Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) for Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm in Balıkesir, Turkey - PDF

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Environment Prepared for: Prepared by: Enerjisa Enerji Üretim A.S. AECOM İstanbul Turkey Report No: TR-R September 2011 and Social Plan (ESAP) for Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm in Balıkesir, Turkey

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Environment Prepared for: Prepared by: Enerjisa Enerji Üretim A.S. AECOM İstanbul Turkey Report No: TR-R September 2011 and Social Plan (ESAP) for Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm in Balıkesir, Turkey Environment Prepared for: Prepared by: Enerjisa Enerji Üretim A.S. AECOM İstanbul Turkey Report No: TR-R September 2011 and Social Plan (ESAP) for Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm in Balıkesir, Turkey Neslihan AYVAZ, Engineer, BS Ahmet ÇELİK, Engineer, BS Prepared by Gürkan KUNTASAL, Chemical Engineer, BS, MS Reviewed by AECOM Ahmet Rasim Sok. No:18/3 Çankaya Ankara Turkey T: F: September 2011 Report No.: AECOM Report Environment i Contents 1.0 Introduction Purpose and Scope of the ESAP Background of the Project and Monitoring of the ESAP and Social Plans September 2011 AECOM Report Environment ii List of Acronyms EBRD EIA EMRA ESAP NTS PR SEP European Bank for Re and Development Impact Assessment Energy Market Regulatory Authority and Social Plan Non-technical Summary Performance Requirement Stakeholder Engagement Plan September 2011 AECOM Report Environment Introduction 1.1 Purpose and Scope of the ESAP This and Social Plan (ESAP) for Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm Project (Balıkesir-1 WFP) (the Project) has been prepared in order to meet the requirements of EBRD. In accordance with the EBRD s and Social Policy (2008), the Project has been screened as a Category A project, requiring the development of an ESAP in addition to the other technical documents. EBRD requires preparation of an ESAP as required by Performance Requirement (PR) 1 of its and Social Policy. The aim of this ESAP is to determine the implementation program of mitigation measures and actions associated with the potential environmental and social impacts, both adverse and beneficial, of the project. In order to ensure this, all stages of the project including, operation and decommissioning phases are considered in accordance with the requirements of EBRD. This Project must comply with both Turkish and the EU legislation as required by EBRD. Therefore, the ESAP includes all mitigation measures determined in the existing environmental impact report and additional actions required by EBRD that have not already been identified, e.g. actions recommended by IPPC s Best Available Techniques. This ESAP sets out the environmental and social impacts of the project and associated measures to avoid, or where avoidance is not possible, mitigate the adverse on environment and communities. The ESAP also addresses environmental benefits, legislative requirement, responsibility, timetable and evaluation criteria for successful implementation of these measures. 1.2 Background of the Project Enerjisa Enerji Üretim A.Ş. (Enerjisa) proposes to develop Balıkesir-1 Wind Farm Project (the Project) with an installed capacity of MW in Balıkesir Province of Turkey. The project will annually generate GWh of electrical energy through 52 wind turbines (General Electric wind turbine). The electricity will be transmitted through the Poyraz WFP - Balıkesir Transformer Station II connection as approved by Turkish Electricity Transmission Co. (TEIAS) with an approximately 4.5 km long over head energy transmission line (154/kV). Enerjisa has been granted by the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA) a 49-year Generation License (EU/1167-6/839, dated April 18, 2007) for the proposed project under the provisions of Law No governing the electricity market in the Republic of Turkey. September 2011 AECOM Report Environment 1-2 In accordance with the Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulation published Official Gazette No and dated July 7, 2008, a Project Description Report (PDR) (a preliminary EIA report) is required for the projects included in the Annex II of this regulation. Since this project is included in the Annex II of the regulation, a PDR was prepared by a local consulting firm and submitted to the Balıkesir Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forestry. The project secured Impact Assessment not Required decision on November 29, 2007, which was a development consent and enables the project to secure other permits required by the relevant Turkish regulations. Enerjisa plans to apply for a loan from the EBRD. Enerjisa has contracted with AECOM to prepare the supplementary documents according to the EBRD requirements. Review of the environmental reports report by AECOM pointed out the need for preparation of an and Social Plan (ESAP) as required by the EBRD for disclosure purpose. 1.3 and Monitoring of the ESAP Organizational Capacity The Project Owner (Operator) will establish and maintain an organizational structure and strengthen its capability (i.e. budget or professional staff) in order to implement mitigation measures and monitoring activities effectively. This will include the followings: Specific personnel on site or at the administrative level will be designated. Their responsibilities will be well defined. Sufficient human and financial resources will be provided to achieve effective and continuous social and environmental performance. The Operator will assess the capability of the designated personnel and ensure they are adequately qualified. If necessary the personnel will be trained so that they have the knowledge and skills necessary to perform their work. For the phase of the Project, the personnel to implement the ESAP requirements will be appointed by the Owner. The Project Owner will be responsible for following up the ESAP requirements during the operation phase. Therefore, there will be designated personnel in the organizational structure of the Operator who will be responsible for implementing ESAP requirements. These personnel will also be responsible for coordination with the Consultant to be hired by the Operator for monitoring studies which is also explained in the following sections. The contractor management, which will be needed for the phase, is presented below. September 2011 AECOM Report Environment 1-3 Managing s Although it is the Operator s responsibility to implement this ESAP, many contractors and subcontractors will be working on site during the phase. Therefore, the Operator will ensure that all contractors are fully aware of this ESAP s requirements and meet the requirements set out in this ESAP. For this reason, followings will be carried out for an effective contractor management: and social risks associated with contracts will be assessed. Tender documents will include relevant PRs and ESAP requirements and capable contractors will be hired to meet the requirements. s will be ensured to have knowledge and skills to perform their tasks in accordance with the PRs and ESAP requirements. s will be monitored for the compliance with the requirements. Subcontractors of the contractors will be required to have similar arrangements. Performance Monitoring The /Operator will establish procedures to monitor the implementation of this ESAP. Since the Project is a Category A project, the /Operator will be required to hire qualified and experienced specialists to perform periodic monitoring throughout the life of the EBRD s involvement with the project. Monitoring results will be documented to the EBRD and based on these results the /Operator will carry out necessary corrective and preventive actions. It may be necessary to revise the original ESAP; therefore amended ESAP and/or offset program will be submitted to the Bank for approval. As EBRD s and Social Policy (2008) requires, the /Operator will visit the project site by the EBRD s environmental or social specialists, or consultants acting on the EBRD s behalf. The will hire an Consultant to monitor the requirements of the ESAP during the of the project. The Consultant will present the monitoring results and mitigation measures for the findings/non-compliance issues observed on the site to the. The will keep a copy of the environmental monitoring reports. September 2011 2.0 and Social Plans Table 2-1 ESAP for the Construction Phase No Issue Potential Impact 1.0 Impacts during Construction Phase - Where possible, the contractor will select the equipment design to minimize the dust emissions. - Activities that produce significant dust emissions will be monitored during periods of high winds and dust control measures implemented as appropriate. 1.1 Air Quality Dust generation from excavation activities - Stockpiles of soil and similar materials will be carefully managed to minimize the risk of windblown dust, e.g. water spray dampening soils and spoil and during delivery and dumping of sand and gravel during periods of dry weather. - Loading and unloading of material that could generate dust will be done without throwing into the air. - Where possible, drop heights for material transfer activities, e.g. unloading of friable materials, will be minimized and carefully managed. Avoidance of excessive dust generation affecting human and flora/fauna elements in the vicinity of the site. EU Directive 2008/50/EC Turkish Industrial Air Pollution Control Regulation Best Practice period Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD (Dust Emission Measurements if required) - On-site and access roads will be well maintained through mechanical means (sweeping or vacuuming) or spraying with water. If dust cannot be prevented despite spraying, windbreak panels will be used. - Vehicle speeds on un-surfaced roads will be limited to 30 km/h. 2-1 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact - Lorries used for the transportation of friable materials and spoil off-site will be covered/sheeted. - Dust concentration in the site and closest sensitive receptor will be monitored if required. Gaseous pollutant emission from machines - Best available control technology will be adopted to reduce emissions from fuel storage, combustion emissions from engines and any other temporary equipment. - Engines will not be left running unnecessarily. Engines will be switched off when not in use. - Regular maintenance of vehicles will be undertaken to ensure that vehicles are safe and that emissions are minimized. - All vehicles will be regularly maintained so that their exhaust emissions do not cause nuisance to workers or local people. Lowering primary air pollutants affecting human and flora/fauna elements in the vicinity of the site. Opportunity to monitor GHG emissions affecting air quality in the vicinity of the site. EBRD PR 3 Best Practice period Site Observation 1.2 Noise Noise generation from the vehicles and machines - All vehicles will be maintained regularly so that their noise emissions do not cause nuisance to workers or local people. - Exhaust mufflers will be employed on engine-powered equipment and vehicles. - The use of vehicles during will be optimized as much as possible to reduce number of vehicles and thus reduce the potential for traffic noise. - All vehicles will be driven responsibly and below 30 km/h within the site. - The site personnel will be provided with proper personal protective equipments in To minimize noise levels and prevent the disturbance resulting from noise. EU Directive 2002/49/EC Turkish Regulation on Assessment and Management of Noise Best period Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD Monitoring of the noise levels at the nearest sensitive receptor and at the receptors close to the locations where the activities are conducted 2-2 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact (measurement of the noise levels at the receptors during the period in case of any complaints from the public and also at the nearest sensitive receptor) order not to expose to high noise levels that can be generated at the site. - Site personnel will be trained in the proper use and maintenance of tools and equipment, and the positioning of machinery on site to reduce noise emissions to neighboring communities. - All necessary actions will be taken to ensure that every settlement in the vicinity of the working area and noise susceptible features are identified, residents are informed about the project and working hours and those complaints due to noise are received. - Noise levels and vibration will be monitored and reported. A noise modeling assessment will be conducted prior to start of works. 2-3 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact - An Erosion and Sedimentation Control Plan will be prepared and the mitigation actions will be determined at the project site. - Vegetative top soil of the project site will be stripped prior to excavation works and will be stored in the site separately to be used in landscaping. The pile height will not exceed 2 m. Site Observation 1.3 Landscaping & Erosion and Sedimentation Landslides and erosion on excavated soil surfaces. - Drainage channels will be constructed in order to control runoff and prevent the agricultural lands in the project site around the turbine locations and the access roads. - Excavation works will be performed in a way to minimize landslides and surface erosion. - Construction management of excavations will avoid the generation of drainage pathways to underlying aquifers. Avoidance of landslides and erosion. Protection of vegetative top soil. Turkish Regulation on Control of Excavation Soil, Construction and Demolition Wastes Best Practice period Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD (Site observation for the risk of landslides and erosion control measures) - Slope stabilization and landscape works will be performed where excavation is carried out. 2-4 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact - Any wastewater discharge to the environment will be prohibited. 1.4 Waste Management Wastewater - Sanitary (domestic) wastewater from the workers camp will be stored in sealed or impervious septic tanks. - The septic tanks will be made of leak proof material and the tank level will be checked periodically. Preventing the impact of wastewaters on soil, surface and groundwater quality EU Directive 91/271/EEC Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation EBRD PR 3 period Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD (keeping the disposal records on site) - Wastewater generated during the phase will be transported and disposed periodically to relevant authority. The disposal records will be kept at the site. 2-5 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact - A Waste Management Plan will be developed in order to reduce the waste generation and to implement the waste reuse and recycle s. 1.4 Waste Management Non-hazardous Solid Waste (organic and recyclable wastes) - Wastes will be characterized according to the composition, source, types of wastes produced, generation rates, or according to local regulatory requirements. - Feasible waste prevention, reduction, reuse, recovery and recycling measures will be adopted. Waste materials will be treated and disposed of and all measures will be taken to avoid potential impacts to human health and the environment. - Solid wastes that could be recycled, like cement bags, metal scraps, tin cans, packing boxes and wooden crates, etc. will be separated and stored temporarily on site for eventual recycling process. - Solid wastes that are non-recyclable and non-hazardous will be collected and properly disposed of in a waste disposal site of relevant Municipality. - The paper, plastic and glass content in the wastes will be separated for recycling. - The non-recyclable solid wastes will be sorted and accumulated inside appropriate, leak proof, non-contaminating drums for eventual disposal at the site designated by the local Municipality. Waste minimization, resource conservation and effective waste management. EU Directive 2008/98/EC Turkish Solid Wastes Control Regulation Turkish Regulation on General Principles of Waste Management Turkish Packaging Waste Control Regulation EBRD PR 3 period Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD The disposal agreements with the licensed companies for all necessary type of wastes will be signed and the records will be kept on site. (The amount of waste generated, recycled and disposed) - The domestic waste will be collected in special trash bins onsite and made available for the local municipality collection trucks. 2-6 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact 1.4 Waste Management Excavation soil - The excavation, and demolition wastes will be reused where possible for refilling. In case they cannot be used they will be disposed of at the places approved by the Municipality or relevant authorities according to the Excavation, Construction and Demolition Waste Control Regulation. Waste minimization, resource conservation and effective waste management. EU Directive 2008/98/EC Turkish Regulation on Control of Excavation Soil, Construction and Demolition Wastes period Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD 2-7 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact 1.4 Waste Management Hazardous Wastes (Waste oil, waste batteries and accumulators, medical wastes, etc.) - Hazardous wastes will be segregated from non-hazardous wastes and its management will focus on the prevention of harm to health, safety, and the environment. - Hazardous waste label will be placed on to the containers and this label will indicate the amount of stored waste as well as the storage time of the hazardous waste. Hazardous solid wastes generated during will be collected and stored in a concrete area with proper labeling. - Hazardous wastes will be stored in containers that are non-damaged, leak-proof, safe and appropriate for the international standards, on concrete place within the land of the facility. - Hazardous waste containers will be kept closed and wastes will be stored in a way that they will not go in chemical reactions. - The hazardous liquid wastes will be collected in metal or plastic drums and stored in an area with a concrete surface and a proper secondary containment to prevent potential spills and leakages reaching to soil or groundwater. - Transportation of the wastes will be done by the persons and entities that are licensed for this work and by the vehicles appropriate for the properties of the transported waste. The hazardous wastes will be sent to a licensed disposal facility. To ensure proper disposal of hazardous wastes which to prevent the risk of soil, surface waters and groundwater contamination. EU Directive 2008/98/EC Turkish Waste Oil Control Regulation Turkish Regulation for Control of the Tires Which Have Completed Their Life-Cycles Turkish Regulation on Control of Waste Batteries and Accumulators Turkish Hazardous Waste Control Regulation Turkish Medical Waste Control Regulation EBRD PR 3 During Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD Amount of waste generated and transported (Waste Declaration Form and National Waste Transportation Forms) 2-8 September 2011 No Issue Potential Impact 1.5 Hazardous Materials Handling Impacts on soil and groundwater as a result of spillage/leakage of the chemicals - All chemical storage containers, including diesel fuel, and hazardous liquid waste drums/containers will be placed so as to minimize the risk of soil and groundwater contamination and water pollution. - All chemicals will be stored according to their compatibilities and reactivity. - All chemicals and fuel will be stored on improper areas (i.e. concrete) with proper secondary containments and drip trays during. - When necessary, spill kits, absorbent pads or materials, and absorbent sands will be provided near the chemical storage areas at all times. To ensure proper handling of the chemicals to prevent the risk of soil, surface waters and groundwater contamination. EU Directive EC 1907/2006 (REACH) Turkish Bylaw on the Measures to be taken at Work sites and Works Utilizing Flammable, Explosive, Hazardous and Detrimental Materials period Site Observation Construction Monitoring Reports to EBRD - Any spill from activities will be monitored and controlled; waste materials which are unsuitable for reuse on-site will be disposed of at an appropriately licensed waste disposa
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