Jouni Välijärvi, professor University of Jyväskylä, Institute for Educational Research Finland - PDF

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Seminar on Education and Reform in a Global Age, University of Tokyo, December, 24 Jouni Välijärvi, professor University of Jyväskylä, Institute for Educational Research Finland Assuring a quality

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Seminar on Education and Reform in a Global Age, University of Tokyo, December, 24 Jouni Välijärvi, professor University of Jyväskylä, Institute for Educational Research Finland Assuring a quality education for all: How the Finnish education system responds to the challenge of equity. Mean scores in PISA 2 and Math Japan Math Finland Reading Japan Reading Finland Science Japan Science Finland Variation in performances in 2 and 23 Japan Finland Standard deviation Mathematics 2 Mathematics 23 Reading 2 Reading 23 Science 2 Science 23 Subscales Mean scores on the subscales in mathematics Uncertainty Quantity Change and relationship Space & shape Boys and girls on differen levels of the mathematics scale Below Level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6 Japan Girls Japan Boys Finland Girls Finland Boys OECD Girls OECD Boys % 1 % 2 % 3 % 4 % 5 % 6 % 7 % 8 % 9 % 1 % Country percentiles compared to OECD percentiles on mathematics scale in PISA 2 and Difference, poins th 1th 25th 5th 75th 9th 95th Percentiles Japan Finland Change of the percentiles in mathematics from 2 to Change, points th 1th 25th 5th 75th 9th 95th -4-5 Percentiles Country percentiles of the reading literacy scale compared to the OECD percentiles in PISA 2 and 23 9 Difference, points th 1th 25th 5th 75th 9th 95th Percentiles Country percentiles of the science scale compared to the OECD percentiles in PISA 2 and Difference, points th 1th 25th 5th 75th 9th 95th Percentiles Japan 2 Finland 2 Japan 23 Finland 23 Interest and enjoyment in mathematics Boys Girls,2,1,1 Value of index (OECD average=, SD=1) -,1 -,2 -,3 -,4 -,25 -,9 -,4 -,11 -,5 -,6 -,51 Japan Finland OECD Interest, enjoyment and achievement in mathematics Bottom Quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Interest & enjoyment Self-concept in mathematics Boys Girls,4,25 Value of index (OECD average =, SD =!),2 -,2 -,4 -,6 -,35 -,23,17 -,17 -,8 -,7 Japan Finland OECD Self concept and achivement in mathematics Bottom Quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Self-concept Japan Finland OECD Self-efficacy in mathematics,3,2,17,12 Value of index (OECD average = ), SD = 1),1 -,1 -,2 -,3 -,4 -,5 -,6 -,35 -,42 Boys Girls -,17 -,7 -,8 -,69 Japan Finland OECD Self-efficacy and achievement in mathematics Japan Finland OECD 42 Bottom Quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Self-efficacy Anxiety in mathematics,8 Value of index (OECD average =, SD = 1),6,4,2 -,2 -,4,31,57 -,14 Boys Girls -,14,14 -,6 -,49 Japan Finland OECD Anxiety and achievement in mathematics Japan Finland OECD Bottom Quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Anxiety in mathematics Students' learning attitudes and socio-economic background (SES) explaining the achievement in mathematics ATTITUDES Self-concept Self-efficacy Anxiety Interest & enjoyment Instrumental motivation Elaboration strateg Control strategy SES Econ., social & cultural status Finland Japan OECD Occupational status (HISEI) Classical culture in the family Parents' years of schooling Percentage of variance explained Between school and within school variation on the mathematics scale Between-school variation Within-school variation T u r k e y H u n g a r y J a p a n B e lg iu m Ita ly G e r m a n y A u s t r i a N e t h e r l a n d s U r u g u a y H o n g K o n g - C h i n a C z e c h R e p u b l i c B r a z i l K o r e a S l o v a k R e p u b l i c L i e c h t e n s t e i n G r e e c e S w i t z e r l a n d T u n i s i a I n d o n e s i a O E C D a v e r a g e L u x e m b o u r g T h a i l a n d P o r t u g a l R u s s i a n F e d e r a t i o n S e r b i a M e x i c o U n i t e d S t a t e s A u s tra lia L a t v i a N e w Z e a l a n d S p a i n M a c a o - C h i n a C a n a d a I r e l a n d D e n m a r k P o l a n d S w e d e n N o r w a y F i n l a n d Source: OECD PISA 23 database, Table 4.1a. I c e l a n d 7 Mean scores of the schools on the mathematic scale Lowest performing 1% of schools Highest Schools in the ranked order performing 1% of schools Japan Finland OECD Effects of students and schools SES-background on student performance on the mathematics scale Effect of students' economic, social and cultural status Effect of schools' economic, social and cultural status * * Japan.6 Liechtenstein.93 Netherlands.65 Hong Kong-China.49 Czech Republic.56 Belgium.79 Austria.77 Germany.94 Korea.7 Hungary.84 Turkey.84 Slovak Republic.61 Italy.87 Luxembourg.92 Switzerland.57 Uruguay.73 Serbia.67 Brazil.68 Greece.86 Indonesia.73 Australia.64 Russian Federation.45 United States.57 New Zealand.57 Mexico.97 Tunisia.94 Latvia.47 Thailand.8 Ireland.48 Canada.55 Portugal.78 Macao-China.47 Spain.79 Denmark.42 Sweden.4 Poland.66 Norway.42 Iceland.45 Finland.4 United Kingdom1.58 Source: OECD PISA 23 database, Table 4.5. School level factors explaining achivement in mathematics Teacher' support in mathematics Disciplinary climate in mathematics lessons Student factors affecting school climate Teacher-factors affecting school climate Teachers' morale and commitment Students' morale and commitment Teacher shortage Students' sense of belonging Quality of physical infrastructure Quality of educational resources 1,2,2,2,9,3 1,2,4,9,1 1,4 1,3 1,3 2,5 1,1 2,5 3,4 3,6 3,3 8 9,3 13,3 15,6 21,1 22,4 Japan Finland OECD average 33, Percentage of variance explained Schools have responsibility Appointing teachers Dismissing teachers Starting salaries Salary increase Assessment policies Disciplinary policies Student admittance School budget Budget allocation Courses to offer Course content Textbooks Percentage of students Japan 23 Finland 23 OECD 23 Schools have responsibility Courses to offer Course content Textbooks Assessment policies Disciplinary policies Student admittance School budget Budget allocation Appointing teachers Dismissing teachers % Principal has responsibility Appointing teachers Dismissing teachers Starting salaries Salary increase Assessment policies Disciplinary policies Student admittance School budget Budget allocation Courses to offer Course content Textbooks Finland Japan Percentage of students Teachers have responsibility Appointing teachers Dismissing teachers Starting salaries Salary increase Disciplinary policies Student admittance School budget Budget allocation Course content Textbooks Assessment policies Courses to offer Finland Japan School board has responsibility Courses to offer 4 2 Course content 1 14 Textbooks Assessment policies Disciplinary policies Finland Japan Student admittance 2 5 School budget Budget allocation Appointing teachers Dismissing teachers 18 2 Starting salaries 1 22 Salary increase Percentage of students Parental groups have direct influence on Staffing Japan Finland OECD Budgeting Instructional content Assessment practices Percentage of students Students groups have direct influence on Staffing Budgeting Japan Finland OECD Instructional content Assessment practices Percentage of students Performance in mathematics 6 Student performance and spending per student 55 Czech Republic Korea Finland Netherlands Japan Canada Australia Belgium Iceland Denmark Switzerland 5 Slovak Republic Poland Hungary Ireland Germany Spain Sweden France Norway Austria United States Portugal Italy 45 Greece 4 Mexico R 2 =, Cumulative expenditure (US$ converted using PPPs) Source: OECD PISA 23 database, Table 2.6. Performance in mathematics 6 Student performance and national income 55 5 Slovak Republic Poland Korea New Zealand Czech Republic Hungary Spain Finland Netherlands Japan Canada Belgium Australia Switzerland Iceland France Sweden Denmark Germany Austria Ireland Norway United States Portugal Italy 45 Greece Turkey 4 Mexico R 2 =, GDP per capita (US$ converted using PPPs) Source: OECD PISA 23 database, Table 2.6.
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