years Year Population Most of Mayo s economy is the provision of government-run services to citizens in the area Territorial and First Nations governments provide Yukon Bureau of Statistics, 2007 about a third of all jobs. Placer mining, mineral exploration and tourism provide much of the remaining income opportunities. Development of professional skills (both for potential business leaders and for the work force) has been identified is a key factor to increase the quality and quantity of economic development. As awareness grows about the need for environmental protection, so does the interest in the development of a diverse economy with low environmental impact. Many look to tourism to play a key role in this effort and to minimize the negative 4 5 Karen Van Bibber, NND Enrolment Officer, 30 October 2007 taken from First Nation of Nacho Nyak Dün Housing Situation GEB Negotiations February impact of boom-bust cycles of mine-based work. Accommodation, food services, recreation and retail sales are existing providers of tourism-based jobs in Mayo. The proximity of beautiful natural surroundings makes Mayo an ideal base for wilderness tourism, canoeing, hiking, big-game hunting and fly-in fishing. The village has one store, owned by NNDFN, which carries a variety of goods. A common preference in the community is for a greater variety and more reliable availability of goods and fresh foods. The cost of living is the second highest of the nine largest communities (second only to Old Crow which has no road access). Many Mayo residents make regular trips to Whitehorse to stock up on supplies. NND Governance Na-Cho Nyák DunFirst Nation signed its Final Land Claims Agreement in 1993 and stepped into its legal authority as a governance body. A ten year review has been recently completed and signed by all parties. At this time, the First Nation provides programs and services in housing and infrastructure, lands and resources, social services and education. Na-Cho Nyák Dun employs 40 people and the Council positions are full-time. Councilors are re-elected every 4 years. Mayo was the leading community in the Yukon where both the municipal and First Nations Councils regularly hold Joint Council meetings to discuss issues of mutual interest and concern. Cultural Heritage Historically, our ancestors lived in a balanced way with the environment and animals, traveling according to the best food sources. There was a spiritual relationship with animals that was honoured by traditions that had to be observed to keep that relationship strong. We also traveled long distances for gathering and trading with other First Nation groups and for marriages. Back then, there were no borders. Many NND families have historical connections with the Mackenzie, Northern Tutchone and Hän Nations. Chief Johnson of Mayo taken from We were always moving across the land and we named every creek, river, valley and trail we used. Those names and places were tied to stories, family histories and important events of our people. This was a great part of how younger generations were taught and how we knew ourselves as a people. The land was their teacher, and the knowledge they have of it is far greater than most people can appreciate. 7 7 Elder Helen Buyck from Heart of the Yukon a natural and cultural history of the Mayo area Edited by Lynette Bleiler, Christopher Burn, and Mark O Donoghue, Village of Mayo Community Services and Recreation In Mayo there are a number of volunteer organizations: Mayo Historical Society, Women s Interdenominational Group, Fly by Night Running Club (and the Mayo Midnight Marathon), Canadian Legion, Winter Carnival Society, Canadian Rangers, Relay for Life group (Mayo Mighty Tumourators), Silver Trail Chamber of Commerce & Tourism Association, Interagency Group, Wellness Team, annual Arts in the Park series and an annual triathlon event. Education is available from K-12 in JV Clarke School. The school is in a new building, built in 2002 and opened by Prince Charles. The school was recognized at one of the top 3 buildings in Canada by the Sustainable Buildings Competition in Oslo, Norway. The school is also home to Yukon College which provides postsecondary training through video-conferencing in the following areas: Leadership and Governance, Health and Wellness, Heritage and Culture and Capacity. In recent years, an attractive new municipal facility was built which offers a full gymnasium, a stage, kitchen facilities with a large seating area and curling ice. Mount Haldane- taken from The town also has motels and a bed-and-breakfast, a grocery store, auto repair services, a laundromat, tourism operators and a historical interpretive center. Binet House Interpretive Center Taken from Bonnet Plume River From: 9 The Consultation and Planning Process The Planning Process Our process was based on the requirements set out by Yukon Government and tailored to meet our needs and interests and with the input of other community stakeholders. The process included the following phases (as shown in the image above): Phase 1: Design of the planning process Phase 2: Vision, values and goals Phase 3: Research Phase 4: Project and priority identification Phase 5: Approval of the Plan The NND Planning Team Councilor Norma Jean Germaine Councilor Mary McMahon Dennis Buyck, Lands and Resources Director Ronald Peter, Capital and Housing Project Manager Crystal Stevens, Lands and Resources Manager Phyllis Peter, Social Services Director Kari Patterson, Youth Coordinator Roberta Hager, Education Director The role of the Planning Team was to provide guidance throughout the process, edit and approve drafts of the survey report, advertisements and parts of the plan as they were developed. The Planning Team also provided guidance on how to engage the public and took a leadership role in making these events happen. Research and Analysis The following documents were reviewed and informed the creation of this sustainability plan! Heart of the Yukon a natural and cultural history of the Mayo area Edited by Lynette Bleiler, Christopher Burn, and Mark O Donoghue, Village of Mayo ! Gold and Galena a history of the Mayo District (Mayo Historical Society, 1990)! NND Strategic Plan ! Completed ICSP Plans (Carmacks, Faro, Carcross Tagish First Nation, Selkirk/Pelly Crossing, Teslin/TTC and Haines Junction)! NND Capital Plan Situation Analysis Report, Inukshuk Planning and Development Ltd, in association with Jacobsen Civil Engineering Consultant! MRIF application for Central Services for C-6 Subdivision! First Nation of Na-Cho Nyák Dun Government Traditional Knowledge Policy Draft #1! NND Government House Conceptual Design Report, September, 2006! NND Government House Status Report, January 2008 Public Meetings and Input Public Meeting #1 Introduction to the Planning Process April, 2007 18 people attended Door prizes and food provided Advertising via newspaper (details) and posters Public Meeting #2 Vision, values and goals! March 3, 2008 at the Curling Lounge! Advertising via door to door invitations, public notices around town and via Yukon News and Stewart Valley Voice! Community was invited to provide information over Banana Splits! 25 people attended Public Meeting #3 Priority Setting & Draft review! May 14 th, 2008 at the Curling Lounge! Public notices around town and via Yukon News and Stewart Valley Voice! 43 people attended Roast Beef Dinner Graffiti Wall! Approximately 20 public comments were captured! The Graffiti Wall was left in place with pens for recording thoughts and ideas from approximately February 6 to February 28 th. Youth input! Evening focus group on March 5 th with 16 youth! One hour of gathering input from Grades 9/10 class, Feb. 5 th? 11 ! Written project proposals by students Molly O'Donoghue and Martha Phillips Planning meetings with NND Chief, Council and Planning Team! Meeting #1, February 5 th! Meeting #2, March 3-6 th! Meeting #3, April 10 th! Meeting #4, May 14th! Plus numerous meetings with individual Planning Team members Other Interviews - Face-to-face and phone were held with the following:! Ian Robertson, Inukshuk Planning, ! Rick Savage, Quest Engineering, Anthony De Lorenzo, Community Services, YG, ! Rob Sieniuc, Broadway Architects, (604) ! Michael Hale, Executive Council Office, YG, Village of Mayo staff and Council! Meeting with Margrit Wozniak, February 6 th! Meeting with Joint Council, February 26th! Meeting with Mayor Scott Bolton and Council member Trevor Ellis, May 14 th 12 Sustainability Sustainable Development is defined in our NND Final Agreements as beneficial socio-economic change that does not undermine the ecological and social systems upon which communities and societies are dependent. We are stewards of the land and have an obligation to respect our brothers and sisters downriver by leaving the water as pure as we found it. Based on discussions with NND staff members and the general public, our definition of a sustainable community includes citizens that are able to meet their own individual needs and support each other while maintaining a healthy natural environment within and downstream from our traditional territory. To be sustainable, a community needs to maintain this balance for future generations. Our definition of a sustainable community includes a community which supports our identity as Na-Cho Nyák Dun citizens with Northern Tutchone culture and traditions. Our concept of sustainability includes the idea of identifying zones of varying levels of protection and development: Red: Yellow: Green: Land that is designated for its economic development potential Development in moderation with some thresholds established Land strictly set aside for the protection of the natural environment Sustainability Principles A principle is a rule that is used to guide future actions. For the purpose of this plan, we have adopted the following sustainability principles: 1. Take what we need, share with others and leave enough for future generations. 2. Reduce and eventually get rid of the build up garbage and waste materials (substances taken from the earth and produced by society). 3. Encourage a healthy, independent lifestyle for our people. 4. Care for and respect our land, water, fish, wildlife, air and special sites of cultural or ecological value. 5. Provide opportunities for training, employment and development that are consistent with our traditional values, learning style and practices. 13 Na-Cho Nyák Dun Vision and Values Our Vision: The First Nation of Na-Cho Nyák Dun models good governance, empowers all NND citizens, sustains our culture and traditional territory, builds our capacity to operate effectively and leads our community into the future. Our Values: The values of the First Nation of Na-Cho Nyák Dun are linked to our connection to the land and the culture and traditions of our ancestors. We are Northern Tutchone people and our sense of community is rooted in our Traditional Territory and not just the boundaries around our homes and community buildings. Our values reflect who we are today and help to guide us into the future. Each NND citizen and resident of Mayo has different perspectives on many things, but we believe that the following broad values represent common perspectives: We value our natural environment with healthy fish and wildlife populations, clean water, clean air and the natural state of the land. The Na-Cho Nyák Dun Traditional Territory is the headwaters for rivers flowing to the Arctic as well as the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the migratory corridor for the Porcupine Carib
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