KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE OGRÓD SASKI SAXON GARDEN - PDF

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CHOPIN'S WARSAW EN TAMKA STARE MIASTO OLD TOWN MIODOWA SENATORSKA KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKA NOWY ŚWIAT DŁUGA OGRÓD SASKI SAXON GARDEN CHOPIN'S WARSAW Be it in Poland, France, Japan, Brazil,

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CHOPIN'S WARSAW EN TAMKA STARE MIASTO OLD TOWN MIODOWA SENATORSKA KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKA NOWY ŚWIAT DŁUGA OGRÓD SASKI SAXON GARDEN CHOPIN'S WARSAW Be it in Poland, France, Japan, Brazil, or Australia, Fryderyk Chopin is known the world over. Warsaw held a special place in the composer s heart: it was in the capital city that the Chopin family settled shortly after Fryderyk s birth; it was also here that the artist spent the first half of his thirty-nine years. Fryderyk s magnificent musical career began in Warsaw: here he learned to play the piano, charmed aristocrats with concert performances, and piqued the interest of the capital city s press. At the same time, he led the life of a typical Warsaw boy: he walked such streets as Krakowskie Przedmieście and Miodowa, learned foreign languages, dated girls, and spent time with his friends at fashionable cafes. Walking the streets of Warsaw, many is the place where you can find traces of Fryderyk Chopin s presence. Use our free mobile applications and website to find out how interesting Warsaw was and is! ŁAZIENKI KRÓLEWSKIE ŁAZIENKI ROYAL GARDENS AL. UJAZDOWSKIE SELFIE WITH CHOPIN As incredible as it may sound, you can now take a snapshot with Fryderyk! Among the places where the virtual composer awaits you are the Saxon Garden (Ogród Saski), the vicinity of Warsaw s Fryderyk Chopin Museum, and the Łazienki Royal Park. Take a selfie, and share it on social media. Download our free SELFIE WITH CHOPIN app (check out the QR code on the cover) CHOPIN IN WARSAW Discover Chopin s Warsaw with an Augmented Reality-enriched mobile app. Take a look at the Saxon Palace (Pałac Saski) from the times of Fryderyk Chopin, visit the Chopins drawing room at the Czapski (Krasiński) Palace, and find out how Warsaw changed. Download our free CHOPIN IN WARSAW app (check out the QR code on the cover) MULTIMEDIA BENCHES At many locations en route, you will find multimedia benches allowing you to learn more about Chopin s music. They were all installed in 2010 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the composer s birth. Press a button and listen to a piece by Chopin. Find out more at EN.CHOPIN.WARSAWTOUR.PL 1 GET TO KNOW FRYDERYK CHOPIN EN.CHOPIN.WARSAWTOUR.PL Many associate Chopin chiefly with the monumental memorial in the Łazienki Royal Park, the composer lost in thought seated in the shade of a wind-blown willow. Yet it is well worth everyone s while to get to know the colourful character much better, and to learn more about the life of this internationally renowned artist a man who cherished friendship and whose interests extended well beyond music alone. The Chopins moved to Warsaw when young Fryderyk was just a few months old. While they changed their address a few times, their home was close to Krakowskie Przedmieście Street the city s beating heart of culture to this very day. Chopin began taking regular piano classes at the tender age of six and giving public performances shortly thereafter, appreciation and recognition following him all the way. No wonder Warsaw newspapers wrote about him this boy composed his first pieces before he turned eight! Chopin s life was not only about music: Fryderyk attended the Warsaw Lyceum, took extracurricular English classes, went for romantic strolls with his first love Konstancja Gładkowska, and spent time with friends in fashionable cafes. Come the summer break, he would travel to the countryside with friends. Shortly after graduating from the Music School in Warsaw, Fryderyk opened a new chapter n his life. In 1830, the composer travelled to Vienna, where he learned of the outbreak of the November Uprising. Despite missing his beloved homeland, he let his family convince him that he should not return to Poland. In 1831, Chopin travelled to Paris, where he soon found himself mixing in the circles of the French capital s most eminent celebrities. He lived in Paris until his death. He died at thirty-nine, in all probability from tuberculosis. He was buried at the Père Lachaise cemetery. In keeping with his last will and testament, Chopin s heart was brought to Warsaw by his sister Ludwika. 2 Fryderyk Chopin, Maksymilian Fajans, lithography based on a work by Ary Scheffer, 19th century; source: Fryderyk Chopin Institute. 3 1 FRYDERYK CHOPIN MONUMENT, ŁAZIENKI ROYAL PARK (POMNIK FRYDERYKA CHOPINA, ŁAZIENKI KRÓLEWSKIE) AL. UJAZDOWSKIE KROLEWSKIE.PL/EN The Fryderyk Chopin Monument, facing one of the gates to the Park on Ujazdowskie Avenue, is a must for anyone seeking traces of the great composer. While the beautiful solid form was designed by Wacław Szymanowski in 1909 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Chopin s birth, it was not erected in the Łazienki Royal Park until 1926, with the original plans cancelled by the Great War as well as by controversies surrounding the design itself. 4 photo W. Z.Panów, pzstudio.pl During World War Two, the Chopin Monument was one of the first in Warsaw to be blown up by the Nazis. Reconstructed in strict conformity to the original, it remains an essential symbol of the city. For more than fifty years, Chopin concerts have been held at the foot of the monument. Eminent pianists perform every Sunday from mid-may until late September at 12 noon and 4 pm. These concerts, hugely popular with Warsaw residents and tourists alike, are a unique opportunity to listen to classical music while sitting on a blanket in the shade of a tree. POLONAISE IN A MAJOR, OP. 40 NO. 1 SELFIE WITH CHOPIN photo W. Z.Panów, pzstudio.pl 5 The Łazienki Royal Park attracts strollers all year round. This palace and garden complex was developed in the 18th century as the summer residence of Stanisław August, the last king of Poland. The picturesque Palace on the Isle (Pałac Na Wyspie), its two bridges connecting it to the remaining part of the park, is a noteworthy location. Peacocks, their beauty on display in proud perambulations along the park s lanes, are permanent features of its landscape. 6 photo W. Z.Panów, pzstudio.pl 2 THE FRYDERYK CHOPIN MUSEUM (MUZEUM FRYDERYKA CHOPINA) UL. OKÓLNIK 1 A must-see not only for fans of music by the most well-known Polish composer. The Fryderyk Chopin Museum at the Ostrogski Palace (Pałac Ostrogskich) is one of the most modern biographical museums in Europe. SELFIE WITH CHOPIN The Ostrogski Palace was built in the second half of the 17th century. Reconstructed a number of times, it was destroyed during World War Two. Its final reconstruction was finalised in BALLADE IN F MINOR, OP. 52 photo W. Z.Panów, pzstudio.pl 7 The multimedia museum houses the largest collection of Chopin memorabilia in the world, and is also the organiser of many interesting events. There is sure to be something to catch your eye! photo City of Warsaw 8 photo City of Warsaw The Pleyel grand piano is the most valuable item on display. Chopin played the instrument for his final two years. If you re planning to visit the Fryderyk Chopin Museum and Żelazowa Wola, the ChopinPass is your best bet. This is a package deal with prepaid entry fees for both venues and tickets for direct transfer between the two locations. For more information visit: photo M. Czechowicz, source NIFC A pencil owned by the composer. Chopin s other personal items can be viewed as well, including a gold watch presented to him by the famous singer Angelica Catalani (photos: source The Fryderyk Chopin Institute). Gold barrel-shaped pendant with the composer s monogram: FC. 9 3 HOLY CROSS CHURCH (KOŚCIÓŁ ŚW. KRZYŻA) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 3 In the early 19th century, the church was the largest Catholic place of worship in Warsaw. Many moments crucial to the history of the Chopin family have links with the venue: it was here that Fryderyk s sisters, Izabella and Emilia, were baptised; here too the composer s heart was buried. The baroque Holy Cross Church is among the most beautiful historical buildings in the capital city. photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl While the composer asked for his body to be returned to Poland upon his death, political reasons meant that this was not immediately possible. Only ninety-six years later was Chopin s heart embedded in one of the church s pillars. 10 photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl FUNERAL MARCH, SONATA IN B FLAT MINOR, OP. 35 4 ZAMOYSKI PALACE (PAŁAC ZAMOYSKIEGO) UL. NOWY ŚWIAT 67/69 Chopin s sister Izabella used to live in the Zamoyski Palace. Her apartment was also a shelter for items owned by her famous brother, including his grand piano. A dramatic story unfolds: in revenge for an attack on the life of the tsar s governor Fyodor Berg (shots fired from palace windows), Russian soldiers threw the instrument out of the window onto the street. Today, the Zamoyski Palace houses teaching facilities of the University of Warsaw. ETUDE IN C MINOR, OP. 10 NO. 12 site closed for visitors, photo Ł. Kopeć 11 5 KAZIMIERZOWSKI PALACE (PAŁAC KAZIMIERZOWSKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 26/28 CHOPIN IN WARSAW One might wonder whether the students walking the halls of the Kazimierzowski Palace know that the young Fryderyk did the same thing two hundred years ago. Chopin attended the Warsaw Lyceum housed by the selfsame building. He joined the school at thirteen, and was admitted to the fourth grade having previously been tutored at home. The palace was built in the first half of the 17th century as the summer residence of King Jan Kazimierz. For thirty years, it housed the renowned School of Chivalry (Szkoła Rycerska) founded by Stanisław August, the last king of Poland. Today, the building is owned by the University of Warsaw. WALTZ IN C MINOR (OP. POSTH.) 12 photo P. Bocian, Uniwersytet Warszawski 6 THE FORMER RECTORY (BUDYNEK POREKTORSKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 26/28 photo F. Kwiatkowski SELFIE WITH CHOPIN Once the Warsaw Lyceum was transferred from the Saxon Palace (Pałac Saski) to the Kazimierzowski Palace (Pałac Kazimierzowski), the Chopins moved into its annex. They were given a spacious and comfortable apartment, used emulating the Saxon Palace quarters as a private school for boys. Attending the Chopin s school for boys stood for having reached a higher level of civilisation, in the words of Eugeniusz Skrodzki, Fryderyk s younger colleague. A commemoration plaque is placed in front of the palace s annex, known as the Former Rectory. Another can be found on the first-floor level of the western wall, next to a bas relief depicting the composer. Today, the building houses the Faculty of Oriental Studies and the Institute of Art History. 7 KAZIMIERZOWSKI PARK (PARK KAZIMIERZOWSKI) UL. BROWARNA Kazimierzowski Park, formerly known as the Botanics (Botanika), is located on an escarpment adjoining the back walls of the Kazimierzowski Palace. The park used to be a garden where Warsaw Lyceum students could grow plants and watch seedlings develop. The keys to the fenced-in area were kept by lyceum staff, including Mikołaj Chopin, Fryderyk s father thanks to which the closed garden became a place where the young composer could walk and play. 13 STARE MIASTO OGRÓD SASKI ŁAZIENKI KRÓLEWSKIE 1 FRYDERYK CHOPIN MONUMENT ŁAZIENKI ROYAL PARK (POMNIK FRYDERYKA CHOPINA, ŁAZIENKI KRÓLEWSKIE) AL. UJAZDOWSKIE 7 KAZIMIERZOWSKI PARK (PARK KAZIMIERZOWSKI) UL. BROWARNA 13 SAXON PALACE (PAŁAC SASKI) PLAC MARSZAŁKA JÓZEFA PIŁSUDSKIEGO 2 THE FRYDERYK CHOPIN MUSEUM (MUZEUM FRYDERYKA CHOPINA) UL. OKÓLNIK 1 8 CZAPSKI (KRASIŃSKI) PALACE (PAŁAC CZAPSKICH/KRASIŃSKICH) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 5 14 EVANGELICAL AUGSBURG CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY (KOŚCIÓŁ ŚW. TRÓJCY) PLAC STANISŁAWA MAŁACHOWSKIEGO 1 3 HOLY CROSS CHURCH (KOŚCIÓŁ ŚW. KRZYŻA) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 3 9 VISITATIONIST CHURCH (KOŚCIÓŁ WIZYTEK) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE FRYDERYK CHOPIN S BIRTHPLACE ŻELAZOWA WOLA ŻELAZOWA WOLA 15, SOCHACZEW 4 ZAMOYSKI PALACE (PAŁAC ZAMOYSKIEGO) UL. NOWY ŚWIAT 67/69 10 PRESIDENTIAL PALACE (PAŁAC PREZYDENCKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 46/50 16 ST ROCCO S AND ST JOHN THE BAPTIST S CHURCH IN BROCHÓW (KOŚCIÓŁ W BROCHOWIE) BROCHÓW 70, BROCHÓW 5 6 KAZIMIERZOWSKI PALACE (PAŁAC KAZIMIERZOWSKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 26/28 THE FORMER RECTORY (BUDYNEK POREKTORSKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 26/ WESSELS PALACE (PAŁAC WESSLÓW) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 25 SAXON GARDEN (OGRÓD SASKI) PLAC MARSZAŁKA JÓZEFA PIŁSUDSKIEGO 17 FRYDERYK CHOPIN EUROPEAN ART CENTRE IN SANNIKI (EUROPEJSKIE CENTRUM ARTYSTYCZNE) UL. WARSZAWSKA 142, SANNIKI PŁOCK GOSTYNIN LEGIONOWO 17 SANNIKI 16 BROCHÓW ŻELAZOWA 15 WOLA ŁOMIANKI WARSZAWA SOCHACZEW OŻARÓW MAZ. BŁONIE A2 S8 KONSTANCIN JEZIORNA PIASECZNO 15 8 CZAPSKI (KRASIŃSKI) PALACE (PAŁAC CZAPSKICH/KRASIŃSKICH) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 5 The Czapski (Krasiński) Palace was yet another place where the Chopins lived. This new apartment rented in the palace s left-wing annex offered an escape from the memories of a family tragedy: Fryderyk s youngest sister, the fourteen year-old Emilia, died in This was the last place of residence for Fryderyk before his departure on November 2nd We are reminded of the fact by a plaque placed on the façade of the building. The inscription reads, Fryderyk Chopin lived and composed in this building before leaving Warsaw forever in Today, the Czapski Palace houses the Academy of Fine Arts. YOU CAN VIEW THE CHOPINS DRAWING ROOM HERE CHOPIN IN WARSAW The apartment offered the composer considerable working comfort: he was given his first private room, where numerous artists, scholars, and young colleagues came to visit. It was here that Chopin composed his only two concertos. WALTZ IN D FLAT MAJOR, OP. 64 NO site closed for visitors, photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl 9 VISITATIONIST CHURCH (KOŚCIÓŁ WIZYTEK) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 34 The Sunday services mandatory for the young people of the Warsaw Lyceum were held at the Visitationist Church. It was here that Fryderyk played the organ on numerous occasions, and met Konstancja, his first love, who sang at mass. As often as not, Chopin s accompaniment morphed into improvisation. The young composer frequently became lost in his own music, with the sexton asking him to stop playing. The church was built in the 17th century for French nuns. Having survived World War Two, it still houses the majority of its original furnishings. SELFIE WITH CHOPIN CHOPIN IN WARSAW photo M. Jaszowski, fullframe.pl The rococo boat-shaped pulpit is one of the most interesting pieces of the rich interior. LARGO IN E-FLAT MAJOR (OP. POSTH.) photo T. Nowak 17 10 PRESIDENTIAL PALACE (PAŁAC PREZYDENCKI) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 46/50 The spectators gathered at the palace on February 24th 1818 must have been astonished to hear an eight year-old boy giving a piano concert. The boy was young Fryderyk Chopin, and the concert was his first ever public performance, which was enthusiastically received and piqued the interest of Warsaw s newspapers. Fryderyk was invited back for further performances. The palace was built in the 17th century; since 1994, it has been the main residence of the President of the Republic of Poland, which gave the edifice its current name. Four stone lions have been proudly reclining next to the entrance to the Palace since Chopin s times. In 1965, a monument to Duke Józef Poniatowski was placed in front of the building. photo T. Nowak RONDO IN C MINOR, OP. 1 CHOPIN IN WARSAW 18 11 WESSELS PALACE (PAŁAC WESSLÓW) UL. KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIEŚCIE 25 What would Chopin s last moments in Warsaw have been had he known that he would never walk the streets of the city again? This question will forever remain unanswered. What we do know is that his journey to Vienna began near the Wessels Palace which housed a postal office dispatching mail and coaches. Fryderyk s friends, led by Professor Elsner, bid him a touching farewell, having prepared and rehearsed the Born in the Polish Land cantata especially for the occasion. The Kurier Warszawski daily reported on the event. This late-rococo-style palace was destroyed during the 1944 Warsaw Rising. Reconstructed after the war, today it houses the Appellate Prosecutor s offices. CHOPIN IN WARSAW site closed for visitors, photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl GRAND POLONAISE BRILLANTE IN E FLAT MAJOR, OP 12 SAXON GARDEN (OGRÓD SASKI) PLAC MARSZAŁKA JÓZEFA PIŁSUDSKIEGO In the Saxon Garden it is easy to forget that we are in the very heart of a dynamic European city. Walking the lanes, imagine young Fryderyk Chopin running around with his sister Ludwika two hundred years ago, playing and hiding from their mother s watchful eye behind trees. The family lived next to the park for a few years it stands to reason that they would have probably spent all their free time there. The unique atmosphere of this park Poland s oldest public garden can be enjoyed until this day. In the warm months it is worth ending a daily walk at the garden s central point, Warsaw s first city fountain. Note the sundial behind it. SELFIE WITH CHOPIN NOCTURNE IN E FLAT MAJOR, OP photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl 13 SAXON PALACE (PAŁAC SASKI) PLAC MARSZAŁKA JÓZEFA PIŁSUDSKIEGO The Saxon Palace was located in the immediate vicinity of the Saxon Garden. Young Fryderyk lived there with his family for a few years. The palace housed the Warsaw Lyceum at the time; the school employed Chopin s father Mikołaj as a French language teacher, and offered him staff quarters. It was here that Chopin s musical genius was discovered; he played the piano and composed his first pieces at a very tender age. His father Mikołaj and teacher Wojciech Żywny helped Fryderyk to take notes and write sheet music, which the boy was unable to do himself at the time. YOU CAN SEE A 3D MODEL OF THE SAXON PALACE HERE CHOPIN IN WARSAW The Saxon Palace was a major attraction in pre-war Warsaw. Regrettably, it was completely destroyed during World War Two, the only remnants being parts of the colonnade. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was placed beneath the remaining columns. MAZURKA IN B FLAT MAJOR, OP. 7 photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl 21 14 EVANGELICAL AUGSBURG CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY (KOŚCIÓŁ ŚW. TRÓJCY) PLAC STANISŁAWA MAŁACHOWSKIEGO 1 What do the Evangelical Augsburg Church of the Holy Trinity, Tsar Alexander I and a diamond ring have in common? Fryderyk Chopin! In May 1825, the composer gave a performance at the church for the Muscovite ruler, playing a new keyboard instrument, the eolimelodikon, which emulated the sound of other instruments. The tsar was tremendously impressed, and presented the teenage artist with a diamond ring as a token of his gratitude. This classic-style Evangelical Augsburg church was built in the 18th century at Warsaw s highest location, thus becoming a viewing terrace and watchtower in one. The building was completely destroyed during the Warsaw Rising. After the war it was reconstructed to its original architectural design, thanks to which the church lost none of its magnificent acoustics, continuing to be used as a concert venue to this day. CHOPIN IN WARSAW 22 photo Ł. Kopeć MAZOVIA (MAZOWSZE) Once you get to know Chopin-related Warsaw sites, you should definitely leave the city. Learn more about Fryderyk Chopin s Mazovia! Medieval castle ruins, historical towns, and the colourful folk culture Chopin loved so much are but an introduction to the attractions of the region. The vast woodland and natural locations included in the Natura 2000 protected area programme are perfect for rest and leisure. photo W. Z. Panów, pzstudio.pl 23 15 FRYDERYK CHOPIN S BIRTHPLACE ŻELAZOWA WOLA ŻELAZOWA WOLA 15, SOCHACZEW The charming manor in Żelazowa Wola is perfect for a day trip. The picturesque route will take you from Warsaw across the Kampinos National Park and its buffer zone, all part of a Natura 2000 protected area. Chopin was born in this small town in His family moved to Warsaw a few months later, travelling to the co
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