Research centre Řež SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (SUSEN) Martin Ruščák - PDF

Research centre Řež SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (SUSEN) Martin Ruščák Presentation Content Research centre Rez SUSEN project Technical infrastructure Budget Time schedule Research programmes Technological Experimental

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Research centre Řež SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (SUSEN) Martin Ruščák Presentation Content Research centre Rez SUSEN project Technical infrastructure Budget Time schedule Research programmes Technological Experimental Circuits Structural and System Diagnostics Nuclear Fuel Cycle Material Research 1 Research Centre Řež R&D organization in power generation industry / nuclear technologies Member of the UJV Group 300 employees 2 Company activities in brief R&D as a service Coollaboration on R&D with the industry Trainings 3 Project SUSEN SUSEN = SUStainable Energy project to create a large infrastructure for sustainable R&D activities R&D support of safe operation of current NPPs of GenII and GenIII and of preparation NPPs of GenIV and fusion reactors Approved in December 2011 by the European Commission and The Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MSMT) Financing up to December 2015 Responsibilities to EC and MSMT up to 2020 Subsidy beneficiary Centrum výzkumu Řež Partner University of West Bohemia in Plzen Maximum subsidy amount: billion CZK (~95 millions EUR) 4 Project SUSEN Objectives of project: Construction of a research infrastructure focused to energy research with emphasis on nuclear technologies SUBSIDY BENEFICIARY: Centrum výzkumu Řež s.r.o. (Research Centre Rez) A member of the NRI Group PARTNER: West Bohemia University MAXIMUM SUBSIDY AMOUNT: CZK milliard Rez site 1 new buildings, 5 reconstructed buildings, Usable area: about 8,450 m 2 01/2012: Start of project 12/ /2020: R&D outputs and proving sustainability 12/2015: End of construction Plzeň site 3 new buildings Usable area: about 3,860 m 2 5 Project SUSEN Project objectives: 21 particular research outputs and 52 research outcomes to be achieved within the period 2013 to 2020 To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to extend the infrastructure of Research Centre Rez: Build new diagnostic centre and reconstruct or extend 5 buildings in Rez all buildings but one are completed Build new experimental hall and rent two more buildings in Plzen - completed Procure necessary experimental equipment and instruments in progress 6 Project SUSEN Technological Experimental Circuits TEC Structural and System Diagnostics SSD Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Nuclear Fuel Cycle NFC Material Research MAT 7 Project SUSEN Technological Experimental Circuits Gen IV SCWR Loop for Fuel Qualifiacation Tests Ultracritical Water Loop Fusion High Heat Flux Test Facility for ITER Programme S-ALLEGRO Helium Loop HTHL Loop SCO2 Loop Neutron Generators TBM Platform Hot laboratory Hydrogen Technologies 8 FQT SCWR Loop Main facility / laboratories: Fuel Qualification Test (FQT) loop for the LVR-15 research reactor Secondary block Bridge The Active channel Primary block LVR-15 research reactor w/ shielding Objectives: Testing of the fuel cladding in pile; Testing of the integrity of the assembly (welds, wire wraps, etc.); Obtaining data for heat transfer predictions for supercritical water conditions. 9 Ultracritical Water Loop (UCWL) Conception of UCWL is based on our experiences with supercritical water loop (SCWL). The parameters of UCWL of future conventional Rankine-Clausius cycles. Main parameters 700 C 30 MPa 900 kg/h 10 Experimental Complex HELCZA Use High heat flux cyclic loading of various materials Extreme heat flux testing of various materials Testing of fusion first wall and divertor targets modules Parameters Electron source power: 800 kw Accelerating voltage: 60 kv Rasterizing frequency: 20 khz Heat flux density: 40 MW/m 2 ( maximum 40 GW/m 2 ) Modules dimension: 2m x 1m or 1,5m x 1,5m Angle of incidence of beam: 90 o 11 S-ALLEGRO - Helium Experimental Loop Main goals: Verify the basic safety characteristics of helium cooled reactors Ensure data for TH codes validation Non-active functional tests, reliability tests, long-term component testing In model scale check these ALLEGRO characteristics Emergency heat removal system, decay heat removal system Transients Piping system Construction materials Manufacturing technology (welding) Purification system Component testing 12 S-ALLEGRO - Helium Experimental Loop The loop will be realized in two phases Phase I One main compressor One main cooling loop One DHR loop without compressor Phase II Two main compressor Two main cooling loop Three DHR loops N2 cooling He vessel for LOCA ALLEGRO demonstrator 1 : 75 1 MW 13 High Temperature Helium Loop Operating parameters Temperature: 900 C Pressure: 7 MPa Flux rate: 38 kg He/h In-pile operation 14 High Temperature Helium Loop Testing (exposure) of VHTR and GFR structural materials in simulated helium coolant and irradiation in test reactor LVR-15 Investigation of high temperature corrosion and changes of properties of tested materials Possible materials for testing: High temperature steels High temperature alloys Graphite Ceramics (SiC, etc.) Specimens will not be mechanic stressed during exposure. Mechanical tests are possible after exposure 15 Facility for Testing of High Temperature Fuel Cells Tests: Power measurements Polarization curves Gas composition Impedance Long-term tests: SOEC/SOFC Various flowrates, power, temperature flowmeters generátor páry Furnace Cell holder SOEC/ SOFC Temperature measurement Impedance measurement Electricity source Gas analyzer Control system 16 Experimental Complex HELCZA VACUUM VESSEL DECONTAMINATION KINEMATICS MAGNETIC DEFLECTION FIELD BEAM RANGE DIAGNOSTICS ELECTRON GUN Exposition distance Vessel inner diameter Vessel inner length 2 m 2.5 m 2.8 m MODULE Vessel volume 11 m 3 Vessel weight 22 t TRANSPORTER OF MODULES TRANSPORTER OF GUN 17 Project SUSEN Technological Experimental Circuits TEC Structural and System Diagnostics SSD Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Nuclear Fuel Cycle NFC Material Research MAT 18 Structural and System Diagnostics Main goals Lifetime prolonging of current generation of nuclear power plants, beyond 60 years Supporting actions in development of materials and diagnostic systems for future operation of new generations reactors (Gen IV, Fusion) Main aims Material studies of highly irradiated materials R&D of diagnostic systems 19 Project SUSEN Structural and System Diagnostic SSD Highly sensitive analytical instruments centre NDE laboratory LOCA laboratory Hot cell laboratory 20 Centre of Highly Sensitive Analytical Instruments Main goal: To build the center for the studies of reactor structural and core materials used in designs of current nuclear power plants and of advanced materials for future nuclear reactors of Gen. IV and fusion reactors. To equip the centre by state-of-the-art instruments allowing us to obtain complex and cutting-edge knowledge. 21 The main objective To gain new knowledge about the degradation mechanisms of microstructural and microchemical changes of materials exposed to reactor conditions including: - high neutron doses - high temperatures - mechanical stresses - corrosive environments Centre of Highly Sensitive Analytical Instruments Main laboratories: Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-STEM) with atomic resolution and very low detection limits of chemical elements Scanning Electron Microscopy with Focused Ion Beam (SEM-FIB) and analytical detectors EDS, WDS a EBSD Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) for isotopic analysis Sample preparation lab for advanced electron microscopy and SIMS Light Optical Microscopy (LOM) with microhardness attachment (MHV) for fundamental microstructure analysis Nanoindentor for micro-mechanical material properties analysis 22 NDE Laboratory Main objectives: Development of new methodologies for non-destructive evaluations of critical constructional parts of nuclear power plant ferrite, austenitic and heterogeneous welded joints and components of complex configuration concrete structure of nuclear reactor pressure vessel cavity Developing a new universal HW and SW manipulator management system for testing welds of critical nodes of the primary and secondary NPP circuits 23 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) Magnetic sector SIMS: CAMECA ims 7f Primary ion beam SIMS principle Secondary ions SIMS reveals elemental and isotopic surface composition 24 NDE Laboratory Main laboratories Electro-mechanical laboratory of robotics Laboratory of non-destructive testing Laboratory of cracks and discontinuities studies The laboratories cover whole automated NDE tool chain 25 LOCA Laboratory 26 Main objective: Developing new procedures of thermal and radiation resistance verification and behaviour of structural materials and systems under the extreme conditions of severe accidents. Main technologies: LOCA device High voltage testing room Gamma irradiation device Main LOCA V = 1-10 m3 Tmax= C pmax,(abs) = bar Vessel for simulation H2 explosion Tmax= C pmax,(abs) = bar Post-LOCA V = 1-10 m3 Tmax= C pmax,(abs) =10-20 bar Hot Cell Laboratory Main objectives: Study of the microstructure degradation and mechanical properties of nuclear reactor structural components materials after long operational exposure; Very high temperature testing (up to 1200 C) of mechanical properties, CGR at cyclic loading, a development and implementation of low-cycle fatigue testing with creep interaction (fatigue-creep), and creep testing Development of new fuel cycle technologies for fluorite technology-based nuclear reactors of new generations 27 Layout of the Hot Cells 8 gamma hot cells, 2 alpha hot cells and 1 semi-hot cell will be constructed. Thickness of steel shielding: perimeter shielding 500 mm ceiling shielding 400 mm floor shielding 300 mm Max. source activity up to 300 TBq 60 Co Dose Equivalent Rates γ = 1.38 µsv/h In each hot cell will be hermetic, easily removable box from stainless steel 28 Equipment Inside the Hot Cells Manufacturing of the specimens (cutting, welding, drilling, machining) : Electrical discharge machine (EDM) CNC machining center Electron beam welding machine (EBW) Meechanical / SCC testing: Universal tensile test machine loading up to 250kN Tensile test machine for combined axial-torsional High frequency resonance pulsator up to 50kN Electromechanical creep machine up to 50kN Fatigue machine Autoclave with water loop Microscopes (SEM, LOM), nanoindentation device. 29 Project SUSEN Technological Experimental Circuits TEC Structural and System Diagnostics SSD Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Nuclear Fuel Cycle NFC Material Research MAT 30 Nuclear Fuel Cycle Main goals To expand and construct a research infrastructure to support: nuclear fuel cycle of GIV reactors, radioactive waste management (RWM), including its final disposal, severe accidents experimental studies, non-spreading of nuclear weapons and the environmental impact, SUSEN project analytically 31 Project SUSEN Nuclear Fuel Cycle NFC Laboratory of Induction Heating Laboratory of Geological Disposal Laboratory of Radioactive Waste Management Technologies Laboratory of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Hot laboratory Fluoride Chemistry Analytical Laboratory 32 Anaerobic Boxes SUSEN - scientific-technology platform to support a deep geological repository development Research of engineered barriers (IB): Canister material corrosion research under anaerobic conditions VaV support of geological repository safety Analysis of corrosion products Microbiological corrosion research EC project MIND Research of an interaction between IB and the host rock: Resistance of potential canisters materials research under natural conditions Impact of corrosion product on bentonite behavior Research of IB degradation under anaerobic conditions Research of an repository host rock, incl. natural analogues: Redox sensitive radionuclides migration studies Samples acquired under anaerobic conditions analysis Laboratory of Induction Heating What is planned? Induction heater with cold crucibles: Generator A 160 kw (1-2 MHz) also in ZCU Generator B 300 kw (0,1 0,5 MHz) Equipped with vacuum chamber Located within a controlled area (Cat. 3 workplace with IRS) - Rez What can it do? Heating up conductive/semiconductive and/or non-conductive materials up to 3000 C Different conditions: Gases Radioactivity Volumes of cold crucible (up to 50 kgs of material ~ 25 Ltrs For what research? Investigation of phase diagrams and melts properties Modeling and investigation of nonstandard situations at nuclear power reactors (in- and ex-vessel severe accidents) Vitrification of radioactive wastes Powder remelting to ingot High temperature synthesis of materials Crystal growth (mono-, multicrystals) Glass synthesis Production of fused refractors Laboratory of RAW management high temperature technology for disposal of radioactive waste with at least twice the volume reduction factor compared to currently used procedures at the Czech nuclear power plants. a combination of a prototype of high temperature technologies and a technological node of pretreatment of melting salt and ion resin and the final node of immobilization of waste salts. 2 Project SUSEN Technological Experimental Circuits TEC Structural and System Diagnostics SSD Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Project SUSEN Nuclear Fuel Cycle NFC Material Research MAT 36 Material Research Development of ferritic/martensitic steels for application in an environment with temperatures up to 650 C (steam turbines and supercritical fossil power plants and inactive circuits of Generation IV nuclear reactors), austenitic steels and high-level austenitic alloys for components stable in aggressive environments at high temperatures and pressures, new welding technologies for advanced materials 37 Project SUSEN Material Research MAT Mechanical Testing Laboratories Laboratories of Analytical Chemistry and Electrochemistry Laboratory of Metallography and Surface analysis Laboratory of Fusion Welding Hot laboratory (partner UWB) 38
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