Ispitna Pitanja Med Fakultet- II GODINA-novi (1)

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  Univerzitet u TuzliMedicinski fakultet Nastavni predmet: MEDICINSKA MIKROBIOLOGIJA SA IMUNOLOGIJOM Ispitna pitanja I OBLAST :  Opšti dio mikrobioo!ij 1.ra!a akteri#ske $eli#e%&.ra!a $eli#sk'( zida (ram p'zitivni) i (ram ne(ativni) akteri#a i n#e('va funkci#a%*.ra!a cit'plazmatske mem rane i n#ena funkci#a+.,azlike u (ra!i izme!u pr'kari'ta i eukari'ta.-.,azmn'avan#e i rast akteri#a%/.0nzimski sastav akteri#a i n#e('va funkci#a%.Is)rana akteri#a%2.Meta 'lizam akteri#ske $eli#e%3.4at'(en'st i virulenci#a%15.Sterilizaci#a i met'de sterilizaci#e%11.6ezinfekci#a i dezinfekci'na sredstva%1&.Anti i'tici i )emi'terapeutici% 'p7te 's' ine% me)anizam d#el'van#a na mikr''r(anizme%1*.Beta laktamski anti i'tici%vrste i me)anizam d#el'van#a% 1+.Amin'(lik'zidi% vrste i me)anizam d#el'van#a%1-.,ezistenci#a na anti i'tike% vrste rezistenci#e 8)r'm'z'mska% ekstra)r'm'z'mska9%1/.enetski sastav akteri#a  (en'tip i fen'tip%1.ra!a akteri#sk'( )r'm'z'ma% mutaci#e i vrste mutaci#a%12.0kstra)r'm'z'mski (eneti;ki elementi 8plazmidi% transp'z'ni9%13.Izm#ena (enetsk'( materi#ala me!u akteri#ama%&5.Izm#ena (enetsk'( materi#ala k'n#u(aci#'m%&1.Izm#ena (enetsk'( materi#ala transf'rmaci#'m%&&.Uzm#ena (enetsk'( materi#ala transdukci#'m%&*.4ren's plazmida% vrste plazmida i n#i)'v' p'ri#ekl'% II OBLAST:  Opšta Im#noo!ija 1.Or(anizaci#a i funkci#a imun'( sistema%&.4rir'dni imunitet% fakt'ri prir'dne 'd rane 'r(anizma%*.0nd'cit'za i fa('cit'za% vrste makr'fa(a i n#i)'va ul'(a u 'd rani 'r(anizma%+.Ste;eni imunitet  'p7te 's' ine%-.B limf'citi% vrste B limf'cita% sazri#evan#e B limf'cita% n#i)'va diferenci#aci#a%/.Antiti#ela% vrste antiti#ela% m#esta stvaran#a antiti#ela i n#i)'va funkci#a..T limf'citi% vrste T limf'cita% n#i)'v' sazri#evan#e i funkci#a.2.Osn'vne 's' ine $eli#ama p'sred'van'( imuniteta 8$eli#ski imunitet9%3.Ul'(a timusa u sazri#evan#u i diferenci#aci#i T limf'cita%15.Anti(eni% 'p7te 's' ine% imun'(en'st% anti(en'st% aler(en'st.11.4rep'znavan#e anti(ena% k''peraci#a T i B limf'cita% specifi;n'st prep'znavan#a%1&.Sistem k'mplementa% n#e('v sastav% me)anizmi aktivaci#e i funkci#a%1*.lavni k'mpleks (ena )ist'k'mpati iln'sti% (ra!a i funkci#a.1+.Tip I imun'l'7ke pre's#etl#iv'sti%1-.Tip II imun'l'7ke pre's#etl#iv'sti%1/.Tip III imun'l'7ke pre's#etl#iv'sti%1.Tip I< imun'l'7ke pre's#etl#iv'sti%12.Imun'l'7ki me)anizmi upalne reakci#e%  III OBLAST:  Sp $ijana bakt rioo!ija 1.,'d Stap)=l'c'ccus%&.,'d Strept'c'ccus%*.,'d 0nter'c'ccus%+.Strept'c'ccus pneum'niae%-.4'r'dica 0nter' acteriaceae% 'p7te 's' ine%/.,'d 0sc)eric)ia%.,'d >le siella%2.,'d 4r'teus%3.,'d Salm'nella%15.,'d S)i(ella%11.,'d <i ri'%1&.,'d ?ersinia%1*.,'d 4seud'm'nas1+.,'d Acinet' acter 1-.Bacillus ant)racis1/.,'d Listeria1.,'d @l'stridium%12.Anaer' ne ram p'zitivne i ran ne(ativne nesp'r'(ene akteri#e%13.,'d M=c' acterium%&5.,'d @'r=ne acterium%&1.,'d Neisseria &&.,'d em'p)=lus% &*.,'d B'rdetella% &+.,'d Brucella%&-.,'d rancisella&/.,'d Trep'nema%&.,'d Lept'spira%&2.,'d B'rrelia%&3.,'d @ampil' acter *5.,'d elic' acter *1.,'d Actin'm=ces i N'cardia%*&.,'d ,ickettsia i ,'d @'Ciella%**.,'d @)lamidiae%*+.,'d M=c'plasmae*-.,'d Le(i'nela*/.Alimentrane t'ksiinfekci#e%Od('vni nastavnik dr.sc. atima Numan'vi$% red.pr'f.
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