Н.В. Юхнель Е.Г. Наумова Н.В. Демченко. Вышэйшая школа. Правообладатель Вышэйшая школа - PDF


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Н.В. Юхнель Е.Г. Наумова Н.В. Демченко CONTENTS UNIT 1. ABOUT MYSELF UNIT 2. HOUSES AND HOMES UNIT 3. EDUCATION UNIT 4. YOUTH ORGANISATIONS UNIT 5. ART UNIT 6. SCIENCE UNIT 7. GREAT PEOPLE UNIT 8. NEWS UNIT 9. PERSONAL NEWS Additional materials Grammar reference Irregular verbs list Vocabulary 5. to go to a particular place 6. to talk to someone in a friendly informal way 7. to visit some websites 8. to tell someone that you are sorry for having done something that has caused them inconvenience or unhappiness 9. (about food) cooked or heated up in a microwave 10. to visit someone in their home 11. a friend or a person whom you work with 12. a suffix added to adjectives to give the meaning to some degree; partly; quite; around 13. to speak to a god either privately or in a religious ceremony in order to express love, admiration or thanks or in order to ask for something 14. to send a text message on the phone 15. very fashionable especially because not within the standards of common people 16. to feel pleasure, to be happy that something is going to happen b) Look through two diary pages. Which of them do you think was written by a girl and which by a boy? A. Family weekend as usual. At 6... I was woken up by my little sister Alice. Why can t I stay at home... at least once in a month?! Instead of... the Internet, I had to... to my girlfriend all morning,... for not calling her yesterday. She sent only one...: Leave me alone! I just hope and... to God she ll stop being so capricious.... food again I... to having some nice homemade lunch. When I finally decided to... the Internet, my elder brother Jim said he needed my computer because it was faster than his, and he wanted to... some sites to find information for his course paper. He spent three hours... the Internet and when I finally started... with my mates, Mum said she wanted a hand in the attic to get rid of some old stuff. Luckily, her friend... and they decided... Topshop or New Look to buy some... clothes for my second sister Lily who is soon going to France for a course. Some luck at last! B. It s been a very good day. First of all my parents went on a weekend trip to Scotland and I was in the house.... When I woke up, I saw that they had already sent me SEVEN!!! messages. 12 guided tours, organising hikes and evening programmes, cleaning the park. B. If you live in a city of any size, then there is at least one organisation that helps homeless people with meals, beds and other services. C. Reading is one of the most important skills an adult can have. Many adults, however, have never learned how to read. Volunteers help illiterate children and adults learn this important skill. D. You can volunteer to return books onto shelves, run children s programmes, give out books and so on. This programme trains volunteers to assist library staff and the public. E. Helping to take care of animals, keep facilities clean and work with the public. F. In this project you can help with environmental activities. You can help in many ways: by leading hikes and other activities, or by lending a hand at the office. G. Many small charities and organisations do not yet have websites. You can help by creating a website. You could also raise money to pay for the website. H. This organisation helps people in emergencies whether it s half a million disaster victims or one sick child who needs blood. I. They serve poor people living in the community (especially around the holidays) by collecting food and distributing it to those in need. J. This volunteer job involves helping patients both inside and outside the hospital. The volunteers programmes allow participants to explore medical careers and gain work experience. K. Here you can provide friendship and community activities for elderly people. c) Which of the words in bold means: a) a person who has reached the official age when they can stop working regularly, a more polite way of saying old person b) giving someone, or making it possible for someone to have something which is useful or which they will need 21 c) people who do something, especially help other people, willingly and without being forced or paid to do it d) a building designed to give protection from bad weather, danger or attack 22 d) Which of the volunteer projects would you like to join? 3. a) Do the questionnaire to decide what kind of volunteer work you should do. 1. When you meet someone new, what do you do? a) I give them a big smile and a hug (объятия). b) I give them a flower I picked in the garden. c) I attack them with lots of questions. d) I get excited and start jumping up and down. 2. What motto do you live by? a) Hug them, feed them, love them. b) The 3 R s reduce, reuse, recycle. c) A laugh a day keeps the doctor away. d) You can t get anywhere without a good education. 3. Which school club interests you most? a) Eco-Friends. b) Friendship Club. c) Students in the Community ( в обществе). d) Future Leaders. 4. If you could change one thing in the world, what would it be? a) Stop global warming. b) Feed the hungry. c) Find a cure for every single disease. d) End the wars can t we all just get along. 5. How would your best friends describe you? a) Fun to be with. b) Helpful and caring. c) Smart and brainy. d) Romantic and dreamy. 6. Who is your hero? a) Albert Einstein he was a genius. b) The Animal Rights Group. c) Jacques Yve Cousteau he loved the Earth. d) Mother Teresa a true saint (святая). How to score: 1a 3; 1b 1; 1c 2; 1d 4; 2a 3; 2b 1; 2c 4; 2d 2; 3a 1; 3b 3; 3c 4; 3d 2; 4a 1; 4b 3; 4c 2; 4d 4; 5a 4; 5b 3; 5c 1; 5d 2; 6a 2; 6b 4; 6c 1; 6d : Your perfect volunteer work is with the environment! You re passionate about protecting the environment. You stand up for recycling and riding bikes to school, you re against aerosols, littering and the use of styrofoam in the school cafeteria. It would be great for you to volunteer at a recycling depot, at a greenhouse or even for Greenpeace : Your perfect volunteer work is with science! You re a brainiac who loves learning about all things scientific! Your room is filled with telescopes to study space and microscopes to study bugs and bacteria that you find hiding in the corners of your room. So start volunteering at a museum, space centre or planetarium to use your brain cells : Your perfect volunteer work is with the homeless! You re so kind and caring that your friends sometimes mistake you for their mom! You don t have a selfish bone in your body and would do anything to help out sick and homeless people. That s why you re perfectly suited to work at a homeless shelter or a soup kitchen where you can get to know homeless people, feed them and maybe even help them get jobs. 23 capital of the country is Gaborone. Botswana is rich in diamonds. In 1966 it became independent from Britain. The bestselling series of books about the African lady-detective was filmed by the Anthony Minghella, the famous director of the English Patient. 2. a) Read the extract from the book. Is Happy Bapetsi a man or a woman? Let me tell you a little about myself first, said Happy Bapetsi. I come from Maun, you see, right up on the Okavango. My mother had a small shop and I lived with her in the house at the back. We had lots of chickens and we were very happy. My mother told me that my daddy had left a long time ago, when I was still a little baby. He had gone off to work in Bulawayo and he had never come back. Somebody had written to us another Motswana living there to say that he thought my daddy was dead, but he wasn t sure. He said that he had gone to see somebody at Mpilo Hospital one day and as he was walking along the corridor he saw them wheeling somebody out on a stretcher and that the dead person looked remarkably like my daddy. But he couldn t be certain. So we decided that he was probably dead, but my mother did not mind a great deal because she had never really liked him very much. And, of course, I couldn t even remember him, so it did not make much difference to me. I went to school in Maun at a place run by some Catholic missionaries. One of them discovered that I could do arithmetic rather well and he spent a long time helping me. He said that he had never met a girl who could count so well. I suppose it was very odd. I could see a group of figures and I would just remember it. Then I would find that I had added the figures in my head, even without thinking about it. It just came very easily. I didn t have to work at it at all. I did very well in my exams and at the end of the day I went off to Gaborone and learned how to be a book-keeper. Again it was very simple for me; I could look at a whole sheet of figures and understand it immediately. Then, the next day, I could remember every figure exactly and write them all down if I needed to. 30 I got a job in the bank and I was given promotion after promotion. Now I am the No. 1 sub-accountant and I don t think I can go any further because the men are worried that I ll make them look stupid. But I don t mind. I get a very good pay and I can finish all my work by three in the afternoon, sometimes earlier. I go shopping after that. I have a nice house with four rooms and I am very happy. To have all that by the time you are thirty-eight is good enough, I think. Mma Ramotswe smiled. That is very interesting. You re right. You ve done well. I m very lucky, said Happy Bapetsi. But then this thing happened. My Daddy arrived at the house. b) Why did Happy Bapetsi come to a detective agency? c) What do you think happened next? 3. a) Match the questions to the paragraphs of the extract. a) Where do you come from? b) Were you unhappy that your father had died? c) How did Mma Ramotswe comment on the story? d) Do you have a father? e) What job did you get? f) What school did you go to? g) What happened? h) What set you apart from other schoolchildren? i) What is your life like now? b) Ask and answer the questions. Where do you come from? Do you have a talent? What are you really good at? Did you do well in your exams last year? What job would you like to get in the future? What life would you like to lead when you are an adult? 4. a) Write an autobiographical poem about Happy Bapetsi. Use the structure from ex. 5 in lesson 8. Use the extract from the book and your imagination, if necessary. 31 b) Compare your poems with those of your classmates. Whose poem is No. 1? AUTOBIOGRAPHY Write your autobiography and an autobiographical poem. Think of an attractive layout photos, pictures, colours, arrows, etc. Hang the autobiographies and the poems around the classroom. Go round the classroom and read your classmates work. Give each paper four marks: one for the content, one for the language, one for the layout, one for creativity. Leave all your marks with the teacher. Let them calculate who has got the highest score. Give a round of applause to the winner(s)! 32 back garden there are birch trees and fragrant flowers growing near the main kitchen window, and there are jasmine and rose bushes growing by the fence. b) Find all the words that tell us about the size of the house. What do they describe? 3. a) Which of the questions below does the description in ex. 2a answer? 1. Are you the happy owner of your house or do you rent it? 2. Did you build the house yourself or did you buy it from an estate agent? 3. Is your house a detached, semi-detached or terraced house, a cottage, a bungalow or a mansion? 4. Is it a modern house or a restored period house? 5. Is there a basement underneath the house? What do you keep there? 6. How many rooms are there? What rooms are upstairs, what rooms are downstairs? Do you have any rooms in the attic? 7. Is your house made of wood or bricks? Are there tiles on the roof? 8. Are there radiators in each room? Is there a fireplace? 9. Is there electricity and running water? Do you have central heating or air conditioning in the house? What other modern conveniences are there? 10. Are the ceilings high or low? Is your house spacious? 11. Is there enough room in the house for all the treasure items that you have? Where do you keep them? 12. Is your house suitable for pets? 13. Are there carpets on the floor? Is there a comfortable settee in the lounge? 14. Do you have a shower, a laundry basket, a sink and taps for hot and cold water in the bathroom? 15. Are the rooms cluttered or tidy? 16. Do you have to share your room with anyone? 17. Do you have enough privacy? 18. Who is responsible for the upkeep of the house, the repairs and renovations? 54 leather saddle that moves back and forth on rollers. There s a wooden dolls house with fancy furniture in all the rooms, miniature rugs and chairs and tables. There are pictures on the walls of Maude s room, children and dogs and cats, and something that looks like a map of the sky, with all the stars connected up with lines to make pictures like what I saw in the stars that cold night in the grave. It s toasty warm in the room there s a fireplace just had a fire burning, and a fender in front of it with clothes hanging on it to air. I want to stay here, but I can t I have to find our Jenny. I go out and down the stairs. I get to the next landing, and there are four closed doors there. I ve never been in a house like this. Five or six families could live in this house. I look at the doors. They re all oak, with brass handles shining. I heard about rooms like this but I ve never seen one. There sofas Вышэйшая are tiles everywhere, white tiles on the floor and up the sides of the walls to just over my head. One row of the tiles at the top has flowers on them, like tulips, red and green. There s a big white bathtub, and a white sink, with the silver pipes and taps. There are big white towels hanging on a rack, and I touch one. Where I ve touched it I leave a black mark and I feel bad because it s so clean in here otherwise. In a little room off this one is a WC, white too, with a seat made of mahogany, like some of the rich people s coffins. I think of the privy and bucket my father and I use, and it s so different from this; they don t even seem like they re meant for the same thing. I go out and choose another door, to the room at the front of the house. The walls are yellow, and though it s facing north, there are two big windows, with balconies you can walk out on, and the light that comes in turns gold when it hits the walls. There are two sofas pushed together, and shawls decorated with butterflies and flowers spread over them. There s a piano and little tables with books and magazines on them, and a sideboard with photographs on it. Then I hear our Jenny talking out on the landing. There s no time to get out of the room, and somehow I know she and Mrs. C. will come in here. I crouch down quickly behind one of the 57 школа 4. a) Read the sentences and say which of the two sentences in each pair is more realistic, and which is less realistic. Explain why you think so If I see him, I will give him a book. If I saw him, I would give him a book. If we find her address, we will send her a birthday card. If we found her address, we would send her a birthday card. b) Which of the sentences mean: I will do it there is still hope that I will do it there is no/ very little hope that I will do it c) One of these sentences is Conditional I, the other is Conditional II. Make tables similar to ex. 3a for Conditional II. Check your understanding and study the rule on pages a) Compare Conditional I and Conditional II If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain. I am not you this is unreal. Paula would be sad if Jan left. Jan will not leave that s not going to happen. If dogs had wings, they would be able to fly. Dogs don t have wings that s impossible. b) Complete the Conditional sentences (Conditional II) by putting the verbs into the correct form and say what is unreal in this sentence. 1. If we (have) had a day off, we (go) would go to Belovezhskaya Pushcha. 2. If he (have) more time, he (learn) astronomy. 3. If they (tell) their father, he (be) very angry. 4. If she (go) to England, she (speak) English easily. 5. We (help) you if we (know) how. 6. If I (feel) better, I (go) to the cinema with you. 7. If I (come) home earlier, I (prepare) dinner. c) Make these sentences true about you. Change them to Conditional I. Parents are expected to make sure that their child has a pen, pencil, ruler, etc. but the costs of other more specialised equipment, books, examination fees, etc. are covered by the school. Parents are, however, expected to pay for their child s school uniform and items of sports wear. Sometimes parents pay for music lessons. Schools may ask for voluntary contributions for school time activities but no pupil may be left out of an activity if their parents cannot or do not pay. Primary schools (5 11-year-olds) In the UK, the first level of education is known as primary education. These are almost always mixed sex, and usually located close to the child s home. Children are with the same group throughout the day, and one teacher has responsibility for most of the work they do. Parents are asked to help their children, particularly with reading and writing, and small amounts of homework are set to all children, even during the early years at school. Secondary schools (11 16-year-olds) At the age of 11 most children transfer to a nearest secondary school, though the law allows parents in England and Wales to choose other schools too. A place has to be offered at the parents preferred school unless the school has more applicants than places; in that case it will admit the children who have the highest priority. Most secondary schools cater for both sexes. They are much larger than primary schools. Nearly 88% of secondary school pupils in England and Wales go to comprehensive schools. These take children of all abilities and provide a wide range of secondary education for all children in a district from 11 to 16 or 18-years-old. All children in Scotland go to non-selective schools. Grammar schools are selective; they offer academically oriented general education. Entrance is based on a test of ability, usually at 11 (11+). Grammar schools are single sex schools i.e. children either go to a boys grammar school or a girls grammar school. There are grammar schools in Northern Ireland and some parts of England. 69 Fee-Paying Schools Independent schools 7% of the children in England go to independent schools. Independent schools are known as private schools and public schools. Parents pay for their children to attend these schools. A preparatory school (7 to 11 or 13 years old ) is a school to prepare pupils to go to a public school. A public school (11 or 13 to 18 years old) is an independent secondary school. Public schools in England are not run by the government. The entrance exams used by most public schools are known as Common Entrance exams and are taken at the age of 11 (girls) or 13 (boys). The most famous public schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester. 2. Read the definitions of the underlined words and find their Russian equivalents. Primary school 1) in Britain a school for children below the age of 11. It is usually divided into an infant and a junior section; 2) in the US and Canada a school equivalent to the first three or four grades of elementary school, sometimes including a kindergarten. Secondary school a school for young people, usually between the ages of 11 and 18. Independent school 1) in Britain a school that is neither financed nor controlled by the government or local authorities; 2) in Australia a school that is not part of the state system. Private school a school under the control of a private organisation, accepting mostly fee-paying pupils. Public school 1) in England and Wales a private independent fee-paying secondary school; 2) in the US any school that is part of a free local educational system. Comprehensive sc
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