Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation.

Description
Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4): doi: / Effective weight support as measured in the balanced spring mechanism (see Fig. ). With the arm moving down, and thus the beam end moving up, the mean effective amount of support is given by the dark, solid line (thin lines are the standard deviation). The light, stripped line gives the amount of support with the arm moving up. The effective support differs from the desired force output line due to friction of the spring cable running over the small (10 mm diameter) guiding pulley (see Fig. ). When measured, the friction was 12% of the weight support, although this was not felt manually. Figure Legend:

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 9
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information
Category:

Internet

Publish on:

Views: 21 | Pages: 9

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Transcript
  • 1 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 The Freebal. The system generates the weight supporting forces with almost inertia-free balanced spring mechanisms (see Fig. ). The wrist and elbow are supported by two slings connected via cabling to these independent mechanisms. In the figure, the overhanging beam is shown lowered for display reasons. During normal use, it can extend up to 3.5 m above ground level dependent on available space and the work volume needed. Figure Legend:
  • 2 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 The balanced spring mechanism, in theory (a) and as found in the final design (b). The Freebal has two of these mechanisms, connected to the wrist and elbow. The supporting force Fc,b at the beam end is independent of the angle β, because the vertical component of the spring force Fsp,z is always equal to distance A times spring-stiffness k (see Eq. ). The support can be adjusted by changing the spring-attachment distance R1. Cable angles and friction influence the effective weight support at the sling Fc,s (see Figs. ). To get the zero-length spring behavior with stock extension springs, the spring is placed in the vertical tube and connected via a cable (see inset). Figure Legend:
  • 3 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Effective weight support as measured in the balanced spring mechanism (see Fig. ). With the arm moving down, and thus the beam end moving up, the mean effective amount of support is given by the dark, solid line (thin lines are the standard deviation). The light, stripped line gives the amount of support with the arm moving up. The effective support differs from the desired force output line due to friction of the spring cable running over the small (10 mm diameter) guiding pulley (see Fig. ). When measured, the friction was 12% of the weight support, although this was not felt manually. Figure Legend:
  • 4 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Cross-sectional view of the theoretical nonlinearities caused by cable angles and spring mechanism. The work volume (1 m diameter) is 1 m above ground level beneath the foremost top pulley. The Freebal is extended to a height lt of 3.5 m. For Eq. : cable length la, vertical length lv, and sling-cable angle θ. In the top figure, the effective weight support Fc,s is given as percentage of the vertical beam force Fc,b. In the bottom figure, the horizontal inward directed forces at the sling Fh,s are given as percentage of Fc,b. Figure Legend:
  • 5 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Experimental setup, with the Freebal connected to the wrist and elbow. On the arm the optical markers from the Vicon system are visible. Four circular dots of 0.1 m diameter on the table assist in the task execution; a base dot, from were all movements start, and the three target dots in medial, central, and lateral directions. The base dot is located directly under the hand in front of the elbow when the subject has 90 deg shoulder plane of elevation, 0 deg of both shoulder elevation and humerus long axis rotation, and 90 deg of elbow flexion. The target dots are 0.35 m from the base dot, with the medial and lateral dots at 45 deg angles to the base to central dot axis. Figure Legend:
  • 6 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Typical circular range-of-motion wrist paths. In top figure (a) the corrected wrist paths of a typical healthy subject are shown, and in top figure (b) of a typical stroke patient. The wrist paths are corrected for shoulder translation by subtracting the shoulder positions at each time step. The finger to wrist length is accounted for by repositioning the base dot underneath the wrist at the start of each trial. The gray solid lines are without weight support, each consisting of five repetitions, and the black stripped lines are with full weight support. In the latter analysis, only the wrist paths inside the triangle of dots (shown with a gradient) are used. Figure Legend:
  • 7 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Freebal supporting the arm during interactive sessions. Interacting with a virtual environment or playing games has been used by many rehabilitation devices as a way to increase the patient’s motivation. Figure Legend:
  • 8 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 A possibly better spring cable guiding mechanism. By using three pulleys (Po, Pr, and Pa) of equal diameter, though larger (40 mm) as compared with the original Pa pulley (10 mm), the friction is removed. Lowering the spring cable tension by using a slacker spring and increasing the A and/or R1 distances further reduce the friction, although this needs more space for spring deflection and longer springs. The amount of support cannot be adjusted by changing R1 anymore, as the change in cable length between Po and Pa negates the balanced spring mechanism. Instead, A now needs to be lowered or heightened, together with the spring and spring tube. Figure Legend:
  • 9 Date of download: 6/30/2016 Copyright © ASME. All rights reserved. From: Freebal: Design of a Dedicated Weight-Support System for Upper-Extremity Rehabilitation J. Med. Devices. 2009;3(4):041009-041009-9. doi:10.1115/1.4000493 Alternative weight-support mechanism. Compare with the Freebal mechanism in Fig.. The spring beam is now split, eliminating the (small) nonlinearities of the beam-end point horizontal translations. Furthermore, the cabling beam is vertically hinged roughly above the human shoulder and has a vertical slider underneath the cable beam. This can position the vertical cable exactly above the wrist and elbow and reduce the nonlinearity due to the angles of the cable with the vertical. However, both changes make the mechanisms more complex and more susceptible to friction and undesirable dynamics. For example, the hinged beam may swing with frequencies close to the eigenfrequencies. Figure Legend:
Related Search
Similar documents
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x