Main indigenous varietals. Schiava Marzemino Casetta. Gewürztraminer - PDF

TRENTINO ALTO ADIGE This is the most northern region of Italy, through which the Adige river flows, and it is made up of two distinct areas also from an oenological point of view. This region has revealed

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TRENTINO ALTO ADIGE This is the most northern region of Italy, through which the Adige river flows, and it is made up of two distinct areas also from an oenological point of view. This region has revealed itself, in the last three decades, as the area with the greatest potential for white wines in Italy, although it also offers excellent reds. The terroirs and the climates here are remarkably suited for the vine, the microclimates fabulous and highly diversified and the technology of winemaking among the most sophisticated in the nation. The Institute of San Michele all Adige is one of the oldest and best oenological schools in Italy and one of the most important research institutes in Europe. Tiziano Tommasi, owner of La Cadalora, has been working here as a researcher for many years. Vines were grown in this region since 2,000 BC and the ancient population of the Raetians, later conquered by the Romans, used to preserve wine in wooden barrels. During the medieval times viticulture was continued by the monasteries. The wines of Trentino Alto Adige were well known and appreciated also in Germany and in Austria up to modern times. Unfortunately the vineyards of this region were not spared by Phylloxera, Oidium and Peronospora at the end of the 1800s and at the beginning of the 1900s. The landscape is extremely varied: high peaks of the Alps, luscious green valleys, beautiful lakes. The vineyards are cultivated as gardens. The cuisine is also extremely varied and quite different to the rest of Italy: of Germanic-Austrian influence in Alto Adige (also known as South Tyrol) and of Venetian influence in Trentino. Due to the combination of the unique microclimates, soils and advanced technology, lovely wines are made from allochtonous varietals (such as Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Sylvaner, Riesling, etc) and autochtonous varietals (Lagrein, Schiava or Vernatsch, Casetta, Marzemino, Gewürztraminer). Furthermore, environment friendly practices have been the rule in this region for a long time. 74 Main indigenous varietals Lagrein Schiava Marzemino Casetta Gewürztraminer 75 Azienda Agricola Trentino Alto Adige Situated in the town of Santa Margherita, in the southernmost part of Trentino, the estate of La Cadalora extends its 12 hectares of vineyards in three different plots: about 5 hectares on the calcareous soils close to Marco di Rovereto and the remaning 7 hectares in two calcareous conoids of Valle Cipriana and San Valentino, at the foothills of Monte Zugna. The soils of the latter contain higher percentages of clay while the former are gravelly/sandy and calcarous. In the eighties Rodolfo and Tiziano (a trained oenologist from the renouned Institute of San Michele all Adige) took over the management of their father s estate and immediately set to work: the traditional Pergola Trentina training system was modified in order to obtain a vineyard density between 5,000 and 8,000 vines/hectare ensuring a maximum of 1 to 1.5 kgs of grapes per plant. Viticulture became strictly environment friendly by eliminating chemicals: sexual confusion practice is followed for insect control, only Bordelaise poultice is sprayed and grass is left on the aisles. Green pruning, topping of the vines and deleafing keep the plants balanced and when necessary and depending on the varietal, fruit is thinned by cutting the second cluster or the wings of the clusters. The varietals grown are Pinot Grigio, Chardonnay, a little Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Noir, Marzemino and Casetta (these last two planted right after World War One, Casetta being a very ancient and rare varietal). Tiziano s son Michele is now working full-time at the estate. He graduated in oenology in Italy and at the renowned University of Geisenheim in Germany with a thesis on forecasting models for vineyard management. The stile of Tiziano is one after my own heart. The white wines are superbly characterized by a rich, buttery structure and powerful varietal aromas. The level of the reds is also very high, the wines made from Casetta and Marzemino are extremely interesting and intriguing and definitely worth a try. La Cadalora represents more than the discovery of a fine producer, it is the long sought find of a winemaker who, thanks to his outlook and capacity, produces outstanding wines from Italy. 76 Pinot Grigio Vallagarina IGT Gazzi Zone: S. Margherita Vallagarina Cru: Gazzi Varietal: 100% Pinot Grigio Vineyard Ext.: 1 hectare Average Prod.: 5,000 bottles Gewürztraminer Vallagarina IGT Zone: S. Margherita Vallagarina Varietal: 100% Gewürztraminer Vineyard Ext.: 1 hectare Average Prod.: 5,000 bottles Pinot Grigio Vallagarina IGT Zone: Santa Margherita, Vallagarina Varietal: 100% Pinot Grigio Vineyard Ext.: 3 hectares Average Prod.: 35,000 bottles Pinot Nero Vallagarina IGT Vignalet Zone: S. Margherita Vallagarina Varietal: 100% Pinot Nero Vineyard Ext.: 1.1 hectares Average Prod.: 6,000 bottles Type of Viticulture: Practicing Organic 77 Trentino Alto Adige Viticoltori Alto Adige is a cooperative representing and operating as a co-ordinating and consulting agency to 6 Cantine Sociali of the Alto Adige. By grouping together highly specialized and highly qualified producers, Viticoltori has initiated the most fruitful quality-oriented oenological innovation of the region, for it finally allows the very finest crus of Alto Adige to be known in their integrity. The process is simple and effective. The oenologist of the cooperative works closely with the oenologists of the various wineries and choses only the best lots of wine to be bottled (at the co-operative winery of St. Michael, Eppan) thus ensuring the highest quality possible. And here it must be added that the Trentino-Alto Adige boasts the finest white wine oenologists in Italy and the best school of oenology of the nation. All aspects concerning viticulture are supervised by a provincial committee that collaborates with the agronomists of the six wineries. At the beginning of 2006 Viticoltori has developed a new selection of wines that groups the most representative varietals grown in South Tyrol - Pinot Grigio, Pinot Bianco, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Silvaner, Lagrein, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir, Schiava (Vernatsch), Müller Thurgau and Gewürztraminer - from the very best crus. Remarkable to the neophyte will be the recognition that there is no single cru where all varietals thrive at their best. Rather, each varietal has a particularly felicitous cru of its own which, due to geophysical aspects of soil, exposure and microclimate, yields the finest wine of its kind. Pinot Grigio is presented in two bottlings in the new selection: a base version from the vineyards of the Bassa Atesina hills and a top line wine from vineyards in the Oltradige region. Both areas are long known for their superb white wines and offer the ideal growing conditions for this particular varietal. These wines are full but soft to the palate with a good acidic balance with a slight note of ripe fruit. The aroma is of tropical fruit and honey. Truly lovely wines! Lagrein is a typical varietal of Alto Adige and it is mentioned in XVII Century documents of the Benedictine Monastery of Muri near Bolzano. It produces full-bodied wines, with red berries and violet notes. Schiava (Vernatsch) is another grape often found in this region. Viticoltori bottle this light and fruity wine produced from a number of small vineyards in the township of Appiano (Eppan). Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir give superb results in this part of Italy and these wines are among the best one can taste. Müller Thurgau and Gewürztraminer grapes are traditionally grown in Alto Adige and Viticoltori offer an excellent version of wines made from these varietals. I am extremely happy to be able to present this interesting and well-priced range and all the wines are definitely worth a try! 78 Alto Adige DOC Pinot Grigio Zone: Bassa Atesina Varietal: 100% Pinot Grigio Vineyard Ext.: 24 hectares Average Prod.: 260,000 bottles Alto Adige DOC Pinot Noir Zone: Appiano Varietal: 100% Pinot Nero Vineyard Ext.: 10 hectares Average Prod.: 80,000 bottles Alto Adige DOC Pinot Grigio Kristall Zone: Oltradige Varietal: 100% Pinot Grigio Vineyard Ext.: 15 hectares Average Prod.: 150,000 bottles Alto Adige DOC Lagrein Zone: Bolzano Varietal: 100% Lagrein Vineyard Ext.: 16 hectares Average Prod.: 100,000 bottles Type of Viticulture: Integrated / Sustainable 79 Tenuta Trentino Alto Adige Weingut Kӧfererhof is located in the Isarco Valley, the most northern tip of Italy. The 5.8 hectares of vineyards of the estate are planted on loose and loamy-sandy soils at an average altitude of 650 meters on sea level. The farmstead dates back to the twelfth century and since then grapes have always been grown and wine was sold directly at the farm. The Kerschbaumer family has run the estate since Up to 1995, when the cellar was completely rebuilt and wine started being produced again and estate bottled, grapes were sold to Abbazia di Novacella, the local Co-op. Günther Kerschbaumer is the agronomist and winemaker and the wines produced are typical of this area and more similar to the wines made across the border in Austria than to the traditional Italian whites. Dense plantings (6,000-7,500 vines per hectare) combined with altitude, high temperature during the day and cool nights in summer result in fresh, aromatic and fruity wines with a good structure and mineral notes. The Kerschbaumers make eight Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC wines from the classical varietals of the region: Pinot Grigio, Sylvaner (a base and a single vineyard wine are produced), Kerner, Müller Thurgau, Grüner Veltliner, Gewürztraminer and Riesling. 80 Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC Pinot Grigio Zone: Varna/Novacella Varietal: 100% Pinot Grigio Vineyard Ext.: 1.2 hectares Average Prod.: 8,000 bottles Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC Sylvaner Zone: Varna/Novacella Varietal: 100% Sylvaner Vineyard Ext.: 1.3 hectares Average Prod.: 8,000 bottles Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC Kerner Zone: Novacella/Varna Varietal: 100% Kerner Vineyard Ext.: 3.6 hectares Average Prod.: 25,000 bottles Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC Gewürztraminer Zone: Varna/Novacella Varietal: 100% Gewürztraminer Vineyard Ext.: 0.9 hectares Average Prod.: 5,500 bottles Type of Viticulture: Integrated / Sustainable 81 Azienda Agricola Trentino Alto Adige The estate has belonged to the Pratzner family for 400 years. It is located at 675 meters above sea level on a sunny hill near the village of Naturno, in the lower Venosta valley, 12 kilometres from the town of Merano in Alto Adige. The climate of this lovely valley is dry and windy. The soil is poor and difficult to cultivate. The altitude and the prehistoric rock of the soil are ideal for the production of white wines with great character and of delicate reds. The vineyards stand above the picturesque castle of Naturno and have been managed with a great passion for over 15 years by Franz Pratzner, the present owner, together with his wife Bernadette. Franz is the agronomist and the wine maker of the estate as well. The vineyards, all with southern exposure, extend for 12 hectares and are planted with Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, Gewürztraminer and Riesling. Apple trees, peach trees and Schiava (Vernatsch) vines were previously cultivated in this location. The vine training system is espalier (Guyot) and the vineyard density is 9,000-12,000 vines/hectare. Sustainable/integrated viticulture is pursued, grass is left on the aisles between the rows of vines, and specific leguminous plants are sown every 5-6 years. Copper and sulphur base products are mainly sprayed and only organic fertilizers are used. The cellar, with very modern equipment, has been totally renovated in the last two years. Acacia casks, of a capacity of hectolitres, are used to vinify and mature the white wines, which are kept on the lees till bottling. Acacia wood is neutral so that the complex aromatics of the wines are maintained. The wines are rich and structured, the fruit is intense and complex with a lively and fresh acidity. The Italian and international specialised press consider the Riesling one of the best produced south of the Alps. The average production is approximately 90,000 bottles/year. 82 Alto Adige Val Venosta DOC Pinot Bianco Zone: Naturns (Bozen) Varietal: 100% Pinot Bianco Vineyard Ext.: 2 hectares Average Prod.: 15,000 bottles Alto Adige Val Venosta DOC Sauvignon Zone: Naturns (Bozen) Varietal: 100% Sauvignon Blanc Vineyard Ext.: 1.5 hectares Average Prod.: 9,000 bottles Alto Adige Val Venosta DOC Riesling Zone: Naturns (Bozen) Varietal: 100% Riesling Vineyard Ext.: 7 hectares Average Prod.: 45,000 bottles Alto Adige Val Venosta DOC Pinot Nero Zone: Naturns (Bozen) Varietal: 100% Pinot Bianco Vineyard Ext.: 1 hectare Average Prod.: 8,000 bottles Type of Viticulture: Integrated / Sustainable 83
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