Manual. Handleiding. Manuel. Anleitung. Manual. Användarhandbok. Phoenix Inverter Compact V V. SE Appendix

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Manual EN Handleiding NL Manuel FR Anleitung DE Manual ES Användarhandbok SE Appendix Phoenix Inverter Compact V V Copyrights 2008 Victron Energy B.V. All Rights Reserved This publication

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Manual EN Handleiding NL Manuel FR Anleitung DE Manual ES Användarhandbok SE Appendix Phoenix Inverter Compact V V Copyrights 2008 Victron Energy B.V. All Rights Reserved This publication or parts thereof may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any purpose. For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than the English language, contact Victron Energy B.V. VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN AS IS BASIS. IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR SPECIAL, COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS. THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HERE IN. Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit. This publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and may not reflect the product at all times in the future 1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS General Please familiarize yourself with the safety features and instructions by first reading the documentation supplied with this product before using the equipment. This product has been designed and tested in accordance with international standards. The equipment must be used exclusively for the purpose for which it was designed. WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD. The product is used in conjunction with a permanent energy source (battery). Input and/or output terminals may still be dangerously energized, even when the equipment is switched off. Always switch off the AC supply and the battery before carrying out maintenance or servicing the product. The product has no internal user-serviceable components. Do not remove the front plate or operate the product if any panels have been removed. All servicing must be undertaken by qualified personnel. Never use the product where there is a risk of gas or dust explosions. Consult the battery manufacturer's information to ascertain that the product is intended for use in conjunction with the battery. Always comply with the battery manufacturer's safety instructions. WARNING: Do not lift heavy loads without assistance. Installation EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix Read the installation instructions in the installation manual before installing the equipment. This is a Safety Class I product (supplied with a protective grounding terminal). The chassis must be grounded. A grounding point is located on the outside of the product. Whenever it is likely that the grounding protection has been damaged, the product must be turned off and secured against unintended operation; please contact qualified service staff. Ensure that the DC and AC input cables are fused and fitted with circuit breakers. Never replace a safety component with a different type. Consult the manual to determine the correct component. Before applying power, ensure that the available power source matches the configuration settings of the product as described in the manual. Ensure that the equipment is used under the correct ambient conditions. Never operate the product in a wet or dusty environment. Ensure there is adequate free space for ventilation around the product and check that the ventilation vents are not blocked. Ensure that the required system voltage does not exceed the product's capacity. 1 Transport and Storage Ensure that the mains power and battery leads have been disconnected before storing or transporting the product. No liability can be accepted for any transport damage if the equipment is shipped in nonoriginal packaging. Store the product in a dry environment; the storage temperature must be between -20 C and 60 C. Consult the battery manufacturer's manual in respect of transport, storage, charging, recharging and disposal of the battery. 2 2. DESCRIPTION 2.1 General SinusMax - Superior engineering Developed for professional duty, the Phoenix range of inverters is suitable for the widest range of applications. The design criteria have been to produce a true sine wave inverter with optimised efficiency but without compromise in performance. Employing hybrid HF technology, the result is a top quality product with compact dimensions, light in weight and capable of supplying power, problem-free, to any load. Extra start-up power A unique feature of the SinusMax technology is very high start-up power. Conventional high frequency technology does not offer such extreme performance. Phoenix inverters, however, are well suited to power up difficult loads such as compressors, electric motors and similar appliances. Parallel and 3-phase operation capability Up to 6 inverters can operate in parallel to achieve higher power output. Operation in 3-phase configuration is also possible. To transfer the load to another AC source: the automatic transfer switch If an automatic transfer switch is required, we recommend to using the MultiPlus or Quattro instead. The switch is included in these products and the charger function of the MultiPlus/Quattro can be disabled. Computers and other electronic equipment will continue to operate without disruption because the MultiPlus/Quattro features a very short switchover time (less than 20 milliseconds). EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix Programmable relay The Phoenix Inverter is equipped with a programmable relay, which by default is set as an alarm relay. The relay can be programmed for all kinds of other applications however, for example as a starter relay for a generating set. Programmable with DIP switches, VE.Net panel or personal computer The Phoenix Inverter is supplied ready for use. Three features are available for changing certain settings if desired: - The most important settings can be changed in a very simple manner, using DIP switches. - All settings, with exception of the programmable relay, can be changed with a VE.Net panel. - All settings can be changed with a PC and free of charge software, downloadable from our website 3 3. OPERATION 3.1 On/Off Switch When switched to on , the product is fully functional. The inverter will come into operation and the LED inverter on will light up. 3.2 Remote control Remote control is possible with a simple on/off switch or with a Phoenix Inverter Control panel. 3.3 LED Indications LED off LED flashes LED illuminated inverter eco mode alarm on off eco The inverter is switched on and supplies power to the load. Battery operation. inverter eco mode alarm on off eco The inverter is switched on and supplies power to the load. Pre alarm: overload, or battery voltage low, or inverter temperature high 4 inverter eco mode alarm inverter eco mode alarm on off eco on off eco The inverter is switched off. Alarm: overload, or battery voltage low, or inverter temperature hig, or DC ripple voltage on battery terminal was too high. The inverter is switched on eco mode and supplies power to the load. EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix 5 4. INSTALLATION This product should be installed by a qualified electrician. 4.1 Location The product must be installed in a dry and well-ventilated area, as close as possible to the batteries. There should be a clear space of at least 10cm around the appliance for cooling. Excessively high ambient temperature will result in the following: Reduced service life. Reduced charging current. Reduced peak capacity, or shutdown of the inverter. Never mount the appliance directly above the batteries. The product is suitable for wall mounting. For mounting see appendix A. The appliance can be mounted horizontally as well as vertically; vertical mounting is preferable. The vertical position offers optimum cooling. The interior of the product must remain accessible after installation. Try and keep the distance between the product and the battery to a minimum in order to minimize cable voltage losses. For safety purposes, this product should be installed in a heat-resistant environment if it is used with equipment where a substantial amount of power is to be converted. You should prevent the presence of e.g. chemicals, synthetic components, curtains or other textiles, etc., in the immediate vicinity. 6 4.2 Connection of Battery cables In order to fully utilize the full capacity of the product, batteries with sufficient capacity and battery cables with sufficient cross section should be used. See table. 24/ /2000 Recommended cross section (mm 2 ) 6 m Recommended battery capacity (Ah) 24/ / Remark: Internal resistance is the important factor when working with low capacity batteries. Please consult your supplier or the relevant sections of our book electricity on board, downloadable from our website. Procedure Proceed as follows to connect the battery cables: EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix Use an insulated box spanner in order to avoid shorting the battery. Avoid shorting the battery cables. Connect the battery cables: the + (red) and the - (black), to the battery see appendix A. Reverse polarity connection (+ to and to +) will cause damage to the product. (Safety fuse inside the Phoenix Inverter Compact can be damaged) Secure the nuts tightly in order to reduce the contact resistance as much as possible. 7 4.3 Connection of the AC cabling This is a Safety Class I product (supplied with a protective grounding terminal). The neutral wire of the AC output of this inverter is connected to the chassis. This is to ensure proper functioning of a GFCI (or RCCB) to be installed in the AC output of the Inverter. The chassis of the product must be connected toground, to the frame (of a vehicle) or the ground plate or hull (of a boat). Procedure The terminal points are indicated clearly. From left to right: PE (earth), L (phase) and N (neutral). 4.4 Optional Connections A number of optional connections are possible: Remote on/off switch & remote Control panel The product can be remotely controlled in two ways. - With an external switch (connection terminal H, see appendix A). Operates only if the switch on the Inverter is set to on. - With a Phoenix Inverter Control panel (connected to one of the two RJ48 sockets C, see appendix A). Operates only if the switch on the inverter is set to on. Only one remote control can be connected, i.e. either a switch or a remote control panel Programmable relay The inverters are equipped with a multi-functional relay that by default is programmed as an alarm relay. (VEConfigure software needed to change relay functionality). Near the connection terminals an LED illuminates when the relay is activated (refer to S, see appendix A). 8 4.4.3 Parallel Connection The inverters can be connected in parallel with several identical devices. To this end, a connection is established between the devices by means of standard RJ45 UTP cables. The system (one or more inverters plus optional control panel) will require subsequent configuration (see Section 5). In the event of connecting inverters in parallel, the following requirements must be met: - A maximum of six units connected in parallel. - Only identical devices may be connected in parallel. - The DC connection cables to the devices must be of equal length and cross-section. - If a positive and a negative DC distribution point is used, the cross-section of the connection between the batteries and the DC distribution point must at least equal the sum of the required cross-sections of the connections between the distribution point and the inverters. - Place the inverters close to each other, but allow at least 10 cm for ventilation purposes under, above and beside the units. - UTP cables must be connected directly from one unit to the other (and to the remote panel). Connection/splitter boxes are not permitted. - Only one remote control means (panel or switch) can be connected to the system Three-phase operation The Phoenix Inverter can also be used in 3-phase configuration. To this end, a connection between the devices is made by means of standard RJ45 UTP cables (the same as for parallel operation). The system (Inverters plus an optional control panel) will require subsequently configuration (see Section 5). Pre-requisites: see Section EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix 9 5. CONFIGURATION Settings may only be changed by a qualified engineer. Carefully read the instructions before changes are made. Batteries should be placed in a dry and well-ventilated area during charging. 5.1 Standard settings: ready for use On delivery, the Phoenix inverter is set to standard factory values. In general, these settings are suitable for stand-alone operation. Standard factory settings Inverter frequency Inverter voltage Stand-alone / parallel / 3-phase Search mode Programmable relay 50 Hz 230 VAC stand-alone off alarm function 5.2 Explanation of settings Inverter frequency Output frequency Adjustability: 50Hz; 60Hz Inverter voltage Adjustability: V Stand-alone / parallel operation / 2-3 phase setting Using several devices, it is possible to: - Increase total inverter power (several devices in parallel). - Create a split-phase system. - Create a 3-phase system. The standard product settings are for standalone operation. For parallel, three phase or split phase operation see section and Search Mode (Applicable in stand-alone configuration only) If search mode is on, the power consumption in no-load operation is decreased by approx. 70%. In this mode the Compact, when operating in inverter mode, is switched off in case of no load or very low load, and switches on every two seconds for a short period. If the output current exceeds a set level, the inverter will continue to operate. If not, the inverter will shut down again. The Search Mode can be set with a DIP switch. The Search Mode shut down and remain on load levels can be set with VEConfigure. The standard settings are: Shut down: 40 Watt (linear load). Turn on: 100 Watt (linear load). AES (Automatic Economy Switch) Instead of the search mode, the AES mode can also be chosen (with help of VEConfigure only). If this setting is turned on, the power consumption in no-load operation and with low loads is decreased by approx. 20%, by slightly 'narrowing' the sinusoidal voltage. Not adjustable with DIP switches. Applicable in stand-alone configuration only. Programmable relay By default, the programmable relay is set as an alarm relay, i.e. the relay will de-energise in the event of an alarm or a pre-alarm (inverter almost too hot, ripple on the input almost too high, battery voltage almost too low). Not adjustable with DIP switches. Near the connection terminals an LED illuminates when the relay is activated (refer to S, see appendix A). EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix 11 5.3 Configuration by computer All settings can be changed by means of a computer or with a VE.Net panel (except for the multi-functional relay and the VirtualSwitch when using VE.Net). Some settings can be changed with DIP switches (see Section 5.2). For changing settings with the computer, the following is required: - VEConfigureII software: can be downloaded free of charge at - A RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface. If the computer has no RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface cable is needed. Both are available from Victron Energy VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup VE.Bus Quick Configure Setup is a software program with which one Compact unit or systems with a maximum of three Compact units (parallel or three phase operation) can be configured in a simple manner. VEConfigureII forms part of this program. The software free can be downloaded free of charge at For connection to the computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required. If the computer has no RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface cable is needed. Both are available from Victron Energy VE.Bus System Configurator and dongle For configuring advanced applications and/or systems with four or more inverters, VE.Bus System Configurator software must be used. The software can be downloaded free of charge at VEConfigureII forms part of this program. The system can be configured without a dongle, and will be fully functional during 15 minutes (as a demonstration facility). For permanent use, a dongle available at additional charge is required. For connection to the computer, a RJ45 UTP cable and the MK2.2b RS485-to-RS232 interface is required. If the computer has no RS232 connection, but does have USB, a RS232-to-USB interface cable is needed. Both are available from Victron Energy. 5.4 Configuration with a VE.Net panel To this end, a VE.Net panel and the VE.Net to VE.Bus converter are required. With VE.Net you can set all parameters, with the exception of the multi-functional relay and the VirtualSwitch. 12 5.5 Configuration with DIP switches Some settings can be changed with DIP switches Procedure: a) Turn the Compact on, preferably without load. b) Set the dipswitches as required. c) Store the settings by moving Dip switch 8 to on and back to off DIP switch 1 and 2 Default setting: to operate the product with the On/Off/Charger Only switch ds 1: off ds 2: on The default setting is required when using the On/Off/Charger Only switch in the front panel. Setting for remote operation with a Multi Control Panel: ds 1: on ds 2: off This setting is required when a Multi Control Panel is connected. The Multi Control panel must be connected to one of the two RJ48 sockets B, see appendix A. Setting for remote operation with a 3-way switch: ds 1: off ds 2: off This setting is required when a 3-way switch is connected. The 3-way switch must be wired to terminal L, see appendix A. EN NL FR DE ES SE Appendix Only one remote control can be connected, i.e. either a switch or a remote control panel. In both cases the switch on the product itself should be on Exemplary settings Example 1 is the factory setting (since factory settings are entered by computer, all DIP switches of a new product are set to off, except for DS-2). DS-1 Panel option DS-2 Panel option DS-3 Not used DS-4 Not used DS-5 Frequency DS-6 Search mode DS-7 Not used DS-8 Store setting off on off DS-1 DS-2 DS-3 DS-4 DS-5 DS-6 DS-7 DS-8 off on off off DS-1 DS-2 DS-3 DS-4 DS-5 DS-6 DS-7 DS-8 on off on on 13 Example 1: (factory setting) 1 No panel connected 2 No panel connected 5 Frequency: 50Hz 6 Search mode off 8 store setting: off on off Example 2 1 No panel connected 2 No panel connected 5 Frequency: 50Hz 6 Search mode off 8 store setting: off on off Example 3 1 Panel connected 2 Panel connected 5 Frequency: 60Hz 6 Search mode on 8 store setting: off on off Store the settings (DS3-DS7) by changing switch ds-8 from off to on, and then back to off. The LED s Inverter and eco mode and alarm will flash four times to indicate acceptance of the settings. 14 6. MAINTENANCE The Compact does not require specific maintenance. It will suffice to check all connections once a year. Avoid moisture and oil/soot/vapours, and keep the device clean. 7. TROUBLE SHOOTING TABLE Proceed as follows for quick detection of common faults. Consult your Victron Energy dealer if the fault cannot be resolved. Problem Cause Solution The inverter fails to operate when switched on. The battery voltage is too high or too low. The inverter fails to operate The alarm LED flashes. The alarm LED flashes The alarm LED flashes. The alarm LED flashes. The alarm LED flashes intermittantly. The alarm LED is on Ensure that the battery voltage is within the correct value. Processor in no function-mode. Switch Front switch off, wait 4 seconds Switch front switch on. Pre-alarm alt. 1. The DC input voltage is low. Pre-alarm alt. 2. The ambient temperature is too high. Pre-alarm alt. 3. The load on the inverter is higher t
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