Генеральная конферeнция 34-я сессия, Париж 2007 г. 大会第三十四届会议, 巴黎,2007 JERUSALEM AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 33 C/RESOLUTION 50 OUTLINE - PDF

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General Conference 34th session, Paris 2007 Conférence générale 34 e session, Paris 2007 Conferencia General 34 a reunión, París 2007 Генеральная конферeнция 34-я сессия, Париж 2007 г. א א א א א א ٢٠٠٧

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General Conference 34th session, Paris 2007 Conférence générale 34 e session, Paris 2007 Conferencia General 34 a reunión, París 2007 Генеральная конферeнция 34-я сессия, Париж 2007 г. א א א א א א ٢٠٠٧ 大会第三十四届会议, 巴黎, C 34 C/15 24 October 2007 Original: English Item 5.2 of the agenda JERUSALEM AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF 33 C/RESOLUTION 50 OUTLINE This document is presented in pursuance of 33 C/Resolution 50 by which the General Conference inscribed this item on the agenda of its 34th session. In this resolution, the General Conference, recalling UNESCO s previous decisions and resolutions on the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, invited the Director-General to continue his efforts to secure their implementation. The Director-General informs the General Conference about the current situation and the steps that he has taken to safeguard the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem since its 33rd session. This document submits to the General Conference a summary of the activities carried out in this respect, in particular the elaboration of the Action Plan for the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem requested by the General Conference at its 32nd session. Decision required: paragraph 21. 34 C/15 Context 1. At its 33rd session, the General Conference examined document 33 C/13, a report by the Director-General of UNESCO concerning the preservation of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, and adopted 33 C/Resolution 50 in which it decided, inter alia, to include this item in the agenda of its 34th session. The Action Plan for the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem C/Resolution 39 (adopted by the General Conference in October 2003), requested the Director-General to establish, within a year, an equitably composed committee of experts to be entrusted with proposing, on an exclusively scientific and technical basis, guidelines for this plan of action and proposals for its implementation. The first meeting of this Committee took place on 25 and 26 January Its report was distributed to Member States, as an annex to document 33 C/ To prepare such an Action Plan, the World Heritage Centre fielded several technical missions to Jerusalem, from September 2005 to November Thanks to the generous financial contribution from the Government of Italy, as well as assistance provided from the Government of Spain, and with the agreement of the concerned parties, the Action Plan was elaborated as follows. Setting up of an information database: Inventory and Conservation Priorities Map for Historic Monuments and Sites 4. This component of the Plan has identified all the historic monuments and sites of the Old City, their state of conservation, use, typology and heritage value, and generated a basic information tool to prepare conservation and possible adaptive reuse projects. In the first phase, more than 550 monuments and sites have been recorded and all the information transferred on a Geographic Information System (GIS) accompanied by a database. Identification of conservation and rehabilitation projects of individual monuments 5. A number of conservation and restoration project sheets (18) were elaborated among those identified during the preparation of the Needs Map, in order to prepare the implementation of the second phase of the Action Plan. The project profiles identify specific areas or buildings, their state of conservation, their current and potential use, and the main restoration and conservation measures to be undertaken. The project profiles contain a preliminary project description accompanied by a budget estimate of the interventions. At the end of this phase, a booklet will be designed and published in order to be submitted to potential donors for funding. Action to support the conservation of residential and commercial buildings 6. This component of the plan aims at the improvement of the quality of the housing stock and of the living conditions of the inhabitants, preserving the ordinary architectural elements of the urban fabric as an essential component of the World Heritage Site of Jerusalem. Different activities were carried out: (a) (b) Elaboration of a Manual for housing maintenance and rehabilitation: this activity was supported by a contribution from Spain. This technical handbook for professionals and craftsmen (the Manual) will be a practical and operational rehabilitation tool, designed to bring simple and illustrated answers to concrete problems through technical files. Assessment of training needs for technical personnel and awareness-raising activities for the inhabitants: a comprehensive assessment of training needs in the area of heritage conservation and management has been carried out in close cooperation with the International Organization of Cultural Heritage (ICCROM) and, based on this 34 C/15 page 2 assessment, the Action Plan identifies a number of capacity-building activities to be implemented during its second phase. Awareness campaigns, addressed to different targets (inhabitants, decision-makers, building workers), are also needed for communities to understand the values of their urban environment and to spread the principles of conservation. (c) Development of microcredit schemes: in parallel with the preparation of the Manual, a feasibility study has been undertaken to develop a housing renovation and conservation microcredit system for the residents of the Old City of Jerusalem, extending the analysis to include small commercial activities. Initiatives to support cultural activities 7. Jerusalem faces many problems including poverty, illiteracy and unemployment. In addition, there is a lack of proper community centres, schools and youth facilities. An overview of the existing cultural institutions and the bilateral and international institutions which could be interested in supporting cultural development actions for the Old City was carried out. Indeed, strengthening existing institutions looks to be the more efficient means for addressing these issues in the short term. Funding mechanisms 8. UNESCO intends to mobilize international support to carry out the conservation of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem. Therefore, the development of the Action Plan will continue with a fund-raising campaign to generate financial support. The projects to be presented to potential sponsors will consist of a selection of restoration projects chosen among existing project profiles and the additional training and cultural activities that could be developed in the near future. A booklet containing preliminary project descriptions accompanied by budget estimates to be presented to potential donors for funding will be published by the end of The second meeting of the International Committee of Experts was convened by the Director-General on 4 and 5 September 2006 to review the progress made towards the elaboration of the Action Plan and to endorse it. The recommendations of the International Committee of Experts both to complete the draft Action Plan and to move towards the second phase i.e. its implementation were presented in document 175 EX/15 Add., of which the Executive Board took note. At the 177th session of the Executive Board, document 177 EX/INF.8, containing a synthesis of the Action Plan was distributed to the Member States. Establishment of a centre for the restoration of Al-Aqs à manuscripts 10. Since the adoption of 32 C/Resolution 39, the Director-General has reported regularly on the work related to the establishment of a centre for the restoration of al-aqs à manuscripts in al-ashrafīya Madrasa, located inside al-h aram ash-sharīf, thanks to the contributions of the Welfare Association and the United Arab Emirates. Five trainees attended a specialized course at the Istituto per l Arte e il Restauro (Florence, Italy), while consolidation and rehabilitation work on al-ashrafīya Madrasa was completed. 11. The building is ready, since 2005, to receive the equipment purchased and to initiate the restoration work. Unfortunately, the technical equipment essential for the functioning of the conservation laboratory is still retained at the port in Israel and was not delivered despite several attempts on the part of UNESCO. Such a precedent might hamper the implementation of the museum refurbishment project, for which conservation and presentation equipment will also be required. 34 C/15 page 3 Refurbishment of the Al-Aqs à Islamic Museum 12. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has approved the use of US $1,300,000 from its funds-in-trust deposited within UNESCO in order to entirely refurbish the Islamic Museum located close to the Al-Aqs à Mosque. A first mission of experts, including a restorer and a scenographer, took place in March 2007 in order to draw the project in consultation with the Jerusalem Waqf. Development of an architectural heritage conservation institute 13. An agreement was signed between UNESCO and the European Commission for an amount of 700,000, in order to develop a conservation institute for the training of professionals in the field of architectural conservation. The project, implemented in partnership with the Welfare Association, is to last three years during which a full curriculum and training materials will be developed as well as on-the-ground pilot projects. Sessions of the World Heritage Committee 14. As from 2004, at its 28th session, the World Heritage Committee is provided with a state of conservation report on the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls, inscribed on the World Heritage List since 1981 and on the List of World Heritage in Danger since Therefore, related decisions are also adopted by the World Heritage Committee, reinforcing those of the General Conference and the Executive Board. 15. At its 31st session (June 2007, Christchurch, New Zealand), the World Heritage Committee adopted Decision 31 COM 7A.18 by which it welcomed the Action Plan for the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem developed in the context of the Director-General s comprehensive initiative for the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls and strongly supported its implementation in coordination with the concerned parties. 16. The World Heritage Committee also adopted Decision 31 COM 5.2, by which it established a mechanism of reinforced monitoring aiming at improving the implementation of its decisions. It decided to apply this mechanism to three sites inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger, among which the Old City of Jerusalem, with respect to the specific issue of the Mughrabi ascent. The Mughrabi ascent to the H aram ash-sharīf 17. The Director-General was informed on 6 February 2007, by a delegation on behalf of the Arab Group to UNESCO, that works were occurring in the immediate vicinity of the H aram ash-sharīf, which were reported to have an impact on the cultural values of the World Heritage site. Referring to Decision 30 COM 7A.34 adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006) which asked the Israeli authorities to provide to the World Heritage Centre all relevant information concerning the new buildings planned in and around the Western Wall Plaza, including the plans for the reconstruction of the access leading to the H aram ash-sharīf, the Director-General decided to send a technical mission to the site in order to assess the situation. The mission report was made public on the UNESCO website and further presented at the 176th session of the Executive Board. Following a request from the six Arab Group Members of the Executive Board to the Chairperson of the Board to convene an extraordinary session of the Executive Board on this question, a Special Plenary Meeting of the 176th session of the Executive Board took place from 16 to 18 April 2007 on this subject and adopted 176 EX/Special Plenary Meeting/Decision. 18. In its report to the Executive Board at its 177th session (177 EX/20 and Add.), the Secretariat presented the action taken as follow-up to 176 EX/Special Plenary Meeting/Decision and to Decision 31 COM 7A.18 adopted by the World Heritage Committee by which it requested the World Heritage Centre to facilitate the professional encounter at the technical level between Israeli, Jordanian and Waqf experts to discuss the detailed proposals for the proposed final design of the Mughrabi ascent, prior to any final decision. The Committee further requested the Israeli 34 C/15 page 4 authorities, in addition to the above encounter, to provide the World Heritage Centre, as soon as possible, with the proposed final design of the Mughrabi ascent, whose principal aim should be to maintain the authenticity and integrity of the site. 19. Further to various consultations, the encounter was to take place on 29 August 2007, in Jerusalem. However, in order to make more time available to all concerned parties to study the documents provided by the Israeli authorities, it was decided to postpone the meeting. Despite the postponement of the encounter, the World Heritage Centre mission took place (28 August- 31 August 2007) in order to assess the situation on the ground and hold meetings with the parties concerned, namely the Israel Antiquities Authority, the City Engineer at the Jerusalem Municipality, the District Planner, and the Islamic Waqf of Jerusalem. As foreseen, it visited the site of the Mughrabi ascent with representatives of the Municipality and of the Israel Antiquities Authority. There was no evidence of continuation of excavations at the time of the visit. The remaining archaeological structures appeared as being extremely fragile and requiring consolidation and protection. 20. At the time of drafting this document, the information provided during the mission by the Israeli authorities was made available to the Jordanian authorities in view of the encounter and to Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee, ICOMOS and ICCROM, in order to get their professional opinion. The comments of ICOMOS and ICCROM were received by the World Heritage Centre at the end of September 2007 and have been annexed to the Reinforced Monitoring Report that was submitted to all the States Parties to the 1972 Convention in pursuance to Decision 31 COM 7A.18. In agreement with the parties concerned, it is expected that the encounter called for by the World Heritage Committee s decision will take place on 4 November Proposed resolution 21. In the light of the above, the General Conference may wish to adopt a resolution along the following lines: The General Conference, 1. Recalling 33 C/Resolution 50 and 177 EX/Decision 20, as well as the provisions of the four Geneva Conventions (1949), the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954) and the related Protocols, and the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972), the inclusion of the Old City of Jerusalem in the World Heritage List and in the List of World Heritage in Danger, and the recommendations, resolutions and decisions of UNESCO on the protection of the cultural heritage, 2. Affirming that nothing in the present decision, which is aimed at the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, shall in any way affect the relevant United Nations resolutions and decisions, in particular the relevant Security Council resolutions on the legal status of Jerusalem, 3. Having examined document 34 C/15 concerning Jerusalem, 4. Expresses its sincere thanks to the Director-General for his sustained efforts for the safeguarding of the cultural and natural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, in compliance with 33 C/Resolution 50 of the General Conference, and reiterates its concern as to the obstacles and practices affecting the safeguarding of the cultural and natural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem; 34 C/15 page 5 5. Taking note of the declaration by the Director-General concerning Jerusalem at the 172nd session of the Executive Board, which appeals to all parties concerned to respect the outstanding universal value of the Old City of Jerusalem, and to refrain from anything that may jeopardize the distinctive character of the Old City of Jerusalem inscribed on the World Heritage List and on the List of World Heritage in Danger, invites him to pursue his efforts with the authorities concerned in regard to the safeguarding and preservation of the distinctive character of the Old City of Jerusalem; 6. Congratulates the Director-General on his initiatives in favour of the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, particularly the finalization of the Action Plan presented in document 177 EX/INF.8, and thanks the Government of Italy for funding its elaboration; 7. Expresses its gratitude to the Director-General for the progress made towards establishing a centre for the conservation of Islamic manuscripts in al-ashrafīya Madrasa within the Esplanade of the Mosques (al-h aram ash-sharīf), requests him to intensify his efforts in that regard, and thanks the European Commission, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Welfare Association for their support and their generous contributions; 8. Takes note of the information provided in document 34 C/15, concerning the establishment of an action plan based on the guidelines proposed by the International Committee of Experts on the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, and the results of the missions on the spot; 9. Encourages UNESCO Member States to contribute to the efforts towards the implementation of the programme activities for the second phase of the Action Plan for the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem as identified by the experts and the concerned authorities, notably through extrabudgetary resources; 10. Invites the Director-General to present the progress in implementing the abovementioned Action Plan to its 35th session, and decides to include this item in the agenda of the 35th session of the General Conference. Printed on recycled paper
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