Autor: Tematický celek: Učivo (téma): Stručná charakteristika: Použité zdroje a odkazy: Označení materiálu: VY_22_INOVACE_AJ_E_49 - PDF

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Autor: Tematický celek: Učivo (téma): Jana Řehořová Czech traditions Czech Easter Stručná charakteristika: Pracovní list je určen pro další fázi projektu E-twinning, na němž spolupracují Česká republika,

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Autor: Tematický celek: Učivo (téma): Jana Řehořová Czech traditions Czech Easter Stručná charakteristika: Pracovní list je určen pro další fázi projektu E-twinning, na němž spolupracují Česká republika, Německo, Itálie a Rumunsko. Cílem této práce je seznámit partnery projektu s českými tradicemi a svátky. Vytvořeno v březnu Použité zdroje a odkazy: Obr. 1 dostupný jako volné dílo na WWW ( ): Obr. 2 dostupný jako volné dílo na WWW ( ): Czech Easter 1. HISTORICAL BACKROUND The exact origin of this day s name is uknown. The word Easter is probably derived from Eostre who was a Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility. Easter is also known as Passover, in Spain as Pascua, in France Paques. All these words come from Greek and Latin Pascha. The historical event commemmorates the ancient Israelites exodus from slavery in Egypt and Jesus crucifixion and resurrection occured after he went to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover or Pesach in Hebrew. Answer the questions : What is the word Easter derived from? Can you explain the word Passover, what does it commemorate? 2. THE DAYS OF EASTER Lent, the 40-day period leading up to Easter Sunday, represents the 40 days that Jesus spent alone in the wilderness. The week preceding Easter is called Holy Week and recalls the events leading to Jesus Christ s death and resurrection. Palm Sunday Jesus triumphal journey to Jerusalem where he was greeted by palm trees branches which are used today as decorations in the churches. Maunday Thursday the last supper of Jesus where he washed his disciples feet, all decorations from churches are removed from the alter. Good Friday the day of crucifixion by the leaders of Jerusalem, people eat a little or no food, many services are held. Easter Sunday it s a celebration of Jesus resurrection from death. Many churches hold services, christians sing songs, pray and decorate churches again. Explain the words: Lent Holy Week Palm Sunday Maunday Thursday Good Friday Easter Sunday 3. THE SYMBOLS OF EASTER EGGS how to create them The hand-painted or otherwise decorated egg (kraslice) is the most recognizable symbol of Czech Easter. Girls decorate Easter eggs to give them to boys on Easter Monday. There are many Easter egg decorating techniques and the more elaborate ones require a certain level of skill. Different materials can be used, such as bee's wax, straw, watercolors, onion peels, picture stickers. The most common designs are probably geometrical patterns, but you can also see flowers, leaves or snowflake patterns in a whole range of colors. There are no limitations to creating pretty, colorful eggs. Obr. 1 Whipping the girls Pussywillow and pomlázka Young, live pussywillow twigs are thought to bring health and youth to anyone who is whipped with them. An Easter pomlázka (frompomladit or make younger ) is a braided whip made from pussywillow twigs. It has been used for centuries by boys who go caroling on Easter Monday and symbolically whip girls on the legs. In the past, pomlázka was also used by the farmer's wife to whip the livestock and everyone in the household, including men and children. There would be no Czech Easter without the pomlázka.boys used to make their own pomlázkas in the past. The more twigs, the more difficult it was to braid one. This skill is not widespread anymore and pomlázkas can be bought in stores and street stands. Some men don't even bother and use a single twig or even a wooden spoon! Obr. 2 OTHER SYMBOLS ARE: Baby Animals Lamb, Bunny Rabbit, Chicken One Easter tradition is to bake a lamb. In the Czech Republic, real lamb is usually replaced with one made from gingerbread. Dousing Dousing a girl with water has a similar symbolic meaning as the pomlázka. The Color Red Red and other bright colors symbolize health, joy, happiness and new life that comes with the spring. 4. EASTER PUZZLE T S E A B D A Z T S L R P P B N C S M K N O K J J K H W N U E C A A C N V P P G M C H J N L L H O M M Y S S U P O I I N R E S S U R E C T I O N P H Y C R U C I F I X I O N S P Q C V T A A D E T N I A P X I C Q Q V Z A I H J C W A P F N G W Y T I N A I T S I R H C G C U P T Z Z W I L L O W V X E O W BUNNY CHICKS CHRISTIANITY CRUCIFIXION LAMB LENT MASS PAINTED PUSSY RESSURECTION WHIPPING WILLOW SOLUTIONS: T S + + B S B N + S M K + W + U E + A A C H + N L L + + M + Y S S U P + I + N R E S S U R E C T I O N P H Y C R U C I F I X I O N + P + C D E T N I A P + I N + + Y T I N A I T S I R H C G W I L L O W (Over,Down,Direction) BUNNY(15,1,S) CHICKS(15,6,NW) CHRISTIANITY(12,9,W) CRUCIFIXION(1,6,E) LAMB(2,4,NE) LENT(1,4,N) MASS(5,4,NW) PAINTED(11,7,W) PUSSY(11,4,W) RESSURECTION(1,5,E) WHIPPING(13,2,S) WILLOW(5,10,E)
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