Treasures of Stanisław August - PDF

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Collector coins Treasures of Stanisław August Ladislas of Varna ( ) Treasures of Stanisław August The unique series of gold and silver collector coins with the face values of 500 zloty and 50 zloty

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Collector coins Treasures of Stanisław August Ladislas of Varna ( ) Treasures of Stanisław August The unique series of gold and silver collector coins with the face values of 500 zloty and 50 zloty TREASURES OF STANISŁAW AUGUST replicates the famous 18th century medallic series with the images of the kings of Poland, which was struck on the order of Stanisław August Poniatowski. The royal medals, designed by two outstanding medallists: Jan Filip Holzhaeusser and Jan Jakub Reichel, were struck at the Warsaw mint in the years /1798. The design of the medals was based on portraits painted between 1768 and 1771 by Marcello Bacciarelli for the Marble Room at the Royal Castle in Warsaw. The coins issued by Narodowy Bank Polski are faithful replicas of the medals, preserving the diameter and height of relief of the originals. This applies to the portraits of the kings on the reverses. The obverses of the coins feature the reverses of the medals with biographies of the monarchs. The reverses of the medals have been reduced in size because they are accompanied by the name of the state along the rim, the image of the state emblem, the face value and the year of issue of the coins. The biographies of the monarchs and the inscriptions on the obverses of the medals accompanying the royal portraits are in Latin. The final text editing was most likely done by King Stanisław August himself. The names of the monarchs in Polish are presented on the sides of the coins, along with the name of the series Treasures of Stanisław August. The gallery of portraits of Polish kings, painted on the order of Stanisław August Poniatowski, consisted of images of 23 monarchs. It included one royal portrait more than Bacciarelli s series of 22 paintings. The additional portrait of Stanisław Leszczyński featured on the medal was most probably modelled on a painting by Jan Bogumił Plersch. Both series, the paintings and the medals, begin with the image of Bolesław Chrobry and end with the portrait of August III. Since the 18th century, the principal place in the Marble Room has belonged to the portrait of the fulllength figure of Stanisław August in his coronation robes. The painting is several times larger than other portraits. It is therefore probable that the medallic series would have finished with a medal presenting the image of the ruling monarch. However, these plans were thwarted by the king s abdication, emigration and early death at the beginning of The series of coins Treasures of Stanisław August consists of 24 portraits of monarchs of which 23 have been modelled on the royal series plus a portrait of Stanisław August based on the medals from the period. The series will be struck in silver and gold, as was the practice in the 18th century. Tomasz Bylicki senior curator Historical Museum of Warsaw Jagiello s oldest son, intended as King of Poland during the life of his father, crowned as King of Hungary in the year of the Lord At the Battle of Varna against the Turks, he fell victim to treacherous advice and was killed in the year of the Lord 1444, at the age of 20, on the 10 th of November in the eleventh year of his reign in Poland. Ladislas of Varna ( ) The eighth coin in the series depicts Ladislas of Varna, son of Ladislas Jagiello, crowned in 1434 as King of Poland, titular Grand Duke of Lithuania, and in 1440 as King of Hungary. In 1435 he received the homage of the Voivode of Moldavia and signed the Peace of Brześć Kujawski with the Teutonic Knights. His short reign was divided between Poland and Hungary. The medal image of the king, based on a portrait painted by Marcello Bacciarelli, depicts the bust of an armoured man facing left. There is a wound on his temple, with blood running from under his broken helmet. A crown is placed on his helmet and there is a medallion of the Virgin Mary with Child hanging on his breast on a decorative, 17 th century-style armour. On the reverse of the medal (on the averse of the coin the text is slightly shorter) it reads: Jagiello s oldest son, intended as King of Poland during the life of his father, crowned as King of Hungary in the year of the Lord At the Battle of Varna against the Turks, he fell victim to treacherous advice and was killed in the year of the Lord 1444, at the age of 20, on the 10 th of November in the eleventh year of his reign in Poland. Ladislas, the first-born son of Ladislas Jagiello and his fourth wife, Lithuanian princess Sophia of Halshany, was born in On behalf of the minor king, crowned at the age of 10, the regency was held by a royal council, above all, by the Bishop of Cracow, Zygmunt Oleśnicki, who paved Ladislas s way to the Hungarian throne. Despite the signed truce, as the leader of the victorious European crusade against the Turks in the Balkans ( ), Ladislas undertook another expedition to Adrianople and was killed in the Battle of Varna. The king s body was never recovered, the fact which underlay the legends about him surviving the battle and was the reason for a threeyear delay in acclaiming a new King of Poland. In 1906 a symbolic tombstone of Ladislas of Varna was erected in the Wawel Cathedral, and in 1935 a monument to him was built in Varna. Marta Męclewska Ladislas of Varna Collector coins Face value: 500 zł metal: Au 999.9/1000 finish: standard diameter: 45 mm weight: 62.2 g On the edge, the inscription: SKARBY STANISŁAWA AUGUSTA * WŁADYSŁAW WARNEŃCZYK * mintage: up to 600 pcs Designer: reverse Anna Wątróbska-Wdowiarska Obverse and inscriptions on the reverse Robert Kotowicz Producer: Mennica Polska S.A. commissioned by NBP Date of issue: 15 September 2015 Face value: 50 zł metal: Ag 999/1000 finish: standard diameter: 45 mm weight: 62.2 g On the edge, the inscription: SKARBY STANISŁAWA AUGUSTA * WŁADYSŁAW WARNEŃCZYK * mintage: up to 5,250 pcs Designer: reverse Anna Wątróbska-Wdowiarska Obverse and inscriptions on the reverse Robert Kotowicz Producer: Mennica Polska S.A. commissioned by NBP Date of issue: 15 September 2015 Bolesław Chrobry Boleslaus the Brave ( ) Date of issue: 12 III 2013 Władysław Jagiełło Ladislas Jagiello ( ) Date of issue: 3 III 2015 Wacław II Czeski Vaclav II ( ) Date of issue: 22 V 2013 Władysław Warneńczyk Ladislas of Varna ( ) Date of issue: 15 IX 2015 Władysław Łokietek Ladislas the Elbow-high ( ) Date of issue: 13 IX 2013 Kazimierz Jagiellończyk Casimir Jagiellon ( ) Date of issue: 3 XII 2015 Kazimierz Wielki Casimir the Great ( ) Date of issue: 3 III 2014 Jan Olbracht John Albert ( ) Ludwik Węgierski Louis I of Hungary ( ) Date of issue: 10 IX 2014 Aleksander Jagiellończyk Alexander ( ) Jadwiga Andegaweńska Jadwiga of Anjou ( ) Date of issue: 4 XII 2014 Zygmunt I Stary Sigismund the Elder ( ) Zygmunt August Sigismund-Augustus ( ) Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki ( ) Henryk Walezy Henry Valois ( ) Jan III Sobieski John III Sobieski ( ) Stefan Batory Stephen Bathory ( ) August II Mocny Augustus II the Strong ( , ) Zygmunt III Waza Sigismund Vasa ( ) Stanisław Leszczyński ( , ) Władysław IV Waza Ladislas Vasa ( ) August III Sas Augustus III ( ) Jan Kazimierz Waza John Casimir Vasa ( ) NBP NBP Stanisław August Poniatowski ( ) Coin design to be presented The series consists of 24 portraits of monarchs of which 23 are modelled on the royal series plus a portrait of Stanisław August based on the medals from the period. Issuing collector items is an occasion to commemorate important historic figures and anniversaries, as well as to develop interest of the public in Polish culture, science, and tradition. Information on the issue schedule can be found at: website. Collector coins issued by NBP are sold in the NBP regional branches and at the internet shop. Should you have any questions, please contact our consultants at the following phone numbers: and The next collector coin from the Treasures of King Stanisław August series Casimir Jagiellon will be issued in December Narodowy Bank Polski is the central bank of the State, responsible for its monetary policy and price stability. The Bank s functions are described in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Act on NBP. NBP holds the exclusive right to issue the currency of the Republic of Poland. As the central bank, it does not provide accounts for the general public, accept deposits from or extend loans to individuals. It acts as a banker to the State budget and public sector entities. NBP also holds and manages the foreign exchange reserves of the State. Finally, it functions as a banker to banks, creating conditions for the operation of the Polish banking system. Narodowy Bank Polski is one of the most important research and analytical centres in the fields of economics and financial markets. For more information on NBP visit: Narodowy Bank Polski
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