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    ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   يوﺎﻴﻤﻴﻜﻟا   ﺐﻴآﺮﺘﻟا ﻲه   ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋر   ﺪﻴﺳﺎآا   ﻰﻠﻋ   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   يﻮﺘﺤﻳ SO3, MO,Fe2O3, CaO, Al2O3,SiO2 ﺮ   ﺣ   ﺎ   ﻬﻨﻣ   ﻢ   ﺴﻗو   ﺾﻌﺒﻟا   ﻪﻀﻌﺑ   ﺪﺤﺘﻣ   ﺎﻬﻨﻣ   ﻢﺴﻗ   نﻮﻜﻳﻲﻰيﻢ     ﺔﻴ   ﺴﻴﺋر   ﺔﻴﺘﻨﻤﺳ   تﺎﺒآﺮﻣ   ﺔﻧﻮﻜﻣ   ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺑ   ﻊﻣ   ةﺪﺤﺘﻤﻟا   ﺪﻴﺳﺎآﻻاو ﺚ   ﻴﺣ  )Fe2O3, SiO2, Al2O3 , CaO( ﺔﻴ   ﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا   ﺖﻨﻤ   ﺴﻟا   تﺎ   ﺒآﺮﻣ   نﻮ   ﻜﺗ   ﻲه   ﻲﺘﻟا :   - ﻮﻴﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟا   ﻲﺛﻼﺛ   تﺎﻜﻴﻠﺳ Tricalcium Silicate )3CaO.SiO2( ﺎﻬﻟ   ﺰﻣﺮﻳ  )C3S. ( ١ - دﺎﻴﺘﻋﻻا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ﻦﻣ   ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ   ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   نﻮﻜﻳ 60-50 % - ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا   ﺎﻨﺛا   ةراﺮﺤﻟا   ﻦﻣ   ﺎﻬﻨﻣ   سﺄﺑﻻ   ﺔﻴﻤآ   رﺮﺤﻳو   ﺔﻟﺪﺘﻌﻣ   ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ   ﺔﻋﺮﺴﺑ   ﺰﻴﻤﺘﻳويﻴﻴﻳﻴﻳﻴﻳ   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﻊﻣ - ﺪﻴﺟ   ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻨﻟاو   ﻲﺋاﺪﺘﺑﻻا   ﻪﻠﻤﺤﺗ   نﻮﻜﻳو - ﺔﻴﻟوﻷا   داﻮﻤﻟا   ﻦﻣ   ﺲﻠﻜﻟا   ﺮﺠﺣ   ﺔﻴﻤآ   ﺪﻳﺰﻧ   ﻪﺘﺒﺴﻧ   ةدﺎﻳز   ﺎﻧدرأ   ﻮﻟ - ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ﻲﻓ   ﻪﺑ   بﻮﻏﺮﻣ   ﻮهو   تﻻدﺎﻌﻣ   ﻦﻣ   ﻪﺘﺒﺴﻧ   بﺎﺴﺣ   ﻢﺘﻳو   ﺎﻳوﺎﻴﻤﻴآو   ﺎﻳوﺎﻳﺰﻴﻓ   ةﺮﻘﺘﺴﻣ   ﻪﺗﺎﺒآﺮﻣو   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ةﻮﻗ   سﺎﺳأ   ﻮه   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﻊﻣ   ﻪﻠﻋﺎﻔﺗ   ﺞﺗﺎﻧ  )Bogue Formula( C3S%= 4.071CaO-7.6 SiO2 –6.718 Al2O3 -1.43Fe2O3 –2.852 SO3   - مﻮﻴﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟا   ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻨﺛ   تﺎﻜﻴﻠﺳ )Dicalcium Silicate ) (2CaO. SiO2( ﻣﺮﻟﺎﺑ   ﺎﻬﻟ   ﺰﻣﺮﻳو )C2S( ١ - ﺔﺒﺴﻧ C2S ﻦﻣ   نﻮﻜﺗ  )25-15% ( قﺮﺣ   ﺔﺟرد   ضﺎﻔﺨﻧا   ﻰﻟإ   ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ   ﺲﻠﻜﻟا   ﺮﺠﺣ   بﺎﺴﺣ   ﻰﻠﻋ   ﻦﻴﻄﻟا   ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   ةدﺎﻳﺰﺑ   ﻪﺘﺒﺴﻧ   دادﺰﺗو   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   نزو   ﻦﻣﺔﻴﻟوﻷا   داﻮﻤﻟا - ﺪﻴﺟ   نﻮﻜﻳ   ﻲﺋﺎﻬﻨﻟا   ﻪﻠﻤﺤﺗ   نإ   ﻻإ   ﻞﻴﻠﻗ   ﻲﺋاﺪﺘﺑﻻا   ﻪﻠﻤﺤﺗ   نﻮﻜﻳو - ﺒﺴﻧ   عﻮﻤﺠﻣ   نﻮﻜﻳ  C2S C3S  ﻟاﻮﺣ   ﺖﺑﺎﺛ 75 % ﻦﻣﻴوﻮﺟنﻮﻳﻲﻬنإإﻞﻴﻲﺑنﻮﻳوعﻮﺠنﻮﻳﻮﺑ   يدﺎﻴﺘﻋﻻا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   نزو - ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ   ﻪﺘهﺎﻣا   ةراﺮﺣ . C2S % = 2.87SiO2 –0.7544C3S ٣ﻮﻴﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟاﻲﺛﻼﺛتﺎﻨﻴﻣﻮﻟاﻬﻟﺰﻣﺮﻳو٣ﻮﻴﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟا   ﻲﺛﻼﺛ   تﺎﻨﻴﻣﻮﻟا  . ﺎﻬﻟ   ﺰﻣﺮﻳو ١ - ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   دادﺰﺗ C3A  ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟا   ﺪﻴﺴآوا   ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   ضﺎﻔﺨﻧاو   ﺎﻨﻴﻣﻮﻟﻻا   ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   ةدﺎﻳﺰﺑ - ﻊﻳﺮﺴﻟا   ﻪﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﺑ   زﺎﺘﻤﻳ ) ﻼﻋﺎﻔﺗ   تﺎﺒآﺮﻤﻟا   عﺮﺳأ  (- ﻪ   ﺘﻣوﺎﻘﻣ   رﻮ   ﻄﺗ   ﻊ   ﻣ   ﺔ   ﻧرﺎﻘﻤﻟﺎﺑ   ﺔ   ﻠﻴﻠﻗ   ﺔ   ﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا   ﻞﻤﺤﺘﻟا   ةﻮﻗ   ﻦﻜﻟو   اﺪﺟ   ﻊﻳﺮﺳ )C3S, C2S(-  ﻒﻴﻌ   ﺿ   ﻲﺋﺎ   ﻬﻨﻟا   ﻪ   ﻠﻤﺤﺗ - تﺎ   ﺒآﺮﻤﻟا   ﺮ   ﺒﺘﻌﺗو  )C3A ( ﺮ   ﻴﻏ   ﺔ   ﻴﺋﺎﻤﻟا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   ﻪﻓﺎﻌﺿإ   ﻰﻟإ   يدﺆﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ﺔﻴﺘﻳﺮﺒﻜﻟا   حﻼﻣﻷا   ﻊﻣ   ﻪﻠﻋﺎﻔﺗ   ﺐﺒﺴﺑ   ﺔﺻﺎﺧو   ﺎﻴﺋﺎﻴﻤﻴآو   ﺎﻴﺋﺎﻳﺰﻴﻓ   ةﺮﻘﺘﺴﻣ . C3A % = 2.65 Al2O3 –1.692 Fe2O3 ٤ - مﻮﻴﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟا   ﺔﻴﻋﺎﺑر   ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟا   تﺎﻨﻴﻣﻮﻟا Tetra Calcium aluminoferrite )4CaO.Al2O3. Fe2O3( ﺰﻣﺮﻟﺎﺑ   ﺎﻬﻟ   ﺰﻣﺮﻳو C4AF ١ﻧدادﺰﺗﺎﻔﺨﻧاﻊﺪﺪﻟاﺪآاةدﺎﺰﺎﺸهﻨااﻘﺘاﺜآأﻦﻜﻟاﻦﺜآأﻪﺘهﺎاةا١ - ﺒﺴﻧ   دادﺰﺗﺎﻔﺨﻧا   ﻊﻣ   ﺪﻳﺪﺤﻟا   ﺪﻴﺴآوا   ةدﺎﻳﺰﺑ - ﺑﺎﺸﻳ   ﻮهوﻨﻣ   اراﺮﻘﺘﺳا   ﺮﺜآأ   ﻦﻜﻟو - ةراﺮﺣ   ﻦﻣ   ﺮﺜآأ   ﻪﺘهﺎﻣا   ةراﺮﺣو   ﺔهﺎﻣا C2S تﺎﺒآﺮﻤﻟا   ﻲﻗﺎﺑ   ﻦﻣ   ﻞﻗأو ﻪﺘﺒﺴﻧ   دﺪﺤﺗو  )10-5 (% ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   نزو   ﻦﻣ ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   عﻮﻤﺠﻣ   ناو  )C4AF   C3A(  ﻦﻣ   ﻞﻗا )20-15 % (  ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   نزو   ﻦﻣ ﺎﻴﺒﺴﻧ   ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ   ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ   ﻞﺼﺤﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ةﻮﻘﻟاو . C4AF% = 3.043 Fe2O3  ٥ - ةﺪﺤﺘﻣ   ﺮﻴﻐﻟا   ةﺮﺤﻟا   ﺪﻴﺳﺎآﻻا ١ -MO ﻜﻔﺗ   ﻦﻣ   ﺞﺘﻨﻳ MCO3  ﻤﻣ   ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا   ﺐﻠﺼﺗ   ﺪﻌﺑ   دﺪﻤﺘﻟﺎﺑ   ﺮﻤﺘﺴﻳو   ﻢﺠﺤﻟﺎﺑ   ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ   ةدﺎﻳﺰﺑ   بﻮﺤﺼﻣ   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﻊﻣ   ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻳ   ﺐآﺮﻤﻟا   اﺬهوﺞﻊ   ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا   ﻲﻓ   رﺮﺿ   ﻰﻟإ   يدﺆﻳ ) ﺮﺴﻜﺘﻟا ( ﺔﺒﺴﻧ   ﺔﻴﻗاﺮﻌﻟا   ﺔﻔﺻاﻮﻤﻟا   تدﺪﺣو MgO  ≥  5 %CaO-2 ﺔﻧﺎﺳﺮﺨﻟا   ﻲﻓ   ﻒﻌﺿ   ﻞﻜﺸﻳ   ﻮهو   ﺪﻴﺳﺎآﻻا   ﻲﻗﺎﺑ   ﻊﻣ   ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ   نود   ﻦﻣ   ﻰﻘﺒﻳ   ﻖﻴﻠﻄﻟا . 55 C3S 4550 C2S 3540 ﻀﻟ   ﺔﻘﻣ 2530    (   M  p  a   ) ﻂﻀ C3A 1520 C4AF 51000285684112140168196224252280308336 مﻮﻳ  ( ﺮﻤﻌﻟ ) ج ﻀﻧﻻ ﻦﻣز  ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟﺔﻳوﺎﻳﺰﻴﻔﻟاصاﻮﺨﻟاﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   ﺔﻳوﺎﻳﺰﻴﻔﻟا   صاﻮﺨﻟا   ﺔﻣرﺎﺻ   ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧ   ةﺮﻄﻴﺳ   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ﻊﻴﻨﺼﺗ   ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ   ﺐﻠﻄﺘﺗ ﺖﻨﻤ   ﺴﻟا   نأ   ﻦﻴﻣﺄ   ﺘﻟ   ﺔﻴﺋﺎ   ﺸﻧﻹا   تاﺮ   ﺒﺘﺨﻤﻟاو   ﺖﻨﻤ   ﺴﻟا   ﻞ   ﻣﺎﻌﻣ   تاﺮ   ﺒﺘﺨﻣ   ﻲﻓ   تﺎﺻﻮﺤﻓ   يﺮﺠﺗ   ﻚﻟﺬﻟهصاﻮﺨﻟاوﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟاﺔﻴﻋﻮﻨﻟﺎﺑنﻮﻜﻳﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟاه   صاﻮﺨﻟاو   ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟا   ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻨﻟﺎﺑ   نﻮﻜﻳ   ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟا .   -  ﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟا Fineness ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   تﺎﺒﻴﺒﺤﻟا   ﺢﻄﺳ   ﺪﻨﻋ   أﺪﺒﺗ   ﺔهﺎﻣﻻا   ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ   نا   ﺎﻤﺑ ﺔهﺎﻣﻻا   ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ   ةﺮﻓﻮﺘﻤﻟا   داﻮﻤﻟا   ﻞﺜﻤﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ﻲه   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟا   ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا   ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا   نﺄﻓ ﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟا   ةدﺎﻳز   ﻊﻣ   ﺔهﺎﻣﻻا   دادﺰﺗ   ﺚﻴﺣ ) ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا   ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا   ةدﺎﻳز ( ﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟا   سﺎﻴﻘﻟ   قﺮﻃ   تﺪﻤﺘﻋا   ﺪﻗو١ - ﻢﻗر   ﻞﺨﻨﻣ   ﻰﻠﻋ   ﺔﻴﻘﺒﺘﻤﻟا   داﻮﻤﻟا   ﺔﺒﺴﻧ 170 سﺎﻘﻣ )90  نوﺮﻜﻳﺎﻣ (  ﺔﻌﺑﺮﻤﻟا   تاﺮﺘﻤﺘﻨﺴﻟﺎﺑ   ﻪﺳﺎﻘﻣ   ﺪﺣاو   ماﺮﻏ   ﻲﻓ   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ﺔﻴﻤﻜﻟ   ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟا   ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا   ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا   ﻮه   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   ﻲﻋﻮﻨﻟا   ﺢﻄﺴﻟا   دﺎﺠﻳأ ) ﺳ / ﻢﻏ ( ﺔﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا   ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟاوﺐﺴﺣﻲهﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟاسﺎﻴﻘﻟ .. ﻗرﻲﻌﺟﺮﻤﻟايدﺎﺷﺮﺘﺳﻻاﻞﻴﻟﺪﻟا 198 ﺎﻌﻟ 1990. ﻴﻠﺑﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ Blaine  ﺐ   ﻲ   ﻮ   سﻴر   ﻲﺟﺮ   يﺮ   ﻞﻴﻴﺑ   ﻳﺮ   مﺑ   س = ن   س ) ــــــــــــــــــــــ (. ٥ق   ن ﺚﻴﺣ  : س = ﻩرﺎﺒﺘﺧا   داﺮﻤﻟا   جذﻮﻤﻨﻠﻟ   ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻨﻟا   ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا   ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﺳ / ﻏ   ق   س = ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا   جذﻮﻤﻨﻠﻟ   ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻨﻟا   ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴﻟا   ﺔﺣﺎﺴﻟا ﺳ / ﻏن = ﻪﺼﺤﻓ   داﺮﻤﻟا   جذﻮﻤﻨﻠﻟ   ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻟا   لوﺰﻧ   لﺪﻌﻣ ق   ن   ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ = ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا   جذﻮﻤﻨﻠﻟ   ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻟا   لوﺰﻧ   لﺪﻌﻣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺛ   ﻦﻋ   ﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟا   ﻞﻘﺗ   ﻻ   يدﺎﻴﺘﻋﻻا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ 2300 ﺳ / ﻦﻋ   ﺔﻣﻮﻌﻨﻟا   ﻞﻘﺗ   ﻻ   موﺎﻘﻤﻟا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻠﻟ   ﻢﻏ 2500 ﺳ / ﻏ  ٢ -  ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا   ماﻮﻘﻟا )Consistence of Standard Paste ( ﺘﻠﻟ   مزﻼﻟا   ﺖﻗﻮﻟا   ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ   صﻮﺤﻓ   ﻲﻓ   مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ﺖﻨﻤﺴﻟا   ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻌﻟ   ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻗ   ماﻮﻗ   ﻰﻠﻋ   لﻮﺼﺤﻠﻟ   ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﺔﻴﻤآ   ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺗ   ﺔﻴﺳﺎﻴﻘﻟا   ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻌﻟا   ماﻮﻗﺎﻤﻲﺋاﺪﺘﺑﻻا   ﻚ   ﺔﻣﻼﺴﻟا   ﺺﺤﻓو . تﺎﻜﻴﻓزﺎﻬﺟﺺﺤﻔﻟاﻓﺪﺨﺘﻳاﺪﺨﺘاﻊﻘﺑﻨﻻاﻊﻂﻠﺨﺗ ﺎﻟاﻦﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻧﺬﺧﺄﺗﻠﻴآنإ   ﺎﻜﻴﻓ   زﺎﻬﺟ   ﺺﺤﻔﻟا   ﻲﻓ   مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻳ ca دوﺮﻣ   ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا   ﻊﻣ unger ﻄﻘﺑ   ﻨﻤﺳﻻا   ﻊﻣ   ﻂﻠﺨﺗو   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﻦﻣ   ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻣ   ﺐﺴﻧ   ﺬﺧﺄﺗ   ﻢﻠﻣ . ﺔﻴﻤآ   نإﺔﻨﻴﺠﻋ   ﻲﻄﻌﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﺔﻴﻤآ   ﻲه   ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻗ   ماﻮﻗ   تاذ   ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻋ   ﻲﻄﻌﺗ   ﻲﺘﻟا   ﺎﻤﻟا   ﺔﻴﻤآ   ﻲه   ﻲﺳﺎﻴﻗ   ماﻮﻗ   تاذ   ﺖﻨﻤﺳ   ﺔﻨﻴﺠﻋ   ﻰﻠﻋ   لﻮﺼﺤﻠﻟ   ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا   ﺎﻤﻟاﺗﺢﻤ   راﺪﻘﻤﺑ   ةﺪﻋﺎﻘﻟا   ﻦﻋ   ﺪﻌﺒﺗ   ﺔﻄﻘﻧ   ﻰﻟإ   ذﻮﻔﻨﻟﺎﺑ   ﻲﻧاﻮﻄﺳﻻا   فﺮﻄﻠﻟ  )5±1( ﻢﻠﻣ
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