List of type specimens of birds in the collections of the Muséum national d Histoire naturelle (Paris, France). 20. Piciformes (Part 2: Picidae) - PDF

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Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series Vol. 179 (2): 7-26; published on 19 July 2010 ISSN (print), (electronic) Copyright Národní muzeum, Praha, 2010 List of

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Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series Vol. 179 (2): 7-26; published on 19 July 2010 ISSN (print), (electronic) Copyright Národní muzeum, Praha, 2010 List of type specimens of birds in the collections of the Muséum national d Histoire naturelle (Paris, France). 20. Piciformes (Part 2: Picidae) Claire Voisin & Jean-François Voisin Muséum national d Histoire naturelle, Département Systématique et Évolution & Département Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité 12, USM 305, Case Postale 51, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231, Paris cedex 05, France; s: Abstract. The type specimens of 41 Picidae taxa in the collections of the MNHN were reviewed and commented upon. The material includes: (1) Holotypes of Picumnus sagittatus Sundevall, 1866, Picumnus guttifer Sundevall, 1866, Geopicus (Colaptes) chrysoïdes Malherbe, 1852, Chrysopicos atricollis Malherbe, 1850, Picus chilensis Lesson & Garnot, 1828, Picus canipileus d Orbigny, 1840, Picus maculosus Valenciennes, 1826, Chrysophlegma flavinucha annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1928, Gecinus erythropygius Elliot, 1865, Picus funebris Valenciennes, 1826, Picus occipitalis Valenciennes, 1826, Picus Herminieri Lesson, 1830, Picus cactorum d Orbigny, 1840, Picus Luciani Malherbe, 1857, Picus desmursi J. Verreaux, 1870, Picus pernyii, J. Verreaux, 1867, Picoides funebris J. Verreaux, 1870, Picus mystaceus Vieillot, 1818, Picus biarmicus Valenciennes, 1826, Thripias namaquus saturatus Berlioz, 1934, Picus festivus Boddaert, 1783, Picus haematribon Wagler, 1827, Picus leucopogon Valenciennes, 1826, Picus boiei Wagler, (2) Syntypes of Picumnus castelnau Malherbe, 1862, Colaptes rupicola d Orbigny, 1840, Micropternus brachyurus annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1924, Picus (Chrysophlegma) Pierrei Oustalet, 1889, Picus chrysonotus Lesson, 1830, Picus fulvus Quoy & Gaimard, 1830, Picus gutturalis Valenciennes, 1826, Picus erythrops Valenciennes 1826, Picus portoricensis Daudin, 1803, Picus atrothorax Lesson, 1830, Dendropicus Sharpii Oustalet, 1879, Picus chrysopterus Lesson, 1830, Picus Macei Vieillot, 1818, Picus leucomelanus Wagler, 1827, Picus puncticeps d Orbigny, 1840, Dendropicus Pecilei Oustalet, 1886, and Indopicus delesserti Malherbe, Keywords. Aves, Picidae, type specimens, Muséum national d Histoire naturelle, Paris. INTRODUCTION AND METHODS This catalogue is the continuation of 19 catalogues we wrote on the bird types contained in the collections of the Muséum national d Histoire naturelle, Paris, France, last being that by Voisin & Voisin (2009). It uses the same conventions (Voisin & Voisin 2008). Throughout this paper, the Code means the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999). 7 Museum acronyms are as follow: ANSP: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA MB: Museu Bocage, Lisboa, Portugal MNHN: Muséum national d Histoire naturelle, Paris, France RMNH: Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie). Almost all inscripts on pedestal undersides are in French. The following are most frequently used: Acq., acquis: acquired; aile: wing; bec: beak, bill; Cap de B.E., Cap de Bonne Espérance: Cape of Good Hope; de: of, from; Cn, Cne, Capitaine: Captain; don: gift; donné: given, ech., échangé: exchanged; figuré: depicted, figured; jeune, jne: young; long. Longueur: length; oeil (plural: yeux): eye; patte: leg; planche: plate; un des types: one of the types; voy. voyage: travel; voy., voyageur: traveller. Further abbreviations include: C.G. Catalogue général (General Catalogue), A.C. Ancien Catalogue des Oiseaux montés (Ancient Catalogue of Mounted Birds), and N.C. Nouveau Catalogue des Oiseaux montés (New Catalogue of Mounted Birds). SYSTEMATIC LIST Piciformes Picidae Picumnus castelnau Malherbe Picumnus castelnau Malherbe, 1862: 281, pl 117, fig. 1, fig. 2. No w: Picumnus castelnau Malherbe, Sy n t y p e: C.G (A.C. 2477, N.C. 627). Pedestal underside: 1 Sarayacou / M.M. Castelnau et / Deville cat. / n 925 / Voy. 760 ; 2 (ind. figuré / pour Malherbe en 1861 / (Type) / Picus / Picumnius castelnaui / Malherbe ; Pedestal label: Picus castelnaui / (Picumnius) (Malh.) T. / de Castelnau Pérou. Note: This specimen has lost almost all of its central red crown color due to decades of exposition to light in the exhibition gallery. Sy n t y p e: C.G Label: Picumnus Castelnaui [sic] / Malh. / 1847 n 926 / un des / types [streaked with pencil] /? / Picumnus Castelnaui [sic] Malh. /// (M 182) / Mission de Sarayacu / oeil d un brun clair / / n 860. Note: This specimen, a young male, was never mounted, and therefore lacks both Ancient and New Catalogue numbers. Re m a r k s: Malherbe wrote I dedicate this piculet, native of Sarayacou, to the renowed traveller M. le Comte de Castelnau, and it was in the Gallery of the Museum of Paris where I wrote down the following description of this piculet, which seemed new to me, and one individual of which was indicated as a male brought back from Sarayacou by Messrs Deville and Castelnau [Malherbe s style followed as closely as possible]. From this sentence we can deduce that Malherbe had several birds before him, but we do not know how many. According to the inscripts on the pedestal underside, the specimen C.G was figured on plate 117, fig. 1 by Malherbe (1862). As specimen C.G was recorded in the Catalogue général just after specimen C.G , and was brought back by the same expedition, there is no reason to believe that Malherbe was not aware of it when he described the species. Moreover, it is quite probable that specimen C.G was depicted as a young male on plate 117, fig. 2 of Malherbe (1862). 8 [Ashenurus rufiventris Bonaparte Ashenurus rufiventris Bonaparte, 1838: 120. No w: Picumnus rufiventris (Bonaparte, 1838). Sp e c i m e n (not a type): C.G (A.C bis, N.C. 628). Pedestal underside: 1 Sarayacou / M.M. Castelnau et / Deville. / 1847 Cat. n 918 / et voy. n / 942 / mâle / Ash. rufiventris / Bp. ; 2 Ind. figuré par M. Malherbe en 1861 / Picumnus / (Picus) ; bis. Pedestal label: Picus rufiventris / (Picumnus) (Bp.) T. / de Castelnau Pérou. Re m a r k s: The specimen described in 1838 by Bonaparte under the name Ashenurus rufi ventris cannot be this one, as it was brought back by the expedition of Castelnau & Deville, which lasted from 1843 to 1847 (Bajon 1995). The inscripts Sarayacou and MM Castelnau et Deville are reported also in both New (N.C.) and Old (A.C.) Catalogues. It should also to be noted that the inscript type does not appear on the pedestal underside. Malherbe (1862, pl. 118, fig. 2) depicted this specimen with rufous dots on its crown, which in fact could be faded red.] Picumnus sagittatus Sundevall Picumnus sagittatus Sundevall, 1866: 103. No w: Picumnus albosquamatus guttifer Sundevall, Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2482, N.C. 646). Pedestal underside: 1 Castelnau / Deville / 1846 cat. / n 1113 in voy. / 270. / ; 2 Picus sagittatus / (Sund.) / (Picumnus) Brésil. / femelle / Rio Tocant [white stain hiding the end of the word] ; [pencil]. Pedestal label: Picus sagittatus / (Picumnus) (Sund.) T. / de Castelnau Brésil. Re m a r k s: Sundevall (1866) stated that the specimen he studied was a female that originated from Rio Tocantin (= Tocantins) in Brazil and was in the holdings of the MNHN. He specified that he did not see the male. Specimen C.G is certainly a female. The inscripts on its pedestal underside are difficult to read as the ink bleached with age, and because of the presence of white stains. Picumnus guttifer Sundevall Picumnus guttifer Sundevall, 1866: 101. No w: Picumnus albosquamatus guttifer Sundevall, Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2491, N.C. 636). Pedestal underside: 1 mâle / Goyaz M. M. de Castelnau / et Deville / 1846 n 813 et voy. n 2925 ; 2 Picus guttifer (Sund.) / (Picumnius) Type / Brésil. Pedestal label: Picus guttifer / (Picumnius) (Sund.) T. / de Castelnau Brésil. Re m a r k s: Sundevall (1866) stated that he studied a male that was in the collections of the MNHN, originated from the province of Goyaz (= Goias) in Brazil, and was collected by Castelnau and Deville. The state of the inscripts on the pedestal underside is the same as in the holotype of Picumnus sagittatus Sundevall. Geopicus (Colaptes) chrysoïdes Malherbe Geopicus (Colaptes) chrysoïdes Malherbe, 1852: 553. No w: Colaptes chrysoiides (Malherbe, 1852). Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2452, N.C. 602). Pedestal underside: 1 Californie / M. Jaurès / La Danaïde / 1849 / 2452 / Picus chrysoïdes / Geopicus (Malh.) / Type ; 2 VLLS Pedestal label: Picus chrysoïdes / (Geopicus) Hybride (Malh.) T. / La Danaïde Californie. Re m a r k s: Malherbe (1852) wrote that the bird he studied belonged to the MNHN, and was a new species. He did not use the word hybride, which is not written on the pedestal underside either, and this inscript on the label is certainly an error. According to the inscripts on the pedestal underside and on the label, this bird was collected by Lieutenant Jaurès, who served on Fregatte La Danaïde (Rosamel & Galipaud 2005). 9 Colaptes rupicola d Orbigny Colaptes rupicola d Orbigny, 1840: 377, pl. 62, fig. 1. No w: Colaptes rupicola d Orbigny, Sy n t y p e: C.G (A.C. 2469, N.C. 607): Pedestal underside: Picus rupicola / (Geopicus) (Lafr. et d Orb.) / d Orbigny Bolivie / jeune / 1834 n 431 (Type). Pedestal label: Picus rupicola / (Geopicus) (Lafr. & d Orb.) T. / d Orbigny Bolivie. Sy n t y p e: C.G (A.C. 2468, N.C.608): Pedestal underside: Picus rupicola / (Geopicus) (Lafr. et d Orb.) / de Bolivie par d Orbigny / 1834 n 431 (Type) / Jeune / Pedestal label: Picus rupicola / (Geopicus) (Lafr. & d Orb.) T. / d Orbigny Bolivie. Sy n t y p e: C.G (A.C. 2471, N.C.609): Pedestal underside: Sicasica / M. d Orbigny / 1834 n 431 / 29 / 2471 jeune / Picus. / Geopicus / rupicola / d Orb. / Type. Pedestal label: Picus rupicola / (Geopicus) (Lafr. & d Orb.) T. / d Orbigny Bolivie. Re m a r k s: One of these specimens was depicted on plate 62 with the Linnean name Colaptes rupicola by d Orbigny already in 1840, but their formal description appeared a few years later (d Orbigny 1847: 377). They were collected by d Orbigny himself during his travel in South America. He wrote we encountered [this species] near La Paz, Chuquisacra, Cochabamba and Potosia (Bolivia). Indian name: Yacayaca. The abbreviation Lafr. for Lafresnaye is due to the fact that Lafrenaye and d Orbigny worked together, but only d Orbigny described this species. [Picus punctigula Boddaert Picus punctigula Boddaert 1783: pl No w: Colaptes punctigula (Boddaert, 1783). Sp e c i m e n (not a type): C.G (A.C. 2382, N.C. 462). Pedestal underside: Cayenne / 2382 / Picus punctigularis / Chloropicus / Type de Buffon. Pedestal label: Chloropicus punctigularis / (Picus) T. Buff. P.E. 612 [error for 613] (Bodd.) / Cayenne. Re m a r k s: The origin of this specimen is given as Acad. Sciences [= Academy of Sciences] 1817 in the Ancient Catalogue, which means that it did not belong to the MNHN during Buffon s time; it is in fact in a too good state to date back to that time.] Picus chilensis Garnot Picus chilensis Garnot 1828: 241, Atlas pl. 32. No w: Colaptes pitius (Molina, 1782). Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2464, N.C. 616). Pedestal underside: Picus (Geopicus) pitius / P. chilensis (Less. et Garn.) / Type / Exp. de La Coquille / Chili. Pedestal label: Picus (Geopicus) pitius (Mol.) / P. chilensis (Les. & Garn.) T. / La Coquille Chili. Re m a r k s: Garnot (1828: 241) did not describe this species, only noted: it may be that his [Molina s] Picus pitius is our Picus chilensis, portrayed on pl. 32. The description thus goes back to a plate with a binomial name, but, having been published before 1931, the name is available according to the provisions of Article of the Code. Lesson (1831: 226) also refered to plate 32, added one-line description: back white, plumage grey varied black, and stated that the bird lives in Chile. Specimen C.G , like the bird depicted on Garnot s plate 32, is an immature, as shown by its black crown with brown scalations, not a uniformly grey one as in adults. Chrysopicos atricollis Malherbe Chrysopicos atricollis Malherbe, 1850: 156. No w: Colaptes atricollis (Malherbe, 1850). Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): CG (A.C. 2379, N.C. 507). Pedestal underside: Pérou / Exp. la Bonite 10 / M. Eydoux / 1838 / 2379 / Figuré par / Malherbe [underlined] / Picus atricollis / Chrysopicus (Mahl / Type. Pedestal label: Picus atricollis / (Chrysopicus) (Malh.) T. / La Bonite Pérou. Re m a r k s: Malherbe wrote the only specimen of this beautiful species which I have ever seen in Europe is a male which is in the collection of the Paris Museum, and was brought back from Peru in 1838 on the voyage of la Bonite. Joseph Fortuné Théodore Eydoux ( ) was a surgeon on board of la Bonite, which went around the world in 1836 and 1837 (Voisin et al. 2004). This specimen was figured in Malherbe (1862, pl. 88, fig. 4). Picus canipileus d Orbigny Picus canipileus d Orbigny, 1840: pl. 63, fig.2. No w: Piculus rubiginosus canipileus (d Orbigny, 1840). Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2372, N.C. 494). Pedestal underside: [unreadable inscript] / (1834 n 456 D 38 / P. canipileus d Orbigny / (Chrysopicus) / / Pedestal label: Picus canipileus / (Chrysopicus) (L. & d Orb.) T. / d Orbigny Bolivie. Re m a r k s: D Orbigny (1847: 379) wrote this species showed itself to us on the eastern slope of the Cordillieras, in the vicinity of the village of Chupé, Yungas Province, Bolivia, and we saw it only once. The L in the inscript L. & d Orb. on the label is probably due to the fact that Lafresnaye may have collaborated in the determination of this species, but only d Orbigny did describe it. Picus maculosus Valenciennes, 1826 Picus maculosus Valenciennes, 1826: 173. Now: Campethera maculosa (Valencienne, 1826). Ho l o t y p e (by monotypy): C.G (A.C. 2354, N.C. 477). Pedestal underside: Sénégal / acq / 2354 / Picus brachyrhynchus. / Sw. / Chrysopicus. / P. chloronotus. / Cuv. Type. Pedestal label: (Chrysopicus) / Picus brachyrhynchus. (Sw.) / Chrysopicus / P. chloronotus (Cuv.) T. / Sénégal. Re m a r k s: Cuvier never described Picus chloronotus. As a matter of facts, Pucheran (1852) wrote: Picus chloronotus. Under this name, which for the first time came to light, Mr. Cuvier designated, in the Paris Museum, a woodpecker from Senegal, purchased from Mr. Bacle in December The same specimen was described by Professor Valenciennes under the name P. maculosus. In his description of this taxon, Valenciennes (1826) stated effectively that it originated from Senegal. Micropternus brachyurus annamensis Delacour & Jabouille Micropternus brachyurus annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1924: 31. Now: Micropternus brachyurus annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, Sy n t y p e: C.G Label: Delacour & Jabouille: Micropternus brachyurus annamensis subsp. / nov. Type / A = 128 / B= 23 / C.G n 752 /// Localité: Hailang- Q-tri [= Quangtri] Annam / Date: sexe: / Iris: brun f. / Bec: noir. n Syntype: C.G Label: Delacour & Jabouille: Micropternus brachyurus / subsp. nov. / A=128 / B= 25 / C.G n 753 /// Localité: Hailang- Q-tri - Annam / Date: Sexe: / Iris: br. f. / Bec: noir / n Remarks: Delacour and Jabouille (1924) limited the description of this subspecies to pointing out the differences which separated it from the two other subspecies M. b. fokiensis Swinhoe, 1863 and M. b. holroydi Swinhoe, They did not precise the number of specimens they had before them, but Hennache & Dickinson (2000) found only the two above-mentioned birds. There were possibly no other specimens. 11 Chrysophlegma flavinucha annamensis Delacour & Jabouille Chrysophlegma flavinucha annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1928:130. Now: Picus flavinucha ricketti (Styan, 1878). Holotype (by original designation): C.G.: Label: Chrysophlegma flavinucha / annamensis Type [red ink] / Type / A= 167 C.G n 907 /// Localité: Khé-Bon, N. Annam. Date: sexe:. Iris: br. r. ; Bec: gr. v. Pattes / n Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 156 /// Localité: Phu-Qui. Annam. / Febr Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 162 /// Localité: Phu-Qui. Annam. / Febr Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 150 /// Localité: Dalat. / Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 161 /// Localité: Phu-Qui. Annam. / Febr Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 155 /// Localité: Phu-Qui. Annam. / Febr Paratype: C.G Label: Chrysophlegma / flavinucha annamensis / Del. / C.G / A = 154 /// Localité: Dalat. S. Annam / Remarks: Delacour & Jabouille (1928) limited the description of this subspecies to pointing out the differences between it, C. f. pierrei Oustalet, 1889 and C. f. styani Ogilvie-Grant, They stated they studied 14 specimens, but Hennache & Dickinson (2000) mentioned only the holotype. We do not know where are the specimens not mentioned above. Due to the merging of the genus Chrysophlegma Gould, 1850, with Picus Linné, 1758, annamensis Delacour & Jabouille, 1928, became preoccupied by annamensis Meinertz hagen, 1924, and Deignan (1945) coined the replacement name archon for it. The subspecies C. flavinucha archon was not recognized by Winkler & Christie (2002). Gecinus erythropygius Elliot Gecinus erythropygius Elliot, 1865: 76, pl. 3. Now: Picus erythropygius (Elliot, 1865). Holotype (by monotypy): C.G (A.C B, N.C. 444). Pedestal underside: [first line unreadable] / n 814 Cat. Génér. / L oeil doit être jaune [underlined] / [male symbol upside down] Picus, Chloropicus = [one streaked inscript] = erythropygius. mus. Paris. / D.G. Elliot am. Mus (1865). / pl. III. (type). / / Cochinchine donné par M. Rodolphe / Germain B. Pedestal label: Picus erythropy gius [ male symbol upside down] / (Chloropicus) (Elliot.) T. / M. Germain Cochinchine. Remarks: D. G. Elliot, an American ornithologist passing through Paris, had the opportunity to study the bird collections of the MNHN (Milne12 Fig. 1. Holotype of Gecinus erythropygius Elliot, 1865 (MNHN ]. Edwards 1865). When describing this taxon, in French, Elliot stated that the specimen he had in his hands was in the MNHN, and wrote this woodpecker of the genus Gecinus was discovered in Cochinchina by Mr. Germain, a veterinary in the [French] Army, and added as for the other birds which we describe, we keep for it the manuscript name under which we found it in the Museum Gallery. Picus (Chrysophlegma) Pierrei Oustalet Picus (Chrysophlegma) Pierrei Oustalet, 1889: Now: Picus flavinucha pierrei Oustalet, Sy n t y p e: C.G (A.C. 2288A, N.C. 380). Pedestal underside: Jardin Botanique / et Zoologique de Saïgon / 1867 / 364. Cat. Génl. N d envoi / 23 / [streaked inscripts] / Picus flavinucha / Gould / (Cloropicus) / con chinm [unreadable] / mars Pedestal label: Picus Pierrei / (Chloropicus) Type (Oust.) / M. Pierre Cochinchine. Sy n t y p e: C.G (N.C. 380 A). Pedestal underside: Mr. Pierre / Cochinchine / Mont de Mu-Xoai / Baria / Type [streaked two times] 1878 n 1192 C.G. / Picus Pierrei (Oust.) / (Chloropicus) Type. Pedestal label: Picus Pierrei / (Chloropicus) T. (Oust.) / M. Pierre Cochinchine. Sy n t y p e: C.G (N.C. 380 B). Pedestal underside: Picus Pierrei / Chloropicus (Oust.) / M. Harmand Cochinchine / C.G.. Pedestal label: Picus Pierrei / (Chloropicus) (Oust.) / M. Harmand Cochinchine. Re m a r k s: Oustalet (1889) had four specimens before him: a female sent in 1867 by Mr. Pierre, Director of the Botanical Garden of Saigon (which fits the specimen C.G ), a male killed by Mr. Pierre in July 1867 in Mu-Xoai Mountains, Baria Province, Cochinchina (which fits specimen C.G ), a female killed by Dr. Harmand, without any precise locality data (which fits specimen ), and a female kill
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