Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) - PDF

Alexander Butchart Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) Dr. Alexander Butchart coordinates the Violence Prevention Team (PVL), Department

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Alexander Butchart Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) Dr. Alexander Butchart coordinates the Violence Prevention Team (PVL), Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, World Health Organization (WHO). His main task is to implement the recommendations of the World Report on violence and health. This involves the development of technical guidelines, policy papers and research that can be used to support applied prevention programmes and advocate for increased investment in violence prevention. Specific projects include country level violence prevention demonstration programmes, the systematic documentation of violence prevention programmes, and research into the economic dimensions of interpersonal violence, including the costs of its consequences and the cost effectiveness of preventive programmes. He is a native of South Africa. Prior to commencing work with WHO in May 2001, he was an Associate Professor at the University of South Africa s Institute for Social and Health Sciences. He completed his doctorate in He was a founder member of the Injury Prevention Initiative for Africa, and from 1998 to April 2001 was lead scientist for the South African Violence and Injury Surveillance Consortium. *** Alexander Butchart Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, Organización Mundial de la Salud COMMENTARY: FROM CRIME PREVENTION TO SAFE COMMUNITIES Alexander Butchart Coordinator, Prevention of Violence World Health Organization Switzerland LET'S GET BACK TO THE FUTURE AND STAY THERE LONG ENOUGH TO MAKE PREVENTION A PERMANENT FEATURE OF THE POLICY AND PROGRAMME LANDSCAPE. Has violence prevention really arrived? In Connecticut, the 2004 budget for home visiting and related preventive services was $7.2 million per year. The budget for the state s child protective service agency was $650 million. The ratio of child protection to prevention was 90 to 1. Imagine how much more prevention could be accomplished if in every community the ratio were closer to 10 to 1. Leventhal JM. Editorial. Getting prevention right: maintaining the status quo is not an option. Child Abuse & Neglect 29 (2005), Are Safe Communities yet to come? Indicators for Safe Communities Infrastructure based on partnership and collaborations, governed by a crosssectional group responsible for safety promotion in their community; Long-term, sustainable programs covering both genders and all ages, environments, and situations; Programs that target high-risk groups and environments, and promote safety for vulnerable groups; Programs that document the frequency and causes of injuries; Evaluation measures to assess programs, processes and the effects of change; Ongoing participation in national and international Safe Communities networks. The Safe Communities Network Designated Members Norway Alvdal Bergen Fredrikstad Harstad Høyanger Klepp Kvam Larvik Os Rakkestad Sogn &Fjordane Ski Spydeberg Stovner Trondheim Vågå Årdal Sweden Arjeplog Borås Falköping Falun Katrineholm Krokom Lidköping Ludvika Mariestad Motala Nacka Skövde Smedjebacken Staffanstorp Tidaholm Töreboda Uddevalla Denmark Horsens Finland Hyvinkää Kouvola Estonia Rapla Netherlands Rotterdam Austria Vorarlberg Poland Tarnowskie Góry Serbia Backi Petrovac Novi Sad Czech Republic Chrudim Kromeriz Trebon Bosnia (B&H) Konjic Iran Arsenjan Bardaskan District 22 Kashmar Israel Raanana South Africa Eldorado Park Broadlands Park & Nomzamo China Anzhen Balizhuang Dongzhimen Financial Sub-district Honey Lake Hongqiao Huaihai Huaiyin Huamu Jingan Jianwai Jing Ge Zhuang Kangjian Lu an Maizidian Qianjiaying Wangjing Xiaoguan Xinjiangwancheng Yayuncun Youth Park Yuetan Zhangjiang (Hong Kong) Kwai Tsing Sai Kung Sham Shui Po Tai Po Tuen Mun Tung Chung Tsuen Wan (Province of Taiwan) Alishan Dungshr Fongbin Neihu Shihkang Shoufeng Zhongzheng South Korea Cheonan Jeju Songpa Suwon Wonju Japan Kameoka Towada Vietnam Cam Thuy Duc Chinh Hoa Long Lang Co Loc Son Da Trach Dong Tien Xuan Dinh Australia Cairns Casey Denmark Hume City Latrobe Mackay/Whitsunday Manly Melbourne Mosman Mount Isa Noarlunga Northcott Palmerston Pittwater Ryde Townsville Warringah Canada Brampton Brockville Calgary Wood Buffalo Rainy River Sault Ste. Marie USA Anchorage Dallas Madison, Dane County Itasca Omaha Springfield Peru San Borja Chile Peñaflor New Zealand Christchurch New Plymouth North Shore Porirua Taurange Waimakariri Waitakere Wellington Whangarei 12 November 2009 Four levels of prevention Societal Community Relationship Individual Geographically uneven evidence base Mikton C & Butchart A. Child maltreatment prevention: a systematic review of reviews. Bull World Health Organ 2009;87: Violence prevention: best buys Policies to address social determinants: Inequalities Unemployment Education access Etc. copies 13 languages Prioritize child maltreatment prevention The 2006 WHO report on prevention of child maltreatment drew attention to the need for this topic to achieve the prominence and investment in prevention and epidemiological monitoring that is given to other serious public-health concerns with lifelong consequences affecting children (Gilbert et al, Lancet, 3 December, 2008). Diadema, Brazil: Reducing alcohol-related violence Municipal law (no alcohol sales after 23h) Public education/participation Alcohol retailer education Active, equitable, honest enforcement Progressive administrative penalties Over first 36 months: Homicide rate from ±70 to 30/100K Estimated 273 murders averted (95% CI, ) Dualibi S et al., The effect of restricting opening hours on alcohol-related violence. Am J Public Health. 2007;97: Public health Others Protection Justice Education Diplomacy Police Employment Violence Prevention Alliance Thank You!
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