第14課

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Japanese Adjectives

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  第 14 課 :AdjectivesII: 形容動詞  Keiyōdōshi   Thesecondpartofspeechthatactslikeadjectivesiscalled Keiyōdōshi   形容動詞 .Thisnameliterallymeans “ adjectivalverb. ” Thenamecomesfromthefactthatalladjectivesinthisclassmustusethecopulatoconjugate.Confusingly, however,they’reessentiallyadjectivalnouns.   Take,forexample,theword“fat.”InEnglish,thisisbothanounandanadjective,butwhenitisusedasanadjective,weneedtouseformsof“tobefat.” Althoughthisexampledo esn’ttranslateoverintoJapanese,thissameprinciple appliesto Keiyōdōshi   形容動詞 . VocabularyListNouns  ・病院  Byōin   – Hospital ・チェコ語  Chekogo   – Czechlanguage ・図書館  –  Toshokan – Library ・子供  Kodomo   – Child/children ・歯  Ha   – Tooth/teeth ・月  Tsuki-  Moon ・人  Hito   – Person ・建物  Tatemono  -Building ・気持ち  Kimochi   – Feeling(s) ・酸素  Sanso – Oxygen AdjectivalNouns  ・静かだ  Shizukada   – Tobequiet ・安全だ  Anzenda   – Tobesafe ・健康だ  Kenkōda   – Tobehealthy ・元気だ  Genkida   – Tobelively ・簡単だ  Kantanda   – Tobeeasy ・綺麗だ  Kireida   – Tobepretty ・大切だ  Taisetsuda   – Tobeindispensable ・真面目だ  Majimeda   – Tobeserious ・ユニークだ  Yuniikuda   – Tobeunique  ・資格  Shikaku  -Qualifications ・傾斜  Keisha   – Slant/slope ・歌手  Kashu   – Singer ・ハンドバッグ  Handobaggu -Handbug ・ビジネス  Bijinesu   – Business ・問題  Mondai   – Question/problem ・登録  Tōroku   – Registration ・町  Machi – Town ・スタッフ  Sutaffu -Staff ・野菜  Yasai  -Vegetables ・英語  Eigo   – Englishlanguage ・昔  Mukashi   – Oldendays ・簡易ベッド  Kan’ibeddo   – Bunkbed ・ルール  Rūru – Rule(s) ・兵士  Heishi  -Soldier ・文章  Bunshō   – Sentence ・初恋  Hatsukoi   – Firstlove ・ゲーム  Gēmu   – Game ・モダンだ  Modanda   – Tobemodern ・駄目だ  Dameda   – Tobenogood ・馬鹿だ  Bakada   – Tobestupid/dumb ・重要だ  Jūyōda   – Tobeimportant ・変だ  Henda   – Tobestrange ・優秀だ  Yūshūda   – Toexcellentat ・大事だ  Daijida   – Tobevaluable ・有害だ  Yūgaida   – Tobeharmful ・平気だ  Heikida   – Tobecool/calm ・必要だ  Hit  suyōda   – Tobenecessary ・急だ  Kyūda  -Tobeurgent/steep/rapid ・カジュアルだ  Kajuaruda   – Tobecasual ・有名だ  Yūmeida   – Tobefamous ・苦手だ  Nigateda   – Tobepoorat ・高価だ  Kōkada   – Tobehighprice ・容易だ  Yōida   – Tobesimple ・稀だ  Mareda   – Toberare  Pronouns  ・私  Wata(ku)shi   – I ・僕  Boku – I(male) ・彼  Kare   – He ・彼ら  Karera   – They Demonstratives  ・この  Kono – This(adj.) ・それ  Sore   – That(n.) ・あれ  Are   – That(n.) ・あの  Ano   – That(adj.) Adverbs  ・もはや  Mohaya  -Nomore ・全然  Zenzen   – Atall ・別に  Betsuni   – Notparticularly ・特に  Tokuni   – Especially ・まだ  Mada   – Yet/still ・少しも  Sukushimo   – Notonebit AdjectivalNouns  ・危険だ  Kikenda   – Tobedangerous ・複雑だ  Fukuzatsuda   – Tobecomplicated ・熱心だ  Nesshinda   – Tobeenthusiastic ・適切だ  Tekisetsuda   – Tobeappropriate ・失礼だ  Shitsureida   – Toberude ・多忙だ  Tabōda   – Tobeverybusy ・冷静だ  Reiseida   – Tobecalm/composed ・特別だ  Tokubetsuda   – Tobespecial ・親切だ  Shinsetsuda   – Tobekind ・公平だ  Kōheida   – Tobefair ・最高だ  Saikōda   – Tobethebest ・自由だ  Jiyūda   – Tobefree ・新鮮だ  Shinsenda   – Tobefresh ・得意だ  Tokuida   – Tobegoodat ・自然だ  Shizenda   – Tobenature ・不自然だ  Fushizenda   – Tobeunnatural  ・正確だ  Seikakuda   – Tobeaccurate  ・特殊だ  Tokushuda   – Tobepeculiar ・微妙だ  Bimyōda   – Tobesubtle ・明確だ  Meikakuda   – Tobeprecise ・勇敢だ  Yūkanda   – Tobebrave ・スマートだ  Sumātoda   – Tobestylish ・リアルだ  Riaruda   – Toberealistic ・好きだ  Sukida   – Tolike ・嫌いだ  Kiraida   – Tohate ・フォーマルだ  Fōmaruda   – Tobeformal ・残酷だ  Zankokuda   – Tobeharsh/cruel ・切実だ  Setsujitsuda   – Tobeearnest ・詳細だ  Shōsaida   – Tobedetailed ・未熟だ  Mijukuda   – Tobeinexperienced ・簡易だ  Kan’ida   – Tobesimplistic ・慎重だ  Shinchōda   – Tobeprudent ・便利だ  Benrida   – Tobeconvenient ・不便だ  Fubenda   – Tobeinconvenient ・困難だ  Kon’nanda   – Tobedifficult ・不思議だ  Fushigida   – Tobemysterious ・安易だ  An’ida   – Tobeeasy(-going)  ・ハンサムだ  Hansamuda   – Tobehandsome  ・シックだ  Shikkuda   – Tobechic Conjugating Keiyōdōshi   形容動詞   Asmentionedabove, Keiyōdōshi   形容動詞 areessentiallyadjectivalnouns.
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