MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PÚBLICA DIRECCIÓN DE GESTIÓN Y EVALUACIÓN DE LA CALIDAD Departamento de Evaluación Académica y Certificación - PDF

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MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PÚBLICA DIRECCIÓN DE GESTIÓN Y EVALUACIÓN DE LA CALIDAD Departamento de Evaluación Académica y Certificación Número de ítems por objetivo lingüístico del Programa de estudio Pruebas

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MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PÚBLICA DIRECCIÓN DE GESTIÓN Y EVALUACIÓN DE LA CALIDAD Departamento de Evaluación Académica y Certificación Número de ítems por objetivo lingüístico del Programa de estudio Pruebas Nacionales de Bachillerato Convocatorias ordinarias 2014 y extraordinaria 201 INGLÉS PRIORIZACIÓN DE OBJETIVOS Estimado docente: La información suministrada corresponde al número de ítems por objetivo lingüístico de lectura del Programa de estudio de Inglés que tendrá la prueba nacional de bachillerato, de acuerdo con la consulta realizada a los docentes de todas las regiones educativas del país en marzo del 2013 y a la priorización de objetivos para el montaje de las Pruebas Nacionales de Inglés Bachillerato Formal, convocatorias ordinarias 2014 y extraordinaria 201. La disposición no se aplica para colegios con calendario diferenciado. La priorización fue realizada por los asesores de la Dirección de Gestión y Evaluación de la Calidad, en coordinación con los asesores de la Dirección de Desarrollo Curricular, a solicitud de las autoridades ministeriales en el documento Protocolo para la recuperación pedagógica una vez reanudado el curso lectivo 2014 (inciso ), remitido a todos los funcionarios del Ministerio de Educación Pública. La propuesta fue avalada en acuerdo de la sesión Nº celebrada por el Consejo Superior de Educación, el 23 de junio del ACHIEVEMENTS OF OUR NATIONAL ATHLETES Understanding short and factual texts. Understanding ideas and information in the text through making inferences. Understanding conceptual meaning. 1. Achievements 2. Biographies 3. Sports 4. Lexicon related to this target content Who, when, where, how fast/long, which, etc. What sports does play? Are you good at? What s his/her best? Sports: swimming, diving, archery, canoeing, etc. National athletes: achievements, biography, etc. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 1 2. COSTA RICAN ART, MUSIC AND CRAFTS Understanding the communicative value (function) of sentences and utterances. 3. COSTA RICAN TYPICAL FOOD Identifying details in familiar material. Understanding relations between the parts of a text through lexical cohesion devices. 1. Art expressions, acting, painting, architecture, dance, music, sculpture, writing, crafts, and others. 2. Exponents 3. Locations 4. Techniques. Lexicon related to this target content Wh-questions: which, when, what, how many, how, why, etc. Who is a famous painter/writer? Where does the play? Yes/no questions Do you like/prefer? Is he/she a? Types of music: classical, popular, etc. Places: gallery, theater, etc. 1. Costa Rican typical food 2. Daily meals 3. Cuisine in Costa Rica and English speaking countries 4. Lexical cohesion devices. Lexicon related to this target content What are the most popular dishes in? What do you eat for breakfast, lunch, etc.? Which, when, how, what kind of? Do/does like? What s typical from?, etc. What's your favorite food? What food do you like? What do you like to eat? We eat a light breakfast, a heavy lunch, and a medium size dinner. Ice cream with peanuts. Fish and chips. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 2 4. TYPES OF FOOD 1 Identifying the main point or important information in a piece of discourse Distinguishing the main idea from supporting details. Costa Rican and international food preparation 1. Ingredients 2. Procedures 3. Kitchenware and appliances 4. Lexicon related to this target content 4. EATING HABITS AND BEHAVIORS AT THE TABLE Identifying the main point or important information in a piece of discourse. Distinguishing the main idea from supporting details. 1. Costa Rican eating habits: eating time, courtesy, etiquette, table setting and manners 2. Lexicon related to this target content We prefer. Lunch is more formal. Our main meal is. What food do/does like the best? In my family, we set the table this way. 4 1 En este contenido meta se encuentran fusionados Costa Rican Typical Food de Décimo año y Types of Food de Undécimo año. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 3 6. HOLIDAYS AND CELEBRATIONS IN COSTA RICA WITH SOME CELEBRATIONS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES Identifying details in familiar material. Understanding relations between the parts of a text through lexical cohesion devices. 7. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF NATURAL RESOURCES MISUSE Understanding a range of imaginative and factual material that includes some complex sentences and unfamiliar language. Understanding the communicative value (function) of sentences and utterances. 1. Holidays 2. Festivities and celebrations 3. Origin and traditions 4. Customs. Lexical cohesion devices 6. Lexicon related to this target content What's your favorite? When is it celebrated? How is it celebrated? My family is used to going/eating/celebrating on. I prefer, etc. 1. Natural resources 2. Disasters 3. Resource misuse: contamination, deforestation, others 4. Campaigns. Sustainability 6. Preservation 7. Flora and Fauna 8. Lexicon related to this target content We should. A solution could be. I think/believe that. I agree/don't agree. It's better to. may be correct. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 4 8. TOURIST ASPECTS WORLDWIDE AND TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OFFERED BY COSTA RICAN COMMUNITIES 2 Understanding conceptual meaning. Recognizing indicators of discourse. Drawing conclusions from extended texts. 1. Advantages and disadvantages 2. Tourist attractions 3. Facilities 4. Accommodations. Tour packages 6. Fares 7. Lodging 8. Schedules 9. Itineraries 10. Local and international tourism 11. Lexicon related to this target content Do you like? Have you ever? Have you gone/liked/enjoyed? Why don't you? Would you? You should. There is/are. Let me show you. The place offers you. etc. May I help you? You should take this trip because it's your chance to see it all in a month/...go through customs/violate regulations. This is a one-month package and includes air fares, transportation,. What's the capital city of? I wonder what that place may be? Can you tell me what it is like there? 6 2 En este contenido meta se encuentran fusionados Tourist Attractions Offered by Costa Rican Communities de Décimo año y Tourist Aspects Worldwide de Undécimo año. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 9. COMMON ILLNESSES AND NEW DISEASES AND EPIDEMICS Understanding a range of imaginative and factual material that includes some complex sentences and unfamiliar language. 1. Symptoms 2. Diagnosis 3. Treatments 4. Medications. Illnesses: chickenpox, mumps, flu, measles, hepatitis, cancer and others 6. Syndromes: Parkinson s, AIDS, Alzheimer s, and others 7. Minor affections: vision problems, cough, loss of hearing, insomnia, headaches, and others 8. Social diseases and their effects on health: stress, chronic fatigue, alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction, eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia, lack of exercise, sedentary habits, etc. 9. New diseases and epidemics: Ebola, anthrax, crazy cow, SARS, dengue, cholera, bird flu, etc. 10. Common illnesses: cholesterol, blood pressure, bleeding nose, diarrhea, constipation, hemorrhagic, migraine, sinusitis, colitis, etc. 11. Sexually transmitted diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, etc. 12. Lexicon related to this target content What's the matter? How do you feel? Have you seen a doctor? Do you know about? You need to take, etc. You need to drink. You need to stay in bed, etc. What are the symptoms of? What are some sexual diseases? Etc. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 6 10. OUR DEMOCRATIC TRADITION Identifying details in familiar material. Understanding relations between the parts of a text through lexical cohesion devices. 1. Democracy: traditions, rights and obligations, tolerance towards other people s ideas 2. Political systems in other countries 3. The voting process: the electoral tribunal, elections, ballot, voters, political parties, candidates, polls, surveys, etc. 4. Organization of the power within the democratic system. Sovereignty: constitution, laws, citizenship, etc. 6. Government: president, vice president, deputies, congress, political power, etc. 7. Values: democracy, freedom, peace, justice, etc. 8. Rulers: local government, national and international treaties, ministries, etc. 9. Lexical cohesion devices 10. Lexicon related to this target content What do you understand by democracy/freedom/sovereignty?, etc? What do you think about politics/ democracy? What do you think about the right to vote/speak? etc. What do you think about the expression It s the government for the people, by the people and of the people? Qualities of democracy Qualities of equality, etc. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 7 11. CAREERS, JOBS AND LIFESTYLES 3 Understanding a range of imaginative and factual material that includes some complex sentences and unfamiliar language. Understanding the communicative value (function) of sentences and utterances. Understanding a variety of types of written material for personal interest and for information. Identifying the main point or important information in a piece of discourse. Coping readily with unfamiliar topics involving more complex language and recognizing attitudes and emotions. Extracting salient points to summarize the text, ideas, cognates, derivatives, etc. 1. Career and job demand in Costa Rica and in English speaking countries 2. Facilities 3. Schedules 4. Tasks. Salaries 6. Duties 7. Rights 8. Lexicon related to this target content Which professions are? What professions do you? What do you know about/think of? Which are the benefits of? I'd like (to) because. How much does a earn/cost at? What does he/she do? Where can you major in? is better than. It takes to graduate, etc. I'm interested in. Let me tell you about. I'd like to apply for. Let us review. / Be cooperative. You need to fill out etc. What do you want to be? Why? Would you like to? Do you want to enter? Did you want to pay the admissions fee? Do you want to fill out the? 6 3 En este contenido meta se encuentran fusionados Careers, Jobs and Lifestyles, Job Demand in Costa Rica y Careers. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 8 12. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Understanding a wide range of factual and imaginative texts. Coping readily with unfamiliar topics involving more complex language and recognizing attitudes and emotions. 1. Science 2. Technology 3. Discoveries 4. Computing. Cyberspace 6. Robotics 7. Applications in modern life 8. Advantages and disadvantages 9. Technology and sustainable development 10. Telecommunication trends 11. The use of advanced technology in medicine: specialized equipment for different treatments, cloning, artificial insemination, implants, as well as plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery, etc. 12. Different kinds of energy from natural and artificial sources 13. Advances in agriculture 14. Machinery and industry 1. Misuse of technology and its consequences 16. Lexicon related to this target content How does science and technology affect the discovery of? What's the future of? Which are some applications of? What are some fields of interest? Traveling to the outer space. 8 Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 9 13. MORALS AND VALUES 4 Drawing conclusions from extended texts. Understanding a wide range of factual and imaginative texts. Distinguishing the main idea from supporting details. Transcoding information to diagrammatic display. Coping readily with unfamiliar topics involving more complex language and recognizing attitudes and emotions. 1. Minority groups 2. Roles of men and women in society 3. Senior citizens in society 4. Human rights. Interpersonal relationships 6. Respect and tolerance 7. Socio-cultural, religious and political matters 8. Lexicon related to this target content Morals and values: What's a value / moral? I agree with you about. I think that we could. You d better. Why don't you/we? Maybe if you. You shouldn't. Gender: Men's and women's roles in society What's your opinion about? Are men/women? I don't think (that). I wouldn't. I'm sorry about, etc. Senior citizens / opportunities / family life: Who are senior citizens? How can you help / take care of? Could we? Let's. I'd like to. I don't think (that). I wouldn't. I'm sorry about, etc. 7 Total 70 ítems 4 En este contenido meta se encuentran fusionados Morals and Values, Gender: Roles of Men and Women and Senior Citizens, Minority Groups and. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 10 **Note: The objectives and contents below are going to be used within the topics of the test. ** WORDS WITH SAME/DIFFERENT MEANING (SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS) Understanding conceptual meaning. Understanding relations between the parts of a text through lexical cohesion devices. Understanding relations within the sentence. Understanding texts through the use of synonyms/antonyms. 1. Lexical cohesion devices. 2. Synonyms and Antonyms ** LINKING WORDS IN CONTEXT Understanding conceptual meaning. Understanding relations between the parts of a text through lexical cohesion devices. Understanding relations within sentences. 1. Lexical cohesion devices 2. Linking words 3. Conjunctions ** PREFIXES, SUFFIXES AND ROOT WORDS Interpreting material that contains complex sentences. Recognizing indicators of discourse. 1. Prefixes 2. Suffixes 3. Root words **WORDS WITH THE SAME PRONUNCIATION BUT DIFFERENT MEANINGS Interpreting material that contains complex sentences. Recognizing indicators of discourse. 1. Homonyms Nota: La tabla de distribución de ítems es solo un instrumento que acopia información para el montaje de las Pruebas Nacionales. Distribución de ítems INGLÉS Priorización Página 11 All the texts, pictures, images and illustrations that appear in the tests are either taken from the sources available to the teaching of English or elaborated by teachers and other specialists in the field. The articles that appear in the tests may be accompanied by images that help students recall specific topic contents. Students have to deduce* and infer* the meaning of words and phrases within a determined context in all topics. This ability is part of the reading comprehension skills stated in the English National Syllabus and it is required in a national test of a foreign language. ANNEX Even though the National Syllabus does not present certain grammar issues in explicit or separate units, grammar patterns are inseparable components of speech. Each topic offers the learner a context to acquire basic or complex patterns according to the academic level. The vocabulary and grammar patterns used in the tests correspond to those by the English National Syllabus. Synonyms, as well as antonyms, homonyms, homographs, linking words, prefixes, suffixes, and root words are key words to assure communication in every topic. Teachers should be aware of helping the students develop lexicon items related to each topic necessary to meet the best results in a national test. Students should acquire it throughout the years of study and be ready to master it.
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