EU oculta abusos perpetrados en centros de detención de migrantes (Documento completo en inglés)

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La Oficina de Inmigración y Aduanas no realiza adecuadamente sus inspecciones, es una farsa su sistema, afirman organizaciones civiles que lograron obtener documentos a través de procesos judiciales.

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  Lives in Peril: How Ineffective Inspections Make ICE Complicit inImmigration Detention Abuse The Immigration Detention Transparency and Human Rights Project immigrantjustice.orgdetentionwatchnetwork.orgOctober 2015 Report   About the National Immigrant Justice Center  With of  fi ces in Chicago, Indiana, and Washington, D.C., Heartland Alliance’s National Immigrant Justice Center (NIJC) is a nongovernmental organization dedicated to ensuring human rights protections and access to justice for all immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers through a unique combination of direct services, policy reform, impact litigation and public education. Visit immigrantjustice.org  About the Detention Watch Network The Detention Watch Network works through the collective strength and diversity of its members to expose and challenge injustices of the U.S. immigration detention and deportation system and advocate for profound change that promotes the rights and dignity of all persons.Visit detentionwatchnetwork.org  Acknowledgements This report was a collaborative effort of NIJC and DWN. Primary contributors were: Claudia Valenzuela, Tara Tidwell Cullen, Jennifer Chan, and Royce Bernstein Murray of NIJC; and Mary Small, Carol Wu, and Silky Shah of DWN. Additional thanks to Assistant Professor John Eason, Professor Pat Rubio Goldsmith, and their team at the Texas A&M Department of Sociology and Professor David Hernández at Mount Holyoke College whose review of thousands of pages of documents and feedback were critical to this report.NIJC staff and interns also contributed crucial research, editing, and design support: Mark Fleming, Catherine Matthews, Mary Meg McCarthy, Kathleen O’Donovan, Katherine Rivera, and Julia Toepfer.Sincere thanks to pro bono  attorneys at Dentons US LLP, who represented NIJC through more than three years of Freedom of Information Act litigation to obtain the inspections documents analyzed for this report.Cover Images: La Vision, Detention Watch Network, Will Coley, National Immigrant Justice Center © October 2015 Detention Watch Network and Heartland Alliance’s National Immigrant Justice Center   Page 1 Table of Contents I. Executive Summary .......... 2II. Navigating the Inspection Reports .......... 7III. Ineffective Inspections .......... 10IV. In Focus: Six Case Studies of Facilities with Known Conditions Problems, 2007-2012 .......... 16V. Conclusion and Recommendations .......... 29 Eloy Federal Contract Facility, Arizona ..... Page 17Baker County Detention Center, Florida ..... Page 19Etowah County Detention Center, Alabama ..... Page 21Houston Processing Center, Texas ..... Page 23Stewart Detention Center, Georgia ..... Page 25Pulaski County Jail, Illinois (formerly named Tri-County Detention Center) ..... Page 27 VI. Endnotes .......... 30   Read this report and download inspections and other cited documents at immigrantjustice.org/TransparencyandHumanRights The Immigration Detention Transparency and Human Rights Project October 2015 Report  Page 2 Lives in Peril: How Ineffective Inspections Make ICE Complicit in Detention Center Abuse I. Executive Summary In the aftermath of September 11, 2001, when the immigration detention system began its unprece-dented growth, the world slowly began to hear about the troubling conditions of detention that immi-grants confronted in government custody while facing removal from the United States. Years later, the Obama administration would inherit a sprawling, broken immigration detention system with little oversight or accountability. In 2015, as the Obama administration winds down, its early promises of immigration detention reform have failed to materialize. The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforce-ment (ICE) immigration detention inspections process—a key target of the Obama administration’s reform plan—remains non-transparent and ineffective at identifying pervasive and troubling conditions in detention. Instead, the inspections process remains a “checklist culture,” in which inspectors—em-ployed by ICE directly or via subcontracts—engage in pre-planned, perfunctory reviews of detention facilities that are designed to result in passing ratings and to ensure local counties and private prison corporations continue to receive government funds. A review of fi ve years of ICE inspections for 105 of the largest immigration detention centers con fi rms that ICE’s oversight practices under the Obama administration remain fundamentally unchanged and unreformed. Public and private contractors who run detention facilities continue to make money without adequate oversight, and troubling conditions of detention persist for the more than 400,000 individuals who pass through ICE custody each year. In fact, detailed reviews of six facilities known to have troubling human rights records suggest that in some cases, ICE inspections allow facilities to obscure severe conditions problems and their inability to protect the rights and lives of detained immigrants. Immigration Detention Oversight Under the Obama Administration The transition from the Bush to the Obama administra-tion was accompanied by a tide of high-pro fi le reports by  journalists and advocates chronicling human rights abus-es and unexplained deaths of people in ICE custody. In groundbreaking exposés in 2008, both The Washington Post 1  and The New York Times 2  examined allegations of negligent medical care and revealed that at least 83 peo-ple 3  had died in ICE custody between 2003 and 2008. That same year, a report 4  about the Northwest Detention Center in Tacoma, Washington, described inadequate medical care and food, deplorable daily living conditions, and impediments to legal information—conditions similar to what individuals in ICE custody experienced around the country. In 2009, advocates published ICE detention documents obtained in litigation, and concluded that the inspections process had failed. 5 This public scrutiny prompted congressional inquiries into the sprawling system whose population had quadru-pled within a span of 14 years. 6  Congress passed a 2009 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill which included a provision that ICE cannot expend
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