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MASTER KİTAPÇIK İNGİLİZCE TESTİ 1. Bu testte 80 soru vardır sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. 5. Geology, the science of the Earth, is ---- several

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MASTER KİTAPÇIK İNGİLİZCE TESTİ 1. Bu testte 80 soru vardır sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. 5. Geology, the science of the Earth, is ---- several branches including mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, palaeontology and tectonics. 1. In cases involving children s injuries, the most effective ---- are directed at parents. divided into designed for troubled by brought upon benefits exceptions settled into purposes disturbances 2. interventions With a bit of adaptation, ---- technology could help us to eventually establish a colony on Mars. 6. Modern humans, Homo sapiens, ---- in Africa around 200,000 years ago and by about 30,000 years ago they ---- all other forms of early humans, such as Neanderthals and Homo erectus. have been evolving / replaced explicit impartial reserved current supplementary would evolve / are replacing were evolving / have replaced evolved / had replaced had evolved / had been replacing 3. Despite dramatic increases in trade worldwide, countries still differ ---- in the extent to which they engage in trade. reluctantly substantially attentively pleasingly 7. Tablet computers ---- some advantages for form-filling or updating your status on a social network, but you ---- it hard to get any real work done. are offering / must find have been offering / should find incidentally can offer / will have to find had offered / would have found 4. Generally considered to be the greatest composer of the 20 th century, Igor Stravinsky s long life ---- continents, cultures and eras. might offer / could find fetched reversed spanned magnified acquired 1 sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. 12. Little Caesar, often called the grandfather of the gangster movie, was produced at the beginning of the sound era, and ---- it shows its age in some areas, it is still an effective thriller The official Lincoln Heritage Trail passes ---- west-central and southern Illinois ---- about 1,100 miles, visiting many of the major sites in Abraham Lincoln s life along the way. down / beneath by / below through / for into / upon along / at In addition to its preoccupation ---- the legacy of neorealism, Italian cinema also shifted ---- internationalism during the 1970s. with / towards to / over for / at of / in 13. even because while so besides ---- the role of the school in developing students civic values, most proponents of citizenship education agree that it should involve a range of democratic values such as the sense of public responsibility. At least In spite of In comparison to With regard to Rather than about / by 14. Lead was used for centuries to make the pipes ---- water flowed from reservoirs to houses and public buildings such as baths. 10. The food industry is vulnerable to the charge that it contributes to mortality ---- actively seeking to increase consumption of unhealthy foods ---- which profits depend. at / for by / on against / into with / from in / at through which with which on which at which of which 11. Geopolitics provides various ways of looking at the world and is highly visual, readily embracing maps, tables, and photographs from now on as a consequence at most instead sooner 2 sorularda, aşağıdaki parçada numaralanmış yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. Many architects saw a building as a total work of art. They argued that the architect should design everything in a building, and this (15)---- not just fittings but also furniture. (16)----, many modern architects made striking furniture designs for use in their buildings, and these items also became (17)---- widely used. Mies s metal-and-leather Barcelona Chair, (18)---- made for the German Pavilion at the Barcelona Exposition and then widely copied, is the most famous example. Gerrit Rietveld s Red-Blue Chair, a structure of planes and lines like a three-dimensional Mondrian painting, symbolizes De Stijl (19)---- many people just more as most such commonly readily 15. originally positively equally has been included must be included was included had been included included between by in On the other hand However Otherwise As a result Even so over for 3 sorularda, aşağıdaki parçada numaralanmış yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz. Jean Piaget s training included heavy doses of both biology and philosophy. From philosophy came (20)---- of the content of his work. Piaget s goal (21)---- his career was to use the study of children to answer basic philosophical questions about the nature and origins of knowledge. His research (22)---- shows a consistent focus on what have long been central topics in philosophy: the child s understanding of space, time, and causality, of number and quantity, of classes and relations, of invariance and change. Undoubtedly, one reason Piaget s studies (23)---- so much attention up till now is that they identify such basic and important forms of knowledge. Another reason is Piaget s surprising, and controversial, claim that these basic forms of knowledge often take a long time to (24) thus quite rather although instead will attract have attracted were attracting had attracted are attracting 20. few that many much several 24. claim succeed ensure predict develop 21. against at throughout besides over 4 sorularda, verilen cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz. Whether you are interested in the ancient, medieval, or modern world, the Cities of the Dead are cemeteries in Cairo that have become home to thousands of the city s poorest you can visit the Old City of Jerusalem, which is home to countless Jewish, Christian, and Muslim sacred sites, such as the Wailing Wall you can see the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in Pakistan dating back to 3000 BC that are still under excavation you can find art and architecture from each time period anywhere people resided in the Middle East the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is a treasure chest of mummies, statues, and thousands of other items of historic value ----, while larger sailing cruisers are used for long-distance racing. Smaller sail boats are used for weekend and holiday cruising Many different types of smaller sailing dinghies have gone on the market Fibreglass has helped extend the use of smaller boats to more people The yacht Maiden was used to compete in a long race with the first female crew The kayak is the most popular type of canoe in Europe Because social relations are so crucial for human life, young adults often devote long hours to work, leaving little time for other activities relationships that cut across both racial and ethnic lines are nothing new it is not surprising that loneliness and personal rejection are major sources of distress loneliness can take many forms and cannot be detected simply by looking at someone it is possible to experience one type of loneliness but not the others ----, but it is easy to see proof of major market failures there as well. It is possible for trade policy to ignore national welfare altogether Domestic market failure calls for domestic policy changes based on cost-benefit analysis Most deviations from free trade result in market failure We need to realize that economic theory does not provide a dogmatic defence of free trade The evidence that markets perform poorly is a little less obvious in advanced countries Although young children are certainly sensitive to other people s facial expressions, they find it difficult to learn that something is bad for them their brains are not capable of fully understanding the emotions that cause them it is still not a good idea to send them to school at a very early age they generally want things that they cannot have it is hard for them to deal with being separated from their caregivers 5 30. The language game is similar to other games in that it is structured by rules People lose one of the most obvious ways in which they can identify their place in society which provide a picture of a world without laws upon which certain notions have not yet been defined clearly by linguists so that individuals are initiated into their own society and culture by their parents which speakers learn simply by belonging to a particular speech community and these are completely irrelevant to the actual users of the language 34. when they leave the workforce permanently so they need to gain a lot of work experience because they generally love to socialize as their retirement is a reward for years of hard work despite their failure to change their habits You will feel right at home with Florida s outrageous broadcasts There are hundreds of mental or cognitive ability tests available worldwide, while aptitude tests are typically used to predict future performance therefore new applicants are assumed to be more successful in such tests so people need to study very hard if they want to get a good score though people have to be careful and make sure they know their mental ability yet the number of people who value their results remains very low whereas analogue sound has higher fidelity than digital sound if you are accustomed to the sensationalism of cheap daily newspapers although they give you direct access to many TV channels whether you have to choose from a wide variety of radio channels as though your favourite song was on air all day long 32. A glacier is an enormous ice mass since a mountain valley carved out by a river is usually steep as long as the surrounding rock is scoured by the ice and sediment that results from more snow falling and accumulating in winter than melts in the summer while the sun rays are not as strong during these times which shows that our mild climate is only an interval between ice ages 6 soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. 36. It can be inferred from the passage that the author Americans tend to think that varieties of English are more determined by region than by any other factor, such as age, ethnicity, gender and social class. The linguist Henry Smith, for instance, maintained that each region of American English is highly distinctive. Scholars who have investigated the matter have been influenced by the theory of dialect geography formulated in the 19 th century by European dialectologists. As a result, investigations have presumed the idea of long-settled and stable regions an idea appropriate for Europe but less suitable to the more recent and fluid settlement patterns of the US. Even so, American English dialects are conventionally treated under four headings: North, Coastal South, Midland, and West. The Northern dialect stretches from New England to New York and was shaped by migration from the 17 th century colonial settlements. The Coastal Southern dialect centres on the Atlantic port cities of the states of Virginia, the Carolinas and Georgia, formed in a time of plantation and ranch agriculture. The Midland dialect is spoken between North and South Midlands according to some dialectologists while others emphasize its affiliation with its neighbours and describe it as Lower North and Upper South. Finally, the Western dialect is used in the area that covers California and the Pacific Northwest. 37. believes that dialectology as a science has not fully developed despite scholarly efforts believes in the advantages of the theory of dialect geography originally developed for Europe has doubts about the applicability of the European view of dialects for the US offers the settlement histories as the best explanation for the emergence of dialects strongly believes in the idea that American English can best be classified in terms of regions According to the passage, the popular ideas of most Americans on the subject of dialects are not shared by mainstream linguists linguists who have carried out research on American dialects have been educated in Europe factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, and social class seldom play a role in dialectal differences 35. As it is clearly stated in the passage, there is an assumption that the Midland dialect cannot be classified the four-way division of American English is made according to occupational considerations social factors such as ethnicity hardly ever contribute to the classification of dialects Americans classify dialects according to regional factors the Coastal Southern dialect is affiliated with Upper South and Lower North 38. geography has little bearing on dialect boundaries because of migration Henry Smith thinks that the relatively new and mobile settlement patterns in the US are a great influence on dialects According to the passage, scholars have a unified theory of dialect geography European settlement patterns do not share the same history as those in the US there is a need to compare the various regions in the US in terms of dialect differences the critics who assert that social factors are equally valid are mistaken the Western dialect is no longer in use in its Native California 7 soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. 40. According to the passage, physical disabilities To succeed in school, children must master three skills reading, writing and arithmetic but not all students readily grasp these basic skills. Among English-speaking children, an estimated 2 to 15% have trouble with reading or spelling, broadly classified as dyslexia. From 1 to 7% struggle to do math, a disability known as dyscalculia. Statistics vary but dyslexia appears to be more common among English speakers than among speakers of highly phonetic languages such as Turkish and Italian. It is believed that at least one child in most elementary school classes in the US suffers from dyslexia. Both dyslexia and dyscalculia defy easy explanation. Neither disorder is the result of faulty eyesight or hearing, both of which can also delay language acquisition but are easily corrected. Instead, children with dyslexia and dyscalculia have working sensory organs, apparently normal sensory and motor development and, sometimes, above-average intelligence. After more than 15 years of research, investigators now believe these conditions frequently involve so-called partial functional deficits of the senses: In affected children, the eyes and ears accurately register sights and sounds, letters, numbers and spoken syllables, but that information is misinterpreted as it is processed in the brain. As it is clearly stated in the passage, the disorder dyslexia seem to play no role in the emergence of dyslexia and dyscalculia are the main causes for children s inability to read and calculate are contributing factors responsible for dyslexia and dyscalculia can delay language acquisition in an estimated 2 to 15% of children are observed in at least one child in elementary school classes in the US According to the passage, children with dyslexia and dyscalculia may have difficulty in speaking their native language children with dyslexia and dyscalculia do not have normal sensory and motor development researchers often tend to confuse dyslexia with dyscalculia people with dyslexia and dyscalculia are often below average intelligence partial functional deficits could be to blame for dyslexia and dyscalculia occurs in people who have dyscalculia is unheard of in the history of US education is easily observed in phonetic languages like Turkish and Italian could have something to do with the type of language children are acquiring has not been documented for highly phonetic languages 42. It is stated in the passage that dyslexia and dyscalculia are the least important issues in the US reading, writing and arithmetic are areas crucial to academic success if it were not for dyslexia and dyscalculia, American education would be free of problems dyslexia and dyscalculia are the learning disabilities most easily solved by educationalists dyscalculia appears to be more widespread than dyslexia in elementary school classes 8 soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. The First World War could be called the War of the Ottoman Succession. It was, in part, a struggle between Austria and Russia for domination in the areas in the Balkans once ruled by the Ottoman Empire. Its first shots were fired in the former Ottoman city of Sarajevo. Throughout the summer and autumn of 1914, as the European powers were locked in battle, the Ottoman government hesitated. Finally, at the end of October, against the wishes of his colleagues, Enver Pasha decided to attack Russian targets with the new warships in the Black Sea. His decision led to war across Europe, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the end of stability in the Middle East. Initially, the alliance between the Ottoman Empire and the Central Powers worked well. In the first half of the 20 th century, Germany was not the source of horror that it later became. Britain, France and Russia were the enemies to be feared and resented. By comparison, Germany appeared friendly. The Ottoman government calculated that its alliance with the Central Powers would restore the glory of the empire, help it recover some of the islands lost to Greece in 1913, and perhaps lead to an extension of territory in Turkish-speaking central Asia. It can be inferred from the passage that Austria and Russia s struggle for domination in the Balkans was largely ignored by the Ottoman Empire having lost the Balkans, the Ottoman Empire looked to join forces with central Asia to attack Russia According to the passage, most people feared Germany more than France, Russia and Britain at that time the Central Powers did everything possible to help the Ottoman Empire recapture territory in the east the Ottoman government sought assistance from the Turkish-speaking peoples of central Asia the Ottoman government s decision to form an alliance with Germany was partly based on the hope of regaining some Greek islands Germany was disliked in Europe for the role it played in attacking Russian targets According to the passage, Enver Pasha was determined to side with the Central Powers despite the initial uncertainty of his colleagues continued to remain neutral in the face of the challenges he faced could have avoided the conflict between Austria and Russia submitted to the wishes of his colleagues in sending the warships to attack Russia thought Russia would not fight back if it was attacked the Ottoman Empire was looking for ways to recover its former glory through its alliance with Germany and Austria the Ottoman Empire s decision to ally itself with Germany was very unpopular with Austria Enver Pasha s decision to enter into war against Russia was based on his desire to free the city of Sarajevo 46. The main focus of the passage is on the contribution of the Central Powers to the Ottoman attempts to remain a major power the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and the ineffective efforts to stop it the conditions under which Germany became the most powerful nation in Europe how the European powers wanted to control weaker peoples and nations the tactics the Ottoman government used to prevent the war 9 soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız. 48. The main reason why the Dead Sea is about to disappear is that The Dead Sea is a place of mystery: the lowest surface on earth, the purported sites of Sodom and Gomorrah, a supposed font of curative waters and, despite its name, a treasure trove of unusual microbial life. Yet its future is anything but a mystery. After centuries of stability owing to a delicate equilibrium between freshwater supply from the Jordan River and evaporation under the relentless Middle Eastern sun the sea is now disappearing. Jordanians to the east, Israelis to the west and Syrians and Lebanese to the north are pumping so much freshwater from the river catchment that almost none reaches the sea. Israel and Jordan are also siphoning water from the Dead Sea to extract valuable minerals, hastening the decline. Thousands of sinkholes
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