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3 Domokos Miklós NB-titkár: FŐKOORDINÁTORI BESZÁMOLÓ A DUNA-VÍZGYŰJTŐBELI ORSZÁGOK HIDROLÓGIAI EGYÜTTMŰKÖDÉSÉNEK 19. SZAKÉRTŐI ÉRTEKEZLETÉRE (Passau, június 2.) M. DOMOKOS, coordinator ( ) of the hydrological cooperation of the Danube Countries, secretary of the Hungarian IHP/OHP National Committee, within VITUKI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND WATER MANAGEMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE Address: H-1095 Budapest, Kvassay Jenő út 1 Mail: H-1453 Budapest, Pf.27., Hungary Telephone. +36-(1) , +36-(1) Telefax: +36-(1) GENERAL REPORT of the co-ordinator of the Regional Hydrological Co-operation of the Danube Countries in the framework of IHP/UNESCO, submitted at the 19th Working Meeting of that Co-operation (Passau, 2 June 2005) (A) A short historical review (1)The regional hydrological co-operation of the institutions of the at that time 8 Countries with major ( 5%) areal shares in the Danube Catchment (D, A, CS, H, YU, RO, BG, and SU), commenced in a spontaneous way in 1971, was co-ordinated until 1986 jointly by the Water Research Institute (VÚVH) of Bratislava, Czechoslovakia and by a Technical Secretary established to this purpose in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. As an important result of the joint efforts of the hydrologists of the 8 Danube Countries during the first 16 years of co-operation, the work entitled The Danube and its Catchment A Hydrological Monograph could be published in German language in Munich in 1986, in great part owing to the generous support offered to this purpose by the IHP/OHP National Committee of the Federal Republic of Germany, particularly to the efforts of Mr H. Schiller. The German version of the Monograph was followed by the publication, sponsored by the UNESCO, of its abridged version in four languages (German, Russian, English and French) in 1988, in Bratislava and by the publication of its full Russian version in 1989 in Leningrad. (2) The representatives of the IHP National Committees of the at that time 8 Danube Countries decided, during their meeting held in April 1987 in Budapest, Hungary, that the expert group welded together in the course of compiling the Monograph should continue its cooperation. At this meeting called later the 1 st Expert Meeting they also composed the Principles of the new phase of the cooperation, to be commenced in These Principles were signed by the representatives of the IHP National Committees of the at that time 8 Danube Countries partly during the 1 st Expert Meeting and partly shortly aftewards. As a consequence of political changes taking place in Central and Eastern Europe around 1990, the number of Danube Countries with major shares in the the Catchment has increased to 13. Also the majority of the IHP NCs of the new Danube Countries gradually have signed the Principles. Unfortunately, there are still a few new Danube Countries in which no IHP NCs have been established yet before (3) According to the Principles, the goal of the cooperation is to compile and publish multilaterally agreed-upon hydrological/water management information materials on topics not overlapping those dealt with by other institutions, whose compilation is only possible by the cooperation of the hydrologists of all Danube Countries and which provide an indispensable prerequisite for integrated planning of water management development embracing the whole Danube Catchment. The Principles, among others, stipulate the following : (a) The co-operating Parties are working on the basis of a Working Plan, jointly compiled, updated and approved at Expert Meetings, containing the denominations of the information materials ( projects ) to be compiled, the Country responsible for co-ordinating this compilation, the foreseen deadline for finishing the work, the method of compilation and the input information required from the cooperating Countries. (b) In order to survey the realization of the Working Plan and to updating/completing this Plan, regular Expert Meetings (recently called also Working Meetings) have to be held, at least yearly, in alternating Countries. (c) The expenses of participation in the co-operation, including those for making available data and information, for commenting on draft reports, for attending Expert Meetings and, additionally, in the case of project co-ordinator Countries: for compiling and publishing the project reports are met by each co-operating Country itself. (d) The duties of Chief Co-ordinator of the whole cooperation is to be performed, for a certain period, on a voluntary basis, by the IHP NC of one of the cooperating Danube Countries, elected for this office by all participants of the cooperation. Note that an updated version of the Principles of 1987 slightly modifying the latter thus not changing the basic guidelines (a)-(d) as listed above was compiled and submitted for approval in 2001 by the Slovak IHP NC, acting at that time as the Chief Co-ordinator of the co-operation. Since this new version by August 2002 has been accepted and signed by the representatives of the IHP NCs of 9 Danube Countries (i.e., by the majority of the 13 countries), it is considered to be in force. (The IHP NCs of the remaining 4 Countries Bosnia & Herzegovina, Moldova, Slovenia and Ukraine which so far have not yet signed the Principles, are still invited to do so.) (4) The provisions of the Principles have been implemented during the period as follows : Serial No. (a) During the 18 years mentioned, eleven volumes containing the results of joint efforts to elaborate projects, according to the Working Plan, have been compiled and published as follow-up volumes to the Danube Monograph of 1986 (Table 1). Identific ation No. of volume Table 1 : Printed project reports issued before the end of 2004 (in chronological order of their publication) Title of project Year of publication Language(s) of publication 1) Coordinating country 1. I Sediment regime of the Danube 1993 G,R H 2. II Thermal and ice conditions of the Danube and its major tributaries 1993 G,R CS 3. V/1 The fords of the Danube 1996 G,R H 4. V/2 Palaeogeography of the Danube and its Catchment 1999 E H 5. V/3 Regulation of the riverbed of the Danube 1999 G,R SK 6. IV Coincidence of the flood waves of the Danube and its tributaries 1999 E 2) YU 7. VI/1 Danube River Basin Coding 2000 E,G,R SLO 8. VII Regional analysis of annual peak 2004 E RO discharges in the Danube Catchment 9. VIII/1 Inventory of the main hydraulic structures in 2004 E RO the Danube Basin 10. VIII/2 Flow regime of River Danube and its 2004 G, R, E D (+H) Catchment 11. VIII/3 Basin-wide water balance in the Danube River Basin 3) 2004 E SK 1) Languages of publication: E = English, G = German, R = Russian 2) It is planned to additionally publish also a four-language version (E,G,R and Serbian) of Follow-up volume No. IV 3) The compilation of Follow-up volume No.VIII/3, prompted by ICPDR, was substantially sponsored by UVO/ROSTE, Venice. In December 2005, an incomplete, draft version of this volume was printed in Bratislava. It requires completion and finalizing. As it can be seen from Table 1, the distribution of responsibilities for co-ordinating the complilation of various projects was far from beeing uniform among the cooperating countries: from among the 11 published volumes, 1 was co-ordinated by Czechoslovakia, 2 by Slovakia, 3 by Hungary, 2 by Romania and 1 by Slovenia, 1 by (small) Yugoslavia. (b) Since 1987, ordinary Expert Meetings (called also Working Meetings) took place annually, in alternating countries, the 18 th (i.e., the so far last) ordinary meeting having been held in August 2004 in Brno, Czech Republic. In addition, each second year a short extraordinary Expert Meeting was usually also held, as a satellite event of the biennial scientific Danube Conferences, organized since 1961 independently from the hydrological cooperation of the Danube Countries. (The last such extraordinary Expert Meeting took place in September 2002, as a satellite convention of the XXIst Danube Conference convened in Bucharest, Romania. Since then, the convention of no more extraordinary meeting has been envisaged.) Occasionally, whenever needed, technical workshops on some ongoing selected projects (in recent years particularly on Follow-up volume VIII/3) have also been held, either as satellite events of Expert Meetings or independently. (c) The bearing of expenses, according to the Principles, by the co-operating countries themselves, was occasionally moreover: in the last years regularly supplemented by allotments for printing project reports and for attending Expert Meetings allowed first of all by the IHP/OHP NC of Germany and of the European Regional Office of UNESCO (ROSTE), Venice. The latter Office also substantially has sponsored the compilation of Follow-up volume VIII/3, Water Balance, prompted by ICPDR. (d) The responsibility of Chief Co-ordinator of the co-operation was assumed following a downstream progressing order along the Danube, as by an unwritten agreement between the participants since 1987 by the IHP NCs of the following countries: : Germany : Austria : Slovakia : Hungary It has already been agreed that the next Chief Co-ordinator will be the IHP National Committee of Serbia & Montenegro, during the period (5) Before commencing its activity as Chief Co-ordinator of the Regional Hydrological Co-operation of the Danube Countries, the Hungarian Party tried to collect information about the actual existence of the conditions for successfully implement between 2003 and 2005 the goals of the co-operation, as determined in the Principles of the latter. First of all: it was essential to know, if the IHP NCs of the cooperating 13 Danube Countries still had the intention to further take upon themselves, in order to implement the goals identified in the Principles, both selfless labour and sacrifices. Namely, it is obvious that a continuation of the co-operation including the convening of annual Expert Meetings would only be justified if results satisfying the main goals of the Principles could be expected from it. Otherwise a discontinuance or at least a less frequent convention of ordinary Expert Meetings may be recommendable, in order to economize with available limited sources. In order to test the willingness of the 13 IHP NCs concerned, a pertinent Questionnaire was distributed among them by the Hungarian Chief Coordinator. By the end of 2004, 8 filled-in Questionnaires containing positive answers were returned. (B) Implementation of the resolutions of the 18 th Expert Meeting (August 2004, Brno) Annex 3 of the Minutes of the 18th Expert Meeting is the list of agreed-upon deadlines to be observed during the period from September 2004 to June It is an obligation now of the both Chief Co-ordinator and the participants of the present Expert Meeting to check the fulfilment or non-fulfilment of the items of that list. The most important items of the list of deadlines are of course connected with the not yet finished projects of the Working Plan of this community and each of these projects will detailedly dealt with later, under point 7 of the Agenda of the present meeting. Therefore it seems to be enough when just now, in a preliminary fashion, only selected crucial or critical items of the list, requiring further action, be mentioned or highlighted. The series of the Minutes of our Expert Meetings is still incomplete because the Minutes of the 16th Meeting (Zagreb, May 2002) are still missing. The first draft of the updated and extended website of our Co-operation was prepared by the co-ordinator and submitted for inclusion to UVO/ROSTE. There will be a presentation under item 6 of our Agenda. In the list, there is a deadline regarding Project No. 9 on floods. In the meantime, this Chief Co-ordinator received a letter from Dr. Manukalo stating, on behalf the Ukrainian IHP National Committee, responsible for Project No.9, that they are compelled for suspend their activities on that project for technical reasons. That means that Project 9 is to be considered to be provisionally canceled from our Working Plan, until either the original project co-ordinator or the IHP National Committee of another Danubian Country does not declare to be prepared to coordinate the continuation of works on the flood project. (This is also the reason for its not being listed among the topics of our Agenda.) May I ask this Meeting to agree to this cancellation. (Note that tacitly already Sub-project No. 6.4, Meandering and slope conditions, had been cancelled at the Brno Meeting.) As for Project No.11, Runoff regime stability, the Hungarian project leader failed to distribute its draft report by the end of 2004, as required by the list of obligatory deadlines. Also the printing and distribution of the very substantial, three-language Follow-up volume VIII/2, Runoff regime, whose manuscript practically was finished one year ago, should have been carried out by the German project leader by the end of 2004.The delay is presumably due to technical reasons. From Austria, the printing and distripution of Follow-up volume III, Precipitation, was wxpected by the end of No communication has reached the Chief Co-ordinator in this respect. Presumably it was not possible to overcome the information loss and other difficulties caused by the regrettable illnes of the former project leader, Dr Oskar Behr. In this case it may be perhaps recommandable to cancel this project, like Project No. 9, from our Working Plan. At the Brno Meeting, the Hungarian Party offered to deal with a possible extension of Sub-project No 8.1, Bibliography. In the meantime it was (C) Actual tasks decided that this activity should start only after that the original Bibliography (containing conference papers) will be made available on the Internet by the German project leader. Project No. 10, Meta-database, seems to be in a sleepuing stadium, due to the rather scarce contributions received by the Hungarian project leader. Top priority must be given to the finalizing and completion of Follow-up volume No. VIII/3, Water Balance, whose printed draft version was distributed by the Slovak project leader in February 2005, asking comments and suggestions from all co-operating countries. We are looking forward to a survey of the received comments and the further plans of the project leader As for Project No. 12, SEDAN, a Questionnaire, compiled by the Romanian project leader, and a Short Questionnaire, prepared by Hungarian experts, was distributed in April 2005, as a preparation for the launching worshop to be held on June 4th, As far as I am informed, unfortunately the number of received filled-in Short Questionnaires is rather low. We expet information from our German colleagues regarding the publication on the quadrilingual version of Follow.up volume No. IV, Flood coincidence. During the Brno Meeting, the delegate of Moldova proposed an extraordinary Expert Meeting, to be held in her Country in autumn Since then, various correspondence took place between this Chief Coordinator and the IHP National Committee of Moldova, so far without any conclusion. As an alternative, the venue of the 21th regular Expert Meeting in Moldova has also been considered. This Working Meeting will survey, according to the accepted Agenda, various aspects of the further implementation of our Working Plan, including A possibly prompt publication of the Follow-up volumes whose manuscripts or even draft printed versions are already available (Volume IV/A, Flood coincidence (quadrilingual); Volume VIII/2, Runoff regime; Volume VIII/3: Water balance) A possibly prompt making available on the Internet of the result of Subproject No. 8.1, Bibliography (1st part) Speeding up activities on ongoing projects (No.10: Meta-database, No.11: Runoff stability) Make efforts to successfully launch the new project No.12, SEDAN, as a pilot project of the International Sedimentation Initiative Cancellation from the Working Plan of so far existing projects, whose implementation, for several reasons (at present) does not seem realistic (No.3: Precipitation, No. 9: Floods) Inclusion of new projects in the Working Plan (if there is agreement about it), taking into account also valuable external suggestions Annex 19 to the Minutes of the Brno Meeting, containing the agreed-upon numbering of the Follow-up volumes of the Danube Monograph, is to be considered still valid.
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