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Cette publication est aussi disponible en français. Montreal Port Authority Port of Montreal Building Cité du Havre, Wing No. 1 Montreal, Quebec H3C 3R5 Telephone: (514) Fax: (514) Web

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Cette publication est aussi disponible en français. Montreal Port Authority Port of Montreal Building Cité du Havre, Wing No. 1 Montreal, Quebec H3C 3R5 Telephone: (514) Fax: (514) Web Site: Table of contents 1. Introduction 5 2. Profile of the port of Montreal Legal framework under which the Montreal Port Authority (MPA) operates Port Authority s mandate and mission Port Authority s role A major world port Economic impact of port activity Guiding principles Sea terminals Freight transportation Passenger transportation The community The environment Financing Development strategy Infrastructure adaptation and development needs Development orientations by planning sector Du Havre sector Centre-Sud sector (sections 24 through 33) Hochelaga-Maisonneuve sector (sections 34 through 55) Mercier sector (sections 54 through 80) Promenade Bellerive sector Montréal-Est sector (sections 94 through 111) Îles de Boucherville and Îlets Verts sector Contrecœur sector 37 1. Introduction The Montreal Port Authority (MPA) presents in this document its Land-use plan, outlining the objectives and policies governing the physical development of buildings managed, occupied or held by the MPA, in accordance with applicable social, economic and environmental factors and the zoning of neighbouring property. This Land-use plan has been officially adopted by the MPA in March 2000, once the public had been consulted. The Canada Marine Act required a 60-day period for this purpose, during which time a public information and discussion session had been held. The document is divided into three sections: profile of the Port of Montreal land-use plan guiding principles development strategy Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 5 2. Profile of the Port of Montreal 2.1 Legal framework under wich the Montreal Port Authority (MPA) operates Under the new Canada Marine Act, the Montreal Port Corporation changed its name and status and became the Montreal Port Authority (MPA) on March 1, The fact that the enterprise had already operated in a commercial, efficient and profitable manner since at least its founding as a local port corporation in 1983 facilitated the change. The Canada Marine Act establishes a new environment and a new way of doing business for Canada s major ports. As a new Canada Port Authority (CPA), the MPA has the necessary tools to conduct its business affairs in an even more commercial, efficient and timely manner. In accordance with the Act, the three levels of government each name an individual to the MPA board of directors. The federal transport minister, on the recommendation of port users, nominates four other directors. All members of the MPA board of directors are from the Montreal area. 2.2 Port Authority s mandate and mission The Montreal Port Authority s mandate essentially is to facilitate domestic and international trade and thus contribute to the achievement of local, regional and national socio-economic objectives. Within its mandate and in respect of the environment, the Port Authority is committed to providing highly efficient facilities and services to its clients and to increasing and promoting the competitive advantages of the Port of Montreal. Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 7 2.3 Port Authority s role The Montreal Port Authority, which administers the Port of Montreal, builds and maintains infrastructures leased to private stevedoring companies and operates its own railway network and grain and passenger terminals. It offers highly efficient services to clients and takes all possible measures to increase and promote the port s competitive advantages. More than ever, the MPA, management, unions and employees are conscious of the role they must play in the intermodal transportation chain in order to ensure reliable and competitive services from all points of view. This partnership is in place to ensure the port s growth and thus preserve economic spin-offs, jobs and revenues. 2.4 A major world port The Port of Montreal is a terminus for ocean-going vessels where ships are completely unloaded and loaded at the port's more than 100 berths. In addition to being a major container port, Montreal is a multifunctional port handling highly diversified cargo. The Port of Montreal is a leader in the North Atlantic container market. It is linked to more than 200 ports around the world by numerous shipping lines. Over the last decade, the Port of Montreal has handled an average of some 20 million tonnes of highly-diversified cargo annually containerized and non-containerized general cargo, grain and other dry bulk, and petroleum products and other liquid bulk. Montreal is a trading and commercial centre with a strong industrial base. In its hinterland lies the most heavily industrialized region on the continent. Along its water, road and rail lines are great manufacturing centres populated by more than 100 million Canadians and Americans. Containerized cargo traffic continues to experience the strongest growth at the port, setting new records year-in, year-out. The average annual growth rate in this sector has been 7.9 per cent over the last five years. 8 Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal Of the record 8.7 million tonnes of container cargo handled at the port in 1998, 8.3 million tonnes or 95 per cent represented traffic on the North Atlantic route. The Port of Montreal is experiencing one success after another in the container cargo market. It is the traffic category with the greatest amount of cargo and the sector that generates the greatest economic spin-offs. Moreover, it provides the best prospects for the future. The Port of Montreal has four modern container terminals, covering an area of more than 70 hectares (170 acres). They feature 15 computerized dockside gantry cranes, with lifting capacities ranging from 30 to 60 tonnes and other equipment for handling containerized cargo. In 1998: approximately half of the port's containerized cargo traffic originated from or was destined to Canadian markets, mainly in Quebec and Ontario the other half came from or went to the United States, mainly the Midwest and the Northeast Montreal s dominance of the U.S. markets dates back to the early 1980s and, consequently, it is fair to say that the Port of Montreal was a precursor to the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. The Port of Montreal continues to enjoy success in the U.S. market, reaffirming its position as a special gateway. Without this volume of American business, the Port of Montreal could not offer Montreal and Quebec industries and businesses as great a choice of transportation services and sailing frequencies to so many destinations overseas, and at such competitive prices. Many container shipping lines, most of which are dedicated to the port, offer regular liner services out of Montreal. These shipping lines enhance their services with multimodal connections and extensive marketing and sales forces in areas such as Montreal, Toronto, New York, Boston, Detroit and Chicago. Over the last several years, almost all of the shipping lines serving the port have made huge investments to improve their services and fleets, thus reinforcing Montreal s role as a major gateway to North America. Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 9 The Port of Montreal has more than 30 berths, 20 transit sheds including a temperature-controlled warehouse, and open spaces for noncontainerized general cargo (break bulk). Some 100 break bulk commodities, from iron, steel and alloys to forest products, foodstuffs and machinery move through the port. Four berths also are specially equipped with ramps to accommodate roll-on/roll-off vessels. The Port of Montreal handles several liquid bulk products, from petroleum products to chemicals. The port's petroleum terminals are located at the downstream end of the port and handle gasoline, fuel oil, naphtha and other petroleum products. Several berths handle other liquid bulk products, including chemicals, molasses and vegetable oil. As one of Canada's leading dry bulk transshipment centres, the Port of Montreal is of vital importance to local industries that depend on raw materials for their production. Iron ore, salt, gypsum, fertilizers and virtually any other dry bulk commodity are handled at the port's three dry bulk terminals. The Montreal Port Authority directly operates one grain terminal. Its elevator, one of the fastest and most efficient on the St. Lawrence River, has a total storage capacity of 260,000 tonnes. It has an unloading capacity of 3,000 tonnes per hour, while the vessel loading capacity is 4,500 tonnes per hour. Montreal is one of the main attractions for cruise ships along the majestic St. Lawrence River and North American East Coast. Every year the Port of Montreal welcomes thousands of vacationers to its Iberville Passenger Terminal. The MPA s rail network interfaces directly with the yards of both transcontinental railways Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National which have dockside rail access with no intermediate transshipment as is the case at many other ports. This allows for rapid loading of standard as well as doublestack and spine cars. 10 Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal With connections reaching far into the U.S., Canadian railways head out to their destinations in virtual straight lines. Approximately 60 per cent of the containerized traffic moving through the Port of Montreal is carried inland by rail, mostly to and from markets in Ontario and the American Midwest. In 1998, the port handled some 130,000 railcars (standard, articulated and doublestack) at its facilities, more than 80 per cent to or from container terminals. With its excellent rail links, the Port of Montreal allows shippers to get their cargo to Toronto in 10 hours and to Detroit in 25 hours. Due in part to the continuous and improved co-operation among the Montreal Port Authority and its rail partners, terminal operators and shipping lines, transit time to Chicago is now close to 30 hours, a remarkable improvement over the 72 hours of The Port of Montreal's terminals are located just minutes away from a network of highways leading to major centres throughout North America. They are but a few hours from Toronto and the farthest regions of Central Canada. Less than one hour separates the Port of Montreal from New England and the state of New York. Some 50 trucking companies carry about 40 per cent of the port's containerized cargo in the Quebec, Ontario and U.S. Northeast markets. The Port of Montreal s outstanding seamless door-to-door transportation system is the envy of its competitors and has earned the port the distinction of being the foremost point of entry to North America. 2.5 Economic impact of Port of Montreal The Port of Montreal is of vital importance to the Montreal region, Quebec and the entire country. It provides fast, efficient, safe and highly competitive handling of all types of raw materials and finished products destined for local industries and businesses or shipped by them. The Port of Montreal generates business revenues of $1.7 billion annually and creates some 17,600 direct and indirect jobs. Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 11 Besides paying dividends to the federal government, the Montreal Port Authority pays grants in lieu of municipal taxes. When considering these facts and the economic impact of port activity, it is evident that the port is not a burden on Canadian taxpayers but rather a key economic generator. 12 Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 3. Guiding principles The Port Authority has adopted guiding principles for presenting the port s development and community integration policy to its partners, citizens and the general public. 3.1 Sea terminal Cargo transportation The Port of Montreal s mandate calls is to contribute efficiently to the achievement of Canada s domestic and international trade objectives, as well as to the community s economic and social objectives. The Authority must make every effort to ensure the growth of port activities, given its fundamental influence over commercial and industrial development and the significance of its economic spin-offs. In keeping with its mandate, the MPA must provide port facilities and services that meet the needs of clients (shipping lines, stevedores, shippers and overland carriers) and promote activity on the berths while respecting the environment. The port must ensure the planning, implementation, management, maintenance and safety of its facilities. Its sea terminals and rail network must meet the needs of port clients, i.e., overland carriers, shipping lines, stevedores, importers and exporters. Facilities are a key advantage of a port vis-à-vis its competitors. This central yet fragile advantage must be preserved and even enhanced to ensure the future of the port and, above all, to make the Montreal region, Quebec and Canada as a whole even more attractive to the marketplace. The MPA wants the quality and efficiency of its facilities to surpass that found in competing ports. Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 13 The MPA maintains and develops port facilities, services and an intermodal system that are capable of preserving the competitive advantages of the Port of Montreal within the North American marketplace Passenger transportation The Port of Montreal welcomes between 20,000 and 40,000 cruise ship passengers at the Iberville Passenger Terminal each year. Montreal s location at the crossroads of the major sea, air and land transportation systems makes it ideally situated for the cruise ship industry. A few years ago, Montreal and Quebec authorities set up their own cruise ship committee, which often joins forces with other North American cities on the St. Lawrence River/Maritimes/US East Coast route. The MPA contributes to the development of tourism by maintaining passenger facilities and by promoting the St. Lawrence River/Maritimes/US East Coast route 3.2 The community The shore of the St. Lawrence, at the eastern end of the Island of Montreal, was long considered to be reserved exclusively for port operations. The port area has, however, undergone major changes to meet the needs of a population that wants to enjoy a view of the river. It was in response to this desire that the Old Port was created, a sprawling riverside park that is the pride of all Montrealers. 14 Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal To the east, the expansion of the container terminals toward Promenade Bellerive was halted to preserve a wide area of land that opens onto the river and to comply with the various recommendations made further to consultations undertaken by government and municipal authorities. Various projects have been developed in recent years: cycling paths, boating excursions, lookouts, preservation and redevelopment of elevators, interpretation centres, etc. For its part, Transport Quebec is currently planning the extension of Autoroute Ville-Marie as an urban boulevard that would extend along the Centre-Sud and Hochelaga-Maisonneuve port sectors. It should also be noted that the three levels of government are currently working on developing the river for recreation. An increase in recreation on the river will give rise to serious safety issues for which the various parties, public and private, including the MPA, will have to find a solution. Moreover, the MPA is fully aware of the impact of its activities on the quality of life of citizens. Land transportation, noise, dust and the appearance of facilities must be managed responsibly. Appropriate information, coordination, cooperation and consultation efforts are made for projects aimed at improving the city/port interface and for MPA development projects that have an impact on urban life 3.3 The environment All MPA development projects are submitted to the Canadian legal framework for environmental evaluation. The situation assessment prepared in 1993 by Environment Canada concerning the contamination of sediments in Montreal s port area indicated that the situation was a legacy of the creation of the first industrial Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 15 basin in Canada on the Island of Montreal and upstream, as well as the population explosion in the neighbourhoods around the port. Since then, major progress has been made in industrial and domestic waste control, even though a lot of work remains to be done to decontaminate the waters upstream from Montreal, to completely eliminate the waste originating from the Island of Montreal and to decontaminate the port basins. Decisions have to be made in accordance with environmental, technical, economic and social considerations. The MPA will support the decisions made within the limits of its responsibilities. The MPA favours port management and development that respects the environment 3.4 Financing The Canada Marine Act stipulates that one condition to become a port authority is for a port to be, and likely remain, financially self-sufficient. The Montreal Port Authority is financially self-sufficient. It is in the best financial shape of all Canada s port authorities, a situation it inherited on March 1, 1999, from the Montreal Port Corporation. In the last 10 years, the port corporation generated $97.2 million in total net earnings. These net earnings resulted in cash flows totalling $203 million during this period. Thanks to these earnings and cash flows, the port corporation was able to invest $127.8 million in total capital expenditures over the last 10 years. Another $120 million in capital expenditures will be invested in the next five years. 16 Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal The MPA s financial self-sufficiency must be preserved in order to build its future and ensure the accompanying positive economic impacts. The Montreal Port Authority has the means to cover its operating and development costs with its own revenues Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 17 4. Development strategy Montreal enjoys a choice geographic situation that provides the port and its clients with indisputable strategic and economic advantages for serving the industrial heart of North America. The Port of Montreal is located close to the major urban and industrial centres of Canada and the American Midwest and Northeast. Located inland, 1,600 kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean, Montreal is nonetheless on the shortest and most direct land/sea route between this immense hinterland and the vast markets of Northern Europe and the Mediterranean. Moreover, excellent road and rail networks link it to all regions in North America. Today, the efficiency of road and rail access at the port and the vast networks linking it with North America s domestic markets, such as Boston, New York, Toronto, Detroit and Chicago, permit optimization of the highly advantageous geographic situation of the Port of Montreal. More than 60% of the containerized cargo traffic handled each year at the port is moved by rail, the key to serving the major markets of Ontario (in part) the American Midwest and the West Coast. The remainder of the traffic is moved by truck. The Port Authority operates its own rail network on the Island of Montreal, between the du Havre and Promenade Bellerive sectors which links up with the Canadian National (CN) and the St-Laurent and Hudson (CP) systems. Thus, contrary to the situation noted at many competing ports, both transcontinental railways have direct access to the berths, without requiring intermediate transshipping. It should be noted that the Contrecœur sector is served exclusively by CN. Land-use plan for the Port of Montreal 19 4.1 Infrastructure adaptation and development needs An annual average of about 20 million tonnes of cargo have been handled at MPA facilities over the last decade. The traffic mix at the Port of Montreal includes a variety of containerized and non-containerized cargo, grain, petroleum products and various other dry and liquid bulk commodities. Dur
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