Treasures of Stanisław August - PDF

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Collector coins Treasures of Stanisław August Alexander ( ) Treasures of Stanisław August The unique series of gold and silver collector coins with the face values of 500 zloty and 50 zloty TREASURES

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Collector coins Treasures of Stanisław August Alexander ( ) Treasures of Stanisław August The unique series of gold and silver collector coins with the face values of 500 zloty and 50 zloty TREASURES OF STANISŁAW AUGUST replicates the famous 18th century medallic series with the images of the kings of Poland, which was struck on the order of Stanisław August Poniatowski. The royal medals, designed by two outstanding medallists: Jan Filip Holzhaeusser and Jan Jakub Reichel, were struck at the Warsaw mint in the years /1798. The design of the medals was based on portraits painted between 1768 and 1771 by Marcello Bacciarelli for the Marble Room at the Royal Castle in Warsaw. The coins issued by Narodowy Bank Polski are faithful replicas of the medals, preserving the diameter and height of relief of the originals. This applies to the portraits of the kings on the reverses. The obverses of the coins feature the reverses of the medals with biographies of the monarchs. The reverses of the medals have been reduced in size because they are accompanied by the name of the state along the rim, the image of the state emblem, the face value and the year of issue of the coins. The biographies of the monarchs and the inscriptions on the obverses of the medals accompanying the royal portraits are in Latin. The final text editing was most likely done by King Stanisław August himself. The names of the monarchs in Polish are presented on the sides of the coins, along with the name of the series Treasures of Stanisław August. The gallery of portraits of Polish kings, painted on the order of Stanisław August Poniatowski, consisted of images of 23 monarchs. It included one royal portrait more than Bacciarelli s series of 22 paintings. The additional portrait of Stanisław Leszczyński featured on the medal was most probably modelled on a painting by Jan Bogumił Plersch. Both series, the paintings and the medals, begin with the image of Bolesław Chrobry and end with the portrait of August III. Since the 18th century, the principal place in the Marble Room has belonged to the portrait of the fulllength figure of Stanisław August in his coronation robes. The painting is several times larger than other portraits. It is therefore probable that the medallic series would have finished with a medal presenting the image of the ruling monarch. However, these plans were thwarted by the king s abdication, emigration and early death at the beginning of The series of coins Treasures of Stanisław August consists of 24 portraits of monarchs of which 23 have been modelled on the royal series plus a portrait of Stanisław August based on the medals from the period. The series will be struck in silver and gold, as was the practice in the 18th century. Tomasz Bylicki senior curator Historical Museum of Warsaw Casimir s fourth son, by whose orders Chancellor Łaski consolidated and published the legislation. He died in Vilnius A.D at the age of 45, in the 5th year of his reign, on 19 August. Alexander ( ) The eleventh coin of the series portrays Alexander, the fourth son of Casimir Jagiellon and Elisabeth of Austria. Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1492 and King of Poland from The Polish-Lithuanian personal union was restored upon Alexander s coronation. The king was reproached for ineffective foreign policy, submission to the magnates and mismanagement of the royal estate and treasury. The coin s reverse depicts the king s bust based on the medal, shown in profile facing left (modelled on a painting by Marcello Bacciarelli). The king is wearing a beret with an ostrich feather; he is dressed in a fur coat and a caftan underneath, over which the king is wearing a chain with a pendant. The coin s obverse reads in translation (the text from the medal s reverse is slightly abbreviated): Casimir s fourth son, by whose orders Chancellor Łaski consolidated and published the legislation. He died in Vilnius A.D at the age of 45, in the 5th year of his reign, on 19 August. Alexander, born in 1461, was placed on the throne of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1492 according to his father s will; his elder brother John Albert was then elected King of Poland, as a consequence of which the Polish-Lithuanian personal union was severed for 9 years. After Alexander s ascension to the Polish throne in 1501, the union was reinstated under the act signed in Mielnik. As Grand Duke of Lithuania and then King of Poland, Alexander conducted unsuccessful wars over eastern territories of Lithuania, which were ultimately lost to the Grand Principality of Moscow in In 1495, he married Helena, a daughter of Ivan III, Grand Prince of Moscow. Alexander spent most of his time in Lithuania, delegating the rule of Poland to senators and his brother, Cardinal Frederick. The opposition of the nobility forced the king to limit the magnates rights and caused the Nihil novi constitution ( nothing new, i.e. nothing about us without us ) to be adopted by the Sejm at the sitting in Radom in The act granted dominance over the Senate and King to the nobility s Chamber of Deputies. By that time Chancellor Łaski had drawn up a collection of laws, statutes and privileges, known as Łaski s Statutes, which were approved by the same Sejm. Alexander Jagiellon died without issue in Vilnius in 1506 and was buried in Vilnius Cathedral. Marta Męclewska ALEXANDER Collector coins Face value: 500 zł metal: Au 999.9/1000 finish: standard diameter: 45 mm weight: 62.2 g On the edge, the inscription: SKARBY STANISŁAWA AUGUSTA * ALEKSANDER JAGIELLOŃCZYK * mintage: up to 600 pcs Designer: reverse Anna Wątróbska-Wdowiarska Obverse and inscriptions on the reverse Robert Kotowicz Producer: Mennica Polska S.A. commissioned by NBP Date of issue: 7 December 2016 Face value: 50 zł metal: Ag 999/1000 finish: standard diameter: 45 mm weight: 62.2 g On the edge, the inscription: SKARBY STANISŁAWA AUGUSTA * ALEKSANDER JAGIELLOŃCZYK * mintage: up to 6000 pcs Designer: reverse Anna Wątróbska-Wdowiarska Obverse and inscriptions on the reverse Robert Kotowicz Producer: Mennica Polska S.A. commissioned by NBP Date of issue: 7 December 2016 Bolesław Chrobry Boleslaus the Brave ( ) Date of issue: 12 III 2013 Władysław Jagiełło Ladislas Jagiello ( ) Date of issue: 3 III 2015 Wacław II Czeski Vaclav II ( ) Date of issue: 22 V 2013 Władysław Warneńczyk Ladislas of Varna ( ) Date of issue: 15 IX 2015 Władysław Łokietek Ladislas the Elbow-high ( ) Date of issue: 13 IX 2013 Kazimierz Jagiellończyk Casimir Jagiellon ( ) Date of issue: 3 XII 2015 Kazimierz Wielki Casimir the Great ( ) Date of issue: 3 III 2014 Jan Olbracht John Albert ( ) Date of issue: 14 VI 2016 Ludwik Węgierski Louis I of Hungary ( ) Date of issue: 10 IX 2014 Aleksander Jagiellończyk Alexander ( ) Date of issue: 7 XII 2016 Jadwiga Andegaweńska Jadwiga of Anjou ( ) Date of issue: 4 XII 2014 Zygmunt I Stary Sigismund the Elder ( ) Zygmunt August Sigismund-Augustus ( ) Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki ( ) Henryk Walezy Henry Valois ( ) Jan III Sobieski John III Sobieski ( ) Stefan Batory Stephen Bathory ( ) August II Mocny Augustus II the Strong ( , ) Zygmunt III Waza Sigismund Vasa ( ) Stanisław Leszczyński ( , ) Władysław IV Waza Ladislas Vasa ( ) August III Sas Augustus III ( ) Jan Kazimierz Waza John Casimir Vasa ( ) NBP NBP Stanisław August Poniatowski ( ) Coin design to be presented The series consists of 24 portraits of monarchs of which 23 are modelled on the royal series plus a portrait of Stanisław August based on the medals from the period. Issuing collector items is an occasion to commemorate important historic figures and anniversaries, as well as to develop interest of the public in Polish culture, science, and tradition. Information on the issue schedule can be found at: website. Collector coins issued by NBP are sold in the NBP regional branches and at the internet shop. Should you have any questions, please contact our consultants at the following phone numbers: and The next collector coin from the Treasures of King Stanisław August series Sigismund the Elder will be issued in July Narodowy Bank Polski is the central bank of the State, responsible for its monetary policy and price stability. The Bank s functions are described in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland and the Act on NBP. NBP holds the exclusive right to issue the currency of the Republic of Poland. As the central bank, it does not provide accounts for the general public, accept deposits from or extend loans to individuals. It acts as a banker to the State budget and public sector entities. NBP also holds and manages the foreign exchange reserves of the State. Finally, it functions as a banker to banks, creating conditions for the operation of the Polish banking system. Narodowy Bank Polski is one of the most important research and analytical centres in the fields of economics and financial markets. For more information on NBP visit: Narodowy Bank Polski
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