Brasília and Rio de Janeiro Two Cities of Distinctive Architectural Monuments - PDF

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Summer Term 2015 Hochschule Munchen Fakultat Bauingenieurwesen Brasília and Rio de Janeiro Two Cities of Distinctive Architectural Monuments 2/42 Passion Fruit Flower Passion Fruit - Maracujá 3/42 LAYOUT

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Summer Term 2015 Hochschule Munchen Fakultat Bauingenieurwesen Brasília and Rio de Janeiro Two Cities of Distinctive Architectural Monuments 2/42 Passion Fruit Flower Passion Fruit - Maracujá 3/42 LAYOUT Characteristics of Two Regions in Brazil Brief History of Rio and Brasília Overall Facts of Rio and Brasília Landscape and Architecture of Rio and Brasília Map of Brazil 4/42 Brazilian Mid-West Region 3 states + Federal Dist. ~ 20% Total Area ~ 8% Population ~ 9 hab/km 2 ~9% of Total GNP R$/capita Map of Brazil 5/42 Brazilian South-East Region 4 states ~ 11% Total Area ~ 42% Population 92 hab/km 2 ~68% of Total GNP R$/capita Location of Both Cities 6/42 7/42 LAYOUT Characteristics of Two Regions in Brazil Brief History of Rio and Brasília Overall Facts of Rio and Brasília Landscape and Architecture of Rio and Brasília Some Historical Facts 8/42 Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1500 (hence Rio de Janeiro, January River ), by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples. The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay. The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire. Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 9/42 Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1500 (hence Rio de Janeiro, January River ), by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples. The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay. The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire. Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 10/42 Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1500 (hence Rio de Janeiro, January River ), by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples. The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay. The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire. Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 11/42 Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1500 (hence Rio de Janeiro, January River ), by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples. The city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay. The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire. Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic, till Wikipedia (2015) City of São Sebastião of Rio de Janeiro 12/42 Brazilian Mid-West Region 3 states + Federal Dist. 1,606,371 km² 19% Brz total area Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 13/42 The history of Brasília, the centrally located capital of Brazil, starts with discussions in the eighteenth century. The plan was originally conceived in 1827 by José Bonifacio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I, who presented a plan to the General Assembly for a new city called Brasilia with the initial idea of moving the capital farther westward from the already heavily populated southeastern corridor. President Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasília, fulfilling an article of the country's constitution dating back to 1891 stating that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the center of the country. Its official declaration as a city dates to 21 April 1960 Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Lúcio's, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita. It is also the fastest growing major city in the country. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 14/42 The history of Brasília, the centrally located capital of Brazil, starts with discussions in the eighteenth century. The plan was originally conceived in 1827 by José Bonifacio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I, who presented a plan to the General Assembly for a new city called Brasilia with the initial idea of moving the capital farther westward from the already heavily populated southeastern corridor. President Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasília, fulfilling an article of the country's constitution dating back to 1891 stating that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the center of the country. Its official declaration as a city dates to 21 April 1960 Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Lúcio's, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita. It is also the fastest growing major city in the country. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 15/42 The history of Brasília, the centrally located capital of Brazil, starts with discussions in the eighteenth century. The plan was originally conceived in 1827 by José Bonifacio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I, who presented a plan to the General Assembly for a new city called Brasilia with the initial idea of moving the capital farther westward from the already heavily populated southeastern corridor. President Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasília, fulfilling an article of the country's constitution dating back to 1891 stating that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the center of the country. Its official declaration as a city dates to 21 April 1960 Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Lúcio's, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita. It is also the fastest growing major city in the country. Wikipedia (2015) Some Historical Facts 16/42 The history of Brasília, the centrally located capital of Brazil, starts with discussions in the eighteenth century. The plan was originally conceived in 1827 by José Bonifacio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I, who presented a plan to the General Assembly for a new city called Brasilia with the initial idea of moving the capital farther westward from the already heavily populated southeastern corridor. President Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasília, fulfilling an article of the country's constitution dating back to 1891 stating that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the center of the country. Its official declaration as a city dates to 21 April 1960 Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend of Lúcio's, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Burle Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated. Brasília was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its modernist architecture and uniquely artistic urban planning. Among major Latin American cities, Brasília has the highest GDP per capita. It is also the fastest growing major city in the country. Wikipedia (2015) City of Brasília 17/42 Wikipedia (2015) 18/42 LAYOUT Characteristics of Two Regions in Brazil Brief History of Rio and Brasília Overall Facts of Rio and Brasília Landscape and Architecture of Rio and Brasília Rio de Janeiro Views and Facts 19/42 Geographical Aspect Wikipedia (2015) 20/42 Brasília Views and Facts Geographical Aspect Wikipedia (2015) 21/42 LAYOUT Characteristics of Two Regions in Brazil Brief History of Rio and Brasília Overall Facts of Rio and Brasília Landscape and Architecture of Rio and Brasília Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 22/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 23/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 24/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 25/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 26/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 27/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 28/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 29/42 Architecture and Landscape Rio de Janeiro 30/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 31/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 32/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 33/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 34/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 35/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 36/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 37/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 38/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 39/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 40/42 Architecture and Landscape Brasília 41/42 THANK YOU 42/42 You can t image how much of Brazil are there inside us! Vielen Danke
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