G. Gambash, H. Gitler and H, Cotton, IUDAEA RECEPTA, Israel Numismatic Research 8 (2013), pp. 89–104.

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This article, in memory of Alla Kushnir-Stein, discusses a newly discovered aureus, bearing a previously unattested legend, Iudaea recepta, and an equally unattested combination of iconographic elements on its reverse, issued immediately after the

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  Israel Numismatic Research  8 | 2013 Volume 8 2013   I  s  r a e l   N u m i   s  m a t  i   c R e s  e a r c h  8  |  2 01  3    Contents    5 Y IGAL  R  ONEN : An Unusual Aramaic Graffito on an Athenian Tetradrachm  9 R  EBECCA  S ACKS : Some Notes on the Depictions of the Achemenid Great King on the Coins of Fourth-Century Judah, Samaria and Philistia  17 C ATHARINE  C. L ORBER  : A Mint Imitating Ptolemaic Tetradrachms   of ‘Akko-Ptolemais  25 T OM  B UIJTENDORP : Tyrian Sheqels  as Savings: A New Perspective on the Ramat Raḥel Hoard  31 C ECILIA  M EIR  : Tyrian Sheqels  from the ‘Isfiya Hoard, Part Four: Half Sheqels  39 I DO  N OY : Head Decoration Representations on Hasmonean and Herodian Coins  55 I SADORE  G OLDSTEIN   AND  J EAN -P HILIPPE  F ONTANILLE : The Small Denominations of Mattathias Antigonus: Die Classification and Interpretations  73 D AVID  B. H ENDIN , N ATHAN  W. B OWER    AND  S EAN  G. P ARHAM : A Critical Examination of Two Undated  Prutot of the First Jewish Revolt  89 G IL  G AMBASH , H AIM  G ITLER    AND  H ANNAH  M. C OTTON :  Iudaea Recepta  105 A ARON  J. K  OGON : New Details and Notes on Some  Minimi  of Caesarea  109 U ZI  L EIBNER    AND  G ABRIELA  B IJOVSKY : Two Hoards from Khirbat Wadi Ḥamam and the Scope of the Bar Kokhba Revolt  135 Y OAV  F ARHI : Note on Two Types of Lead Currency from Late Roman/Early Byzantine Palestine (Fifth Century CE)  143 R  OBERT  K  OOL , B ORYS  P ASZKIEWICZ   AND  E DNA  J. S TERN : An Unrecorded Bohemian Saint Christopher Penny from Montmusard, Acre  159 A DOLFO  E IDELSTEIN   AND  D ANNY  S YON : An Unknown Token of the Commune of Genoa in Thirteenth-Century ‘Akko  165 D AVID  J. W ASSERSTEIN : Islamic Coins and their Catalogues IV: Ḥandusis  175 W ARREN  C. S CHULTZ : Mamlūk Minting Techniques: The Manufacture of  Dirham  Flans, 1250–1412  184 Corrigendum 185 Abbreviations Israel Numismatic Research  Published by the Israel Numismatic Society  Published by The Israel Numismatic Society   Israel Numismatic Research Published by the Israel Numismatic Society  Editorial Board: Donald T. Ariel (Editor), the late Alla Kushnir-Stein, David Wasserstein, Danny Syon, Ilan Shachar Text editor: Miriam Feinberg VamoshTypesetting: Michal Semo-Kovetz and Yael Bieber,Tel Aviv University Graphic Design StudioPrinted at Elinir, Tel AvivISSN 1565-8449Correspondence, manuscripts for publication and books for review should be addressed to: Israel Numismatic Research, c/o Haim Gitler, The Israel Museum, P.O. Box 71117, Jerusalem 9171002 ISRAEL, or to dtariel@ins.org.ilWebsite: www.ins.org.ilFor inquiries regarding subscription to the journal, please e-mail to info@ins.org.ilThe editors are not responsible for opinions expressed by the contributors.© The Israel Numismatic Society, Jerusalem 2013  Israel Numismatic Research  Published by the Israel Numismatic Society  Volume 8 2013 Contents   5 Y IGAL  R  ONEN : An Unusual Aramaic Grafto on an Athenian Tetradrachm  9 R  EBECCA  S ACKS : Some Notes on the Depictions of the Achemenid Great King on the Coins of Fourth-Century Judah, Samaria and Philistia 17 C ATHARINE  C. L ORBER  : A Mint Imitating Ptolemaic Tetradrachms  of ‘Akko-Ptolemais 25 T OM  B UIJTENDORP : Tyrian Sheqels  as Savings: A New Perspective on the Ramat Raḥel Hoard  31 C ECILIA  M EIR  : Tyrian Sheqels  from the ‘Isya Hoard, Part Four: Half Sheqels  39 I DO  N OY : Head Decoration Representations on Hasmonean and Herodian Coins 55 I SADORE  G OLDSTEIN   AND  J EAN -P HILIPPE  F ONTANILLE : The Small Denominations of Mattathias Antigonus: Die Classication and Interpretations  73 D AVID  B. H ENDIN , N ATHAN  W. B OWER    AND  S EAN  G. P ARHAM : A Critical Examination of Two Undated  Prutot of the First Jewish Revolt 89 G IL  G AMBASH , H AIM  G ITLER    AND  H ANNAH  M. C OTTON :  Iudaea Recepta  105 A ARON  J. K  OGON : New Details and Notes on Some  Minimi  of Caesarea 109 U ZI  L EIBNER    AND  G ABRIELA  B IJOVSKY : Two Hoards from Khirbat Wadi Ḥamam and the Scope of the Bar Kokhba Revolt  135 Y OAV  F ARHI : Note on Two Types of Lead Currency from Late Roman/Early Byzantine Palestine (Fifth Century CE) 143 R  OBERT  K  OOL , B ORYS  P ASZKIEWICZ   AND  E DNA  J. S TERN : An Unrecorded Bohemian Saint Christopher Penny from Montmusard, Acre 159 A DOLFO  E IDELSTEIN   AND  D ANNY  S YON : An Unknown Token of the Commune of Genoa in Thirteenth-Century ‘Akko 165 D AVID  J. W ASSERSTEIN : Islamic Coins and their Catalogues IV: Ḥandusis  175 W ARREN  C. S CHULTZ : Mamlūk Minting Techniques: The Manufacture of  Dirham  Flans, 1250–1412 184 Corrigendum 185 Abbreviations  89  INR  8 (2013): 89–104  IUDAEA RECEPTA  G IL  G AMBASH  H AIM  G ITLER   H ANNAH  M. C OTTON  University of Haifa Israel Museum Hebrew University, Jerusalem  ggambash@univ.haifa.ac.il gitler@imj.org.il hannah.cotton@mail.huji.ac.il  Abstract  This article, in memory of Alla Kushnir-Stein, discusses a newly discovered aureus , bearing a previously unattested legend,  Iudaea recepta , and an equally unattested combination of iconographic elements on its reverse, issued immediately after the fall of Jerusalem in September, 70 CE. The idea of recepta , conveyed in both legend and iconography, was the re-subjugation of an old province, indeed precisely what one would have expected after a revolt was put down. This message must have been deliberately suppressed soon after the coin was issued, in favor of the capta  type associated with the acquisition of new territory. INTRODUCTION A newly discovered aureus  with the word combination  Iudaea recepta   was the subject of our last communication with our friend and colleague, Alla Kushnir-Stein (1941–2013). Naturally we had turned to her for help, and she excused her delayed response with her usual charming irony: “I am here but was forced underground by circumstances”. Little did we know that the end was so near. This study is dedicated to her memory, as a token of love and admiration. 1  Iudaea recepta  has not been found before in the ofcial Roman propaganda advertising the conclusion of the rst Jewish revolt (66–70 CE; Fig. 1) — whether on coins or elsewhere. The uniqueness of the coin does not stop at the legend, however: the various elements of the iconography on the reverse have also never before been found together. 2  Being a unique coin type (so far) makes it immediately suspect, but in itself this does not necessarily undermine the coin’s authenticity. The Greek grafti on the reverse, discussed in the Appendix, certainly corroborates the coin’s genuineness, as does the unanimous verdict of the scholars we have consulted. 3   1 We are indebted to David and Jemima Jeselsohn for inviting us to publish   this unique coin. It was bought at Numismatica Ars Classica, Auction 72, May 16, 2013, Lot 621. 2 It should be pointed out that the drapery on Vespasian’s left shoulder on the obverse is very unusual for gold or silver (Ian Carradice, pers. comm.).3 We owe a great debt to many people who have given us indispensable help and generous advice: Aleksander Bursche, Ian Carradice, Werner Eck, Johannes Heinrich, Achim Lichtenberger, Ari Paltiel, Johan van Heesch, David J. Wasserstein, Alexander G IL  G AMBASH , H AIM  G ITLER    AND  H ANNAH  M. C OTTON  90 GIL GAMBASH, HAIM GITLER AND HANNAH M. COTTON The emergence of a single  Iudaea recepta  coin is enough to evoke Fergus Millar’s celebrated ‘double negative’, namely that “it is not the case that there are no examples of x from a particular time or place. That being so, the form of other arguments on larger issues will also be affected” (Millar 2002:48), prompting us to accommodate the coin’s existence and eventual (or rather immediate) eclipse with the evidence known so far.The coin introduces a new and surprising piece of evidence for the Roman  perception of the revolt and its aftermath. Its message can hardly be reconciled with the many elaborate theories, which for more than a century have been fueling heated debates. These debates revolve around the interpretation of Roman policy toward Jews and Judea in the aftermath of the revolt against the background of the termination of the civil wars, the Flavian need for legitimacy, and nally, an allegedly ingrained Jewish rebelliousness and its corollary, the beginning of a consistently anti-Jewish Roman policy.However, we cannot be certain that the  Iudaea recepta  coin belongs to the well-known  Iudaea capta  type. As we will see both its iconography and the message conveyed by recepta  suggest the opposite. Furthermore, there are good reasons to believe that it is earlier than the capta  type. In this article, we will try to substantiate these two claims and elaborate on the message conveyed by the new coin. DESCRIPTION This aureus  is allegedly part of a hoard of nine aurei , two of Nero, two of Vespasian (including the  Iudaea recepta  issue); one of Titus, one of Hadrian and three of Antoninus Pius. 4   Yakobson and Anna Zapolska. Last but not least we wish to thank Reinhard Wolters for crucial last minute corrections, pointed out during a seminar entitled Currents in  Numismatic Research , held December 1, 2013 in the Austrian Hospice, Jerusalem. We look forward to Wolters’ own article on the coin.4 The references for these aurei  (all mint of Rome) are as follows: Nero ( ´ 2, 64–65 CE;  RIC   I [rev.]:153, Nos. 48 and 52); Vespasian ( ´ 1, 76 CE;  RIC   II/1 [rev.]:119, No. 838); Titus ( ´ 1, September 13–December 31, 81 CE;  RIC   II/1 [rev.]:267, No. 22); Hadrian ( ´ 1, 117 CE;  RIC II:340, No. 16); Antoninus Pius ( ´ 3, 138 CE;  RIC III:27, No. 13; 140–143 CE;  RIC III:34, No. 72c and 148–149 CE;  RIC III:48, No. 177a).
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