TVK Place de la République Press kit PDF

TVK Place de la République Press kit TVK TVK Trévelo & Viger-Kohler Architectes Urbanistes 23 Rue Olivier Métra, Paris (FR) +33 (0) A The largest pedestrian

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TVK Place de la République Press kit TVK TVK Trévelo & Viger-Kohler Architectes Urbanistes 23 Rue Olivier Métra, Paris (FR) +33 (0) A The largest pedestrian square in Paris 4 B the world and media Pavilion 24 C the urban furniture 34 The largest pedestrian square in Paris Location, Paris Calendrier January 2010 Competition winners April 2010 June 2011 Studies July 2011 December 2011 Preliminary works January 2012 Spring 2013 Works (in phases) 16 June 2013 Handover of square mid-july 2013 Handover of Monde & Médias Pavilion A Key figures Dimensions of square m Pedestrian area 2 ha Bus, taxi and cycle lane 7 m wide, reduced-speed traffic Ratio of pedestrians: traffic Before: 2/3 traffic, 1/3 pedestrians After: 2/3 pedestrian, 1/3 traffic Seating Ground (wide steps + base of statue) 24 wooden benches + 1 platform Movable chairs available Water Statue basin (3m wide around the base of the statue) 276 m² reflecting pool (23 12 m) + sprays Lighting 34 lighting masts, 10 of them equipped with bark signal 19 historic candelabra, restored Materials 3 sizes of concrete slabs on the concourse (14 cm thick) and on the north and south pavements (12 cm thick) concrete slabs 1 Large ( cm) in the centre of the concourse concrete slabs 2 Average (95 34 cm) over the rest of the concourse concrete slabs 3 Small (48 17 cm) on the pavements Parisian asphalt On the west and east pavements (continuity) Trees plane trees 134 honey locust trees 18 wild cherry (tree of secularism) 1 Trees before transformation 83 on the esplanade 142 around the perimeter Trees in the new square 97 on the esplanade 154 around the perimeter Monde & Médias Pavilion Volume of 9 18 m (162 m²) with 3 m headroom surmounted by a 0.75 m thick roof providing a generous cantilever (8.7m deep) TVK Pierre Alain Trévelo and Antoine Viger-Kohler hand over the redevelopment of the, inaugurated by the mayor of Paris on June 16th Due to its exceptional size (120 m by nearly 300 m), its symbolic dimension as a representative public statement and its location in the city, the occupies a special place in the international hub that is Paris. The redevelopment of the Place de la République is based on the concept of an open space with multiple urban uses. The elimination of the traffic circle frees the site from the dominating constraint of motor vehicle traffic. The creation of the concourse marks the return of calm in an airy, uncluttered two hectare space. The new square, now skirted by motor traffic, creates a large-scale landscape and becomes an urban resource, available and adaptable for different uses. Clear connections with the large boulevards promote a new balance centred on soft transport for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport. The statue of Marianne, the reflective pool, the pavilion and the rows of the trees form a strong axis. This harmony is amplified by the serene balance of the mineral element and a very gentle slope of 1%. All these elements contribute to both the interpretation of unitary materials 5 in a perennial and contemporary manner and multiple explorations (colours, water, lights) creating different urban ambiances. The is now a new centre of attraction, a place for exchanges and meetings. Two terraces incorporated into the continuity of the square encourage people to sit down and relax. The south-west part of the square houses a 162 m² pavilion also designed by TVK, a unique building, glazed throughout to retain a continuous impression of this singular space. The is now the largest pedestrian square in Paris. 6 TVK 7 9 The articulation of public and pedestrian areas The redevelopment of the is based on a decision to create the largest possible public pedestrian area. Paris was in need of an exceptionally large and versatile public place, like an open field in the heart of the city, a feature found in many other large cities. Also, it was essential to move away from the traffic circle model. Before transformation 2/3 traffic 1/3 pedestrian area Pedestrian area = 35% of the total square area (12,000 m²) Functional & environmental dissymetry Two-fold dissymetry, both functional and environmental, is used along the long axis of the square to blend it into the general urban setting. Motor traffic has been reorganised. It now runs along the southern edge and two smaller sides of the square only. Now that the traffic runs in both directions and the pavements have been widened, the road is much more similar to the large Parisian boulevards. Unity and balance The is also open to varied groups participating in a very wide range of activities. The aim of the project was to cater for these users by changing the balance between the roadway and the concourse. The most important challenge was to reunify and harmonise the attributes of a city with those of a local neighbourhood. TODAY 2/3 pedestrian area 1/3 traffic Pedestrian area = 70% of the total square area (24,000 m²) 10 TVK 11 Traffic flows Genuine intermodality The atmosphere of the square is highly dependent on the flow of traffic, and particularly public transport. A lane reserved for buses, taxis and cycles runs along the north eastern side of the square, under the trees, connecting with the Rue du Faubourg du Temple. This creates a smooth flow of traffic and at the same time fosters intermodality. Almost all the bus stops are located very close to the main Metro exits and/or cycle/taxi stations. The vast pedestrian area makes it easy to change from one mode of transport to another. The environmental approach A comfortable square, conscious of its environment From an environmental point of view, traffic has been routed through the shaded area of the square to free up a large pedestrian area in the sunny part. The square is comfortable as a result of a strategy that is at once urban, landscaped and architectural. The process is underpinned by the use of perennial materials and economic techniques. Simple measures have been implemented to prevent the square becoming a heat island increasing planting and creating a unit of vegetation to provide maximum mass effect; allowing the sun to penetrate and positioning the pedestrian areas in the sunniest areas; taking advantage of the summer breezes, which are cooled by contact with the sheets of water in the centre and west of the esplanade; blocking the cold winter winds by thickening the vegetation in the north; using the layout and materials to improve comfort and combat the heat island effect; supporting and consolidating the usage dynamic in the square to suit the prevailing conditions. 12 TVK 13 Composition of the area & surface The surface consists of paving slabs of different colours and sizes. The shady areas of the square are paved mostly in darker colours, while the open areas are generally paler. The surface The surface consists of paving slabs of different colours and sizes. The shady areas of the square are paved mostly in darker colours, while the open areas are generally paler. The choice of prefabricated concrete ensures good performance in all weather, offering maximum resistance to the greatest variety of uses. This material also enables the use of monochrome colours, creating continuity with the surrounding surfaces of roads and roofs. Three types of concrete paving slabs have been used in the square, reflecting its overall layout: large module prefabricated slabs in the centre of the concourse, to give a wide perspective and cater for largescale uses; medium module prefabricated slabs for the rest of the esplanade along the concourse; and lastly, small module prefabricated slabs (on a more ordinary scale) for the north and south pavements. The bus lane to the north of the square is made of poured concrete. Levels The density of the networks present under the Place de la République mean it also serves as a roof : the site is home to five Metro lines, sewers, telecom tunnels, etc. The levels create a main movement of great simplicity, vital to the spatial comprehension of the square and an understanding of its vastness. The simple 1% incline of the central concourse reveals two wide terraces at the back of the esplanade, in keeping with the scale of the surrounding area. The terraces continue the concourse but are edged to the north with steps. Between these terraces, the ground drops consistently towards the two large palace buildings and the shared trafficked area (pedestrians, cycles, buses, taxis), providing continuity of traffic flow and excellent accessibility. A large garden, a large concourse The square is unified by the single grand compositional movement and the one inorganic surface treatment. This unity helps to indicate three distinct sections: the urban garden of over 2,000 m², planted and organised into several sub-areas; the central concourse of almost 12,000 m² and 35 metres wide with the statue de la Republique as the focal point; the continuity of all the boulevards, with the road system on three of its sides and the widened pavement (13 metres on the longer side to the south west, which is the busiest side). The terraces on the Place de la République At the rear end of the esplanade, two flat terraces are each marked by a single step on three of their sides, which conducive to sitting and socialising. The new tree planting establishes a specific ambiance. The terraces will be equipped with movable structures expressing day-to-day and local themes, and changing with the seasons (roundabout, toy library etc.). The playground is now located on the east terrace. 16 TVK 17 18 TVK 19 Water Water in various forms and with a myriad of uses (climatic, social, recreational, aesthetic) is a key feature of the central esplanade. The monument basin The statue de la Republique dominates the centre of the new pedestrian esplanade. The new base takes the form of a large circular basin, at the edge of which visitors can sit, walk, play, or examine the bas-reliefs. During the summer months, it is filled with water, adding to the number of uses. The base also houses a new lighting system for the statue. Spotlights, sunk under the sheet of water, project moving reflections over the entire monument. The reflecting pool On the west concourse of the esplanade, facing the Monde & Médias Pavilion, the theme of water is repeated in a minimal, contemporary version. In summer, a fine sheet of water runs down the 1% slope, covering an area of more than 270 m² (23 12m). Sprays are connected to this sheet of water. When switched off, they affect neither the topography nor the uses of the concourse, so are almost imperceptible. 20 TVK 21 22 TVK 23 world & Media Pavilion Volume 9m by 18m (162 m²) 9.29 m by m and 3 m high, and a 0.75 m-thick roof with an 8.70 m cantilever Programme World & Media pavilion: cafe, conferences Budget 687,000 HT In line with the principles adopted in the redevelopment of the, the Monde & Médias Pavilion is a perennial building, designed to last. It is scalable and adaptable, but also is a strong presence, opening onto the square. It is the only edifice in the new square. The Pavilion is sited on the southwest part, in line with the reflective pool and the statue de la Republique. It is fully glazed so as not to obscure the view and provides a continuous vista of the square. The pavilion houses a World & Media themed café and its entirely modular interior can host a wide variety of festive, social and cultural events and uses in all seasons and all weathers. B The pavilion s envelope is entirely glazed. The visual impact of its structural assembly is minimal, so as not to perturb the prismatic appearance of the overall volume: the metallic elements are integrated to a maximum and the opening zones are concentrated to create an image of large glazed planes jointed together. The supporting structure also participates in this self-effacement to achieve transparency: reduced to four small-diameter metallic posts at the corners, it is similar in design to the metallic elements. The roof band is composed of aluminium sheeting whose assemblage 25 is invisible, with its horizontal and vertical aluminium rigidifying elements following the same rhythm as that of the glazed panels. The cantilever s underside is clad with large sheets of perforated aluminium. Echoing the large symmetrical composition of the Place de la République, the space s interior organisation is dictated by a partition dividing it lengthways into two distinct and symmetrical areas. 26 TVK Plan Coupe Coupe Coupe Coupe Coupe 0 1 5m 0 1 5m Coupe 0 1 5m 30 TVK 31 The pavilion s layout Counters A scene open to multiple urban usages [TVK]; the project developed on the entirety of the should be regarded as a support of practices. Every space belongs to the square, every space constitutes it. In that sense for the interior design of the cafe Monde et Médias, NP2F proposed two bars (interior and exterior one). They are accessible, generous and shared. One is a perfect square, open 360 to the square; the other one is elongated, stretching as much as possible in the room (1 m wide and 12.5 m long). Limits In this regard the limits between interior and exterior, between public space and the cafe become blurry, leaving the interpretation of the place open. Dense vegetation is introduced into the pavilion, the façade disappears giving way to systematically glazed openings, concrete floor and bar extend the surface treatment of the square. Domesticity Objects positioned on the bar, specially designed for the cafe, corroborate those ideas. At the same time fragile as they are moveable, and strong with their forms and colors, they enable multiple usages: newspaper rack, bananas bowl, display for crystal glasses, place to open a map of Paris, etc. 32 TVK 33 Urban furniture wooden bench Dimensions Length: 288 cm Seat height: 45 cm Seat width: 47 cm Back height: 35 cm Description and materials The bench is an assembly of solid oak elements mm in section. The use of wood as fine as oak in such thicknesses and lengths gives the bench its sober and monumental presence. The simplicity of the bench s design and its metallic elements high lights the use of this robust, high-quality material. The square's identity is reinforced by a number of strong characteristic elements such as the large lighting masts set along the edge of the square. They are in keeping with the large scale of the place, and at the same time help to keep a vast central space free of any verticality (except for the trees and statue). The redevelopment project provides for three different types of seating, each meeting different requirements: wooden benches designed by TVK, a wooden deck, movable chairs and the ground. C 35 Seating the ground, which in itself already offers substantial possibilities for seating on the wide steps to the north of the square and the new base of the statue. Des bancs en bois designed by TVK, set along the esplanade and on the peripheral pavements; conceived as an urban sofa, the bench has a lateral armrest to facilitate use by people with reduced mobility, while its other end provides seating on three sides. The structure is an assemblage of massive pieces of solid oak. The use of oak in these dimensions gives the bench a sober monumentality, and the bases and metallic assemblage fittings heighten this sense of simplicity. a wooden deck facing Boulevard Voltaire and close to the Metro exit on the central island, also designed by TVK. movable chairs available to everyone Fermob chairs are available for evryone. Freely accessed from the game library except during winter months, people are allowed to move red chairs and tables on the whole square's surface. Around the pavilion The pavilion s terrace has the same Fermob fourniture that can be used on the square. Only it s colour is different: the terrace s fournsiture is green whereas the square s fourniture is red. 36 TVK 37 Team Client City of Paris, Highways Department (Direction de la Voierie et Déplacements) Project management SQUARE TVK Architectes Urbanistes project managers (Pierre-Alain Trévelo and Antoine Viger-Kohler with Vincent Hertenberger, project manager and Agathe Lavielle ) ATEC technical consultants (Damien Bodénès et Audrey Marc) AREAL + Martha Schwartz Partners landscape architects (Christian Weier) CITEC traffic and movement consultants (Philippe Gasser, Alexis Dupont-Roc et Matthieu Baradel) JML Consultants, fountain consultants (Jean-Max Llorca) AIK Yann Kersale, lighting design (Fabienne Maman, Jean-Marie Priol et Clara Ritouret) Transsolar, environmental consultants (Arnaud Billard) Ville Ouverte, dialogue and consulting (Gwenaelle d Aboville et Pierre-Antoine Tiercelin with Samuel Poisson) Segic Ingénierie (Fabrice Giudici) Project management pavilion TVK Architectes Urbanistes, pavilion's architects (Pierre Alain Trévelo and Antoine Viger-Kohler, Victor Francisco, Vincent Hertenberger, Agathe Lavielle) NP2F Architectes, pavilion's layout (François Chas, Nicolas Guérin, Fabrice Long, Paul Maître-Devallon) ARC (technical consultants), ATEC (technical consultants), TransSolar (environmental consultants) firms Pavilion MGE: General works Pro Logis (Lot 1: earthworks and foundations) ERTCM (Lot 2: framework) MGE (Lot 3: external joinery) Smac (Lot 4: sealing) EMT (Lot 6: plumbing, heating, ventilation) EAMS ELEC (Lot 7: electricity) ETAO (Lot 8: drilling, geothermal) Call for proposal Photographs If you wish to participate to the observation and documentation of s new uses, photos, drawings, texts, articles or videos can be send to Visit the blog: Clément Guillaume Pierre-Yves Brunaud firms square RAZEL BEC + CentralPose (Lot 1: external works + laying slabs) Eiffage Energie (Lot 2: EP + SLT) Kronimus (Lot 3: concrete slab supplier ) Signature (Lot 4: horizontal signage) Linea BTP (Lot 5: vertical signage) Sogea (Lot 6: Soakaway pit) Eiffage Energie (Lot 7: fountains) Minéral Service (Lot 9: concrete poured in situ) EMCB (Lot 10: wooden seating) 38 TVK 39 TVK 40 TVK
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